This week’s Torah portion is called ‘Noaḥ’, as we take a look at the historical accounts of a man who found favour in the eyes of יהוה; and His name - נֹחַ Noaḥ - Strong’s H5146 means, rest, comfort which comes from the primitive root verb נוּחַ nuaḥ - Strong’s H5117 meaning, to rest, abandon, give comfort, settle down and remain.

His name speaks of the rest we enter in יהושע Messiah upon salvation, and as we look at the accounts of the life of Noaḥ we can learn some very vital lessons of faith and obedience.

Verse 9 – genealogy of Noaḥ

The Hebrew root word used for ‘genealogy’ is תּוֹלֵדוֹת toleḏoth – Strong’s H8435 which means, generations, account, genealogical registration, births, course of history and comes from the primitive root יָלַד yala – Strong’s H3205 which means, to bear, bring forth, beget. This Torah portion deals with the historical accounts and births of Noaḥ, and so it is not only a list of genealogies but the accounts of these up until the time of Aḇram. In other words this could also be rendered as ‘the history of Noaḥ and his children’.

Here we are told in verse 9 that Noaḥ was a righteous man, perfect in his generations and that Noaḥ walked with Elohim. Verse 8, which ended our last Torah portion, states that Noaḥ found favour in the eyes of יהוה, and here in the opening statement of the history of his life, we can see why he found favour in the eyes of יהוה as we look at what is said about this man. Before looking at this it is worth taking note that Noaḥ is also a very powerful picture for us of a man who ‘lived by belief/faith’:

Ḥaḇaqquq/Habakkuk 2:4See, he whose being is not upright in him is puffed up. But the righteous one lives by his steadfastness.

Romiyim/Romans 1:17 “For in it the righteousness of Elohim is revealed from belief to belief, as it has been written, “But the righteous shall live by belief.

As one takes a closer look at the timeline and genealogy from Aḏam to Noaḥ then what becomes evident is that Noaḥ never got to physically meet or see Aḏam, as he was born after Aḏam had died. Noaḥ’s father Lemeḵ would have certainly been able to meet and see Aḏam as he was born 56 years prior to the death of Aḏam.

Why I am mentioning this is that we are able to glean a very powerful lesson from the life of Noaḥ as we recognise how all the men prior to Noaḥ, in the genealogy of Aḏam to Noaḥ, would have been able to see and talk to the first man that was formed from the ground and one who could give first-hand account of the Garden of Ěen and what it was like to ‘walk with Elohim’ in the midst of the garden. Noaḥ never got to have Aḏam given Him first-hand witness of what the pure presence of Elohim in the Garden was like and so he had to live by belief and hold fast to the promise of the deliverance that Elohim would bring for mankind.  Let us now take a look at how Noaḥ was described in Scripture:

1 - He was righteous, which is the Hebrew word צַדִּיק tsaddiq – Strong’s H6662 which means, just, righteous, blameless, lawful and comes from the primitive root צָדֵק tsaḏeq – Strong’s H6663 which means, to be just or righteous, justified, properly restored. Here was a man who was ‘righteous’ in that he guarded to do all the commands of Elohim;

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 6:25 “And it is righteousness for us when we guard to do all this command before יהוה our Elohim, as He has commanded us.


2 - He was ‘perfect’ in his generations! The word used here for ‘perfect’ is תָּמִים tamiym – Strong’s H8549 meaning, complete, whole, sound, perfect, without blemish, blameless, and comes from the primitive root word תָּמַם tamam – Strong’s H8552 meaning, to be complete, to be finished, be at an end.

The Word calls for us to serve יהוה with a perfect heart!

But, you may ask, is it possible to serve יהוה with a perfect heart? Are we not all sinners and unable to be perfect?

Berěshith/Genesis 17:1 “And it came to be when Aḇram was ninety-nine years old, that יהוה appeared to Aḇram and said to him, “I am Ěl Shaddai – walk before Me and be perfect.

Mattithyahu/Matthew 5:48 “Therefore, be perfect, as your Father in the heavens is perfect.

“Be perfect”: This is often seen as a hard expectation, if understood in the wrong way! What does it then mean to be perfect or to have a perfect heart?

When considering the phrase, ‘Not a perfect heart/not with a perfect heart’ we take note that this often speaks of one who began well yet did not endure to the end or one who does not carry on to completion that which they are called to or one who simply does not do anything that is required and do not even try! To serve with a heart that is not perfect can be a ‘doing right, but…’ kind of scenario. There are to be no ‘buts’ in our committed life unto יהוה! Many people want to be seen as having a perfect heart yet they have too many ‘but’ excuses that tries to justify their compromise!

What does the word ‘perfect’ mean? It can mean, flawless as in a flawless diamond, accurate, faithfully reproducing the original, pure complete, mature etc.

In the Hebrew language there are two words that we find in the Scriptures for which we translate as perfect:

1 – שָׁלֵם shalĕmStrong’s H8003– which means pure, complete, safe, at peace, perfect, whole, finished, blameless, full. This is used in the Hebrew as an adjective, as in describing a ‘perfect’ heart:

Melaḵim aleph/1Kings 8:61 “Let your heart therefore be perfect to יהוה our Elohim, to walk in His laws and guard His commands, as at this day.

2 - תָּמִים tamiym – Strong’s H8549 as already discussed and described above – this is a verb that translates over 90 times as perfect, without blemish, complete or full:

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 18:13 “Be perfect before יהוה your Elohim

Understanding these two Hebrew words that are used interchangeably throughout the Scriptures, in referring to perfection in serving יהוה, we can understand that the meaning is, to be upright, totally obedient, to finish what was started and have a constant obedience. Having a perfect heart is having a responsive heart – one that answers quickly to יהוה’s call, His whisperings and His warnings.

3 – He walked with Elohim! The root word used here for ‘walked’ is הָלַךְ hā∙lǎḵ - Strong’s H1980 meaning, ‘to walk, to live, manner of life, cause to live’ and literally speaks of how one lives. It is used as a verb indicating that it is an active expression of one’s life and also carries the meaning, to go, to walk, come, proceed, depart, move, go away, to die, live, manner of life (figuratively).

The root word for walk - הָלַךְ halaḵ - Strong’s H1980 in the ancient pictographic script looks like this:



Hey – הָ:

The ancient script has this letter pictured as hey, which is ‘a man standing with his arms raised out’. The meaning of the letter is behold, look, breath, sigh and reveal or revelation, from the idea of revealing a great sight by pointing it out. It also carries for us the meaning of surrender, as we lift up our hands and submit to יהוה as we lift our hands in praise, declaring His authority under which we humbly submit!


Lamed - לַ:

The ancient script has this letter as lamed, and is pictured as a ‘shepherd’s staff’, can give the meaning of ‘to or toward’ and can represent that which pushes or pulls a flock in a direction, and can speak of authority or a yoke that is used to lead and guide, as well as the ability to bring back by Authority.


Kaph - ךְ:

The ancient form of this letter is kaph - meaning ‘the open palm of a hand’. The meaning behind this letter is ‘to bend and curve’ from the shape of a palm as well as ‘to tame or subdue’ as one has been bent to another’s will (under their hand), as an open hand symbolises submission. This also can picture for us a palm or palm branch from the curved palm shape. The hand also speaks of one’s work, or under whose hand you submit and obey!

When we look at the letters that spell out the root word that for ‘walk’ we are able to see a great declaration:


With the picture of the shepherds staff and the open palm of the hand we are able to see the concept of ‘staff in the palm’ and we take note that a nomad that travelled on foot would have a staff in his hand in order to provide proper support in walking, as well as having a weapon in his hand to defend against predators and thieves!

As we consider our need to walk before Elohim as true children of light that have been delivered from death, we take careful note how important it is for us to walk according to the Word of Elohim and submit completely to His Word being the authority under which we walk!

Miḵah/Micah 6:8 “He has declared to you, O man, what is good. And what does יהוה require of you but to do right, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your Elohim?

What does יהוה require of us? Well, as we can see clearly from Miḵah/Micah 6:8 – that it is ‘to do right, love kindness and walk humbly with our Elohim’!

We are to actively and continually be walking in Messiah, and as Miḵah tells us that we are required to walk ‘humbly’ with Elohim. The root word used here for humble is צָנַע tsana – Strong’s H6800 meaning, ‘to be modest or humble’.

In Miḵah/Micah 6:8 it is expressed as follows: וְהַצְנֵעַ לֶכֶת ve-ha-ts’nea leḵet which literally expresses ‘a making humble to walk’ or ‘showing a humble walk, again emphasising that our humility is seen in our walk – that is our walk of obedience as we clearly see and understand the words in:

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 2:6 “The one who says he stays in Him ought himself also to walk, even as He walked.

