DEVARIM (DEUTERONOMY) 26:1 – 29:9 – KI-TABO – WHEN YOU COME IN

Last week we looked at: ‘when you go out’ and here, in this week’s portion, we start with: ‘when you come in’ – which in Hebrew is written as: כִּי־תָבוֹא -ki-taḇo and this is an active expression that depicts very clearly for us that coming into the land, and taking possession of it, is not a passive affair but rather it requires the correct action of dispossessing the nations that are before you in order to possess them!

The word translated here as ‘when’ – is כִּי ki – Strong’s H3588 which can be rendered as, that, for, when as well as literally giving us the meaning of, because; and therefore we can see that the instruction here is clear, right at the outset of this Torah portion, in that it expresses the need for us to give our all; and therefore we could render it as, “because He is bringing us in, let us give Him our all”. What we must never forget to acknowledge is that we are only able to ‘enter in’ because of that which Elohim has done for us as it is Elohim alone who is giving us entrance and possession to that which He promises to give to the children of Yisra’ĕl. The Hebrew word תָבוֹאtaḇo comes from the root word בּוֹא bo – Strong’s H935 and when written in the ‘qal active’ form it can render the meaning, to enter, come in, to come upon, fall upon, attack (enemy).

Our inheritance is the earth, for יהושע tells us that ‘the meek shall inherit the earth’; and the inheritance remains a sure promise to those who have a right to receive it – and the inheritance is for Yisra’ĕl!!!

Understanding this must cause us to begin to possess that ground, or territory, which He has given us now, as we guard to do all His commands and live according to His Kingdom rules, as outlined in His Torah, so that we can faithfully rule and reign with Him and inherit the whole earth when He comes to establish His reign!

The root word used here in verse 1 for ‘possess’ is יָרַשׁ yarash – Strong’s H3423 which means ‘to dispossess, drive out, expel, disinherit, bring to ruin, destroy’, and can also means ‘to take possession of an inheritance, occupy or seize’.

What this, in a sense, means is that we are to ‘dispossess’ or ‘disinherit’ in order to ‘possess’ and ‘inherit’ – make sense? It should, as we begin to learn from Scripture how we are only able to fully possess the promises that we have been given in Messiah when we have properly dispossessed the lies and false traditions we inherited in error. We have inherited a whole lot of lies – lies that have caused us to sin and be lawless; and so we need to dispossess and disinherit those very lies and take back ground that is rightfully ours, as our inheritance in Messiah, aměn!

Expel all the lies in order to embrace the Torah and live according to the Kingdom rules of Messiah – the reign of the heavens which He proclaimed and revealed clearly to us the Torah of Mosheh through His life, death and resurrection, and the pattern or way in which we should walk as He walked!

The root word used for ‘dwell’ is יָשַׁב yasha – Strong’s H3427 meaning, sit, dwell, remain, abide, inhabit, sitting still and what is worth taking note of is that a modern Hebrew word that is derived from this root verb and is translated as school, is the word ‘yeshiva’. What we must recognise is that ‘sitting/ dwelling’ in the Hebraic min-set is an idiom for learning; and it is at the Master’s Feet that we are enabled to come and sit and drink of His Pure and Clear Living Water and get great clarity and insight and strength to sojourn with joy! The idea of ‘sitting’ here in the Hebrew mind-set is to learn, and not to just simply sit and vegetate, but rather to sit and pay attention to the clear instructions of the teacher.

Because’ He has caused us to ‘enter’ in to His Covenants of Promise by the Blood of Messiah and inherit the promises of the Covenant, we must take up our responsibility to rid ourselves of all the inherited lies that had possessed us for far too long and diligently dispossess them in order to properly and fully possess His Truth, as He Himself instructs us according to His pure Word that is useful for teaching, for reproof, for setting straight, for instruction in righteousness.

Timotiyos Bět/2 Timothy 3:16-17All Scripture is breathed out by Elohim and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for setting straight, for instruction in righteousness, 17 that the man of Elohim might be fitted, equipped for every good work.

The basic theme of Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 26 is simply this: יהוה gives therefore give to Him!!! And verses 1-11 cover the process of being equipped, because of Him, in order to enter, possess, and settle, so that our baskets may be overflowing as we engage faithfully in daily rejoicing in the great provision of יהוה!

In Scripture, when we see the term ‘enter the land’ or ‘take the land’ we must realise that it carries a physical aspect which will fully be accomplished at His second coming; however it also carries the need for us to, in a sense, take possession ‘now’ of His Kingdom rule and reign within our hearts and live it out both physically and spiritually wherever we are at this point in time; and while we may not yet be in the physical land of Yisra’ĕl, we are both physically and spiritually Yisra’ĕl and wherever our feet are planted by His favour and choosing until He comes, we have the responsibility to actively live according to His kingdom reign, as we hear, guard and do His commands by taking hold of His Word with everything we have and proclaim our love for Him through faithfully doing what He has commanded us to do while we sojourn here until He comes to gather us to Himself and take us to physically take possession of Yisra’ĕl and inherit the whole earth!

The Hebrew word translated as ‘inheritance’ is נַחֲלָה naḥalah – Strong’s H5159 which means, possession, property, inheritance, portion, gift which comes from the root verb naḥal – Strong’s H5157 which means, to get or take as a possession, inherit, acquire, allotted, apportioned. This root verb signifies the giving or receiving of property which is part of a permanent possession. One who inherits would therefore become owner or part owner of that which has been inherited, and from this we are able to see how the meek will inherit the earth and will therefore rule with Elohim!

What we take note of is that the one who inherits becomes involved in the proper affairs of that which has been inherited and this reminds me of the clear words of our Master who tell us in:

Yoḥanan/John 15:14-15You are My friends if you do whatever I command you. 15 “No longer do I call you servants, for a servant does not know what his master is doing. But I have called you friends, for all teachings which I heard from My Father I have made known to you.

The Greek word used here for ‘friend’ is φίλος  philos – Strong’s G5384 which carries with it more than simply being an acquaintance, as it speaks of being a close companion who shares the same ideas, values and beliefs and will protect, serve and offer complete support and love at all times! What the Master was making very clear here was that the true taught ones were not considered as servants who are unaware of the Master’s business but that they were now friends who would share in the truth and herein lies the clear language of inheritance. Having said that we also take note that in saying that they were no longer called servants but friends we must realise that this in no way stops the proper required servant hood that is expected of a true taught one of the Master! In fact it implies a more committed service as the fullness of the knowledge of His truth is made known and revealed to those who love Him!

Verse 2take some of the first fruits! What or how much is “some” is often the question? Well, it is very clear – how much your heart allows!!! How much would be enough for you if you were on the receiving end? Here we certainly recognise the first fruit principle and realise that we have no right to partake of any of the fruit until we have first given to יהוה and acknowledge that He is the Provider of all!!! This also teaches us that we are to put יהוה first in all that we do – seeking first His Kingdom and His Righteousness!

Because’ He has called us out of darkness into His marvellous light, our response and ability to praise Him must not be neglected as we give unto Him the first fruits of our labours and work unto Messiah. Giving the first-fruits symbolises given our whole selves to יהוה! In Hebrew the wording is simply expressed as: “And you shall take of the first of all the fruit…”, hence the English rendering translates with the word ‘some’, as no definitive amount is given here. What we must also take note of here is that the word first fruits speak of ‘crops’ or ‘produce’ and not just what grew on fruit trees!

The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘first’ is רֵאשִׁית rěshith – Strong’s H7225 which means, beginning, chief, first fruits, foremost and comes from the primitive root word ראֹשׁ rosh – Strong’s H7218 which means, head, beginning, top, chief.

The Hebrew word translated as ‘all’ is the word כֹּל kol – Strong’s H3606 meaning, whole, all, entire, every, continually, and the giving of the first of all is a clear indication of one’s obedience in loving Elohim with all you heart!

The Hebrew word for fruit is פְּרִי peri – Strong’s H6529 which means, fruit, produce and comes from the word פָּרָה parah – Strong’s H6509 which means, to bear fruit, be fruitful, flourish’. This word certainly speaks of the physical fruit of trees and shrubs that bear fruit in which there is a seed according to its kind, i.e., fruit with kernels, hence the fruit produces more fruit.

The giving of first-fruits reveals that we are in fact fully engaged in ‘possessing the land’ so to speak, and in terms of our living as ambassadors in Messiah today, it speaks of us walking in Him and staying in Him, bearing much fruit and giving Him our all, which is evidenced in the proper giving of the first of all!

What we also find as a repeated theme throughout Scripture, is that this term for fruit often refers to the meaning of, “the result of an action”; or better understood as, “works”. Our lives, as set-apart children of Elohim, ought to be bearing the fruit of repentance – which is a clear resulting action of turning away from all falsehood and wickedness, and turning to righteousness:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 3:8 “Bear, therefore, fruits worthy of repentance

Understanding that fruits are the result of an action, we must also take heed that we do not bear bad fruit, which may be brought forth as a result of wrong actions, such as disobedience or compromise or lawlessness and unrighteousness! When we walk according to the Spirit we will bear the fruit of the Spirit and not be given over to the desires of the flesh and have the fruit of fleshly living present! Fruit does not just pop into one’s life, it is a result of an action, and we are to be bearing good fruit, hence the clear understanding that we are to be ‘doing’ the good works of obedience that have been prepared beforehand for us to do – and that is to walk in the clear commands of Elohim, guarding to do all He has commanded us!

 

We are known, or rather shall be known by our fruit:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 7:16-23 “By their fruits you shall know them. Are grapes gathered from thornbushes or figs from thistles? 17 “So every good tree yields good fruit, but a rotten tree yields wicked fruit. 18 “A good tree is unable to yield wicked fruit, and a rotten tree to yield good fruit. 19 “Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. 20 “So then, by their fruits you shall know them – 21 “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Master, Master,’ shall enter into the reign of the heavens, but he who is doing the desire of My Father in the heavens. 22 “Many shall say to Me in that day, ‘Master, Master, have we not prophesied in Your Name, and cast out demons in Your Name, and done many mighty works in Your Name?’ 23 “And then I shall declare to them, ‘I never knew you, depart from Me, you who work lawlessness!’

Many mighty works that many will claim as good works will be simply revealed as wicked works or rather wicked fruits, for wicked fruit is brought forth from the resulting actions of lawlessness, whereas the good fruit of righteousness is brought forth from the resulting action of complete obedience and set-apartness of walking in and staying in the commands of Elohim!

As the value of a tree is estimated by its products, so righteousness that is displayed in acts/works is a decisive standard for the just judgment of Elohim:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 3:10 “And the axe is already laid to the root of the trees. Every tree, then, which does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.

The one who is unfruitful has been clearly warned of being rejected, and if this warning is not taken heed of, the clear sentence of being cut off is clear:

Luqas/Luke 13:6-9 “And He spoke this parable, “A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard, and he came seeking fruit on it and found none. 7 “And he said to the gardener, ‘Look, for three years I have come seeking fruit on this fig tree and find none. Cut it down, why does it even make the ground useless?’ 8 “And he answering, said to him, ‘Master, leave it this year too, until I dig around it and throw manure. 9 ‘And if indeed it bears fruit, good. But if not so, you shall cut it down.’

When we remain steadfast in walking in complete obedience to the Torah/instructions/commands of our Master and Elohim, we are guaranteed that we shall bear fruit that lasts!

In speaking of the man that delights in and meditates day and night on the Torah of Elohim, and does not sit with scoffers, stand with sinners, nor walks in the counsel of the wrong, Dawiḏ tell us in:

Tehillah/Psalm 1:3 “For he shall be as a tree Planted by the rivers of water, that yields its fruit in its season, and whose leaf does not wither, and whatever he does prospers.

The resulting action of daily meditating on the Torah, and delighting in it while staying clear of falsehood and twisted lawlessness, will be the good fruit of righteousness that is needed at any given moment! Yirmeyahu tells us the same thing:

Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 17:7-8 “Blessed is the man who trusts in יהוה, and whose trust is יהוה. 8 “For he shall be like a tree planted by the waters, which spreads out its roots by the river, and does not see when heat comes. And his leaf shall be green, and in the year of drought he is not anxious, nor does he cease from yielding fruit.

Obedience to the command to bring some of the first of all the fruits reveals very clearly those who trust in and rely upon Elohim!

The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘basket’ in verse 2 is the root word טֶנֶא tene – Strong’s H2935 and is a word that is only used four times in Scripture: twice here in this Chapter 26 (verses 2 & 4) and again in relation to the blessings and curses that are found in:

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 28:5Blessed is your basket and your kneading bowl.

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 28:17Cursed is your basket and your kneading bowl.

In these above two verses we see that the ‘basket’ is used in conjunction with kneading bowls and therefore the basket that is being referred to could be that which was used to collect the fruit or crops from the field to bring it home for processing and production. It is this same ‘basket’ or vessel that was to be used to bring of some of the first of all the fruits to יהוה at the place He chooses to make His Name dwell! When we consider the limited use of this word in Scripture we must consider the lesson that the use of this word is able to teach us and it becomes clear that one’s basket was a very important vessel that was used to transport fruit and crops from the field to home and then used to take the offering, according to one’s heart, to יהוה. We are also able to clearly see the consequences of obedience versus disobedience, where the blessing upon one’s basket would be the result of obedience and the curse of one’s basket for disobedience.

This blessing or curse would be seen in what one was able to harvest from the field and therefore determine one’s ability in bringing the first of what is harvested unto יהוה.

Another way of understanding this ‘basket’ could be to recognise that this is also a metaphor for what was ‘brings in’ and in understanding this we also must remember that all that we ‘bring in’ is as a result of יהוה’s provision and protection and giving Him, from the basket that is used to bring in, some of the first by using that same basket pictures diligent stewardship and transparency of heart before יהוה.

The Greek word that is used here in the LXX (Septuagint – Greek translation of the Tanak – O.T.) for ‘basket’ is ἀποθήκη apothēkē – Strong’s G596 which means, a place for putting away, storehouse. This Greek word is used in a parable that our Master taught, in:

Luqas/Luke 12:15-21 “And He said to them, “Mind, and beware of greed, because one’s life does not consist in the excess of his possessions.” 16 He then spoke a parable to them, saying, “The land of a certain rich man yielded well. 17 “And he was reasoning within himself, saying, ‘What shall I do, because I have no room to store my crops?’ 18 “And he said, ‘I am going to do this: pull down my storehouses and build greater, and store all my crops and my goods there, 19 then say to myself, “Life, you have many goods laid up for many years, take your ease, eat, drink, rejoice.” ’ 20 “But Elohim said to him, ‘You mindless one! This night your life shall be demanded from you. And who shall own what you have prepared?’ 21 “So is he who is storing up treasure for himself, and is not rich toward Elohim.” 

This parable was given to teach against greed and storing up for one’s self while neglecting to do what is required by giving that which is to be brought to Elohim!

From these words we can learn a great deal about how we are to be good stewards with that which Elohim has blessed us with and in doing so we are to not to withhold from giving as commanded. Many are ‘bringing in’ much in their baskets, so to speak, and yet they fail to use that same basket to present a thanksgiving offering unto Elohim, by putting Him first! Many have other plans with what they want to do with their income/harvest from the field (work) and only consider giving something to Elohim if they determine that they have sufficient left over to do so!

The place where He chooses! יהוה does not want to be worshipped in the same places where pagans used to be worshipped, or where false patterns of mixed worship is done!

We can also learn from this today that, while we are sojourning in the fear of Elohim, we must also recognise where it is that יהוה has called for us to worship and come together as a community of believers.

So many today are not heeding this instruction and are simply doing as they please. While we are not yet in the Land and as we wait for Him to come again and take us to the land, we must be obedient to be ‘joined in’ to the place He chooses, and bring all your offerings, contributions to place He chooses and causes you to be properly nourished and fed from.

Taking the first of all your fruits to the place where He chooses is the provision or means by which Elohim makes sure that His appointed are properly provided for and equipped to serve and equip His body to maturity.

By bringing the basket to the place where יהוה chooses to make His Name dwell, it would clearly represent one’s thankfulness for the deliverance that Elohim has given, as the offering brought in the basket would be set before יהוה by the priest and the one bringing the offering would make the clear declaration of the acknowledgement of deliverance that Elohim has brought for His people. What we can also see from this is that by our acts of obedience in bringing to יהוה the first of all already expresses the statement of faith that we have been delivered from the enslavement to worldly ways and walk in accordance to His Kingdom!

Verse 5 – the literal rendering of the part of this verse which is translated as, “My father was a perishing Aramean”, could be correctly rendered as, “An Aramean was causing my father to perish”… אֲרַמִּי אֹבֵד אָבִי – ‘Arami oḇed aḇi’ =

1 - אֲרַמִּי Arammi – Strong’s H761Aramean – inhabitant of Aram (Syria).

2 - אֹבֵד oḇeḏ – Strong’s H8 which means, destruction and is the active participle of אָבַד aḇaḏ – Strong’s H6 which means, to perish, destroy, annihilate, wandering, utterly destroy

3 - אָבִי aḇi meaning, my father from אָב aḇ - Strong’s H1 meaning, father.