The Greek word for ‘walk’ is περιπατέω peripateō – Strong’s G4043 and carries the same meaning and that is, ‘to walk, behaviour, to conduct one’s self, to make one’s way, to tread with the feet, to make one’s life’.  Why all the definitions? To clearly reiterate that to walk as Messiah walked involves action and that action is to be in complete line with His walk and that is a walk of total obedience – the greatest expression of humility!

In order to walk right, we must understand the fear of Elohim, or else we would not be able to walk straight and as Kěpha tells us, we are to pass the time of our sojourning in fear, as we realise that we have inherited lies and futility form our fathers:

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 1:17-18 “And if you call on the Father, who without partiality judges according to each one’s work, pass the time of your sojourning in fear, 18 knowing that you were redeemed from your futile way of life inherited from your fathers, not with what is corruptible, silver or gold

Righteous, perfect and walk with Elohim – these are the qualities of a man that finds favour in the eyes of Elohim!

Ḥanoḵ was also a man that ‘walked with Elohim’ (please see last week’s Torah portion notes on what we can learn from walking with Elohim as Ḥanoḵ did – Berěshith/Genesis 5)

We need to recognise the importance of looking at the example of Noaḥ who lived in a wicked time; because Messiah tells us that the end days will be as in the days of Noaḥ; therefore our need to walk in righteousness and be perfect, walking with Elohim is of critical importance as we do our utmost to be steadfast in our loving commitment toward the Master יהוה, Elohim of Hosts!

We have a clear choice to make every day – and that is to walk in righteousness, as we guard to do all the commands of Elohim or, as some sadly choose, cast aside the need to live according to the Torah! We find a very interesting ‘play on words’ in Amos 5 in a lamentation that was to be proclaimed against a fallen and forsaken House of Yisra’ĕl who had ‘cast down’ righteousness to the earth:

Amos 5:7 “O you who are turning right-ruling to wormwood, and have cast down righteousness to the earth!

This verse makes clear the falsehood of Yisra’ĕl, for they had turned right-ruling into wormwood and had cast down righteousness to the earth! The Hebrew word for right-rulings is  מִּשְׁפָּטִים  mishpatim, which is the plural of מִּשְׁפָּטִ  mishpat Strong’s H4941 which means ‘right-ruling or judgement’, and are the ‘legal procedures’ or firm rulings that are non-negotiable.  The firm rulings of Elohim, Yisra’ĕl had turned into wormwood, and the root word used here for ‘wormwood’ is לַעֲנָה  la’anah – Strong’s H3939  which is described as, a bitter substance, a very unpleasant substance to consume, which may make one sick’.  

We know that the tree of life in Ḥazon/Revelation is described as having leaves which are for ‘the healing of the nations’; and so wormwood can be seen as the ‘counterfeit leaves’ of the enemy which kills, yet so many are eating away at this very bitter root!

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 5:3-4 “For the lips of a strange woman drip honey, and her mouth is smoother than oil; 4 But in the end she is bitter as wormwood, sharp as a two-edged sword.

This proverb is a warning against the false teachings of the whore who seeks to lure people away from the Truth, and what we must recognise here is that it says that her lips (that is here words) are sharp ‘as’ a two-edged sword! This means here words can certainly cut and do damage, and many fall for her sharp words as they ‘sound’ as if they could be true, yet they are wormwood that has twisted the Truth in order to deceive; and the reason why so many are unable to discern her wormwood from the Truth is because they have turned away from the Torah and are unable to rightly divide the truth. The word of Elohim is ‘sharper’ than a two-edged sword and therefore in order to know which is sharper, you have to know the Truth or else the sharp wormwood will eat you alive!

When many are ‘eating’ a twisted counterfeit, they will so easily ‘cast down’ righteousness! The Hebrew word for ‘cast down’ is נוּחַ nuaḥ – Strong’s H5117 which means, to rest, come to rest, cast down, set down, permit, from which we get the name of נֹחַ Noaḥ - Strong’s H5146 who was the man who found favour in the eyes of יהוה, a righteous and perfect man in his generations and who walked with Elohim, doing all according to that which Elohim had commanded him.

This is a powerful ‘play on words’, as we see here the negative use of this word, for it can also mean, abandon, depart from. So many have abandoned righteousness, thinking that they have ‘entered into the rest of Elohim’, yet they have no regard for His commands!

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 6:25 “And it is righteousness for us when we guard to do all this command before יהוה our Elohim, as He has commanded us.

נֹחַ Noaḥ was a righteous man, who did not cast down righteousness, but preached it for 120 years to a people who had cast the Word of Elohim down and did not hear the call to walk in righteousness!

We either walk in righteousness as נֹחַ Noaḥ did, or we cast it down because of the wormwood of false lies and traditions of man that has turned and twisted the right-rulings of Elohim into poisonous and strange honey of a whore!

Noaḥ found favour in the eyes of יהוה as He responded correctly to being steadfast and faithful in obeying the voice of Elohim, in direct contrast to what the world was doing by walking after their own puffed up ways to destruction!

Ḥaḇaqquq/Habakkuk 2:4 “See, he whose being is not upright in him is puffed up. But the righteous one lives by his steadfastness.

The favour we find with Elohim is often greatly misunderstood and we need to realise just what favour means, as many have misused and twisted the meaning of ‘favour’ or better known as ‘grace’ to their own destruction and so I would like to shed some light on this often very controversial subject in order to get a better Hebraic perspective that will equip us to walk upright amidst a crooked and wicked generation:

The word used here for ‘favour’ in reference to Noaḥ is the Hebrew root word חֵן ḥen – Strong’s H2580 meaning, grace, adornment, favour, gracious and comes from the primitive root חָנַן ḥanan – Strong’s H2603 meaning, show favour, be gracious to, dealt graciously with, given to them voluntarily, shown favour. These two words are collectively used 141 times in the Tanak (O.T.).

The common term ‘grace’ which is often interpreted as meaning ‘unmerited favour’, is often understood in the Hebrew as the word חֶסֶד ḥesedStrong’s H2617 which means, goodness, kindness, deeds of devotion, faithfulness and appears 248 times in the Tanak (OT) – 5 times more than the Greek word translated as ‘grace’ in the Renewed Covenant (N.T.)!!!

What we must understand is that in the Tanak (O.T.) we see the link of ‘grace and law’ being used in terms of that which we have been favourably given and are now required, as a covenant people, to walk in.

In Hebrew the concept of חֵן ḥen and חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ goes hand in hand in understanding our loving relationship with יהוה.

חֵן ḥen can best be described as ‘a gracious and favourable action passing from a superior to an inferior’ and is an action that cannot be forced upon or demanded! This in many ways carries the same concept of the ‘Christian’ idea or concept of ‘grace’ as understood through the Greek word χάρις charis – Strong’s G5485 meaning, grace, kindness, blessing, favour. חֵן ḥen is poured out as a gift to a people who have no ‘claim’ to it as it is given freely and so we see that this certainly is not a ‘new’ concept as it is a continuous theme right through the Scriptures in the Loving Kindness extended by יהוה to Yisra’ĕl, His Covenanted people!

What we must understand though is that both חֵן ḥen and חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ are uniquely related in terms of understanding the fullness of our relationship with our Creator. Although these two words are closely linked in relation to walking in a relationship with our Saviour, we note that חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ is different to חֵן ḥen. We find both these words being used together in:

Berěshith/Genesis 39:21 “But יהוה was with Yosĕph and extended kindness to him, and He gave him favour in the eyes of the prison warden.

יהוה extended חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ to Yosĕph and gave him חֵן ḥen in the eyes of the prison warden.

What we find in Scripture is that חֶסֶד ḥesed is used only where there is a prior relationship bond, be it through family, marriage or kinship, and it is used in regards to a bond or relationship that produces in the bond itself a requirement or an obligation for action, where both parties share חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ and can expect from each other and even demand in a sense reciprocal responsibilities, and so חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ is not a free gift!

Now we see that over and over חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ is used to describe a and express יהוה’s relationship with Yisra’ĕl, His Covenanted Bride and that includes all who are brought near and grafted in to these Covenants of promise by the Blood of Messiah!

We must understand therefore that חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ is a word often associated with the understanding of obligation and commitment and not simply unmerited favour alone!

Yisra’ĕl and יהוה are obligated to each other, in marriage, as a result of the Covenants made by יהוה with Aḇraham, Yitsḥaq and Ya’aqoḇ!

חֵן ḥen certainly is the primary reason behind the establishment of the Covenants of Promise, however the moment the Covenants were made, obligation became attached to it by both parties.