The ‘Aramean’ being mentioned here could possibly be referring to Laḇan, Ya’aqoḇ’s uncle, who is referred to in Scripture as an Aramean:

Berěshith/Genesis 25:20 “And Yitsḥaq was forty years old when he took Riḇqah as wife, the daughter of Bethu’ĕl the Aramean of Paddan Aram, the sister of Laḇan the Aramean.

Berěshith/Genesis 31:24 “But in a dream by night Elohim came to Laḇan the Aramean, and said to him, “Guard yourself, that you do not speak to Yaʽaqoḇ either good or evil.

We know that Ya’aqoḇ fled to Aram and stayed with his uncle Laḇan and served for a wife and was greatly deceived by Laḇan:

Hoshěa/Hosea 12:12 “And when Ya’aqoḇ fled to the country of Aram, Yisra’ĕl served for a wife, and for a wife he kept watch.

Berěshith/Genesis 31:7 “Yet your father has deceived me and changed my wages ten times, but Elohim did not allow him to do evil to me.

Berěshith/Genesis 31:41 “These twenty years I have been in your house. I served you fourteen years for your two daughters, and six years for your flock, and you have changed my wages ten times.

Here in verse 5 of Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 26 we recognise that the verse is speaking of Ya’aqoḇ who went down to Mitsrayim and sojourned with a few men (70 beings in all) and there Yisra’ĕl became a great and mighty nation after 430 years.

While the rendering of the Hebrew can point to Laḇan who ‘caused’ Ya’aqoḇ to ‘perish’, we can also recognise that it can also picture for us that if Ya’aqoḇ has stayed in Aram he would have perished and so he went down to Mitsrayim and became a great nation. What is clear here is that we are able to see that while Ya’aqoḇ served Laḇan for 20 years in Aram; it was not where he was to stay.

Verse 6 – The Mitsrites did evil to us and put us into slavery after we had become an established nation and after Yosĕph had died and the Pharaoh who ruled many years later had forgotten about Yosĕph.

What is certainly interesting to take note of is that both Aram and Mitsrayim flourished and became the most fruitful places while Ya’aqoḇ dwelt in them, and what we can learn here is that often such fruitfulness can cause others to become intimidated, and despite the efforts of Aram and Mitsrayim that tries to deceive and oppress us, we have the first-fruits of righteousness to prove who we are and to whom we belong!

Verse 7-8יהוה heard our cry and brought us out!

These verses carry more insight and power than what first meets the eye! There is a very valid principle being expressed here, in that we serve a Mighty Elohim who hears our cries under intense affliction – and He delivers us out of bondage to enslavement and sin!

The power of the words here in declaring that יהוה heard our voice reminds us how we too who call upon His Name are heard by Him and are delivered!

Yo’ĕl/Joel 2:32 “And it shall be that everyone who calls on the Name of יהוה shall be delivered. For on Mount Tsiyon and in Yerushalayim there shall be an escape as יהוה has said, and among the survivors whom יהוה calls.

At this stage in Mitsrayim, Yisra’ĕl called upon יהוה Elohim of our fathers, Aḇraham, Yitsḥaq and Ya’aqoḇ, and in response to our cry He revealed Himself by the hand of Mosheh as not only the Elohim of our fathers but as our Elohim too – He is a personal Elohim who delights in us and we are to give thanks to יהוה and call upon His Name and make known His deeds among the peoples (Diḇre haYamim Aleph/1 Chronicles 16:8)!

This concept of an elohim paying closer attention to the people when called upon by name led the Baḇelonians to avoid speaking the names of their pagan mighty ones for fear of being watched too closely; and during the time of the Baḇelonian exile of Yehuḏah the Yehuḏim adopted this same practice while in captivity and retained the erroneous practice of not being permitted to speak the Name of יהוה.

The Hasmoneans, who were the ruling dynasty in Yehuḏah around the period of 140 – 114 B.C.E, put an end to this wicked practice of being forbidden to speak the Name of יהוה; and sadly after their time the Rabbinic authorities reinstated the prohibition of speaking the Name of יהוה; and by the time of יהושע Messiah, anyone who was found speaking the Name of יהוה was considered to be a blasphemer and was the only blasphemy that was considered to be worthy of death as ordered by the Rabbinic authorities.

This very corrupt rule has caused so many people over the ages to be held in bondage to traditions and dogmas of man, and no we find once again that in these last days a remnant people who are rising up and calling upon and proclaiming the only Name that saves – יהוה. The inherited lies of adopted pagan titles and names have caused many to be in the dark, so to speak, and the enemy has gone to great lengths in trying to supress and outlaw the use of the Name of our Creator and Redeemer. יהושע means יהוה is our Saviour, and so by the vain and wicked traditions of man we see that the Greek rendition of a Hellenised name of ‘Jesus’ has done the same injustice that the early Rabbinic authorities did in trying to nullify the use of the pure and true Name of our Elohim.

Now that we have been enlightened to the Truth and boldly proclaim the True Name of יהוה and יהושע we are able to identify and recognise and know who our Saviour is and experience His strong hand of deliverance from enslavement to man-made traditions and dogmas that are futile and worthless, so that we can cling to His pure unadulterated Word as we walk according to His Torah as revealed to us through the life, death and resurrection of Messiah!

By verse 10-11 we see the terminology change from יהוה the Elohim of our fathers to יהוה your Elohim; and in our calling upon His True Name and guarding His True instructions, we are equipped to rejoice greatly in all the good which יהוה our Elohim has given to each one of us! What Mosheh is making very clear here is that יהוה is not just the Elohim of our father, but He is our Elohim and so he draws a proper call to all to recognise this and take active responsibility in what must be done in proper obedient worship unto יהוה our Elohim!

Part of this recognition is a verbal declaration of commitment and obedience, and part of our own answer and open confession is that we have brought the first fruit to יהוה our Elohim, declaring a complete trust and praise of what יהוה has done for us!

The instruction given in verse 11 is very clear and that is that we are to ‘rejoice’ in all the good which יהוה our Elohim has given us!

The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘rejoice’ is שָׂמַח samaḥ – Strong’s H8055 and means, ‘to rejoice, be glad, be joyful, delight in and be elated’, and can also carry the meaning ‘to brighten up’, giving us the picture how we are to carry His joy as the light of the world and let praise and rejoicing abound! 

In the ancient pictographic script this word שָׂמַח samaḥ looks like this:

chetmemshin

Shin - שָׂ:

This is the letter ‘sin/shin’ which in the ancient script is pictured as: shin, which is ‘two front teeth’ and carries the meaning of ‘sharp or press, chew or devour’; which is what the teeth do, and also speaks of the sharpened word that comes forth from the mouth, as the teeth ‘chew’ or ‘meditate’ on the Truth, making what comes forth pure and sharp! It also carries the understanding of consuming or destroying – as teeth do to food. This can give us the meaning of WORD or Words.

 

Mem – מַ:

The ancient script has this letter as mem and is pictured as ‘water’, and also carries the meaning of ‘chaos’ (from the storms of the sea) and can also picture that which is mighty or massive as well as the unknown. We are also able to understand this letter as representing the nations, for the nations are often likened to the seas in Scripture. This also carries for us the picture of washing, as we understand the function of water being that which cleanses us and sustains us, showing us how we are washed and sustained by the Living Waters of the Word! This letter also can represent any liquid, especially blood!

 

etח:

The ancient script has this letter as chet which is a tent wall’, and carries a meaning of SEPARATION’, as a tent wall separates two halves of the tent; or it can also reflect the outside walls that separate the people inside from that which is outside and so can also symbolise protection and security to those inside, while picturing a cutting off of those who are outside. Hence this letter can mean ‘established, secure’ as well as ‘cut off, separated from’. As a tent wall we are also able to recognise the picture of stones being built up to make a complete wall, having been separated from the world and built up in the master!

When looking at this word in its pictographic form, in terms of our command to rejoice, we are able to see why we are able to rejoice as we recognise the following:

THE WORD THAT WASHES US HAS SEPARATED US AND SECURED US!

 

This is a clear reason to rejoice, for as long as we allow the Word to wash us and keep us clean, we are able to confidently make our boast in Elohim, whom we praise and rejoice in, as we are built up as living stones in the Master; living stones that offer up lives as a daily living offering with rejoicing praise!

Verse 12-15 – Tithes of the increase

At the end of every 3 years a third tithe would be brought out and stored up within each one’s gates and be used to feed the Lĕwite, the sojourner, the fatherless and the widow. This kind of obedience would certainly ensure that the disadvantaged would suffer no lack and, as a result of obedience, יהוה would cause the givers to prosper, ensuring that there would be no lack in the land!

Taking care of the widows and orphans is what Ya’aqoḇ called pure religion:

Ya’aqoḇ/James 1:27 “Clean and undefiled religion before the Elohim and Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their affliction, and to keep oneself unstained from the world.

In light of these instructions, we can learn that the way to stay unstained from the world and its systems of enslavement through debt, is to obey the commands of Elohim and be faithful in giving according to His Torah, without the claws of materialism that is sadly causing so many to go into huge debt and in the process are unable to even give the first tithe, let alone the contributions, freewill offerings, vowed offerings, second tithe for feasts and a third tithe every third year for the poor and needy!

The word for tithes in Hebrew is - מַעֲשֵׂר ma’aser – Strong’s H4643tenth part, tithe’.

Let us look at this word in its ancient form:

מַעֲשֵׂר ma’aser – Strong’s H4643tenth part, tithe in the ancient script looks like:

reshshinayinmem

mem   - this is the letter ‘mem’,  which in the early script is pictured as ‘water’, and also carries the meaning of ‘chaos’ (from the storms of the sea) and can also picture that which is mighty or massive as well as the unknown. We are also able to understand this letter as representing the nations, for the nations are often likened to the seas in Scripture.

ayin - this is the Hebrew letter ‘ayin’, which is pictured as an ‘eye’ and carries the meaning ‘to watch, pay attention, take heed, look’ in the understanding of ‘keeping one’s eye on something’ and illustrates the importance of what one sets their eyes upon.

shin - this is the letter ‘sin’ which in the ancient script is pictured as ‘two front teeth’ and carries the meaning of ‘sharp or press, chew or devour’, which is what the teeth do and also speaks of the sharpened word that comes forth from the mouth as the teeth ‘chew’ or meditate on the Truth, making what comes forth pure and sharp! It also carries the understanding of consuming or destroying – as teeth do to food.

resh    - this is the letter ‘resh’- which in the ancient script is pictured as ‘the head of a man’ and carries the meaning of ‘top, beginning, first, chief’, as in being the top of the body or the head of a tribe and the one who rules; and also speaks of possession or inheritance that is decided by the chief.

From this pictographic description of this word we can see the following:

The nations have seen the destruction of the Head/first born!

יהוה told Aḇraham that He would make him a great nation, and then asked Aḇraham to sacrifice his only son (Yitsḥaq was the ‘only son’ according to the Promise). The word for ‘tithe’ can in many ways picture Aḇraham (the great nation), seeing the destruction of the first son (the son of the promise). Understanding this picture, we can also see how the tithe can, in many ways, represent the act that was reciprocated by Elohim, in part, due to Aḇraham’s obedience, and so Elohim ‘gave of  Himself’ as seen in His ‘Outstretched Arm and Hand’ as revealed through the ‘firstborn of all creation’ - יהושע Messiah – The Right Hand of Elohim! At the death of Messiah on the stake the nations saw the destruction of Elohim’s firstborn, who is the head of all creation!

 

Aḇrahamtithed’ to Malkitseḏeq, after having been blessed by him, and Aḇraham’s grandson, Lĕwi, got credit for it, as he received ‘tithes’ from the rest of the nation! Bearing in mind that Lĕwi means ‘joined to’, we see how we have become a royal priesthood, having been grafted in and joined to the Body of Messiah by His own Blood, and can therefore faithfully give back to Him, our all! Let us therefore look at Lĕwi in the ancient script to get a better understanding of the authority under which we are led, having been joined to our Head and King, יהושע Messiah – who has, by His own blood secured for us His Covenant Promises in Him, having worked redemption through Him taking the punishment of death on a stake, having nailed death to the stake, giving all who call upon Him the ability to be joined to Him, as Head, High Priest and King, making us, who are in Him, a royal priesthood that are able to serve in Him Spirit and Truth and walk with confidence in the Spirit, putting to death the flesh!

Lĕwiלֵוִי – Strong’s H3878 meaning, joined to, and in the ancient script looks like:

yadwawlamed

lamed    - this is the Hebrew letter ‘lamed’, which is pictured as a ‘shepherd’s staff’, representing ‘authority’ and can give the meaning of ‘to or toward’ and can represent that which pushes or pulls a flock in a direction, and can speak of authority or a yoke that is used to lead and guide, as well as the ability to bring back by Authority.

waw     - this is the Hebrew letter ‘waw’ or ‘vav’ which in the ancient script is pictured as a peg or ‘tent peg’, which was used for securing or tying the tent or other items. The possibility of it having a Y-shape is to show that it prevents the rope form slipping off. The root meaning of this letter is ‘to add, secure or hook’.

yad - this is the Hebrew letter ‘yad or yod’ which in the ancient script is pictured as ‘an arm and hand’ and carries the meaning of ‘work, make, throw’, from the primary functions of the arm and hand, and it also represents worship or             giving thanks in the extending of hands as a gesture of this. The work of one’s hands is the basic meaning of this letter!

By the Blood of Messiah we have been joined to Him and submit under His Authority, by His securing for us as a priesthood in His Covenant, through the work of His Hand

 

What better reason can you think of, regarding being faithful with your tithes and offerings, than to simply understand the true work of Messiah, and how יהוה Himself came down and blessed us in giving us of Himself, causing us to be a people who have been joined to Him; and in response give your all, in complete obedience, with ‘tithes’ simply being the beginning of the active obedience to which the body of Messiah faithfully responds to!

Offerings are gifts brought to יהוה above and beyond the tithes and therefore we must understand that ‘offerings’ did not make void the tithe that was due. People, who brought the offerings made sure that they had tithed first and then brought their freewill offering.

The tithes and offerings given to יהוה belonged to the Lěwites as an inheritance in return for their work of guarding the duty of the Tent of Appointment and this was an ordinance to them forever. They would then in turn give a tenth of their tithes received to Aharon the high priest.

Those who are to receive of the tithes and offerings today are those whom יהוה has called, separated and chosen to serve and teach the body of believers His Word an teach the difference between the set-apart and the profane, between the clean and the unclean and the instructions on keeping His Feasts and rendering right ruling according to His Torah.

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 9:14 “So also the Master instituted that those announcing the Good News should live from the Good News.

Galatiyim/Galatians 6:6 “And let him who is instructed in the Word share in all that is good, with him who is instructing.

Today many need to understand the need to support and take care of the “Lěwites” among us – that is those who are instructing others in the Word. Sadly we do see that due to the corruption as witnessed by so many in many churches today, those who have come out of the church system or Baḇelon so to speak are neglecting to take up this responsibility of giving their tithes and offerings and gifts to those whom יהוה has chosen and those who are teaching and instructing in the Word.

Timotiyos Aleph/1 Timothy 5:17-18 “Let the elders who rule well be counted worthy of double respect, especially those who labour in the word and teaching. 18 For the Scripture says, “You shall not muzzle an ox while it treads out the grain,” and, “The labourer is worthy of his wages.

Due to the neglect of so many, we find that those who have been called to instruct and teach and therefore are to be supported by the body are resorting to try and find alternative incomes just to survive and this should not be so, and must be a serious warning and witness against those who are refusing to follow the clear instructions to tithe and support those who should have their hands filled with teaching and instructing in the Word!

The tithe that is due is a test of one’s heart to see if they will follow יהוה’s instructions, as it is a gift from Him. יהוה has already included that which he expects His children to give back to Him. The whole earth is His and everything in it and he has given each one the opportunity to show that by doing their part in cheerfully and obediently returning to Him what belongs to Him and be faithful with what He has entrusted to each one. This is the simple principle of sowing and reaping. If you are faithful then He will be faithful to His promise and will multiply, reproduce and abundantly increase.

But what then is the Tithe of the increase?

The ‘tithe of your increase in your third year’ is a tithe that is different and separate from the normal tithe! It is a tithe above the normal tithe, and the giving of the tithe of your increase in the third year is an act of pure thanksgiving for all that יהוה done and how He has caused you to be fruitful and increase in the work of your hands as you walk in the blessings for complete loving obedience to His Word!

This ‘year of tithing’ is an incorporation of all the tithes in a 3 year cycle! We take note that the ‘first tithe’ was given to the Lěwites:

Bemiḏbar/Numbers 18:20-21And יהוה said to Aharon, “You are not to have an inheritance in their land, nor have any portion in their midst. I am your portion and your inheritance among the children of Yisra’ĕl. 21 “And see, I have given the children of Lĕwi all the tithes in Yisra’ĕl as an inheritance in return for the service which they are serving, the service of the Tent of Meeting.

The ‘second tithe’ that we see being spoken of in Scripture is that which is used for the Feasts of יהוה and is once again shared with ones household as well as the Lěwites, so that there is no lack at His Feasts and that true rejoicing can take place.

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 12:17-18You are not allowed to eat within your gates the tithe of your grain, or of your new wine, or of your oil, or of the firstlings of your herd or your flock, or of any of your offerings which you vow, or of your voluntary offerings, or of the contribution of your hand. 18 “But eat them before יהוה your Elohim, in the place which יהוה your Elohim chooses, you and your son and your daughter, and your male servant and your female servant, and the Lĕwite who is within your gates. And you shall rejoice before יהוה your Elohim in all that you put your hands to.

Here in Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 26:12 we are given instruction regarding the ‘tithe of one’s increase’ that is done in the 3rd year! This tithe is given to the Lĕwite, to the stranger, the fatherless and to the widow! This 3rd tithe is of one’s increase which would have been determined at the end of a harvest period of a 3 year cycle; and the 3rd tithe done in the 3rd year is determined by amount one has increased in a 3 year period. In trying to understand how this can apply to believers today we are able to see the lesson behind this 3rd tithe, as it teaches us our need to give proper thanks for all that יהוה does for us. As I pondered on how this can be practically applied in today’s modern society where most are earning a salary, I gained valuable insight in how a true follower of Messiah is able to give this tithe of their increase every 3 years.

As I have already mentioned, this 3rd tithe does not set aside the continual tithing that takes place each year, or month when salaries are earned. This 3rd tithe is not on one’s entire income, like the first tithe, but is on one’s increase. That means that one must be able to properly assess and declare before יהוה an ability to give a proper account with what you have done.

On a basic practical level an example of what would be expected is as follows (please note that this is simply an example and can be readjusted to suite anyone’s income as the calculations are all the same):

If you earn 1,000.00 each month (in whatever currency you receive – whether U.S. Dollars; Euros; British pounds; Yen; South African Rand; or any other currency) that would mean that you would firstly tithe 100.00 per month as יהוה comes first (not the tax man or bonds or debts). Over a year period you would have earned 12,000.00 and given 1,200.00 in tithes (excluding any other gifts and offerings). In one’s second year you may have received an increase and you now earn 1,100.00 each month, which would mean that you would now give a monthly tithe of 110.00 each month. Over the second year period you would have earned 13,200.00 and given 1,320.00 in tithes. In one’s 3rd year you may have received an even bigger increase and now earn 1,300.00 each month, which would in turn mean that your monthly tithe would be 130.00; making your earnings for your 3rd year being 15,600.00 and your tithes for the 3rd year being a total of 1,560.00. This is where one is now able to determine one’s increase as the increase of your salary from year one being 12,000.00 to 15,600.00 in year 3, where there has been an increase of 3,600.00 over a 3 year period! Therefore the ‘tithe of your increase in the 3rd year’ would be a tithe on the 3,600.00 which would be an extra tithe of 360.00 that is given to the Lĕwite, stranger, fatherless and widow. After the 3rd year one would start again at the starting point of 1,300.00 per month or 15,600.00 per year going forward for the next 3 years that would be calculated!

 

What this 3rd tithe expresses is a joyous praise of thanksgiving to יהוה, as the one who has increased is able to share with those who have no increase or inheritance. Once again, this ‘tithe of your increase in the 3rd year’, is not the Scriptural tithe that is due on a continual basis. The normal tithe is an active expression of faith that puts יהוה first and trusts in Him for complete provision, before any further gifts and offerings of thanksgiving are done. This tithe of the increase is a tithe of thanksgiving of what one has fully received in a 3 year period, looking back and expressing joy-filled gratitude by sharing with those in need.

Verse 13-14 – I have put away the ‘set-apart portion’!

Tithes belong to יהוה and are not permitted to be used, as they are to be set-apart and given to the Lěwites, stranger, fatherless and widow, according to the commands. It is in the 3rd year that one would make this bold confession before יהוה that they have done as has been commanded and that they have not touched any of the set-apart portions but have given it to the Lěwites, strangers, fatherless and widows, as commanded according to Scripture. What we see being presented here in Scripture is the practical confession of steadfast faithfulness in one’s duties over a 3 year period, which would further highlight the confession of one’s obedience each and every month for the past 3 years. If one had neglected to give tithes or give of some of the first of all or if they had neglected to set aside the necessary tithes for the Feasts then this confession that was to be brought with the tithe of the increase could not be done correctly!!!

The set-apart portion speaks of all the tithes that one was to completely set-apart according to the commands and that one had done what they are required to do. Tithes cannot be used for anything else or else it is rendered as ‘unclean use’.

Sha’ul teaches this very principle in:

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 16:2 “On the first day of the week let each one of you set aside, storing up whatever he is prospered, so that there are no collections when I come.

Here Sha’ul is teaching Torah – to set aside the set-apart portion for the set-apart use commanded and not use it for any other purpose, so that when he came he would be able to take that which was set-apart and take it those to which it was to be set-apart for.

Sadly many churches today use this verse in making their argument for having church on a sun-day! And while this is a futile argument and sounds totally ridiculous, it is very obvious that any who use this argument to defend a ‘sun-day worship’ theology have clearly no understanding of the Torah; and so we see how twisted and wicked man-made theologies can corrupt the clear Torah commands of Elohim.

This verse has nothing to do with gathering on a ‘sun-day’ to worship, as it clearly states that each on was to set aside and store up what they have prospered in (set it aside in their house) so that when the collection of tithes needs to be done that each one would have it ready and would not be embarrassed for not having put aside the set-apart portion of their tithes. Sha’ul was teaching clearly that the very first thing you do on the first day of the week is set-aside the tithe out of your income and recognise that this will teach you to put יהוה first in all.

To put away the set-apart portion from one’s house was a safeguard from being tempted to use that which one was not permitted to. Setting apart the tithe is one part of the process, and then next is to ensure that it gets into the right hands; and to hold back from doing this would be robbing Elohim!

In verse 13 we see: ‘that which we shall say before יהוה’, when doing what we are commanded to, is that we can declare that we have not transgressed His commands nor have we forgotten! This is very straight forward – if we keep His commands it is obvious that we have not forgotten them, yet what we must recognise is that is declaring that we have not forgotten, we are committing to teaching the next generation so that they too do not forget or ignore the commands!

The declaration of verse 14 is a confession that openly declares that one has not used any of that which is set-apart for any other use than that which it has been commanded for! So many today do not recognise how important it is to tithe as commanded and they are taking that which is set-apart and using it for other purposes, which becomes unclean in the Master’s eyes! This confession of obedience that is done with the tithes emphasises how important it is to get tithing right. So many may claim today that they are walking in obedience yet they do not tithe, which renders their confession worthless!

Verse 16 – Today!

Here we see the term ‘today’ or ‘this day’ being used here; and in Scripture we can recognise that while it rendered a very ‘live Word’ to the people hearing it at the time it was being spoken by Mosheh, it still becomes a ‘today’ or ‘this day’ for us whenever we read and hear these instructions! The day you read and hear it is the day it is speaking of, and so we see that even as you read this Torah portion and consider these notes, understand that it is ‘Today’ that יהוה your Elohim is commanding you to do these laws and right-rulings and that you shall guard them and do them with all your heart and with all your being – for this is how you love Him with all your heart and with all your being – hearing, guarding and doing His commands – Today!!!

Yisra’ĕl were not in the Promised Land yet and they were being commanded a ‘Today’ and so too do we need to recognise that as we sojourn here as foreigners in a Wilderness journey as we await the return of our King, we too need to heed the ‘Today’ command and guard His commands diligently! Some people will try to excuse their disobedience ‘today’ away with thinking and saying that they will do all the commands in the Millennial Reign, and what they do not realise is that if we do not hear, guard and do ‘today’ then we will not enter in and reign with Messiah in ‘that day’!

Today’ if you hear His voice do not harden your hearts!!!

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 3:7-11 “Therefore, as the Set-apart Spirit says, “Today, if you hear His voice, 8 do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, in the day of trial in the wilderness, 9 where your fathers tried Me, proved Me, and saw My works forty years. 10 “Therefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, ‘They always go astray in their heart, and they have not known My ways.’ 11 “As I swore in My wrath, ‘If they shall enter into My rest...’

This command is a command to full commitment and complete surrender:

Yoḥanan/John 14:15 “If you love Me, you shall guard My commands.

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 2:3-6 “And by this we know that we know Him, if we guard His commands. 4 The one who says, “I know Him,” and does not guard His commands, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. 5 But whoever guards His Word, truly the love of Elohim has been perfected in him. By this we know that we are in Him. 6 The one who says he stays in Him ought himself also to walk, even as He walked.

Love יהוה with ALL your HEART: the word for ‘heart’ here is לֵבָב leḇaḇ – Strong’s H3824 meaning, heart, inner man, will, mind.

Love יהוה with ALL your BEING: the word for ‘being’ is the root word נֶפֶשׁ nephesh – Strong’s H5315 meaning, a soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion’.  

By guarding His word we show our love for Him, therefore guarding as we should is to show that we are loving Him!

The Hebrew word translated as ‘heart’ is לֵבָב leḇaḇ – Strong’s H3824 which means, inner man, heart, mind, understanding, or is often also written as לֵבleḇ - Strong’s H3820 which means, inner man, mind, will thought’; and what is interesting to take note of here is that these two letters for ‘heart’ in the ancient Hebrew pictographic Script make it clear that the rule and authority of Elohim is to be upon our hearts!

In the ancient Script the Hebrew word לֵב leḇ - Strong’s H3820 looks like this:

beitlamed

Lamed - לֵ:

The ancient script has this letter as lamed, and is pictured as a ‘shepherd’s staff, can give the meaning of ‘to or toward’ and can represent that which pushes or pulls a flock in a direction, and can speak of authority or a yoke that is used to lead and guide, as well as the ability to bring back by Authority.

 

Bět - ב:

The ancient script has this letter as beit, which pictures a tent floor plan and means, ‘house’ or ‘tent’. It represents family and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself.

 

In terms of these two pictures representing the ‘heart’ or the inner man and the will and thoughts of man, we are able to see that a pure heart is one that submits to the authority of the Good Shepherd, having been grafted into His Body, that is the Tabernacle of Elohim, which in Messiah we now are. And in recognising this we see that we, as legitimate sons and daughter of the Most High that have been grafted in by the Blood of Messiah, have upon our hearts His Torah, under which we submit to walking in – for His Torah are the rules of His House!

Even with the word for heart being expressed as לֵבָב leḇaḇ – Strong’s H3824, we are able to see in the ancient text a second ‘bět’ – בbeit, showing us the clear picture of the True authority for both Houses of Yisra’ĕl and Yehuḏah, that collectively make up the entire body of Messiah, or Tabernacle of Elohim, which we now are!

 Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 6:5-6And you shall love יהוה your Elohim with all your heart, and with all your being, and with all your might. 6 “And these Words which I am commanding you today shall be in your heart

To love Elohim with all your heart implies that His commands are written upon your heart, for true love for Elohim is to guard His commands; and if one does not think upon or meditate upon His Torah in order to walk in it, then it shall be very clear that the Truth is not in them!

יהוה knows what is in our hearts, while we may not; and He tests our hearts in order to see if we will obey Him or not:

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 8:2And you shall remember that יהוה your Elohim led you all the way these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you, prove you, to know what is in your heart, whether you guard His commands or not.

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 10:12-13And now, Yisra’ĕl, what is יהוה your Elohim asking of you, but to fear יהוה your Elohim, to walk in all His ways and to love Him, and to serve יהוה your Elohim with all your heart and with all your being, 13 to guard the commands of יהוה and His laws which I command you today for your good?

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 11:18And you shall lay up these Words of Mine in your heart and in your being, and shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes.

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 30:14For the Word is very near you, in your mouth and in your heart to do it.

The reason I am quoting all these verses is to show that ‘it is a heart thing’ and the Word must be in our hearts and mouths, and not just a vain rendering of a corrupted lips service that has no heart or follow through with obedience and submission to doing the commands with joy!

Guarding the good treasure and deposit of the Truth in our hearts will keep us from sinning and being lawless!

Tehillah/Psalm 119:11 “I have treasured up Your word in my heart, that I might not sin against You.

It is a heart thing – and obedience flows from the heart, and in a Psalm that is all about the praise of the Torah and commands of Elohim we see Dawiḏ saying in:

Tehillah/Psalm 119:111-112 “Your witnesses are my inheritance forever, for they are the joy of my heart. 112 I have inclined my heart to do Your laws Forever, to the end.

Romiyim/Romans 6:17 “But thanks to Elohim that you were servants of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart that form of teaching to which you were entrusted.

The Greek word for ‘heart’ is καρδία kardia – Strong’s G2588 and this word denotes the centre of all physical and spiritual life, and is understood as the centre and seat of the soul and mind; as it is the fountain and seat of the thoughts, passions, desires, appetites, affections, purposes, endeavours. It refers to the innermost part of a man – that which drives and directs a man’s steps, thoughts and purpose!

 

Verse 17

Our obedience to the commands of Elohim makes the declaration that יהוה is our Elohim!

This is causative and affirmative language which is typical of covenantal language and in essence declares that “You have chosen יהוה and יהוה has chosen you”!

 

Yoḥanan/John 15:16 “You did not choose Me, but I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should remain, so that whatever you ask the Father in My Name He might give you.

We recognise that we are able to choose Him and love Him by obeying his commands because He chose us and loved us first!!!

To proclaim יהוה to be your Elohim comes with the responsibility of walking in His ways, guarding His laws and commands and obeying His voice – which is His Word!

 

WALK IN HIS WAYS

Miḵah/Micah 6:8 “He has declared to you, O man, what is good. And what does יהוה require of you but to do right, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your Elohim?

What does יהוה require of us? Well as we see – that it is to do right, love kindness and walk humbly with our Elohim!

Walk’ in Hebrew is the word הָלַךְ hā∙lǎḵ - Strong’s H1980 meaning, ‘to walk, to live, manner of life, cause to live’ and literally speaks of how one lives. It is used as a verb indicating that it is an active expression of one’s life. We are to actively and continually be walking in Messiah, and as Miḵah tells us that we are required to walk ‘humbly’ with Elohim. The root word used here for humble is צָנַע tsana – Strong’s H6800 meaning, ‘to be modest or humble’. In Miḵah/Micah 6:8 it is expressed as follows: וְהַצְנֵעַ לֶכֶת ve-ha-ts’nea lechet’ which literally expresses ‘a making humble to walk’ or ‘showing a humble walk’, again emphasising that our humility is seen in our walk – that is our walk of obedience as we clearly see and understand the words in:

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 2:6 “The one who says he stays in Him ought himself also to walk, even as He walked.

The Greek word for ‘walk’ is περιπατέω peripateō – Strong’s G4043 and carries the same meaning and that is, ‘to walk, behaviour, to conduct one’s self, to make one’s way, to tread with the feet, to make one’s life’.  Why all the definitions? To clearly reiterate that to walk as Messiah walked involves action and that action is to be in complete line with His walk and that is a walk of total obedience – the greatest expression of humility!

In order to walk right, we must understand the fear of Elohim, or else we would not be able to walk straight and as Kěpha tells us, we are to pass the time of our sojourning in fear, as we realise that we have inherited lies and futility from our fathers:

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 1:17-18 “And if you call on the Father, who without partiality judges according to each one’s work, pass the time of your sojourning in fear, 18 knowing that you were redeemed from your futile way of life inherited from your fathers, not with what is corruptible, silver or gold

 

GUARD HIS LAWS AND HIS COMMANDS AND RIGHT-RULINGS

The word used for ‘guard’ is שָׁמַר shamar – Strong’s H8104 meaning, keep, watch, present, attend to, pay close attention, guard’ and the basic idea of the root of this word is ‘to exercise great care over’.  We are to exercise great care over His Torah! When used in combination with other verbs the meaning is ‘do carefully or diligently’, i.e. perform carefully by paying strict attention as to what must be done as it expresses the careful attention to be paid to the obligations of a covenant, to laws, statutes, etc.

1 – Laws – חֻקִּים plural of the word for law - חֹק ḥoq – Strong’s H2706 meaning, something prescribed or owed, boundary, allotment, portion, ordinance, statute. This word comes from the primitive root חָקַק ḥaqaq – Strong’s H2710 which means, to cut, inscribe, hack, engrave, decree, carve, sceptre, lawgiver’.

2 – Right-Rulings - מִּשְׁפָּטִים mishpatim plural of H4941 מִּשְׁפָּטִ mishpat which means right-ruling or judgement and are the ‘legal procedures’ or firm rulings that are non-negotiable. It is through these mishpatim that community is to be ruled and how any issues that may arise would be dealt with in a prescribed way that is just and fair. These are what we could call the ‘social laws’ that clearly teach us how to get on with each other and how we are to behave and how we are to live according to how we have been created to be in יהושע.