And while Yisra’ĕl constantly broke their obligation to the Covenants we see how lovingly committed יהוה is by extending His favour to us, an undeserving people and by His חֵן ḥen (being gracious toward us and adorning us with favour in His eyes) He has extended to us His Kindness - חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ – His loving-commitment to the Covenants which He remains faithful to in being obligated and fully committed to; and thus because of His  חֵן ḥen which is freely given to us, we too are now by our acceptance of His free gift also required to express true commitment in understanding our obligation to guarding the Covenant!

How we do that is by walking ‘in’ His Torah (often translated as ‘law’). The Torah (law) of יהוה is His instructions for us on how we walk in His חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ, and so the Torah (instructions) of Elohim is the articulation of the obligation we have to the Covenants of Promise by which we are freely and graciously grafted in to by the Blood of Messiah! We did not earn the right to this Covenant – יהוה made the Covenant out of חֵן ḥen, and therefore we understand that the חֵן ḥen freely given entails חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ, which now both parties are to be committed to and both have an obligation to keep its requirements. If we reject the obligations and requirements of the Covenant, we are in fact rejecting the Kindness - חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ – and by doing so are rejecting יהוה bonds to us given freely by His own Blood!

חֵן ḥen is ‘grace poured out’ and not חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ. Most of Scripture speaks clearly of חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ as a result of חֵן ḥen; and even in the Renewed Writings (N.T.) we see a constant and continual thread of the understanding of the mutual obligations and requirements that are entailed in a ‘bonded’ relationship with יהוה by the Blood of יהושע Messiah. חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ in the Hebraic mind-set characterises our identity as being a part of and walking ‘in’ the Kingdom of Elohim! So when understanding the concept of ‘grace’ and ‘favour’ we find that it is not a new concept, as we see that in the truest sense in the Hebraic understanding it entails giving the correct response of obedience in response to the free gift of life extended to us by the Hand of our Creator, and not just a receiving of the gift alone! The Torah gives us the clear instructions how we respond to His free gift and how we are to live in Him, as a people who are in Covenant with Him!


Noaḥ found favour - חֵן ḥen – in the eyes of יהוה and responded correctly by being righteous and perfect as he walked with Elohim – the very thing we are called to do as we walk in Messiah, as a lovingly committed response to His favour extended to us by the Blood of Messiah!


Verse 10 – 3 sons

One of the other reasons Noaḥ found favour with Elohim was because of his ‘fruitfulness’ in bringing forth others to walk with Elohim, which is what we too are called to do as we go and ‘make taught ones of all the nations’!!!

Noaḥ brought forth 3 sons:

1 – Shem - שֵׁם - Strong’s H8035 meaning, name

2 – am - חָם - Strong’s H2526 meaning, hot

3 – Yepheth - יֶפֶת - Strong’s H3315 meaning, opened

What is interesting for us as we look at the 3 names here is that we can in a way see 3 basic classes of people – those that call upon the Name of יהוה and are delivered and walk upright and steadfast, teaching others the righteousness of Elohim (as pictured from the line of Shem); then there are those who are ‘hot-headed’ and rebellious and wicked who wilfully refuse to submit to the clear instructions of Elohim and choose to do their own thing (as pictured by am whose son was cursed); and thirdly there are those who procrastinate in the valley of the masses and are always leaving their options open, so to speak, and will go with the crowds and ultimately will end up either calling upon the True Name that saves by choosing the narrow path that few find or reject it stay on the broad path that leads to destruction (as pictured by Yepheth which can render the picture of open space or expansion).


Verse 11-12

In the days of Noaḥ the earth had become so wicked before elohim and as a result violence filled the earth!!! This was a terrible time of rebellion and utter disregard for the Master יהוה; and when we try to consider how corrupt it must have been, we can begin to recognise just how corrupt it was as we see how the world today is getting more and more wicked and how violence is all over the earth, and very few are actually seeking the Master יהוה.

The word used for ‘corrupt’ here in the Hebrew is שָׁחַת shaḥath – Strong’s H7843 meaning, destroy, ruin, spoil, pervert, corrupt.

The earth was ‘decaying’ because of sin which is lawlessness as there was no regard for Elohim!


Mattithyahu/Matthew 24:37-39 “And as the days of Noaḥ, so also shall the coming of the Son of Aḏam be. 38 “For as they were in the days before the flood, eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noaḥ entered into the ark, 39 and they did not know until the flood came and took them all away, so also shall the coming of the Son of Aḏam be.

When Messiah tells us that in the days before the flood the people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage; what He was telling us is that the people were feeding the flesh and there was no regard for the ‘secret’ of marriage as being a picture of Messiah and His Bride! He is not saying here that it is wrong to get married in the last days, but rather that just as it was in Noaḥ’s day when unequal yoking in marriage was taking place, so too in the last days there will be a profaning of the ‘institution’ of marriage. Just look at how gay marriages have become legally accepted!!! As sick as this may sound there are even talks that the legalising of same sex marriages may lead to some states in the US permitting a human to get married to an android!!! So as we can see in these days that people have no regard for what marriage is intended to be, between a  woman and a man, as they are supposed to represent the picture of the Messiah and His Bride!

The Hebrew word for ‘violence’ is חָמָס ḥamas – Strong’s H2555 which means, violence, wrong, malicious. What is interesting to note is the Arabic term ‘hamas’ which is the term used of a militaristic terrorist group which uses politics and violence to achieve its goals!

When people turn aside from the Torah, their lives inevitably resort to a violent and malicious stand against the need to walk according to the Torah. The corrupted state of twisted man-made theologies that have shaped Christianity has inevitably caused many professing believers to show anger toward the thought of simply obeying the Torah; and have therefore corrupted their lives into a state of lawlessness, which assumes that the favour of Elohim has given them license to not adhere to His commands!

Romiyim/Romans 2:13 “For not the hearers of the Torah are righteous in the sight of Elohim, but the doers of the law shall be declared right.

Tsephanyah/Zephaniah 3:4 “Her prophets are reckless, treacherous men. Her priests have profaned the set-apart place, they have done violence to the Torah.

Luqas/Luke 16:16 “The Torah and the prophets are until Yoḥanan. Since then the reign of Elohim is being announced, and everyone is doing violence upon it.

Yeḥezqěl/Ezekiel 22:26 “Her priests have done violence to My teaching and they profane My set-apart matters. They have not distinguished between the set-apart and profane, nor have they made known the difference between the unclean and the clean. And they have hidden their eyes from My Sabbaths, and I am profaned in their midst.

What we see as a repeated woe against a corrupted Yisra’ĕl, was the fact that they had corrupted their ways and had done violence to the Torah of Elohim; and the same is happening today, as a false priesthood is not teaching the masses the difference between the clean and the unclean, or the set-apart and profane, and the complete disregard for the keeping of the Sabbath is a major sign of the violence against the Torah being done today, as well as the complete disregard in distinguishing the clean form the unclean, as many continue in their lawless ways by eating what is strictly prohibited in Scripture (such as pork and shellfish to name a couple)!

Verse 13 – Elohim spoke to Noaḥ

With the earth being so corrupt and full of violence, we see that there was literally only one man and his family that were left who walked with Elohim and so Elohim spoke with Noaḥ and told him what He was about to do.

Amos 3:7 “For the Master יהוה does no matter unless He reveals His secret to His servants the prophets.

Destruction had now been decreed by יהוה which He had revealed to His servant Noaḥ, and he gave Noaḥ further instructions on what to do and Noaḥ preached righteousness, calling people back to Elohim, yet they would not listen!

This refusal to listen has been the downfall and destruction of so many who simply refuse to humble themselves before the Master יהוה as they choose their own ways above the Creator’s; yet despite the many warnings that the servants of Elohim bring, they rather hold fast to tradition and dogmas of man.


Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 25:4-7 “Moreover, יהוה has sent to you all His servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, but you have not listened nor inclined your ear to hear, 5 saying, ‘Turn back now everyone from his evil way and from the evil of your deeds, and dwell on the soil which יהוה has given to you and your fathers forever and ever. 6 ‘And do not go after other mighty ones to serve them and to bow down to them. And do not provoke Me with the works of your hands, so that I do you no evil.’ 7 “But you did not listen to Me,” declares יהוה, “so as to provoke Me with the works of your hands, for your own evil.

Here in Berěshith we see the words of judgement that Elohim is proclaiming to His servant Noaḥ and we also see that the judgement upon the wicked and those who are destroying the earth is coming again as well as the reward for the true set-apart ones who fear the name of יהוה and walk in righteousness, as seen in:

Ḥazon/Revelation 11:18 “And the nations were enraged, and Your wrath has come, and the time of the dead to be judged, and to give the reward to Your servants the prophets and to the set-apart ones, and to those who fear Your Name, small and great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth.

Verse 14-16 – The Ark

The root word used for ‘ark’ is תֵּבָה - ‘teḇah’Strong’s H8392 which means, a box, chest and this word is used both for Noaḥ’s ark as well as the basket in which Mosheh was placed as a baby to escape the wrath of Pharaoh. It is not the same word that is used for the ‘Ark of the Covenant’ as that is the root word אֲרוֹן aron – Strong’s H727 meaning, a chest, ark.

In both accounts of the Flood and at the time of Mosheh’s birth, the תֵּבָה - ‘teḇah’ or ‘ark/basket’ pictures a protection of the righteous that shall be saved from destruction; and further more we take special note that Noaḥ’s ark is a symbol or figure of what saves us – and that is immersion in the Name of Messiah:

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 3:20-21 “who were disobedient at one time when the patience of Elohim waited in the days of Noaḥ, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight beings, were saved through water, 21 which figure now also saves us: immersion – not a putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward Elohim – through the resurrection of יהושע Messiah,

The word תֵּבָה  - ‘teḇah’ in the ancient script is as follows: 


Taw -  תֵּ :

The ancient for of this letter is taw - meaning two crossed sticks. It was a type of a mark as being displayed by two crossed sticks and has the meaning of mark, sign or signature or identification, used as a marker to identify people, places or things. It can also carry the meaning of ‘seal’ or ‘covenant’, as well as the bringing together of the two tribes of Yisra’ĕl back into the Covenants of Promise by the Blood of Messiah.

Beyt - בָ

The ancient script has this letter as beit, which pictures a tent floor plan and means, ‘house’ or ‘tent’. It represents family and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself.

Hey –ה:

The original pictograph for this letter is hey, a man standing with his arms raised out. The Modern Hebrew and original name for this letter is “hey”. The Hebrew word “hey” means “behold”, as when looking at a great sight. This word can also mean “breath” or “sigh” as one does when looking at a great sight. The meaning of the letter is ‘behold, look, breath, sigh and reveal or revelation from the idea of revealing a great sight by pointing it out’. It also carries for us the meaning of surrender as we lift up our hands and submit to יהוה as we lift our hands in praise, declaring His authority under which we humbly submit!



So from this word in the ancient pictographic letters we can see how the ark of Noaḥ can be a symbol of our immersion in the Name of Messiah, who by His Blood has caused us to be grafted back in to the Covenants of Promise in order that He establishes His house, as He proclaims to us His ‘floor plan’ from Creation which is revealed through the life, death and resurrection of Messiah – the One to who all praise and esteem belongs, as we lift our hands in in praise and submit to walk in Him and follow His clear instructions that brings us a sure hope of deliverance that is to come!

The Ark was to be made of ‘gopher wood’, and the word for ‘gopher’ - גֹּפֶר  - Strong’s H1613 is only used here in Scripture and not much information on this type of wood is clearly known, however there is a strong likelihood that this wood could have been ‘cedar’ wood which would certainly tie in with Scripture as being the wood that was used for the cleansing of a leper, the cleansing of a house and was used in the red heifer sacrifice, which are all picture of the sacrifice of Messiah who was nailed to the wooden stake!

Make rooms – The word for ‘rooms’ is קִנִּים – ‘qinim’ which is the plural of the word קֵן  qen – Strong’s H7064 which means, a nest, room, and so we see here that in the instructions given to Noaḥ we can see that the ‘rooms/nests’ he was to make for the animals suggests to us that the animals would be settled in a nest that would cause them to ‘hibernate’ and therefore not be restless during the journey in the ark, and so too can we see the picture here of how we who are walking in the Torah and remain steadfast in doing what has been prepared beforehand for us to do so as to not wander from the Truth will find our ability to not be ‘restless’ in our sojourning here!

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 27:8 “Like a bird that wanders from its nest, so is a man who wanders from his place.

The word used here for ‘nest’ is קֵן  qen and the word used for ‘wanders’ is נָדַד  naḏaḏ – Strong’s H5074 which means, to retreat, flee, depart, stray, wander, flutter and we can see the clear picture of those who ‘stray’ in their walk and are tossed about by various teachings become unstable in all their ways, while we who remain steadfast in our obedience in walking in Messiah find our true rest and shalom in Messiah, despite the raging storms of life that try to beat us down!

Cover it inside and out with a covering:

Noaḥ was commanded by יהוה to cover the ark inside and out with pitch – he was told to ‘Kaphar’ (cover) the ark with ‘Kopher’ - (pitch).

The Hebrew word for atonement  is כִּפֻּרkippurH3725 and comes from the root word כָּפַרkaphar’  - Strong’s H3722 which means: to cover over, pacify, make propitiation, atone. As a noun it can also carry the meaning of ‘a ransom’, ‘gift’, or ‘to secure favour. It literally means to ‘cover over’ or ‘smear with pitch’ as in the sealing of a ship. Therefore ‘kaphar’ or atonement means to cover that which is bare or naked or shamed, and also means to ‘smear the ship so that your ship will not sink and drown all those aboard’! Wow – we are ‘covered’ – Atoned for by His Blood!!!

Kopher’ - כֹּפֶרStrong’s H3724 means, pitch (as a covering) and also carries the meaning of the price of a lifeand this word is also the name of the henna plant, as used in:

Shir HaShirim/Song of Songs 1:14 “My beloved is to me a cluster of henna blooms In the vineyards of Ěn Geḏi.

Kaphar’ also means to ransom – and so we know that יהושע has paid our ransom and atoned for us.

It also means to reconcile with someone who has the power of death over you, and to pacify the one who has the power to do you harm! We must realise that the punishment for sin is death, and no sin goes unpunished. Through the Atonement of יהושע for our sins, we are reconciled to the One who has the power to put us to death!

In Wayyiqra/Leviticus, where the priestly service and sacrificial system is presented and discussed, the very word we have been looking at, ‘kaphar’ is used 16 times in Wayyiqra/Leviticus 16 and 48 times in the entire book! 39 times, however, it is used in Wayyiqra/Leviticus in the specific description of the priestly service and sacrificial system where the other times are regulation instructions for the Day – this is a wonderful representation for us – for it was the exact number of stripes that יהושע took across His back – and it is by His stripes that we are healed!!! By His Stripes and His sacrifice, we are covered, cleansed, redeemed and reconciled to Him!

In the ancient script the word כָּפַרkaphar’ is pictured as:


Kaph – כָּ:

The ancient script for this letter ‘kaph’ is – kaph – and pictures ‘an open palm of a hand’, and can have the meaning of ‘bend, curve’ which is seen in the shape of the hand. It can also be understood to have the meaning of the ability to ‘tame, subdue’, as in the ‘bending of the will’, as an ‘open hand’ signifies ‘submission’.

Pey – פַ :

The ancient script for this letter ‘pey’ is – pey – and is pictured as an ‘open mouth’ and carries the meaning of ‘speak and blow’ from the functions of the mouth, and can also have the meaning of ‘scatter’ by blowing. In representing the mouth it can also picture the lips of a mouth, which are the ‘edges of the mouth’, and can also refer to things with edges, such as a sword or beard!

Resh – ר :

The ancient script has this letter ‘resh’ as – resh – and is pictured as ‘the head of a man’ and has the meaning of the head of a man as well as chief, top, begging or first. Top as in the top or head of a body and chief an is head of a tribe or people as well as the one who rules the people.

When we understand these pictures in reference to a ‘covering’ as well as the ability to be afforded security and protection, we are able to see how we, who submit to our Master and Messiah, and acknowledge that He is our Head and chief and that He is the Beginning and the End, realise how by the Word of His mouth, that He has revealed to us in His own flesh, covers us as He has us written in the palm of His Hand, as His treasured possession!

Size of the Ark:

300 cubits long; 50 cubits wide and 30 cubits high! The length of a cubit is approximately 445mm which would make the size of the Ark approximately 133,5 meters in length; 22,25 meters wide and 13,35 meters high! To put that in perspective: a standard length of a rugby or soccer field is 100 meters and the width 50 meters; therefore making the ark of Noaḥ almost 1 and a half times a standard rugby/soccer field in length and almost a half of a field wide. The height of over 13 meters would easily accommodate 3 floors/decks.