Tehillah/Psalm 89:14 “Righteousness and right-ruling are the foundation of Your throne; kindness and truth go before Your face.

Tehillah/Psalm 97:2 “Clouds and darkness all around Him, righteousness and right-ruling are the foundation of His throne.

3 – Commands - The word for ‘commands’ is מִצְוֹתַ  - ‘mitsvot’ – and is the plural of the word מִצְוָה mitzvah – Strong’s H4687 which means, ‘commandment, command, obligation, precept’, which comes from the primitive root צָוָה tsavah – Strong’s H6680 which means, ‘to lay charge (upon), give charge to, command, order, appoint, commission, ordain’.

The primary difference we see between the חֻקָּה ḥuqqah (laws/statutes) and מִצְוָה mitzvah (commands) is that His laws (ḥuqqah) are rulings that remain in effect permanently and we are to continually walk in His Right-rulings for set-apart living; whereas His commands (mitzvah) are those rules which apply to specific situations and are tailored for each unique situation in determining the correct action to be taken in a specific circumstance and so we ‘guard’ those carefully to know how to respond and take action for any given situation we may find ourselves in. We as his called out and chosen, royal priesthood must be a hearing people who not only hear, but also do and what we must understand is that in the Hebraic mind-set we come to realise that the ideal of ‘hearing’ the commands and laws will and should naturally cause us to want to walk in them and guard them.

 

OBEY HIS VOICE

The word used for obey is the same word used for guard - שָׁמַר shamar – Strong’s H8104

Yoḥanan/John 10:27 “My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me.

His voice is His instructions as contained in His Word, and His sheep know His word and follow it by guarding it, paying close attention to do what He says! What is interesting to note here is that what is expected of us before we are able to obey His voice – 1 – walk in His ways; 2 – guard His laws and commands and right-rulings!!! Keeping His Torah puts us in a position to hear from Him directly and with clarity in every situation we find ourselves in. Carrying out the ‘letter of the law’ alone is not enough – we must ‘hearing what He is saying through His commands is the goal’ and the goal of the command is Messiah! So as we hear, guard and do His commands we are able to fix our eyes on Messiah and faithfully stay in Him and bear much fruit!

He who has ears let Him hear what the Spirit says!!! So many misunderstand this phrase that we see in Scripture – what it is saying very clearly is that those who have not hardened their hearts to His commands and are paying attention to what His Word is saying, hear clearly what is being said and take heed to guard to do all you hear from Elohim through His Word!!!

Verse 18

Guarding and doing His commands causes us to proclaim that we are truly His set-apart people and His treasured possession!

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 2:9 “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a people for a possession, that you should proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvellous light.

The Hebrew word for ‘treasured possession’ is סְגֻלָּה segullah – Strong’s H5459 meaning valued possession or property. This could also be expressed as My uniquely valued and guarded treasure above all the nations! How awesome is that!!! A hearing, guarding and doing people are the uniquely valued and guarded treasure of יהוה’s; that is to say that He holds us firmly in His hand and never takes His eyes off of us and guards us continually so as to never let us go for we are extremely valued and precious to Him. When outsiders look at us they may see it as being locked away in a box, thinking that we ‘have to do’ things that are not required by them and claim erroneously that we have lost our right s and are ‘under law’ so to speak – but it is not so – we are kept secure and safe and are a prized possession. Do what He says, and you will be glad you did.

This unique Hebrew word carries a great wealth of insight and instruction as well as an assured confidence that we can have in our Master and Elohim, who has chosen us to be His own. The Hebrew word סְגֻלָּה segullah – Strong’s H5459 is only used 8 times in the Tanak and is a word that is used to clearly highlight Elohim’s appointed and established Covenants of Promise and about the people who take them seriously.

There is no one specific English word that can be substituted for this very complex, yet simple and clear, word.

This word is defined as a noun referring to possession or property; and not just any property but more specifically the uniquely valued property and peculiar treasure. This word is always used in the context of a royal treasure; and more specifically, the treasure of a king. Both metaphorically and literally we acknowledge that the King of Scripture is יהושע Messiah. His ‘segullah’ is His ‘covenant people’!!!

In the ancient pictographic script the root word סְגֻלָּה segullah – Strong’s H5459 meaning valued possession or property looks like this:

heylamedgimelsamek

Samek - סְ:

The ancient script has this letter pictured as samek, which is ‘a thorn’ and has the meanings of ‘pierce and sharp’ and can also carry the meaning of ‘a shield’, as thorn bushes were used by shepherds to build a wall to enclose their flocks in the night against the attack of predators. Another meaning would be ‘to grab hold of’ as a thorn is a seed that clings to hair and clothing. The Word of Elohim is sharper than a doubled edged sword and when we find that we do not grab hold of His word and allow His Word to be our shield of faith, we may find ourselves being pierced through with sin and compromise! Our praise we have for our Master is that ‘in Him’ we are upheld forever, for He is the shield of our Help, as He Himself took the crown of thorns upon His head, bearing our sin and shame that we may be found to be shielded in Him! It can also give a meaning of ‘turning’, for it is the thorn that turns us away from danger and to that which is secure.

 

Gimel – גֻ:

The ancient script has this letter pictured as gimel, which is ‘a foot’ and carries the meaning to ‘walk, gather, carry’, as clearly referring to the functions of a foot; and it can also give the meaning of ‘a gathering of people’, and we know that ‘feet’ in Hebrew speaks of one’s walk and ability to keep the Feasts of יהוה, and represents one’s ‘walk’!

 

Lamed - לַ:

The ancient script has this letter as lamed, and is pictured as a ‘shepherd’s staff’, which can give the meaning of ‘to or toward’ and can represent that which pushes or pulls a flock in a direction, and can also speak of ‘authority’ or ‘a yoke’ that is used to lead and guide, as well as the ability to ‘bring back by Authority’.

 

Hey – הָ:

The ancient script has this letter pictured as hey, which is ‘a man standing with his arms raised out’. The meaning of the letter is behold, look, breath, sigh and reveal or revelation, from the idea of revealing a great sight by pointing it out. It also carries for us the meaning of ‘surrender’, as we lift up our hands and completely submit to יהוה as we lift our hands in praise, declaring His authority under which we humbly submit!

 

In terms of these pictographic letters forming the word סְגֻלָּה segullah – Strong’s H5459 meaning valued possession or property, we are able to see the privilege of being the סְגֻלָּה segullah of the Good Shepherd!

As the segullah of Elohim:

We are shielded and protected in our walk as we submit under the authority of the One who is to be praised!

There is a wealth of revelation in the understanding of what it means to be the segullah of Elohim and when we see this pictures it helps us recognise the sure promise of protection that the segullah of Elohim has, while at the same time realising the responsibility that our walk in Him carries, so that we remain His סְגֻלָּה segullah!

For further study on this word סְגֻלָּה segullah please see the notes from the message called, ‘SEGULLAH – TREASURED POSSESSION!’ under the ‘sermons 2015/2016’ menu on our site (http://atfotc.com) or by simply clicking on the following link:

http://atfotc.com/index.php/our-sermons/sermons-2015-2016/640-segullah-treasured-possession

 

Set-Apart nation implies just what it says – we are to be in a league of our own – so different from the world that it is clearly seen!!! This can only happen if we actually hear-guard and do all He commands us to, without debating and reasoning why we should not as the world does!

Being set-apart requires the ability to be a people who judge themselves according to יהוה’s standard and be able to discern between the clean and the unclean, the set-apart and the common. Our ability in being ready to hear from יהוה, we must recognise that our minds must be renewed as we set things apart in our minds as well, no longer conformed to the standards of the world – for now we live according to the highest standard – יהוה’s.  Those who refuse to judge themselves or be judged by the Word can by definition never be set apart as it is clear that their ears are not open to hear and are as Yeshayahu says – hearing yet not perceiving! 

As יהוה prepared to bring His bride to be into the covenant of betrothal at Mount Sinai, He wanted Yisra’ĕl her to have no doubt in their minds that He loves no one but her as His treasured possession – bought at a price. He came to Mitsrayim to call unto Himself His Bride and destroyed before Her face all other false mighty ones and delivered Her at took her into the Wilderness to speak His commitment of love to Her!

 

CHAPTER 27

Here in the first verse Mosheh, together with the elders of the Yisra’ĕl, commanded all the people to “GUARD ALL THE COMMANDS”. We must continually recognise the very clear point that is echoed all throughout Scripture – and that is that we are to guard ALL the commands and not simply choose which one’s we assume are applicable to us or not.

We should all know by now what the Hebrew word for ‘guard’ is, but if not … let me remind you: it is -שָׁמַר shamar – Strong’s H8104 which means, ‘keep, watch, present, attend to, pay close attention, guard’ and the basic idea of the root of this word is ‘to exercise great care over’.  We are to exercise great care over His Torah!

When used in combination with other verbs the meaning is ‘do carefully or diligently’, i.e. perform carefully by paying strict attention as to what must be done, as it expresses the careful attention to be paid to the obligations of a covenant, to laws, statutes, etc.

What is interesting in taking note of is the frequent use of the word שָׁמַר shamar in the Torah. It is used 139 times in the Torah – 15 times in Berěshith/Genesis, 24 times in Shemoth/Exodus; 16 times in Bemiḏbar/Numbers and 65 times in Deḇarim/Deuteronomy!!!

With Deḇarim being seen as the ‘second reading of the Torah’ as it was the instructions given to the new generation we can see why the greater emphasis on the use of שָׁמַר shamar to the generation that was about to enter into the Promised Land! Here in this first verse we can also recognise that when we see the use of the wording, “which I am commanding you today”, we must recognise that the Word of Elohim is alive and active and so these instructions are just as alive for us today and each and every day as it was for Yisra’ĕl back then!

As we meditate day and night on the Torah, we must recognise that His Torah must be fresh and alive to us each and every morning as we gather and eat our daily living/lawful bread!!!

Verse 2-8

When they had passed over the Yardĕn into the Promised Land they were to set up large stones and plaster them with plaster and write all the Words of the Torah on them!

In verse 8 we see the second time the command given to write all the torah on stones. This was another set of stones that would be used to build a slaughter place that was to be set up on Mount Ěyḇal, where they were to build a slaughter place of unhewn stones (no iron tool used to shape them) and offer ascending offerings and peace offerings to יהוה and rejoice before יהוה!

This would only take place after the first two victories over Yeriḥo and Ai:

Yehoshua/Joshua 8:30-32 “And Yehoshua built an altar to יהוה Elohim of Yisra’ĕl in Mount Ěyḇal, 31 as Mosheh the servant of יהוה had commanded the children of Yisra’ĕl, as it is written in the Book of the Torah of Mosheh, “an altar of unhewn stones over which no man has wielded iron.” And they offered on it burnt offerings to יהוה, and slaughtered peace offerings. 32 And there, in the presence of the children of Yisra’ĕl, he wrote on the stones a copy of the Torah of Mosheh, which he had written.

The plastering with plaster (whitewash with lime) was so that the uncut stones could be written on, and by the accounts we have here it is possible that this was done twice – first on the standing stones that were set up after crossing the Yardĕn and secondly on the stones of the slaughter place on Mount Ěyḇal.

The plaster is a picture of the ‘flesh’ of the stone and we recognize the picture of how The Torah is written upon the fleshly tablets of the heart and no longer on stone, becoming ‘letters of Messiah’:

Qorintiyim Bět/2 Corinthians 3:2-3You are our letter, having been written in our hearts, known and read by all men, 3 making it obvious that you are a letter of Messiah, served by us, written not with ink but by the Spirit of the living Elohim, not on tablets of stone but on fleshly tablets of the heart.

The picture here of the plaster being ‘plastered’ on the stone in order for the words to be written upon and seen as a witness to all of the Kingdom rules is a picture of how we, who have the torah upon our hearts are to walk according to the Kingdom Rules as outlined in the Torah as a witness that is ‘read’ before all as they see by our active obedience to the Torah our identity as being letters and living stones of Messiah!

These stones would  be a witness as a public testimony that the Yisra’ĕlites who were entering into Kenaʽan possessed in the law their rule and source of life, and so too today do we, as living stones, need to reflect the rule and source of our life that has been purchased for us, through obedience to the Torah!

Yehoshua set up the slaughter place on Mount Ěyḇal, which is where all the curses were to be proclaimed and the slaughter offerings done here are a shadow picture of the work of Messiah who has taken away the curse of the Torah (that is death), who became a curse for us, and in Him we are assured the promise of entering into the fullness of the Covenant Promise and blessed hope that awaits those who guard the Torah and love Elohim with their all.

Galatiyim/Galatians 3:13 “Messiah redeemed us from the curse of the Torah, having become a curse for us – for it has been written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs upon a tree.

What we must take very careful to of here is that Messiah redeemed us from “the” curse of the Torah – that is ‘death’. He did not come to do away with any part of the Torah and so just as the blessings and curses were to be proclaimed after entering in to the Promised Land so too do we need to recognize that the curses contained in the Torah have certainly not been ‘done away’ with; yet what messiah has redeemed us from or bought us back from is ‘death’ and we who remain in Him by guarding His Torah will be part of the first resurrection with the second death having no power over us!

 

Verse 6 commands that the slaughter place was to be built with ‘complete’ stones and the Hebrew root word used here for ‘complete’ or ‘uncut’ is שָׁלֵם shalem – Strong’s H8003 which means, complete, whole, at peace, blameless, wholly devotedand carries the meaning of being sound or complete, having made full restitution. We must recognise that it is Messiah who builds us up, as living stones, equipping us to be complete and lacking nothing in order for us to be built up into the completeness of Messiah

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 4:11-13 “And He Himself gave some as emissaries, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as shepherds and teachers 12 for the perfecting of the set-apart ones, to the work of service to a building up of the body of the Messiah, 13 until we all come to the unity of the belief and of the knowledge of the Son of Elohim, to a perfect man, to the measure of the stature of the completeness of Messiah

Kěpha Bět/2 Peter 3:14So then, beloved ones, looking forward to this, do your utmost to be found by Him in peace, spotless and blameless

Doing our utmost to be found in Him in peace, spotless and blameless – that is the meaning of being ‘complete’ stones that are able to be built up in Him!

What is very powerful in recognising these instructions is that with the Torah being written both on the standing stones after passing the Yardĕn and then later on the stones of the slaughter place on Mount Ěyḇal after the victories over Yeriḥo and Ai is that it is very clear that the Torah is written upon our hearts as a continual witness, and that the life, death and resurrection of Messiah did not take away the Torah but rather established it upon our hearts and enabled the Torah to not simply be carried out just as a letter only, which kills, but rather lived out is total obedience with great joy as a powerful witness and testimony of the redemptive work of Messiah, giving us clear guidelines on how to live a life of righteousness, obeying all that has been written, expressing our love for Elohim!

Verse 8

Writing all the Words of this Torah on the stones – plainly and well is  clear picture of having the pure unadulterated Word written upon our hearts – without the dogmas and traditions and theologies of man that tend to complicate the truth rather than allow the truth to be presented as it is.

The term ‘plainly and well’ is the two Hebrew words: בַּאֵר הֵיטֵב – ‘ba’ar ha-y’taḇ’ which is made up of the two root words: בָּאַר ba’ar – Strong’s H874 which means, to make plain or distinct and יָטַב yataḇ – Strong’s H3190 meaning, to be good, well, glad or pleasing and can carry the understanding of what it means to be in a state of having proper characteristics or performing an expected function.

Yoḥanan/John 16:25 “These words I have spoken to you in figures of speech, but an hour is coming when I shall no longer speak to you in figures of speech, but I shall declare the Father plainly to you.

The emphasis on the need to write the words plainly and well expresses the clear emphasis on the critical role of the Torah of Elohim in the new land – and this is His Kingdom rules that we are to adhere to.

His Word is ‘good’ and it is very clear and distinctively plain to those who will listen and guard to do what it written!

Verse 9-10 – Hear – Guard – Do!

Be silent and hear - הַסְכֵּת וּשְׁמַע   - The two root words used here are:

1 – ‘be silent’ - סָכַת  saḵath – Strong’s H5535 meaning, to be silent, keep silence, in other words it means, to stop speaking and say nothing, implying that there should also not be any making of noise caused by any kind of movement

2 – hear’ - שָׁמַעshama’ – Strong’s H8085, which carries the meaning not just simply to hear, but rather to ‘listen with attention, comprehend and discern, give heed to what is being spoken’.

A more aggressive translation could be put as “shut up and listen!’, which is what many need to be told today as the ‘noise’ of the world and the busy schedules that people find themselves in have a crippling way of drowning out the ability to hear the distinct and clear Truth of The Torah.

Here Mosheh was reiterating to Yisra’ĕl their identity as he was bringing to their ears a very clear confirmation to the Covenant and they were to ‘listen up’ very carefully in order to recognise their responsibility to the Covenant when they entered the Promised Land. It was time to forget their own opinions and theologies that simply demonstrate inherited foolishness when seen in contrast to the pure wisdom contained in the Torah of Elohim.

It was time to be quiet and listen very carefully and keep your opinions to yourself.