 Noahs Ark

Noaḥ was told to make a window/roof/skylight for the ark and the Hebrew word for this is צֹהַר tsohar – Strong’s H6672 which means, roof, window as well as, noon, noonday, midday. In fact it is only translated as ‘window’ once as seen here in this account of the instructions for the ark; whereas elsewhere it is translated as ‘noon or noonday’; and at its root it means to make oil or press oil out or glisten which is the primitive root - צָהַר tsahar – Strong’s H6671.

This roof/skylight would be the only source of light for the ark and it would be sufficient for all who were inside! In reference to the Day of יהוה we find this word - צֹהַר tsohar being used and translated as ‘noon’:

Amos 8:9 “And it shall be in that day,” declares the Master יהוה, “that I shall cause the sun to go down at noon, and shall darken the earth on a day of brightness,

From the design and architecture of the ark we are able to clearly picture the symbol of the protection of יהוה for the set-apart ones in the day of distress, when the sun will be darkened and the moon not give its light, we who are ‘in’ Messiah will have His Torah that will be our light as we are sealed by His Spirit and need not fear that which can destroy the flesh for the second death has no power over us!

Verse 17-18

יהוה made it very clear that He was going to destroy all flesh that is on the earth, while Noaḥ and his family and all the animals that were ‘in’ the Ark would be preserved and יהוה would establish His covenant with Noaḥ.

Here is a wonderfully clear picture of that which is of the flesh will die, yet those who walk according to the Spirit shall be saved!

Romiyim/Romans 8:1 “There is, then, now no condemnation to those who are in Messiah יהושע, who do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.

יהוה establishes His Covenant with those who are ‘in’ Him by the Blood of Messiah and the picture of the ark and the rooms and the covering protection for His called out and set-apart ones when the wrath of Elohim is poured out, carries the similar language in:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 26:20-21 “Go, my people, enter your rooms, and shut your doors behind you; hide yourself, as it were, for a little while, until the displeasure is past. 21 For look, יהוה is coming out of His place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their crookedness. And the earth shall disclose her blood, and no longer cover her slain.

He is coming out of His Most Set-Apart place for two reasons – one is to destroy the wicked and two is to firmly establish His Covenant with His people who shall be saved out of the day of distress!

Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 30:7 “Oh! For great is that day, there is none like it. And it is the time of Ya’aqoḇ’s distress, but he shall be saved out of it.

Verse 19-22

Noaḥ was commanded to take 2 of each of all the creatures, birds and cattle and take enough food for all, and in verse 22 we see a wonderful statement being made – Noaḥ did according to all that Elohim commanded him.

Noaḥ did not have anyone else he could go and ask advice, he simply did what יהוה instructed and when the flood waters came he was delivered!!!

The Hebrew root word for ‘did’ is עָשָׂה asah – Strong’s H6213 meaning, to do, work, make, produce, ta act with effect, to observe, to bring about, institute and can also mean, celebrate, which I think is very fitting. As it is truly a great ‘joy’ TO DO the laws and right-rulings as prescribed! A derivative of this root is the word מַעֲשֶׂה ma’aseh – Strong’s H4639 and means ‘a deed, work or acts, accomplishments’. The Acts or Ma’asei of the Apostles speaks of the deeds or acts of that which the Apostles did and records their ‘acts’ of obedience – their ‘doing’ of the commands and not just hearing!

So many today think that it is a huge burden to do what is commanded, yet that is so far from the truth – when we diligently observe and guard to do all He commands us to do – it is a great joy and a delight and not heavy at all! The perfect Torah of freedom is like a mirror for us – and in looking intently into it we are able to see if we are in fact listening and doing or not:

Ya’aqoḇ/James 1:22-25 “And become doers of the Word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves. 23 Because if anyone is a hearer of the Word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks at his natural face in a mirror, 24 for he looks at himself, and goes away, and immediately forgets what he was like. 25 But he that looked into the perfect Torah, that of freedom, and continues in it, not becoming a hearer that forgets, but a doer of work, this one shall be blessed in his doing of the Torah.

We ‘guard to do’ all He commands in order that we may live and take possession of that which יהוה has planned for us.


Mattithyahu/Matthew 7:24-27 “Therefore everyone who hears these words of Mine, and does them, shall be like a wise man who built his house on the rock, 25 and the rain came down, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house, and it did not fall, for it was founded on the rock. 26 “And everyone who hears these words of Mine, and does not do them, shall be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand, 27 and the rain came down, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and they beat on that house, and it fell, and great was its fall.

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 5:3-4 “For this is the love for Elohim, that we guard His commands, and His commands are not heavy, 4 because everyone having been born of Elohim overcomes the world. And this is the overcoming that has overcome the world: our belief.


Verse 1 – Come in because I have seen!

Here in this verse we see a powerful illustration of the sure and promised reward of walking in and guarding to do all the commands of Elohim as we walk in righteousness. Noaḥ, having now built the ark and done all according to the clear instructions was now called to enter in – notice that Noaḥ did not presume to have any right to enter in, but only at the call of Elohim was he able to enter in!

The Hebrew word translated as ‘come’ is root verb בּוֹא bo – Strong’s H935 which means, to come in, go in, bring in, enter, to cause to come in, to bring near. This is the fourth most frequent occurring verb in the Tanak, and it used 2570 times, for the most part with everyday meanings of “go, arrive, enter a house,” or, more idiomatically, “to die” (go to the fathers) or for sexual relations (come in to her). A synonym for this verb is הָלַךְ halaḵ - Strong’s H1980 which carries the meaning, ‘to walk, to live, manner of life, cause to live’ and literally speaks of how one lives. It is used as a verb indicating that it is an active expression of one’s life. This is verb when written in the ‘qal active’ tense renders the meaning, to go, to walk, come, proceed, depart, move, go away, to die, live, manner of life (figuratively).

An antonym for this verb בּוֹא bo – Strong’s H935 is יָצָא yatsa – Strong’s H3318 meaning, to go or come out, brought, came, go forth, depart, go forward, proceed. What we can clearly see here is a call to Noaḥ to ‘come in’ and not ‘go out’, hence the reality of the lesson for us in terms of the last days being as the days of Noah, as we can see that the final call for the righteous to come out of sin and corruption has gone out along with the call for the righteous to ‘come in’ to the refuge and shelter of the Most High.

The Greek word used in the LXX (Septuagint – Greek translation of the Tanak) is εἰσέρχομαι eiserchomai – Strong’s G1525 which means, enter, go in, come, come in, arise, which comes from the two words: 1) εἰς eis – Strong’s G1519 which is a primary preposition that means, to or into (indicating the point reached or entered, of place and time, or figuratively meaning the purpose or result), and 2) ἔρχομαι erchomai – Strong’s G2064 which means, to come, go, arrive, brought, which is used in:

Ḥazon /Revelation 22:17And the Spirit and the bride say, “Come!” And he who hears, let him say, “Come!” And he who thirsts, come! And he who desires it, take the water of life without paying!

The Greek word translated 3 times here as ‘come’ is the word ἔρχομαι erchomai – Strong’s G2064 which means, to come, go, arrive, brought, and here highlights the clear picture of those who are able to enter into the reign of the new heavens and earth, where no unrighteous will be allowed. It is obedient faith that gets one to be able to respond clearly to the call to ‘come in’ and dwell with the Master!

Ḥazon/Revelation 22:14Blessed are those doing His commands, so that the authority shall be theirs unto the tree of life, and to enter through the gates into the city.

This kind of obedient faith is what got Noaḥ to become the heir of true righteousness which is by and active belief:

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 11:7 “By belief, Noaḥ, having been warned of what was yet unseen, having feared, prepared an ark to save his house, through which he condemned the world and became heir of the righteousness which is according to belief.

יהוה says “I have seen”….! This is the term רָאִיתִי‘ra’aiytiy’!

We must take careful note here that יהוה sees ALL! Here יהוה declares that He has seen that Noaḥ was righteous before Him, and Noaḥ found favour in the eyes of יהוה and could therefore enter in because of righteousness. Look at these words spoken to Mosheh in:

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 9:13-14And יהוה spoke to me, saying, ‘I have seen this people, and look, they are a stiff-necked people. 14 ‘Leave Me alone, so that I destroy them and blot out their name from under the heavens, and make of you a nation stronger and greater than they.’

Mosheh interceded for a stiff-necked Yisra’ĕl which shadow pictures the great intercession of our Master and Elohim, who by His righteousness has caused us to be able to enter in as we stay in Him and walk as He walked and guard to do all he commands us to – for this is our righteousness!

Nothing is hidden from Elohim, therefore let us guard His Word!

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 4:12-14For the Word of Elohim is living, and working, and sharper than any two-edged sword, cutting through even to the dividing of being and spirit, and of joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart. 13 And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all are naked and laid bare before the eyes of Him with whom is our account. 14 Therefore, since we have a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens, יהושע the Son of Elohim, let us hold fast our confession.