This is the same call that is very much alive to us today – we have to learn to quiet ourselves and listen attentively to the Word of Elohim in order to clean our own lives out of His vessel (for we are His)! Becoming the people of יהוה our Elohim as a result of accepting His deliverance from bondage offered to us by His own blood being the atoning sacrifice for us, and being immersed in יהושע Messiah, we acknowledge that we have died to self and now live for Him and therefore are to pay very careful attention to His voice – that is His Word – and in so doing we must get quiet and get rid of any ‘noise’ that has hindered our ability to hear His pure and plain Word!

To be able to hear, comprehend and discern correctly, we cannot have conflicting voices in our ears that cause confusion and therefore it is time to be silent and know that יהוה is Elohim!

This word - סָכַת saḵath is only used once in Scripture and I find this very important here as we should only need to hear the call to be silent once in order to hear the Truth. The sad reality is that so many neglect to hear this and therefore are never able to fully hear the Truth with clarity! This word is written is the ‘causative’ tense which reveals that this ability to truly be silent is a causative action based on the Truth of the Word of Elohim – we He speaks we are caused to be silent!

There are other words in Scripture that are also translated as, be still, be silent, hush and all carry with them the same message of the responsibility to be quiet in order to have the true ability to know and hear the True Elohim – those who do not take heed to this call to be silent now and hear will be silenced by force when He comes again!

Tehillah/Psalm 46:10 “Be still, and know that I am Elohim; I am exalted among nations, I am exalted in the earth!

Here the Hebrew root word used for ‘be still’ is רָפָה raphah – Strong’s H7503 which means, be still, sink, relax, forsake and it is written in the Hiphil active which can render the meaning, to be quiet, to let drop, abandon, to let go and so we can learn from this that in order to ‘know’ that יהוה is Elohim we have to abandon the ‘noise’ of the world and let go of the conflicting voices of inherited doctrines of man that have sadly drowned out the clear voice of Elohim!

Ěḵah/Lamentations 3:26 “It is good – both to wait and to be silent, for the deliverance of יהוה.

The word used here for ‘be silent’ is דּוּמָם dumam – Strong’s H1748 which means, a silence, in silence, mute and I like the clear message here in that we are to recognise that it is good for us to ‘mute’ out the sound of the world in order to be able to hear the voice of Elohim, as we faithfully ‘wait’ for the blessed hope of our deliverance.

Zeḵaryah/Zechariah 2:13 “Hush, all flesh, before יהוה, for He has roused Himself out of His set-apart dwelling!

The Hebrew root word used here for ‘hush’ is הַס has – Strong’s H2013 and it is used 8 times in Scripture as an interjection with imperative force meaning be silent! or hush!”. It is used to command people to refrain from speaking (Amos 6:10); and is used to command people to refrain from weeping (Neḥemyah/Nehemiah 8:11); and is also used as a command to demand awesome or respectful silence before יהוה (Ḥaḇaqquq/Habakkuk 2:20).

Why I am mentioning these examples of the various commands to be quiet and listen is to reiterate the much needed adherence to this requirement of being still in order to hear that has been neglected by so many for far too long!

The world has a way of over stimulating our thoughts through various means such as media and technological advancement that leads to so many having a very short attention span and therefore their ability to sit still and listen for extended periods becomes almost impossible for most. Even while many may refrain from speaking their minds continue to run away with many conversations that go on internally that an individual’s ability to actually become quiet has become extremely difficult under the influence of the world’s captivating methods of enslaving the minds of most and as a result most people are not even listening to what others are saying, let alone the voice of יהוה. The result of this is that many gather for themselves ear tickling specialists that tell them what they want to hear and not necessarily what they need to hear as they easily turn away from hearing the truth to being satisfied with myths and inherited lies:

Timotiyos Bět/2 Timothy 4:3-4For there shall be a time when they shall not bear sound teaching, but according to their own desires, they shall heap up for themselves teachers tickling the ear, 4 and they shall indeed turn their ears away from the truth, and be turned aside to myths.

 

Verse 10 here in Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 27 makes clear the correct response to hearing correctly – that is being quiet and listening with attention! The result is the responsibility that comes from the correct hearing of the Truth, which is to obey the voice of יהוה our Elohim! The Hebrew word used here for ‘obey’ is the same as used in verse 9 for ‘hear’: שָׁמַעshama’ – Strong’s H8085. What this clearly shows us is that to correctly ‘hear’ one must ‘obey’ and this is not a foreign concept to the Hebrew mind, and the way we ‘obey’ is by ‘doing’ what we are told!

The root word used for ‘do’ is עָשָׂה asah – Strong’s H6213 meaning, to do, work, make, produce, ta act with effect, to observe, to bring about, institute and can also mean, celebrate, which I think is very fitting.

It is truly a great ‘joy’ TO DO the laws and right-rulings as prescribed! So many today think that it is a huge burden to do what is commanded, yet that is so far from the truth – when we diligently observe and guard to do all He commands us to do – it is a great joy and a delight and not heavy at all!

We shall be known by our fruits based on our proper reverence and submission to our Master, which shall be evidenced in our “acts of obedience”, as we walk in righteousness, guarding to do all He has commanded us to do, all the time!!!

The perfect Torah of freedom is like a mirror for us – and in looking intently into it we are able to see if we are in fact listening and doing or not:

Ya’aqoḇ/James 1:22-25 “And become doers of the Word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves. 23 Because if anyone is a hearer of the Word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his natural face in a mirror, 24 for he looks at himself, and goes away, and immediately forgets what he was like. 25 But he that looked into the perfect Torah, that of freedom, and continues in it, not becoming a hearer that forgets, but a doer of work, this one shall be blessed in his doing of the Torah.

We ‘guard to do’ all He commands in order that we may live and take possession of that which יהוה has planned for us.

As we consider this root verb עָשָׂה asah in terms of our need to be doers of the Word, we recognise that we can only be proper doers if we are in fact looking intently into the Word, and when we see this word in the ancient pictographic script we gain further understanding of what it is to be a proper doer of the Word!

In the ancient pictographic script the verb עָשָׂה asah – Strong’s H6213 which means, to do, work, make, produce, to act with effect, to observe, to bring about, institute, celebrate looks like this:

 heyshinayin

Ayin - עָ:

The original pictograph for this letter is: ayin and represents the idea of ‘seeing and watching’, as well as ‘knowledge’ as the eye is the window of knowledge.

 

Sin - שָׂ:

This is the letter ‘sin/shin’ which in the ancient script is pictured as: shin, which is ‘two front teeth’ and carries the meaning of ‘sharp or press, chew or devour’; which is what the teeth do, and also speaks of the sharpened word that comes forth from the mouth, as the teeth ‘chew’ or ‘meditate’ on the Truth, making what comes forth pure and sharp! It also carries the understanding of consuming or destroying – as teeth do to food.

 

Hey - ה:

The ancient script has this letter as hey and is pictured as a man standing with his arms raised up and out as if pointing to something, and in essence carries the meaning of ‘behold’ as in when looking at something very great. It can also have the meaning to ‘breath’ or ‘sigh’ as when looking at a great sight and having your breath taken away so to speak! It also has the meaning of revelation or to reveal something by pointing it out, as well as ‘praise’ through the lifting up of our hands in complete awe and surrender.

 

When looking at this word עָשָׂה asah in the ancient pictographic form, we are able to further understand how critical it is for us to be doers of the Word and so perform and do that which is instructed for us to do. From this picture we can see the meaning of:

LOOKING AT THE WORD THAT HAS BEEN REVEALED!

This teaches us that we are unable to DO or PERFORM the Word if we are not looking intently at the Word!

The word for ‘commands’ is מִצְוֹתַ  - ‘mitsvot’ – and is the plural of the word מִצְוָה mitzvah – Strong’s H4687 which means, ‘commandment, command, obligation, precept’, which comes from the primitive root צָוָה tsavah – Strong’s H6680 which means, ‘to lay charge (upon), give charge to, command, order, appoint, commission, ordain’.

The word for laws is חֻקִּים uqqiym which is the plural of the word חֹק ḥoq -Strong’s H2706 which means, something prescribed or owed, boundary, allotment, portion, ordinance, statute. This word comes from the primitive root חָקַק ḥaqaq – Strong’s H2710 which means, to cut, inscribe, hack, engrave, decree, carve, sceptre, lawgiver’.

The primary difference we see between the חֻקָּה ḥuqqah (laws/statutes) and מִצְוָה mitzvah (commands) is that His laws (ḥuqqah) are rulings that remain in effect permanently and we are to continually walk in His Right-rulings for set-apart living; whereas His commands (mitzvah) are those rules which apply to specific situations and are tailored for each unique situation in determining the correct action to be taken in a specific circumstance and so we ‘guard’ those carefully to know how to respond and take action for any given situation we may find ourselves in.

We, as his called out and chosen, royal priesthood, must be a hearing people who not only hear, but also do and what we must understand is that in the Hebraic mind-set we come to realise that the ideal of ‘hearing’ the commands and laws will and should naturally cause us to want to walk in them and guard them.

Most people today do not understand their need to walk in the Torah as they are not listening attentively, due to the various ‘noises’ that drown out the Truth, and many who claim to be believers yet neglect the Torah have no understanding of the Word as they are not hearing and doing His Word. Understanding comes in the doing, and while many are taught that the ‘doing’ of the Torah is no longer valid they sadly are being led astray in their ability to get quiet and hear the real truth as their ears are bombarded with man-driven and man-made theologies and dogmas that keep people so busy with all sorts of programmes (5 steps to …; 7 levels of…; 10 ways to…) and this just creates a greater ‘noise’ causing their hearing ability to grow cold and as a result are left without any understanding of what the Word is saying, which in turn renders their assumed identity as being fabricated and false!

Hear, guard and do is the simplest way of expressing a true Hebraic perspective of the Torah!

Verse 12-26 – Curses and blessings to be proclaimed

6 of 12 tribes were to stand on Mount Gerizim to bless the people: Shim’on, Lĕwi, Yehuḏah, Yissasḵar, Yosĕph and Binyamin. These 6 were all sons of the true wives of Ya’aqoḇ, 4 sons from Leah and the 2 sons of Raḥĕl, and the other 6 tribes which were sons of Leah and the 2 concubines were to stand on Mount Ěyḇal to curse: Re’uḇĕn, Gad, Ashĕr, Zeḇulun, Dan and Naphtali. Re’uḇĕn was possibly placed here due his losing of his birth right as firstborn due to disobedience and the other son of Leah here is Zeḇulun who may have told to be in this group in order that both the sons of Raḥĕl could stand and proclaim the blessings.

Blessing to put on Mount Gerizim and the curse on Mount Ěyḇal!

Mount Gerizim and Mount Ebal from east

Located between Mount Gerizim (left) and Mount Ěyḇal (right); Ěyḇal is preeminent in the Scriptural record, beginning with Elohim’s promise of the Land to Aḇraham. Later Ya’aqoḇ would return here and settle with his family for a short while. During the conquest of Kena’an the 12 tribes gathered here on these two hills to recite the Torah of Elohim and proclaim the blessings and curses that accompany obedience and disobedience.

 גְּרִזִים  Gerizim – Strong’s H1630 has the meaning, cuttings off which comes from the root word גָּרַז  garaz – Strong’s H1629 meaning, to cut, cut off.

עֵיבָל  Ěyḇal – Strong’s H5858 means, stone or bare mountain.

Gerizim represents for us a picture of fruitfulness – as the cuttings off picture the good fruit from which good and useful tress are cut; whereas Ěyḇal is a picture that symbolises for us barrenness or lack!

What we must notice here is that the blessing and curse was to be put on two different ‘mounts’ and we can clearly see from this a picture of a clear choice to be made as to what we are to follow – either obedience and experience and walk in the blessing or disobedience and walk in the curse or walk without the blessing!

What is being pictured in a sense here is that from a Scriptural point of view there is no ‘middle ground’ – no valley to camp in and hide in so to speak! You either obey or not, and to waver between two or more opinions is the sign of instability.

We are called daily to choose who or what we follow and it has been made very clear what the blessing is for guarding and walking in the Torah and what the curse is for not.

There is a lot of history regarding this valley between these two mounts, as the city of Sheḵem is located here.

Mt Gerizim from Shechem

Mount Gerizim is closely associated with the Shomeroni. When the Northern tribes/ House of Yisra’ĕl was taken into captivity by Ashshur, the Ashshurians repopulated this region with people who did not know the Elohim of Aḇraham, and these ‘mixed’ people became known as Shomeroni (Samaritans), from the town’s name Shomeron (Samaria) which was so named by the wicked king Omri, father of Aḥaḇ. Over time the Shomeroni built their worship site on this hill, and it was at Shomeron that Messiah met with the woman at the well and offered her the Living water!

The Shomeroni believed that this was the place where they were to worship the Elohim of Aḇraham, and this is what we see in:

Yoḥanan/John 4:20-24 “Our fathers worshipped on this mountain, but you people say that in Yerushalayim is the place where one needs to worship.” 21 יהושע said to her, “Woman, believe Me, the hour is coming when you shall neither on this mountain, nor in Yerushalayim, worship the Father. 22 “You worship what you do not know. We worship what we know, because the deliverance is of the Yehuḏim.   23 “But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father also does seek such to worship Him. 24 “Elohim is Spirit, and those who worship Him need to worship in spirit and truth.

Sadly, we find so many in the valley so to speak – multitudes in the valley of decision! They want to ‘claim’ the blessings while they are fruitless in their walk of an assumed obedience. They assume to appropriate the blessings for themselves through belief alone and refuse to acknowledge that there is a mount of curses contained in Scripture in regards to disobedience, as they erroneously proclaim that this mount has been removed and done away with – and so while they are unable to properly ascend the mount of blessing by walking faithfully in righteousness, they are in fact in a valley of compromise.

In Ḥazon יהושע tells the assembly in Laodikeia that they were neither hot nor cold, but lukewarm and that he would vomit them out:

Ḥazon/Revelation 3:14-16 “And to the messenger of the assembly in Laodikeia write, ‘The Aměn, the Trustworthy and True Witness, the Beginning of the creation of Elohim, says this: 15 “I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot. I would that you were cold or hot. 16 “So, because you are lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I am going to vomit you out of My mouth.

He goes on to say that they think that they are rich, yet that they are ‘poor, blind and naked’ – a picture of barrenness and lack, being exposed for what they really are!

Eliyahu tells us clearly that we cannot waver between 2 opinions:

Melaḵim Aleph/1 Kings 18:21 “And Ěliyahu came to all the people, and said, “How long would you keep hopping  between two opinions? If יהוה is Elohim, follow Him; and if Ba‘al, follow him.” But the people answered him not a word.

Yo’ĕl/Joel 3:14 “Crowds, crowds in the valley of decision! For the day of יהוה is near in the valley of decision.

 

The ‘blessing’ is having a right relationship with יהוה; while the curse is not having His presence with us!!!

The Lěwites then were to speak with a loud voice and speak to all the men of Yisra’ĕl! We recognise here that the responsibility the men have in society as they are to be the ones who make sure that their households serve יהוה, and this is a role that needs to be re-established today as the men need to be the ones who bear the responsibility in regards to the extent as to how much they are willing to learn and teach their family with the realisation as to what extent the blessings and curses will have a part in their homes based on their obedience at managing their own households well.

The Lěwites were to speak these 12 ‘curses’, yet they were to be standing on Mount Gerizim in order to be part of the tribes that bless the people; and this would suggest that those on the opposite mountain would repeat these phrases.

As one looks at these next 12 verses we recognise that there are 12 commandments, so to speak, that are spoken in the negative; yet we can also deduce positive aspects from these and see the blessing behind each one, if the Torah is kept.

After each ‘curse’ was spoken by the Lěwites all the people would answer and say ‘aměn’, which would be a confirmation of their acknowledgment to these very clear words and by declaring this they would be collectively saying: “May it firmly be established as it is frim and true” or in essence agree by saying ‘so be it’.

Aměn is also often translated as ‘trust’; and so we see that to trust or believe implies an action and not just a thought; but rather in one’s acknowledgment of what has been written in the Word, the confirmation of one’s ‘aměn’ implies that there will be an active trust and belief in doing what the Word says!

The Hebrew word אָמֵן aměn- Strong’s H543 means, truly, verily, truth, so be it, and from this word we get the Hebrew word for ‘truth’ which is אֱמוּנָה emunah – Strong’s H530 which means, firmness, steadfastness, faithfulness, stability, trust, truthful.

יהושע asks the question in Luqas/Luke 18:8 whether He would find belief on the earth when He comes again – in other words, when He comes again – will He find people who are actively obeying His commands, calling on His Name, keeping His Feasts, living according to His dietary instructions and walking according to His Torah etc.

So many people today use the term ‘aměn’ very loosely and yet they do not understand what this implies and signifies!

In the ancient script the Hebrew word אָמֵן aměn – Strong’s H543 looks like:

nunmemaleph

Aleph – אָ:

The ancient pictographic script has this letter pictured as aleph, which is the head of an ox, and represents ‘strength’, meaning ‘muscle’ as the ox is the strongest of the livestock animals. This also carries the meaning of ‘yoke’, as an ox is placed in a yoke in order to plough or pull a heavy load in the right direction. This can also picture for us the ‘red heifer’ sacrifice that יהושע Messiah fulfilled!

 

Mem – מֵ:

The ancient pictographic script has this letter pictured as mem, which is ‘water’, and also carries the meaning of ‘chaos’ (from the storms of the sea) and can also picture that which is mighty or massive as well as the unknown. We are also able to understand this letter as representing the nations, for the nations are often likened to the seas in Scripture. This also pictures that which washes and we know that The Word is likened to the Living Waters that cleanse, as represented in the water that was used in the Tabernacle, which the priests would, from the water in the bronze laver, wash their hands and feet with.

 

Nun – ן:

The ancient pictographic script has this letter pictured as nun, which pictures asprouting seedand gives the idea of continuation or an offspring or an heir, speaking of that which sprouts forth will be the heir of the promise of continuation, and represents one’s life expectancy.

 

There are a few powerful pictures that we are able to interpret from the pictographic construction of this word אָמֵן aměn, especially as we acknowledge and confirm our acceptance of the Word of our Master and Elohim, and that He is the Aměn

Messiah, our Head and our strength, has come and given us His easy yoke, as He passed through the waters in order to wash us and redeem us from the chaos of sin, as He is The Seed of the Promise that was born of a maiden (virgin), and in our immersion in Him we are given life and the assurance of our expectation of everlasting life, as co-heirs of the promise!

While many are saying aměn today, in their ‘assumed innocence’, they are simply ‘puffed up’ in a falsely twisted knowledge as they have whored away from the Truth, and are wasting away in their sin/lawlessness! Those who are indeed a faithful remnant who endure in their confession of faith in the Master, as seen in their belief with works of obedience, shall indeed be found to have the seed of His Word firmly planted in – the seed that will cause the faithful to inherit everlasting life, when the Master comes in the day of His visitation! True witnesses of the True Witness!

Verse 15Have no idols – cursed in the man who makes any idol – this is very clear and plain – if you make an idol you are cursed! The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘moulded image’ comes from the root word מַסֵּכָה masseḵah – Strong’s H4541 which means, image, covering, veil, web, woven stuff. Why I find this very interesting is that this word masseḵah – Strong’s H4541 is used in Shemoth/Exodus 32:4 and is translated as ‘moulded’, as in ‘moulded calf’! This was when Aharon took the gold from the children of Yisra’ĕl and made a moulded calf and they all worshipped it!

They devised a plan to worship יהוה according to their own counsel and this was an abomination in the eyes of יהוה, and any form of man-made worship that does not submit to the clear counsel of יהוה is nothing more than an abomination before Elohim! Do not make any masseḵah – Strong’s H4541 – those things that man has made to seemingly cover you!

Cursed in the man who makes a masseḵah – Strong’s H4541 – for that is nothing more than an abominable veil that causes one to lose sight of the Truth and become blinded by stubborn deceit!

It is יהוה who removes the masseḵah – Strong’s H4541 from a people covered in deceit; those who repent and turn back to Him:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 25:7 “And He shall swallow up on this mountain the surface of the covering which covers all people, and the veil which is spread over all nations.

The Hebrew word masseḵah – Strong’s H4541 is translated here as ‘veil’, and I find this a very powerful picture for us as we know that Sha’ul tells us in:

Qorintiyim Bet/2 Corinthians 3:15-18 “But to this day, when Mosheh is being read, a veil lies on their heart. 16 And when one turns to the Master, the veil is taken away. 17 Now יהוה is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of יהוה is, there is freedom. 18 And we all, as with unveiled face we see as in a mirror the esteem of יהוה, are being transformed into the same likeness from esteem to esteem, as from יהוה, the Spirit.

When we turn to the Master the veil is removed! When we humble ourselves and turn from stubbornness and rebellion, the veil of deception and man-made schemes is taken away!

The Hebrew word used for ‘abomination’ is the noun תּוֹעֵבָה to’eḇah – Strong’s H8441 which means, abomination, abominable thing, detestable thing, object of loathing’, from which the verb for ‘utterly hate’ - תָּעַב ta’aḇ – Strong’s H8581 which means, to abhor, despise, reject is derived.

For more on what is an abomination to יהוה, please see the sermon notes from a message called: ‘NO ABOMINATIONS ALLOWED! – A warning against that which will keep you out!’ from our site (http://atfotc.com) , under the ‘sermons 2014/2015’ menu, or click the following link:

http://atfotc.com/index.php/our-sermons/sermons-2014-2015/568-no-abominations-allowed-a-warning-against-that-which-will-keep-you-out

Verse 16 honour parents – cursed is the man who disregards his parents!

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 6:1-3 “Children, obey your parents in the Master, for this is right. 2 “Respect your father and mother,” which is the first command with promise, 3 in order that it might be well with you, and you might live long on the earth.

The Pharisees quickly tried to find a loophole to their responsibility in respecting and taking care of their parents and were rebuked sternly by as they quickly created a tradition that gave them a way out from keeping the commands!

Mattithyahu/Matthew 15:4-6 “For Elohim has commanded, saying, ‘Respect your father and your mother,’ and, ‘He who curses father or mother, let him be put to death.’ 5 “But you say, ‘Whoever says to his father or mother, “Whatever profit you might have received from me has been dedicated,” 6 is certainly released from respecting his father or mother.’ So you have nullified the command of Elohim by your tradition.

They had nullified the command of Elohim by their vain traditions! Boy, has that happened far too much? In fact just once is too much, but today the church and rabbinic Judaism is all about traditions that are being taught to hold fast to while excusing their way out of obeying the commands of Elohim!

Cursed in the one who ‘dishonours’ their parents! The root word used here for ‘makes light’ is קָלָה qalah – Strong’s H7034 which means, lightly esteemed, dishonoured’. To ‘make light’ of one’s parents is to show no respect and honour toward them.

Shemoth/Exodus 20:12 “Respect your father and your mother, so that your days are prolonged upon the soil which יהוה your Elohim is giving you.

The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘respect’ in the above verse comes from the root verb כָּבֵד kaḇeḏ – Strong’s H3513 which means, to be heavy, weighty or burdensome, to give high esteem and respect and honour, and clearly highlights how we are to ‘give weight’ to what our parents teach us in regards to the Torah of Elohim! Those who make light of the discipline and teachings of parents are cursed!

To dishonour parents is also a parable that warns against rebelling and making light of the teaching and discipline of the Torah! Mother, in Scripture, is often used metaphorically as a technical term for sound teachings of the Torah and this teaches us to not depart from that from which you began – we must not depart from the clear teachings given to us, as mankind, in the beginning; and the Torah is often likened to that which is instructed by a mother who nurtures and cares for us, while the discipline of a Father ensures that which is learnt is kept properly… we need both the clear guiding instructions of the Torah as well as the associated discipline needed to keep us upright and walking straight!

Verse 17 – Love you neighbour as yourself – to move your neighbour’s boundary is disrespectful and shows no regard for them and reveals a heart that is full of pride as it thinks only of self and takes advantage of others. Boundaries in Scripture also speaks metaphorically of the Torah, and so to move your neighbour’s boundary can also be a subtle form of teaching others that it is ok to compromise and show them how to ‘cut corners’ so to speak by teaching others to ignore certain aspects of the Torah! Cursed is the one who compromises for the sake of others, could be another way of expressing this very clear curse!

Verse 18 – Do not lie or teach falsehood – misleading the blind can be a picture of teaching others inherited lies, especially to those who do not yet even know how to test the truth or validity of your teachings and statements.

The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘misleads’ comes from the root word שָׁגָה shagah – Strong’s H7686 which means ‘to go astray, to err, to wander or stray, and to be intoxicated’.

Muddying the waters of the Truth is a form of how the false teachers are misleading the blind by causing them to drink muddied doctrines of man. The blind speaks of those who have no understanding because the light that is in them is really darkness. They think they can see clearly, but they are actually blind, because they have only been taught doctrines of man that have nullified the commands of Elohim. The lukewarm believers are also blind believers and those who mislead them by saying it is ok to compromise are cursed!

Ḥazon/Revelation 3:17 “Because you say, ‘Rich I am, and I am made rich, and need none at all,’ and do not know that you are wretched, and pitiable, and poor, and blind, and naked.

As there are many today who are coming out of Baḇelon/Mitsrayim so to speak, we must be on guard against trying to sugar-coat the Truth as this will only end up misleading a blind people who are trying to gain their sight after coming out of darkness, and often what we find is that many Torah observant believers will often end up misleading those blind who are asking questions for fear of chasing them away, when we are to speak the Truth and trust that the Truth will set them free, no matter how harsh it may sound to a people who have been in darkness for so long! We must not hold back but rather speak the Truth, lest we mislead the blind and end up being cursed for erroneous teaching!

 

Verse 19 – Do not twist right-ruling of the needy – We are to show no partiality in right-ruling! There is one Torah and all must adhere to the righteous right-rulings without showing partiality but treat all alike.

The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘twists’ comes from the primitive root נָטָה natah – Strong’s H5186 which means, to stretch out, spread out, extend, incline, and can have the meaning of ‘bend, turn incline’ and written in the ‘hifil’ verb tense, which is the causative tense, it can carry the understanding of, bend away, thrust aside, thrust away, lead astray. Cursed are those who cause the right-rulings of Elohim to be twisted in order to lead people astray and justify their lawlessness! The curse given here is for those who twist right-ruling toward those who do not have someone to defend them, as a stranger, fatherless or widow has no authority under which they can find proper protection as the stranger has no tribal head, the fatherless has no father and the widow has no husband. This is a warning against treating people unfairly and neglecting to take responsibility in caring for and defending those who lack the proper covering and defence!

Mal’aḵi/Malachi 3:5And I shall draw near to you for right-ruling. And I shall be a swift witness against the practisers of witchcraft, and against adulterers, and against them that swear to falsehood, and against those who oppress the wage earner in his wages and widows and the fatherless, and those who turn away a sojourner and do not fear Me,” said יהוה of hosts.

 

Verse 20 – Do not have sex with your father’s wife – as gross as this sounds we must realise that this is exactly what Re’uḇĕn did and he lost his first born status because of this and he was one of the tribes who would have to announce this curse!

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 22:30A man does not take his father’s wife, nor uncover his father’s skirt.

Sha’ul rebuked the Corinthians assembly for this:

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 5:1-2 “It is commonly reported that there is whoring among you, and such whoring as is not even named among the gentiles, so as one to have his father’s wife! 2  And you have been puffed up, and did not rather mourn, so that he who has done this deed, be removed from among you!

 

Verse 21 – Do not have sex with a beast! – no need to explain this, although it was a pagan worship practice and is still carried out by some very sick people today!

Shemoth/Exodus 22:19 “Anyone lying with a beast shall certainly be put to death.

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 18:23 “And do not have intercourse with any beast, to defile yourself with it. And a woman does not stand before a beast to mate with it, it is a perversion.

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 20:15-16 “And a man who has intercourse with a beast: he shall certainly be put to death, and the beast you kill. 16 ‘And a woman who approaches any beast and mates with it: you shall kill the woman and the beast, they shall certainly be put to death, their blood is upon them.

Verse 22 – No incest!

In ancient times, many of the nations allowed various incestuous unions, and The Roman Empire even declared them to be lawful. Marriage between brother and sister was also common in Mitsrayim, particularly in royal families. The Greeks approved of wedlock with a half-sister. Marriage with a mother, sister, or daughter was recommended by the Persians and was consecrated through mythological traditions, such as the pagan feast of Ishtar/Easter where Semiramis was the mother/wife of Nimrod.

The Torah states that sexual relations with a close relative either within or outside marriage were prohibited and this still applies to us today as the Torah has not been done away with!

 

Verse 23 – Do not have sex with your mother-in-law! The last 4 all deal with various forms of incest and forbidden sexual unions which basically causes breakdown within the family structure and order that ought to be maintained according to Torah principles, and what we must recognise here is that the world through its media promotes this kind of sick relationships as many television series in fact captivate audiences by breaking all of the above and calling it entertainment!

This kind of whoring was happening in Corinth which Sha’ul addressed very strongly:

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 5:1 “It is commonly reported that there is whoring among you, and such whoring as is not even named among the gentiles, so as one to have his father’s wife!

 

Verse 24 – Do not gossip and backstab! Speaking behind another’s back can be seen as striking them secretly – something that has sadly become an all too frequent practice in today’s society.

Another way that we see this happening is when people will ‘put on a brave face’ in front of those they dislike and pretend to get along with them, while they speak ill of them when they are not around. Gossip is a dangerous thing and can cause so much unnecessary hurt and division which should be avoided at all costs.

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 4:31-32 “Let all bitterness, and wrath, and displeasure, and uproar, and slander be put away from you, along with all evil. 32 And be kind towards one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, as Elohim also forgave you in Messiah.

 

Verse 25 – Do not pervert justice! Many will do anything for a bribe, and some will even speak falsely against another for a price and this is what is being forbidden here! Yehuḏah who betrayed Messiah was guilty of this as he took a bribe to hand Messiah over!

Mattithyahu/Matthew 27:3-5 “Then Yehuḏah – he who delivered Him up – having seen that He had been condemned, repented, returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and to the elders, 4 saying, “I have sinned in delivering up innocent blood.” And they said, “What is that to us? You see to it!” 5 And throwing down the pieces of silver in the Dwelling Place he left, and went and hanged himself.

 

Verse 26 – Establish the Torah!

This is a very severe warning that many need to hear today – you are cursed if you do not establish the Torah!

The root word here for ‘establish’ is קוּם qum – Strong’s H6965 meaning, to arise, stand up, establish, confirm, fulfil

Romiyim/Romans 3:31 “Do we then nullify the Torah through the belief? Let it not be! On the contrary, we establish the Torah.

The Greek word used here for ‘establish’ is ἵστημι histēmi – Strong’s G2476 which means, to make to stand, to stand firm, be established, stand upright, stand ready and prepared, be of a steadfast mind, to uphold and sustain the authority of something’.

The Greek word ἵστημι histēmi – Strong’s G2476 is also the word used in Eph’siyim/Ephesians 6 where we are told to ‘stand’ firm in the armour of Elohim; and so we can clearly see that this ‘standing’ dressed in the armour of Elohim is an equipped standing of one who has an established heart. The armour of Elohim is our required dress code of righteousness – which is to guard to do all the commands; and when adhered to correctly in those with established hearts then as a faithful set-apart priesthood they are fully equipped and able to be patient and endure with all that our Master has given us for life and reverence, while holding fast to the full assurance of being able to stand before our High Priest and King, יהושע Messiah, when He comes again!

Galatiyim/Galatians 3:10 “For as many as are of works of Torah are under the curse, for it has been written, “Cursed is everyone who does not continue in all that has been written in the book of the Torah, to do them.

Romiyim/Romans 13:10 “Love does no evil to a neighbour. Therefore, love is completion of the Torah.

This word used here in Romiyim/Romans for completion is πλήρωμα  plērōma – Strong’s G4138 and comes from the word πληρόω  plēroō – Strong’s G4137 which means, to make full, complete, accomplish, and this means, in essence, to fully meet what is required, and not to finish and be done with, but rather fully proclaim by example! This same root word is used in the words spoken by Messiah in Mattithyahu/Matthew 5: 17 “Do not think that I came to destroy the Torah or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to complete.

We cannot change His Word to suite ourselves and try to fashion and shape it to fit into our comfort zones – His Word is the same yesterday, today and forever and He does not change and so we should not attempt in any way to change that which He has given us through His written Word!

Galatiyim/Galatians 6:2 “Bear one another’s burdens, and so complete the Torah of Messiah.”

The word complete here is the same word used when Messiah declares to us that He did not come to destroy the Torah but ‘fulfil’ or ‘complete’ it! In other words He came to fully meet its requirements and provide for us the Way to walk in His Torah as we remain in Him in order that we too may ‘complete/fulfil’ the Torah. Just think about it – if He fulfilled’ it in the erroneous way that is taught by many that declares it is now null and void – then how would Sha’ul tell us to fulfil something already fulfilled!!! Yes I know it sounds crazy – and guess what – it is! Because the Torah has not been made null and void – it is there for us to hear, guard and do and we have the ability in Messiah to walk in it!

So we bear each other’s burdens and fulfil the Torah! He was referring to Wayyiqra/Leviticus 19:18 when speaking here – he always referred back to Torah – יהוה’s ways – not man’s!

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 19:18 Do not take vengeance or bear a grudge against the children of your people. And you shall love your neighbour as yourself. I am יהוה.

In going through these 12 curses that were pronounced by the Lěwites we can see the blessing in taking heed not to be found doing any of these listed here and therefore we could in essence say:

Blessed are those who:

1 – Worship יהוה alone:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 4:10 “Then יהושע said to him, “Go, Satan! For it has been written, ‘You shall worship יהוה your Elohim, and Him alone you shall serve.’