Righteousness which is according to belief! This speaks of obedience to the instructions of Elohim, even when we might not understand what is coming! Today there is a false teaching that claims all you have to do is ‘believe’ and then you are ‘righteous’ and is known among many Christian circles as ‘faith righteousness’ which assumes a right standing in Messiah if one simply just believes in Him without the need to actually do any of His commands! Ya’aqoḇ deals very plainly with this issue which was seemingly a problem back in his day too – faith without works is dead – even the demons believe that Elohim is One and they tremble and fear!!! It is very clear that Noaḥ acted on His belief and did what was commanded and by his righteous acts of obedience he condemned a wicked and lawless world and we see that Messiah relays this same message of how those who have repented from dead works and lawlessness and turned back to the living Elohim and walk according to the Torah will condemn those who continue to walk in lawlessness, despite their vain efforts of assuming the false teachings and doctrines of demons that says you only have to believe and not do!

Mattithyahu/Matthew 12:41-42 “Men of Ninewěh shall stand up in the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of Yonah, and look, a greater than Yonah is here. 42 “The sovereigness of the South shall rise up in the judgment with this generation and shall condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Shelomoh, and look, a greater than Shelomoh is here.

Those who hear, guard and do the Torah of Elohim as they walk according to the Master יהושע Messiah will by their obedience condemn the disobedient!

What we can certainly learn from Noaḥ is that while the world may have shunned the clear righteousness of a man who walked with Elohim, he was not intimidated into following the ways of man but held fast to the pure commands of Elohim and overcame. Today there are certainly more than 8 on the earth who are living as Noaḥ lived, and even are facing the same persecutions he certainly would have, yet the call here is that we persevere and remain steadfast in our obedient walk of faith in Messiah, for our Elohim does look upon us and He sees all that we do as He beckons us daily to come boldly and enter in to His presence, which we now have access by the Blood of Messiah!

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 18:10 “The Name of יהוה is a strong tower; the righteous run into it and are safe.

Tsephanyah/Zephaniah 2:3 “Seek יהוה, all you meek ones of the earth, who have done His right-ruling. Seek righteousness, seek meekness, if so be that you are hidden in the day of wrath of יהוה.

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 3:7 “Little children, let no one lead you astray. The one doing righteousness is righteous, even as He is righteous.

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 3:10 “In this the children of Elohim and the children of the devil are manifest: Everyone not doing righteousness is not of Elohim, neither the one not loving his brother.

The point I am trying to stress here is that Noaḥ was a man who ‘did’ righteousness – that is to obey and do the commands of Elohim, and so too in these last days we can learn that it is only those who are ‘doing’ righteousness that are actually righteous and will be ‘covered’ in the day of the wrath of Elohim. This is a very narrow path and few find it – hear, guard and do, that you may be found in Him as one who held fast to His Name and guard His commands.

Ḥazon/Revelation 14:12 “Here is the endurance of the set-apart ones, here are those guarding the commands of Elohim and the belief of יהושע.


Verse 2-3

Of the clean beasts Noaḥ was commanded to take 7 pairs and of the unclean only one pair of male and female. The root word used here for ‘clean’ is the Hebrew word טָהוֹר tahor – Strong’s H2889 which means, clean, pure, purity, who is clean, while the term for ‘unclean’ simply has the word ‘lo’ before it. לאֹ lo – Strong’s H3808 is the primitive adverb that means, not, no, never, neither’. Noaḥ certainly already knew what was clean and what was unclean, and we are able to see the list of what is clean and was is unclean in Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 14 and Wayyiqra/Leviticus 11.

Notice here that 7 pairs of clean animals were to taken while only one pair of the unclean. This was so that Noaḥ would be able to make the proper sacrifices to יהוה when they would come out of the ark, which are of the clean animals, while still having other pairs to be fruitful and multiply. The unclean pairs only needed one pair to survive and be fruitful once they came out of the ark.

Verse 4-24

In Noaḥ’s 600th year the flood waters were on the earth and he and his family went in together with all the animals, as instructed. In the 17th of the second month the fountains of the deep were broken up and the windows of heaven were opened and it rained solid for 40 days and forty nights! 40 is a very significant number in Scripture as being one of testing and transition. On the 27th of the 3rd month the rain had stopped. Ninewěh was given 40 days to repent when Yonah went to speak the word of יהוה (Yonah/Jonah 3:4).

יהושע Messiah was tried in the Wilderness for 40 days and nights, and we also recognise how after His resurrection He walked with His disciples for 40 days teaching them about the Kingdom of Elohim.

In verse 16 we see how it was יהוה who shut the door of the ark, and so shall it be in the latter days! There is coming a time when the ‘ark door will close’ so to speak, and when the wrath of Elohim is poured out the door will not be open for anyone to enter in!!!

During the 40 days of the flood being on the earth all flesh on the earth died, including the line of Qayin!

The water remained on the earth for 150 days (5 months)!

In Verse 4 יהוה made it clear to Noaḥ that after 7 more days the flood rains would come, and in verse 11 we see this confirmed – that after 7 days the flood waters were on the earth! This is itself is a great lesson of how יהוה clearly declares the ‘end from the beginning’; and we who are ‘in’ Him and are found to be dressed in garments of righteousness, shall escape the coming wrath that is to be poured out on the nations!

Anyone who had any perception and discernment at this stage may have been asking what Methuselaḥ’s death would bring! Methuselaḥ, as we know from Berěshith/Genesis 5, was the son of Ḥanoḵ and grandfather of Noaḥ. He was the oldest man ever to live and lived 969 years old. It is believed that he died 7 days prior to the flood and it is fitting that the words of יהוה to Noaḥ that the waters of the flood would be after 7 days, most definitely fit the clear prophetic meaning of the name of Noaḥ’s grandfather! The anticipated death of the oldest man would bring in a time of the end, so to speak – and only those who were righteous would be saved! This is a severe warning for all the inhabitants of the earth today as we recognise the signs of the times as being likened to the days of Noaḥ, and only those who are truly ‘in’ Messiah and have been clothed with His Righteousness and continue to guard to do all He commands, shall be delivered. As Noaḥ did all that Elohim commanded him, and was then called to enter into the Ark, so too do we recognise that only those who ‘do’ all that Elohim has commanded us, shall be called into His secure presence, while those in the world who are simply continuing in their apostasy and doing as they please in our own eyes, shall find themselves ‘outside’ of the Covenants of Promise!

With this word to Noaḥ of the flood coming after 7 days, we are once again reminded of the Creation Week of 7 days and how it pictures clearly for us the full 7000 years of the plan of deliverance of Elohim, and as Kěpha tells us not to let the one matter of how 1000 years is as one day to Elohim, and vice versa, we are continually made aware of the need to be a hearing, guarding and doing people of Elohim, especially in these dark and wicked times of apostasy!

Kěpha Bět/2 Peter 3:3-12 “knowing this first: that mockers shall come in the last days with mocking, walking according to their own lusts, 4 and saying, “Where is the promise of His coming? For since the fathers fell asleep, all continues as from the beginning of creation.” 5 For they choose to have this hidden from them: that the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water, by the Word of Elohim, 6 through which the world at that time was destroyed, being flooded with water. 7 And the present heavens and the earth are treasured up by the same Word, being kept for fire, to a day of judgment and destruction of wicked men. 8 But, beloved ones, let not this one matter be hidden from you: that with יהוה one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. 9 יהוה is not slow in regard to the promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward us, not wishing that any should perish but that all should come to repentance. 10 But the day of יהוה shall come as a thief in the night, in which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with intense heat, and the earth and the works that are in it shall be burned up. 11 Seeing all these are to be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be in set-apart behaviour and reverence, 12 looking for and hastening the coming of the day of Elohim, through which the heavens shall be destroyed, being set on fire, and the elements melt with intense heat!

Mattithyahu/Matthew 24:37-39 “And as the days of Noaḥ, so also shall the coming of the Son of Aḏam be. 38 “For as they were in the days before the flood, eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noaḥ entered into the ark, 39 and they did not know until the flood came and took them all away, so also shall the coming of the Son of Aḏam be.

Tas’loniqim Aleph/1 Thessalonians 5:1-4 “Now, brothers, as to the times and the seasons, you do not need to be written to. 2 For you yourselves know very well that the day of יהוה comes as a thief in the night. 3 For when they say, “Peace and safety!” then suddenly destruction comes upon them, as labour pains upon a pregnant woman, and they shall not escape. 4 But you, brothers, are not in darkness, so that this Day should overtake you as a thief.