2 – Honour their father and mother

3 – Respect their neighbour’s boundaries

4 – Give proper direction to the blind!

5 – Administer right-ruling to the sojourner, fatherless and widow in your midst

6 – Drink water from their own well

7 – Are fruitful by multiplying and not wasting seed

8 – Respect the vulnerability of those closest to you

9 – Keep a clear distinction between set-apart and profane and do not cause confusion

10 – If you oppose someone, do so openly and in the prescribed manner

11 – are righteous in their financial affairs

12 – Uphold the Torah – not just in Word but in in deed too!

Romiyim/Romans 10:4 “For Messiah is the goal of the ‘Torah unto righteousness’ to everyone who believes.

Messiah is not the termination or the end of the Torah but the goal, and therefore in him we continue in it and establish it, after all it is the Kingdom rules which we lovingly submit to and obey – LET YOUR KINGDOM COME is a call for His rule to come and be firmly established here, and we as ambassadors have the responsibility to live according to His Kingdom Rules – for He is our King!

 

CHAPTER 28

Here in this chapter we see the results of what obedience brings and what disobedience will bring. Obedience brings blessing – disobedience as curse!

If you ‘diligently obey’ the voice of יהוה! The expression ‘diligently obey’ which is also translated in others scripts as ‘faithfully obey’ or ‘listen carefully’ is made up of the same root word repeated twice in a row and could also be rendered as ‘if obeying you obey’ showing emphasis on obedience; and this root word that is repeated is: שָׁמַעshama’ – Strong’s H8085 which we have already looked at! Again the emphasis on walking in the blessings is IF you hear, guard and do His commands – it is as simple as that, yet sadly so many today want to claim all the blessings while wilfully choosing to walk contrary to the Torah.

The Hebrew word translated as ‘if’ is אִם im – Strong’s H518 which is a conditional participle or primary conjunction which renders, if, though, either, neither, when, whenever. The basic meaning of this word is “if” and this meaning can be seen in most of its occurrences as it usually occurs in conditional clauses, which we are able to see very clearly here!

IF you obey My voice… THEN YOU SHALL BE…”

This is not a ‘name it and claim it’ doctrine of man – this is clear – do what is commanded through hearing attentively then these blessings will come upon you. Turn aside from any of the Words of this Torah and disobey the voice of Elohim then all these curses shall come upon you.

To obey = to guard and do!!!

Luqas/Luke 11:28 “But He said, “Blessed rather are those hearing the Word of Elohim and watching over it!

The Greek word used here for ‘watching over’ is φυλάσσω  phulassō – Strong’s G5442 which means, to guard, watch, keep, observe, obey and keep orders

Ya’aqoḇ/James 2:10-11 “For whoever shall guard all the Torah, and yet stumble in one point, he is guilty of all. 11 For He who said, “Do not commit adultery,” also said, “Do not murder.” Now if you do not commit adultery, but you do murder, you have become a transgressor of Torah.

Yoḥanan/John 15:14-15 “You are My friends if you do whatever I command you. 15 “No longer do I call you servants, for a servant does not know what his master is doing. But I have called you friends, for all teachings which I heard from My Father I have made known to you.

What teachings did Messiah make known to us? The Torah!!! And now when we do what He commands we are His friends!

The root word for ‘blessed’ is  בָּרַךְ  baraḵ – Strong’s H1288 which means, to kneel, bless, abundantly blessand literally carries the meaning, to kneel or bow down, to show respect, to bring a gift to another while kneeling out of respect’.

The word used for ‘curse’ is קְלָלָה qelalah – Strong’s H7045 and is from the word  קָלַל  qalal – Strong’s H7043 which means, to be light, swift, trifling, cursed, despised and the primary emphasis here is the absence (or reversal) of a blessed or rightful state and lowering to a lesser state.

What is being set before us is either the abundant blessing and shalom of יהוה or the absence or reversal thereof!!!

The two are set before us and is conditional to our response to the clear instructions – whether we obey or not!

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 10:6 Blessings are on the head of the righteous, but violence covers the mouth of the wrong.

The Hebrew word for ‘blessing’ is  בְּרָכָה beraḵah – Strong’s H1293 which means, a blessing, benefit, blessings, generous and comes from the primitive root - בָּרַךְ baraḵ – Strong’s H1288 and means, to abundantly bless and literally carries the meaning, to kneel or bow down, to show respect, to bring a gift to another while kneeling out of respect’.

The ancient script has the Hebrew word for blessedבָּרַךְ baraḵ – Strong’s H1288 pictured as:

kaphreshbeit

Beyt בָּ:

The ancient script has this letter as beit, which pictures a tent floor plan and means, ‘house’ or ‘tent’. It represents family and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself.

 

Resh – רַ:

The ancient pictographic script has this letter pictured as resh, which is ‘the head of a man’ and carries the meaning of ‘top, beginning, first, chief’, as in being the top of the body or the head of a tribe and the one who rules; and also speaks of possession or inheritance that is decided by the chief.

 

Kaph – ךְ:

The ancient pictographic script has this letter pictured as – kaph – which is a picture of an open palm of a hand and can symbolise that to which submission is given – ‘under the hand

As we consider this pictographic rendering of the word for ‘blessed’, we are able to clearly see who it is who blesses us –

The House/Assembly of Elohim is blessed as the Head/Chief, comes down and extends His open and revealed hand to His own!

Verse 3 – blessed in the city and in the field – this covers pretty much everywhere!

What this represents here for us is the simple fact that יהוה wants us to be blessed in every area of our lives, whether we are gathered together as a community at the Appointed Times or whether we are ‘in the field’ (that is the world) and find ourselves at work. We must not wear 2 hats so to speak, as our lives must reflect His light as we faithfully guard His commands and be the salt and light, causing us to be kept secure within the clear boundaries of His Word and the blessing that goes with that no matter where we find ourselves. Many people will act one way when gathered as a called out assembly, yet be a completely different person at the workplace when among those who do not follow or recognise the Torah as the true authority for their daily living, and this should not be so! When we are in the ‘field’ we have a responsibility to sow His Besorah (Good News) and walk in the Torah.

Being blessed in the city and in the field also speaks of a secure shalom of His Truth that is with us and the assured protection that obedience to His Word brings!

Verse 4 – We shall be fruitful!

The result of obedience causes the bearing of much fruit!

Yoḥanan/John 15:5 “I am the vine, you are the branches. He who stays in Me, and I in him, he bears much fruit. Because without Me you are able to do naught!

The Greek word translated as ‘fruit’ is καρπός karpos – Strong’s G2590 which means, fruit, benefit, gain, harvest, produce and typically refers to fruit that has been plucked, rendering the figurative meaning of the labours, works or acts of those who have fitted themselves with every good work unto everlasting life. What we can therefore clearly understand and establish is that our works of righteousness are vital in being evident in our lives, as we continue to produce much fruit of a people who are living pure and undefiled set-apart lives.

Here the promise is fruitfulness – more children, more fields to cultivate, more livestock for provision and work!

Verse 5 – Our baskets and kneading bowls will be blessed!

Baskets are what is used to contain the blessing or gather the gleanings and represents that which is needed for our fruit or bread to grow and be set-apart for good use! The basket in Scripture is often likened to the picture of the gathering of community, as we often see the reference of an ephah basket beings 10 omers which represents a collective body or quorum and so as we faithfully gather as a community, and each does their part, the whole community/body is blessed!

Walking in the Torah and adhering to all the commands is a blessing and here the promise is that our baskets and kneading bowls will be blessed. The kneading bowl also represents the bread (community) being knit together through adhering to the commanded set-apart gatherings and continued daily fellowship that will cause the good leaven of the Kingdom to penetrate through the whole batch as His Word penetrates through the entire batch!

Mattithyahu/Matthew 13:33 “Another parable He spoke to them, “The reign of the heavens is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal until all was leavened.

Verse 6 – Blessed in our coming in and going out!

This ‘going out’ and ‘coming in’ in Scripture is often the language that is used in referring to battles and so we recognise that through obedience we are to be filled with great faith (that comes by hearing) and act on that faith by being strong and courageous in our coming and going – in other words our daily walk will be blessed no matter the battles we face!

Yehoshua/Joshua 14:11 “Yet I am still as strong today as I was on the day that Mosheh sent me. As my strength was then, so my strength is now, for battle, and for going out and for coming in.

These were the words of Kalěḇ - a man who followed יהוה completely!

Tehillah/Psalm 121:8 “יהוה guards your going out and your coming in now and forever.

 

Verse 7יהוה shall cause our enemies to flee! The enemy come in as a seemingly organised and a collectively unit, yet יהוה will scatter the enemy and break up their wicked attacks!

Romiyim/Romans 8:31 “What then shall we say to this? If Elohim is for us, who is against us?

Verse 8 – He commands the blessing on our storehouses and in all we set our hand to!

Our hand speaks of that which we do, and it is very clear that as long as we walk in righteousness our hand will do all according to His Torah and therefore our work will be blessed and we need not worry about our ‘storehouses’.

Walking in obedience gives us the assurance of His secure promise of provision and therefore we are commanded by Messiah to not worry about what we will eat, what we will wear or where we will sleep, for He knows what we need!

Tehillah/Psalm 42:8 “By day יהוה commands His kindness, and by night His song is with me; a prayer to the Ěl of my life.

Tehillah/Psalm 133:3 “Like the dew of Ḥermon, that comes down on the mountains of Tsiyon. For there יהוה commanded the blessing, Life forever!

There are so many today who think that they can ‘command’ Elohim to bless them while they choose to neglect His Torah, and the poison of the so called ‘Word-faith movement’ is causing so many to be misled into thinking that they have a right to command Elohim. It is Elohim who commands the blessing – based on our obedience to His clear instructions! We have no right to command Him to do anything, but we certainly have a responsibility to walk in obedience to His Torah – if we do we will see the effect of His commanded blessing!

Verse 9 – we are established by יהוה as a set-apart people if we guard His commands and walk in His ways

Tas’loniqim Bet/2 Thessalonians 3:3 “But the Master is trustworthy, who shall establish you and guard you from the wicked one.

Blessed are those who hear the Master’s voice and turn to Him and follow Him and walk in Him. The word used for ‘walk’ comes from the root verb הָלַךְ halaḵ - Strong’s H1980 which carries the meaning, ‘to walk, to live, manner of life, cause to live’, and literally speaks of how one lives. It is used as a verb indicating that it is an active expression of one’s life and also carries the meaning, to go, to walk, come, proceed, depart, move, go away, to die, live, manner of life (figuratively).

Our ‘walk’ matters and how we walk before Elohim matters and we are given clear instructions on how to walk – and our walk cannot be complete in Him if we forget to keep His Appointed Times, Sabbaths and Feasts!

Our ‘walk’ matters and how we walk before Elohim matters:

Miḵah/Micah 6:8 “He has declared to you, O man, what is good. And what does יהוה require of you but to do right, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your Elohim?

What does יהוה require of us? Well as we see – that it is to do right, love kindness and walk humbly with our Elohim!

We are to actively and continually be walking in Messiah, and as Miḵah tells us that we are required to walk ‘humbly’ with Elohim. The root word used here for humble is צָנַע tsana – Strong’s H6800 meaning, ‘to be modest or humble’. In Miḵah/Micah 6:8 it is expressed as follows: וְהַצְנֵעַ לֶכֶת ve-ha-ts’nea lechet’ which literally expresses ‘a making humble to walk’ or ‘showing a humble walk’, again emphasising that our humility is seen in our walk – that is our walk of obedience as we clearly see and understand the words in:

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 2:6 “The one who says he stays in Him ought himself also to walk, even as He walked.

The Greek word for ‘walk’ is περιπατέω peripateō – Strong’s G4043 and carries the same meaning and that is, ‘to walk, behaviour, to conduct one’s self, to make one’s way, to tread with the feet, to make one’s life’. 

Why all the definitions? To clearly reiterate that to walk as Messiah walked involves action and that action is to be in complete line with His walk and that is a walk of total obedience – the greatest expression of humility!

 

The root word for walk - הָלַךְ halaḵ - Strong’s H1980 in the ancient pictographic script looks like this:

 kaphlamedhey

Hey – הָ:

The ancient script has this letter pictured as hey, which is ‘a man standing with his arms raised out’. The meaning of the letter is behold, look, breath, sigh and reveal or revelation, from the idea of revealing a great sight by pointing it out. It also carries for us the meaning of surrender, as we lift up our hands and submit to יהוה as we lift our hands in praise, declaring His authority under which we humbly submit!

 

Lamed - לַ:

The ancient script has this letter as lamed, and is pictured as a ‘shepherd’s staff’, can give the meaning of ‘to or toward’ and can represent that which pushes or pulls a flock in a direction, and can speak of authority or a yoke that is used to lead and guide, as well as the ability to bring back by Authority.

 

Kaph - ךְ:

The ancient form of this letter is kaph - meaning ‘the open palm of a hand’. The meaning behind this letter is ‘to bend and curve’ from the shape of a palm as well as ‘to tame or subdue’ as one has been bent to another’s will (under their hand), as an open hand symbolises submission. This also can picture for us a palm or palm branch from the curved palm shape. The hand also speaks of one’s work, or under whose hand you submit and obey!

When we look at the letters that spell out the root word that for ‘walk’ we are able to see a great declaration:

Behold the staff in the palm!

With the picture of the shepherds staff and the open palm of the hand we are able to see the concept of ‘staff in the palm’ and we take note that a nomad that travelled on foot would have a staff in his hand in order to provide proper support in walking, as well as having a weapon in his hand to defend against predators and thieves!

 

Verse 10 – all will see that the Name of יהוה is called upon us! The blessing of Bemiḏbar/Numbers 6:24-27 in how His Name is put on the children of Yisra’ĕl and His blessing is, as we can see from this Torah portion, a result of our obedience!

His blessing marks us as we bear His Name upon us and are recognised as a set-apart people who walk in His set-apart Kingdom ways!

Luqas/Luke 21:17-19 “And you shall be hated by all because of My Name. 18 “But not a hair of your head shall be lost at all. 19 “Possess your lives by your endurance!

We shall hated because of our obedience in walking in righteousness for His Name’s sake and we need not fear as we press on in faith-filled endurance, knowing that we shall not be lost at all. Our obedience will make others afraid and that is why they will hate us and fight against us, and we need not fear as we hold fast to His Covenant and guard His commands and they will know that we are loved by יהוה:

Ḥazon/Revelation 3:9 “See, I am giving up those of the congregation of Satan, who say they are Yehuḏim and are not, but lie. See, I am making them come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have loved you.

 

 

Verse 11-13

We will be abundantly blessed in all we do if we obey the commands of Elohim and guard to do them!

 

Verse 14 – do not turn aside from any of His Words! Obedience is the ‘straight’ and narrow way – few find it!

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 4:25-27 “Let your eyes look forward, and your eyelids look straight before you. 26 Consider the path of your feet, and all your ways are established. 27 Do not turn to the right or the left; turn your foot away from evil.

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 5:15-17 “See then that you walk exactly, not as unwise, but as wise, 16 redeeming the time, because the days are wicked. 17 So then do not be foolish, but understand what the desire of יהוה is.

Yehoshua/Joshua 23:6-8 “And you shall be very strong to guard and to do all that is written in the Book of the Torah of Mosheh, so as not to turn aside from it right or left, 7 so as not to go in among these nations, these who remain among you. And make no mention of the name of their mighty ones, a nor swear by them, nor serve them nor bow down to them. 8 “But cling to יהוה your Elohim, as you have done to this day.

Verse 15-68 – The curse for disobedience!

The rest of this chapter defines in greater detail the curse for disobedience and reading this ought to cause us to make sure that we do not turn our feet to the left or to the right, but keep our feet on the straight and narrow path of obedience to His Torah!

Contrary to erroneous church teachings – It is not a curse to do the Torah but in not doing the Torah there awaits many curses and all blessing will be directly reversed if we turn away from walking in the right direction!

As we can see here is the clear reversal of the blessings that we have just read, but with greater emphasis on the detail – why? יהוה knows how Yisra’ĕl tends to slack off, especially in times of ease and how we often are found neglecting our part of the Covenant while we expect Him to keep His part and so here He reminds us in a very sobering way the effect of neglect!

Disobedience will result in diseases, plagues, famine, drought, dust storms, defeat in war, infertility, constant fear and frustration, and the enslavement of their children. Disobedience will also cause the Yisra’ĕlites to be surrounded by their enemies, reduced to cannibalism, removed from the land, enslaved, and dispersed among the nations. They will become a proverb and an object of horror and mockery among the nations, and they will find no rest there. יהוה will cause them to tremble and despair. They will live in constant fear, with no reason to believe that they will survive.

This is certainly no way to live at all, yet so many are blinded by the lie of the enemy that has caused the masses to bow to his rule as he feeds them on temporal fleshly lusts that are disguised as blessings, yet will prove false in the end!

The clear result of disobedience is destruction and dispersion, and we must take careful note of how the generation that came out of Mitsrayim did not enter the Promised Land due to disobedience and so too there is a time coming again when many will be forbidden access because of their neglect to obey the Torah – and there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth!

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 1:13-16 “Therefore, having girded up the loins of your mind, being sober, set your expectation perfectly upon the favour that is to be brought to you at the revelation of יהושע Messiah, 14 as obedient children, not conforming yourselves to the former lusts in your ignorance, 15 instead, as the One who called you is set-apart, so you also should become set-apart in all behaviour, 16 because it has been written, “Be set-apart, for I am set-apart.

Let us run through some of the clear results of the curse for disobedience and the refusal to submit to and obey the commands of Elohim.

 

Verse 20 – יהוה sends the curse and the confusion and the rebuke!

The Hebrew word used here for ‘curses’ is מְאֵרוֹת me’eyroth which is the plural of the word מְאֵרָה me’eyrah – Strong’s H3994 which means, a curse’, and is also used in:

Mal’aḵi/Malachi 2:2If you do not hear, and if you do not take it to heart, to give esteem to My Name,” said יהוה of hosts, “I shall send a curse upon you, and I shall curse your blessings. And indeed, I have cursed them, because you do not take it to heart.

We take note of what Shelomoh tells us in:

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 3:33The curse of יהוה is on the house of the wrong, but He blesses the home of the righteous.

The Hebrew noun used here for ‘confusion’ is מְהוּמָה mehumah – Strong’s H4103 which means, tumult, confusion, panic, turmoil, disquietude, anxiety, discomfiture, and comes from the root verb הוּם hum – Strong’s H1949 which means, to murmur, roar, defeat in battle, to be in a stir. We this word being used to describe that which will come against the enemies of Elohim:

Zeḵaryah/Zechariah 14:12-13And this is the plague with which יהוה plagues all the people who fought against Yerushalayim: their flesh shall decay while they stand on their feet, and their eyes decay in their sockets, and their tongues decay in their mouths. 13 And it shall be in that day that a great confusion from יהוה is among them, and everyone of them shall seize the hand of his neighbour, and his hand rise up against his neighbour’s hand.

 

The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘rebuke’ comes from the root noun מִגְעֶרֶת migereth – Strong’s H4045 which means, rebuke, disapproval, reproach, state what is wrong, and comes from the root verb גָּעַר ga’ar – Strong’s H1605 which means, to rebuke, rebukes, rebuked.

This noun, used in parallel with curse and confusion, indicates the fruitless conclusion of the actions and activities of people who turn away from Elohim.

The curses, confusion and rebuke will be upon all the work of the hands of those who turn away from Elohim, until they are destroyed!

The Hebrew word used here for ‘destroyed’ is שָׁמַדshama Strong’s H8045 which means ‘to be exterminated or destroyed, eradicate, annihilate, decimate, overthrow and get rid of’.

Tehillah/Psalm 145:20 “יהוה preserves all those loving Him, but all the wrong ones He destroys.

Tehillah/Psalm 37:38-39 “But the transgressors shall be destroyed together; the latter end of the wrong shall be cut off. 39 But the deliverance of the righteous is from יהוה, their strength in time of distress.

The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘perish’ comes from the root word אָבַד aḇaḏ – Strong’s H6 which means, ‘to perish, destroy, lose, put to death, blot out, do away with, to give up as lost, vanish, be lost or strayed’.

As one considers these very strong words that are used against the disobedient it becomes clear that it is not good to end up being on the wrong side of Elohim!

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 10:28-31Anyone who has disregarded the Torah of Mosheh dies without compassion on the witness of two or three witnesses. 29 How much worse punishment do you think shall he deserve who has trampled the Son of Elohim underfoot, counted the blood of the covenant by which he was set apart as common, and insulted the Spirit of favour? 30 For we know Him who has said, “Vengeance is Mine, I shall repay, says יהוה .” And again, “יהוה shall judge His people.” 31 It is fearsome to fall into the hands of the living Elohim.

All of these curses, confusion and rebuke will come as a result of the evil of one’s doing by which they have forsaken Elohim!

The Hebrew word that is translated here in as ‘forsaken’ comes from the root verb עָזַב aza - Strong’s H5800 which means, to leave, forsake, loose, loosen, abandon, leave behind, neglect’.

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 3:3Let not loving-commitment and truth forsake you – bind them around your neck, write them on the tablet of your heart

Anyone who claims to serve יהוה without walking in and giving heed to following His Torah, commands and instructions are not serving in Truth and have, by default of their lawlessness, forsaken Him.

Verses 21-22 continues to emphasise the plagues and sickness that will consume the disobedient until they perish.

Verse 23 – heavens bronze and the earth iron!

Bronze in Hebrew is the word נְחשֶׁת neḥosheth – Strong’s H5178 and bronze is also used as a picture of obstinacy – that is being stubborn or difficult or hard headed:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 18:4 “Because I knew that you were hard, and your neck was an iron sinew, and your forehead bronze,

This was the word of יהוה to Yisra’ĕl who had professed to swear by יהוה, yet not in truth or righteousness!

This picture of the heavens being bronze can picture for us how the cry of the disobedient will not be heard and the picture of the earth being iron can also be one that highlights how the soil will be too hard to work! In other words, there will be no help from heaven or earth and this picture of bronze and iron symbolizes the severe judgement of Elohim upon the rebellious!

Verse 24 speaks of the effects of the heavens being bronze and the earth being iron as there will be no rain or provision from above or beneath as the ‘powder and dust’ that comes down is the result of the bronze heavens where rain and provision is withheld! With the rain being like powder and dust we are able to see the clear picture of there being no life available!

The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘powder’ comes from the root word אָבָק aḇaq – Strong’s H80 which means, dust, powder, and comes from the root verb אָבַק aḇaq – Strong’s H79 which means, wrestle, grapple, get dusty’.

The word אָבָק aḇaq – Strong’s H80 (translated here as powder) is used 6 times in the Tanak and the first time that we see it being used is in:

Shemoth/Exodus 9:8-9 “And יהוה said to Mosheh and Aharon, “Fill your hands with ashes from a furnace and let Mosheh scatter it toward the heavens before the eyes of Pharaoh. 9 “And it shall become fine dust in all the land of Mitsrayim, and it shall cause boils that break out in sores on man and beast in all the land of Mitsrayim.

The Hebrew word that is used here in Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 28:24 for ‘dust’ is עָפָר aphar – Strong’s H6083 meaning, dry earth, dust, ground, soil and is the word that is used to describe what Elohim made man from:

Berěshith/Genesis 2:7And יהוה Elohim formed the man out of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils breath of life. And the man became a living being.

The Hebrew word used for ‘rain’ is מָטָר matar – Strong’s H4306 which means, rain, downpour and is also found in the Song of Mosheh:

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 32:1-2Give ear, O heavens, and let me speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth. 2 “Let my instruction fall as rain, my speech drop down as dew, as fine rain on the tender plants, and as showers on the grass.

 Why I am highlighting this is to emphasise that dust without rain cannot be formed as it will just blow away! The curse given here is clear as it states that those who forsake Elohim will not have the rain they need to live and be made into His image but rather that their rain would be as dust and powder with nothing to form or sustain them!

Even Aḏam needed the breath of life to be breathed into Him after being formed from the dust!

Verse 26 – food for the birds and beasts!

This is the fate of the wicked! The picture here of there being no one to frighten them away highlights that those who are cursed have no covenant to claim protection by!

When יהוה made His covenant with Aḇram we take note that after Aḇram had prepared all the animals that he drove the birds away:

Berěshith/Genesis 15:11And the birds of prey came down on the carcasses, and Aḇram drove them away.

This imagery of birds of prey coming down on the carcasses in picture of the metaphor of great judgement we see upon the wicked who will be gathered for the feast prepared for the birds of the heavens and those who are in covenant with our Master and Elohim have protection from this judgement as pictured by Aḇram who drives the birds away!

In the parable of the sower we take note of the following:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 13:4-5 “And as he sowed, some indeed fell by the wayside, and the birds came and devoured them. 5 “And others fell on rocky places, where they did not have much soil, and immediately they sprang up, because they had no depth of soil.

Mattithyahu/Matthew 13:18-19 “You, then, hear the parable of the sower: 19 “When anyone hears the word of the reign, and does not understand it, then the wicked one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is that sown by the wayside.

As one faithfully meditates on and walks in the Torah of Elohim it becomes very clear that understanding comes in the doing of that which is diligently heard with attentive ears. Therefore those who do not understand, as pictured by those on the wayside, are those who do not hear, guard and do but are hearers only. Those who do not become doers of the Word and are simply hearers only, have no protection from the ‘birds’.

In speaking of the end days and the fate of the wicked we take note of the words of our Master:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 24:28 “For wherever the dead body is, there the eagles shall be gathered together.

This is again made clear when highlighting how the wicked will be snatched away and gathered for a feast of the birds!

Luqas/Luke 17:34-37 “I say to you, in that night there shall be two in one bed, the one shall be taken and the other shall be left. 35 “Two shall be grinding together, the one shall be taken and the other shall be left. 36 “Two shall be in the field, the one shall be taken and the other shall be left.” 37 And they answering, said to Him, “Where, Master?” And He said to them, “Where the body is, there also the eagles shall be gathered together.

The eagles shall be gathered where the dead bodies are!

Verse 28-29 – struck with madness and blindness!

In speaking of the Day of יהוה we see the following in:

Zeḵaryah/Zechariah 12:4In that day,” declares יהוה, “I smite every horse with bewilderment and its rider with madness. And on the house of Yehuḏah I open My eyes, but every horse of the peoples I smite with blindness.

The picture of groping around in darkness is a picture one walking in wrong ways and not in the light of the Truth.

The Hebrew word translated as ‘darkness’ is אֲפֵלָה aphelah – Strong’s H653 which means, darkness, gloominess, calamity, thick, gloom.

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 4:19 “The way of the wrong is like darkness; they do not know at what they stumble.

This word speaks of a very thick darkness – the blackest darkness!

This same word is used in reference to the plague of darkness that came over Mitsrayim, in:

Shemoth/Exodus 10:22-23 “And Mosheh stretched out his hand toward the heavens, and there was thick darkness in all the land of Mitsrayim for three days. 23 They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, while all the children of Yisra’ĕl had light in their dwellings.

We also see here a shadow picture reference to the Day of יהוה, as we see this word used in speaking of the Day of יהוה in:

Yo’ĕl/Joel 2:2 “a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and thick darkness, like the morning clouds spread over the mountains – a people many and strong, the like of whom has never been, nor shall there ever be again after them, to the years of many generations.

Those who walk in darkness shall not prosper!

Romiyim/Romans 13:12-14 “The night is far advanced, the day has come near. So let us put off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. 13 Let us walk becomingly, as in the day, not in wild parties and drunkenness, not in living together and indecencies, not in fighting and envy, 14 but put on the Master יהושע Messiah, and make no provision for the lusts of the flesh.

Tas’loniqim Aleph/1 Thessalonians 5:4-8 “But you, brothers, are not in darkness, so that this Day should overtake you as a thief. 5 For you are all sons of light and sons of the day. We are not of the night nor of darkness. 6 So, then, we should not sleep, as others do, but we should watch and be sober. 7 For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who get drunk are drunk at night. 8 But we who are of the day should be sober, putting on the breastplate of belief and love, and as a helmet the expectation of deliverance.

Verses 30-32 highlights the effects of rebellious and sin as the curse, confusion and rebuke that will destroy, will completely destroy one’s home, family and possessions!

 The rest of this chapter simply amplifies the judgement and curse that rests upon the wicked and lawless until they are completely consumed

Verse 58 reminds us that the curses will be upon us if we do not guard to do all the Words of this Torah and to fear the esteemed and awesome Name of יהוה

Please see the sermon notes on a message called, “THOSE FEARING ELOHIM, LISTEN!” from our site (http://atfotc.com) under the ‘sermons 2011/2012’ menu or by clicking on the following link:

http://atfotc.com/index.php/our-sermons/sermons-2011-2012/192-those-fearing-elohim-listen

CHAPTER 29

Verse 1-9

Mosheh reminds us of our Covenant with Elohim and urges us to obey the Torah so that we do not experience the curses contained therein!

Here in verse one we must recognise that this was not a new covenant that Mosheh was making, but rather it was simply a renewal and reaffirmation of the existing Covenant that was made at Sinai; and this is a wonderful shadow picture of how Messiah did not come to make a brand new Covenant but rather He came to renew the Covenant in His Blood and that is what makes it new – it is no longer a Covenant made with the blood of bulls and goats but rather now it is firmly established in His own blood that satisfies the condition of the Covenant giving us assurance of a blessed hope and secure future as long as we guard the Covenants of Promise that we have been grafted into by His Blood and walk according to the clear conditions of the Covenant by guarding to do all that is commanded us in His Torah!

Notice that Mosheh did not say, “This is the covenant”, but rather he said “These are the words of the covenant”, for the words are only the beginning of the covenant; and we could talk about it all day without it being in effect in our lives, which sadly so many people find themselves only talking about being obedient without actually living in active obedience to the Covenant. The actual covenant is an agreement with reciprocal actions. We can even agree to it, but if we do not put it into action, there is still not really a covenant. If the words are being carried out, then the covenant is truly enacted and brought to life. We may have heard it, but we can only see the covenant when someone is living it out through doing all that is commanded therein and therefore show our true love for our Elohim by guarding His commands!

 

Verse 2-3 – Mosheh called ALL Yisra’ĕl and reminds them that they saw all that יהוה did to Pharaoh and his land and all the great trials, signs and wonders. What we must recognise here is that this generation was either born in the Wilderness or was very small when they came out of Mitsrayim, so most may have not literally seen all that יהוה did, though the details of these events were so vivid that they were forged into their memories forever. Most of them had only been told of these events, just like us and probably even herd about it every single day from those who had first-hand knowledge as witnesses of the events that took place. Today we are to live as though we have seen these events first-hand as we remain steadfast in our faithfulness and become reliable witnesses of all the he has done in our lives! The fact that by the witness of two or three a matter is established as true we can see that by the witness of the few that were standing there that had experienced first-hand the accounts of their deliverance as a nation established the reality and witness for all who were now hearing the Covenant!

We have sufficient witness in His Torah, Prophets and Writings to cause us to know His great power, signs and wonders and therefore be equipped to faithfully walk in His Covenant with us.

Verse 4 – heart to know; eyes to see and ears to hear – today!

The day they received the renewal of the Covenant and the proclaiming of the blessing and the curses is the day they were given knowledge, sight and the ability to hear and perceive!

It is only when we have fully heard and paid close attention to the hearing of his Torah that we gain insight and wisdom and are able to begin to know and understand as we guard to do all that we hear by faith – that is a ‘doing faith’. Those who close their ears to the hearing of the Torah cannot have a heart to know, eyes to see or ears to hear:

It is time for people to hear the Truth:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 6:9-10 “And He said, “Go, and you shall say to this people, ‘Hearing, you hear, but do not understand; and seeing, you see, but do not know.’ 10 “Make the heart of this people fat, and their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and shall turn and be healed.

Verse 5 – Do not worry

The fact that their garments and sandals did not wear out was more than sufficient proof of the faithfulness of Elohim; yet what is very interesting to note here is the emphasis on the garments that had not worn out ‘on’ them and the sandals that were ‘on’ their feet. This points to that which is used is not worn out! To wear and walk in His Torah does not become old and stale but rather it remains fresh and alive every day that we walk in His righteousness as we sojourn here awaiting His return!

Neḥemyah/Nehemiah 9:21 “And for forty years You sustained them in the wilderness – they lacked not. Their garments did not wear out and their feet did not swell.

Being clothed in His Righteousness and walking in His commands as we keep his Appointed Times, Sabbaths and Feasts is what sustains us and causes us to never be in lack! We may walk through the valley of the shadow of death as we sojourn here – yet we lack not and realise that His rod (Torah/instruction) guides us and causes us to be at rest in Him, amidst our enemies!

Verse 6 – there provision was from יהוה who rained down manna from heaven and gave them water to drink out of the rock

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 10:3-4 “and all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed, and the Rock was Messiah.

What so many fail to realise in their twisted notions that Messiah came to bring a new food is that it was Messiah Himself who provided the bread and water to Yisra’ĕl in the Wilderness and His ‘food and drink’ (Word) does not change!

The last verse of this Torah portion sums up our responsibility:

Guard the Words of this Covenant and do them – so that we may be prosperous in all that we do:

Yehoshua/Joshua 1:8 “Do not let this Book of the Torah depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you guard to do according to all that is written in it. For then you shall make your way prosperous, and act wisely.

Ya’aqoḇ/James 1:22-25 “And become doers of the Word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves. 23 Because if anyone is a hearer of the Word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his natural face in a mirror, 24 for he looks at himself, and goes away, and immediately forgets what he was like. 25 But he that looked into the perfect Torah, that of freedom, and continues in it, not becoming a hearer that forgets, but a doer of work, this one shall be blessed in his doing of the Torah.

Hear – Guard – Do!!!

Shalom!