Here Sha’ul is making it very clear to the believers in Thessalonica that they should not be taken unaware as to the times, for just as Noaḥ was told by Elohim that the flood would come forth after 7 days; so too do we have the clear evidence of Scripture as to the set Appointed Times of Elohim, and His coming should not come upon us as a thief! Sadly those who do not keep the Sabbath and Feasts of Elohim are out of sync with Elohim’s clear timing, and the Day of יהוה will certainly overtake them as a thief!

Just as Noaḥ, who was a righteous man, so too do we need to guard to do all He commands (for that is righteousness for us), and hold fast to the testimony and witness of Messiah, as we stay ‘in’ Him and keep His Appointed Feasts and Sabbaths with the sure joy and comfort of knowing that we shall endure and be covered in His Righteousness and loving-commitment!

In a manner of speaking there was another 7 days given for people to repent; and I am certain that Noaḥ did all he could to call people to repentance, yet we see the tragedy of how through a lack of knowledge people perish. Not because the knowledge is not there to be heard, but rather that people stubbornly refuse to listen and obey, as they wold rather satisfy their own fleshly needs! Just before Seḏom was destroyed, Aḇraham pleaded with יהוה that for the sake of the righteous that it would be saved – the reality was that there was not even 10 righteous in Seḏom and only Lot and his two daughters made it out, for his wife looked back and died!

Verse 5

7 days until the flood were decreed and Noaḥ did all that Elohim commanded him to! This is a wonderful picture of steadfast obedience in the midst of the most perverse and wicked environment! As already mentioned, the Hebrew root word for ‘did’ is עָשָׂה asah – Strong’s H6213 meaning, to do, work, make, produce, ta act with effect, to observe, to bring about, institute and can also mean, celebrate, which I think is very fitting. As it is truly a great ‘joy’ TO DO the laws and right-rulings as prescribed!

Now that he had completed the work on the Ark, יהוה made it known to Noaḥ the exact timing of the coming destruction. Herein lies a vital lesson for us all – as we may not know the exact year, or rather day or hour that Messiah is coming again, but we are commanded to be diligent in our steadfast obedience as we keep His Appointed Times and keep watch! When that final Yom Teruah comes and we enter into those 10 days until Yom Kippur, as we await our King to come out of the Most Set-Apart Place on Yom Kippur, we need to realise that we ought to have ‘finished’ our working out of our deliverance with fear and trembling, in order that we will faithfully endure the 10 days of pressure, knowing that we are sealed in the Blood of Messiah, having the mark/seal of His Spirit upon us through our complete obedience to His commands!!

Noaḥ and his family went into the Ark at the command of Elohim, and having been told that there were still 7 days left, they had competed their preparations, and this too took great faith, as this family who had never seen rain or flood, and by faith would enter into the Ark on the day it started to rain and the flood waters would come! This is also a picture of the ‘latter rains’ of Elohim, which is a comfort for those who live by pure active faith and guard the commands, while for others who claim to have faith yet disregard obedience to the Torah, will be caught unawares and with no place of refuge!

Verse 8-9

The animals, birds and creeping creatures went into the ark in pairs. We know that from verse 2 the clear command was given for Noaḥ to take in 7 pairs of the clean animals and 1 pair of unclean animals. A male and female pairing was necessary to ensure the preservation of these creatures. The reason that 7 pairs of clean animals were to be taken, would clearly be for the provision of food for Noaḥ and his family, as well as for offerings that would need to be made to Elohim.

Verse 16

The door of the Ark was ‘shut’ by יהוה. This too is a powerful truth that it is יהוה who shuts and it is He who opens! The word for ‘shut’ in Hebrew is סָגַר sagar – Strong’s H5462 which means, to shut, close, deliver. This word is used in:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 22:22 “And I shall place the key of the house of Dawiḏ on his shoulder. And he shall open, and no one shuts; and shall shut, and no one opens.

Here this clearly speaks of Messiah being the One who shuts and opens:

Ḥazon/Revelation 1:17-18 “And when I saw Him, I fell at His feet as dead, and He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid, I am the First and the Last, 18 and the living One. And I became dead, and see, I am living forever and ever. Aměn. And I possess the keys of the grave and of death.

Ḥazon/Revelation 3:7 “And to the messenger of the assembly in Philadelphia write, ‘He who is set-apart, He who is true, He who has the key of Dawiḏ, He who opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens, says this

We have this assurance in Messiah, as we guard to do all He has commanded us, that He will be with us through waters and through fire, and no harm shall come upon us, as He Himself ‘shuts us up’ in Him!

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 43:2 “When you pass through the waters, I am with you; and through rivers, they do not overflow you. When you walk through fire, you are not scorched, and a flame does not burn you.

Verse 17-20

The flood was on the earth for 40 days and the waters grew exceedingly great, and the waters lifted up the Ark and it was on top of the waters. We are told in verse 18 we are told that the Ark ‘moved about’ on the surface of the waters. Some translations says ‘floated’, and the Hebrew root word used here is הָלַךְ hā∙lǎḵ - Strong’s H1980 meaning, ‘to walk, to live, manner of life, cause to live’ and literally speaks of how one lives.

This is a very interesting picture being given for us here, as we understand what it means to ‘walk’ in Messiah as faithful servants in the midst of a corrupt and wicked generation. With this understanding of the Ark ‘walking’ on the waters, I am immediately reminded of the time the talmidim (disciples) were in the boat in the midst of a storm and יהושע Messiah came ‘walking on the waters of the storm’. This is a great parallel in witnessing to us how Messiah is our refuge in the storm! Just as Noaḥ and his family, and all the animals and creatures were safe in the Ark while ‘floating’ or moving about over the waters, so too do we see how the disciples were taught that with Messiah, who walks on the stormy seas, in our boat, we will be kept safe and be at peace in Him, as He calms our storms!

Marqos/Mark 6:49-51 “And when they saw Him walking on the sea, they thought it was a phantom, and cried out, 50 for they all saw Him and were troubled. And immediately He spoke to them and said to them, “Take courage, it is I. Do not be afraid.” 51 And He went up to them, into the boat, and the wind ceased. And they were exceedingly amazed in themselves, and marvelled.

I am sure that Noaḥ and his family had gone through a very rough time as the Ark was moved mightily over the waters, and the lesson we can learn from this is the assurance that just as the hand of Elohim, that had closed them in was with them, so too are we assured of His provision and protection as we stay in Him! The waters became 15 cubits and upwards – that is to say that the waters rose up 6,75 metres and up!!!

The image of the destruction of the wicked world, and the preservation of the righteous, through the flood gives us great insight into our immersion into Messiah:

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 3:17-22 “For it is better, if it is the desire of Elohim, to suffer for doing good than for doing evil. 18 Because even Messiah once suffered for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to Elohim, having been put to death indeed in flesh but made alive in the Spirit, 19 in which also He went and proclaimed unto the spirits in prison, 20 who were disobedient at one time when the patience of Elohim waited in the days of Noaḥ, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight beings, were saved through water, 21 which figure now also saves us: immersion – not a putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward Elohim – through the resurrection of יהושע Messiah, 22 who, having gone into heaven, is at the right hand of Elohim, messengers and authorities and powers having been subjected to Him.


Verse 23

While the wicked were destroyed along with all were on the face of the ground – man and beast, creeping creature and birds of the heavens, we are told very clearly here that only Noaḥ and those with him in the ark were left! This is a very powerful picture of the assurance of those who ‘stay in’ Messiah shall be preserved and delivered, while those who are ‘outside’ will be destroyed! This very vivid picture of those who were on the Ark were not destroyed amidst the raging torrents of the waters on the earth, brings to mind a very similar account which portrays the very same message for us, when Sha’ul found himself on a boat that was being tossed about in the raging seas, and he appealed to all were on the boat to stay on the boat, in order that none be harmed!

Ma’asei/Acts 27:23-24 “For tonight a messenger of the Elohim to whom I belong and whom I serve, stood by me, 24 saying, ‘Do not be afraid, Sha’ul, you have to be brought before Caesar. And look, Elohim has favourably given you all those who sail with you.’

As Sha’ul was being transported as a prisoner on a cargo ship, the ship had set sail during a very stormy season and despite warnings to not sail, they did and when the storms became unbearable, and the men on the ship feared for their lives, the cargo of the ship was thrown overboard to make the ship lighter. Some of the sailors pretended to let the anchors down, while trying to escape, we see the clear words of appeal from Sha’ul:

Ma’asei/Acts 27:31-32 “Sha’ul said to the captain and the soldiers, “If these do not remain in the ship, it is impossible for you to be saved.” 32 Then the soldiers did cut the ropes of the boat and let it fall off.

They listened to this urgent appeal, and as a result not one of the men who were on the boat was harmed, despite the boat being completely destroyed as it run aground.

Ma’asei/Acts 27:44 “and the rest, some indeed on boards, and some on items of the ship. And so it came to be that all reached the land in safety.

Herein lies a great lesson for us, in that we are to ‘stay in the boat’ so to speak, with the metaphoric meaning for us to ‘stay in Messiah’, as we guard to do all His commands with urgency and without compromise or pretence with ulterior motives!

The Hebrew root word used in Berěshith/Genesis 7:23 for ‘left’ is שָׁאַר sha’ar- Strong’s H7604 which means, ‘to remain, left over and to swell up, remnant, survivors, left alive’. This word is translated as ‘leave’ in reference to the remnant that is delivered in the following verse:

Ezra/9:8 “But now, for a short while, favour has been shown from יהוה our Elohim, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a peg in His set-apart place, that our Elohim might enlighten our eyes and give us a little reviving in our bondage.

Once again this word is used twice in reference to ‘the remnant who are left’, in:

Neḥemyah/Nehemiah 1:3 “And they said to me, “The remnant who are left of the captivity in the province are there in great evil and reproach. And the wall of Yerushalayim is broken down, and its gates are burned with fire.

What we can understand form this is clear, as evident through the account of Noaḥ and his family – and that is it shall only be a remnant that shall be left and escape the raging judgment of the wrath of Elohim! We who remain in Messiah, shall be delivered! This is a very sober wake up call for all who claim to follow Messiah, to actually stay in Him and not allow any form of compromise in their lives, lest they find themselves ‘outside of His covering’ when he comes!

The remnant shall be saved!


Verse 1 – And Elohim remembered Noaḥ!

Mal’aḵi/Malachi 3:16-18 “Then shall those who fear יהוה speak to one another, and יהוה listen and hear, and a book of remembrance be written before Him, of those who fear יהוה, and those who think upon His Name. 17 “And they shall be Mine,” said יהוה of hosts, “on the day that I prepare a treasured possession. And I shall spare them as a man spares his own son who serves him. 18 “Then you shall again see the difference between the righteous and the wrong, between one who serves Elohim and one who does not serve Him.

 יהוה had certainly not forgotten about Noaḥ but rather we see here how it rather renders the concept of having ‘markedNoaḥ for a day of deliverance, and this speaks of the great faithfulness and loving-commitment of יהוה to those who are ‘in’ Him, as we who fear יהוה have the assurance that our names are written before Him, and we see in Scripture the clear promise to a Covenant people:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 49:16 “See, I have inscribed you on the palms of My hands; your walls are always before Me.

Those who depart from Elohim shall not be inscribed on His hands but rather be written in the earth:

Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 17:13 “O יהוה, the expectation of Yisra’ĕl, all who forsake You are put to shame. “Those who depart from Me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken יהוה, the fountain of living waters.

Tehillah/Psalm 111:5 “He has given food to those who fear Him; He remembers His covenant forever.

As we recognise that the Master יהוה remembers His covenant forever, we see how He has given us also the clear instructions to guard the remembrance of His Shabbat and Feasts, by ‘doing’ them!

The Hebrew word for ‘remember’ is זָכַרzaḵar H2142 which means ‘to remember, or be mindful, or bring to remembrance’, from which we get the word זִכָּרוֹןzikkaronH2146 meaning ‘memorial, commemoration or remembrance’.

In Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 16:12 we are given further insight in ‘how’ we are to keep this Feast, and in doing this helps us embrace the true heart of voluntary rejoicing! We are told to ‘remember that we were slaves in Mitsrayim and we shall guard and do these laws’. We are to remember that we were slaves in Mitsrayim – in other words we remember that we were once not a people, but now are a people of Elohim! we were bought at a price, by the Blood of Messiah, our Passover Lamb; and this call to remember that we were slaves in Mitsrayim is for the clear purpose of remembering who we now are! We were once a people who were enslaved to the world and held fast under the heavy burdens of false dogmas and vain traditions of man, but now have been delivered from the house of bondage and set free to obey the True Master of all creation! This verse is very clear – remember that you were once a slave in Mitsrayim, so now you shall obey the Torah!!! It was on Shaḇu’ot that the children of Yisra’ĕl heard the voice of יהוה from Mount Sinai and entered into a Marriage Covenant with the Most High; and after hearing the Ten Words they said to Mosheh that they would die if they continued to hear the voice of יהוה and said that Mosheh should hear the rest and come and tell them the commands and instructions, which they said they would guard to do! They too had been delivered from slavery and on Shaḇu’ot were called to be a ready bride that would guard the Marriage Covenant! We know that this did not happen and after Messiah came to die for us and set us free from our sin and enslavement to the world, we come now to Shaḇu’ot where we remember that were once gentiles in the flesh, without Messiah, excluded from the citizenship of Yisra’ĕl and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no expectation and without Elohim in the world, but now in Messiah יהושע we who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of the Messiah. With this remembrance is the clear reminder that we are to guard and do His Word!

Romiyim/Romans 6:17-18 “But thanks to Elohim that you were servants of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart that form of teaching to which you were entrusted. 18 And having been set free from sin, you became servants of righteousness.

Elohim made a wind to pass over the earth or better put He blew a breath over the earth! So here we see that just as in creation when the earth was void and without form and the spirit moved over the waters, we see here once again that after the destruction of wickedness that His breath would again move over the waters and bring back His order and the waters subsided, which speaks of how His judgement had now subsided.

In verse 4 we see that on the 17th day of the 7th month the ark came to rest on mount Ararat, which in Hebrew is  אֲרָרַט  - Strong’s H780 which means, the curse reversed, reversal of the curse, and so we see a wonderful picture here of the work of Messiah who takes away the curse of the Torah, which is death. The ark coming to rest on this Mountain is a powerful picture of the great provision of Elohim for all who have responded to His call to come out of darkness, and find rest in Messiah our King!

Though the ark had come to rest the waters were still receding, and only on the 1st of the 10th month did the tops of the mountains become visible. At the end of another 40 days, which would have now been the 10th of the 11th month did Noaḥ open the window of the ark and sent out a raven, which is an unclean bird! The raven kept going out and turning back and is a picture of Satan who roams to and fro on the earth, seeking who he can devour. The raven would only do this until the waters had dried up from the earth and so too we see the picture of Satan’s days being numbered, as the waters which often can represent the abyss or darkness and chaos, will be dried up and destroyed.

The word for raven is עֹרֵב oreḇ - Strong’s H6158 and comes from the primitive root עָרַב araḇ – Strong’s H6150 which means, to grow or become dark, to become evening, turns to gloom, and certainly represents a clear and vivid picture of Satan and his works and all who follow him are sons of darkness and children of the night!

Then Noaḥ sent out a dove – which is the Hebrew word יוֹנָה Yonah – Strong’s H3123 from which we also get the name of the prophet that was sent to Ninewěh to call a people to repentance!

The dove is a clean bird and what is interesting here is that Noaḥ sent out the dove to see if the waters had in fact receded and in this we see the picture of the call to repentance that has gone out, even while the roaming raven is flying to and fro, meaning that even while Satan may be leading many astray through his cunning craftiness and trickery, the pure Word of Elohim has gone out and the call to repentance is made loud and clear!

When the dove found no place to rest it returned and so Noaḥ waited another 7 days and sent it out again and it brought back an olive leaf; and after another 7 days he sent it out again and it did not return. In the 1st of the 1st month the waters had dried up and Noaḥ removed the covering of the ark.

This word for covering is מִכְסֶה miḵseh – Strong’s H4372 which comes from the primitive root word כָּסָה kasa – Strong’s H3680 which means, to cover, clothe, clothed, concealed. Meleḵ

The word for covering - מִכְסֶה miḵseh which is used here for the ark is used another 15 times in Scripture in regards to the covering of the skins for the Tabernacle!

What is an interesting picture in the dove not finding a place to rest and then after 14 days the dove did not return picturing that it had found rest; and so too when we see that when יהושע Messiah was immersed that the Spirit descended in bodily form like a dove upon Him! In other words the ‘dove’ came to rest on Messiah and we are immersed in Messiah find that we too have His spirit come and rest upon us and dwell in us, equipping us to walk according to His Torah! On the 27th of the 2nd month the earth was dry and Elohim spoke to Noaḥ and instructed him to come out of the ark. This was over a month after Noaḥ saw that the ground was dry, yet it took a while for the whole earth to become dry as Mount Ararat is over 5000 meters high! They had been in the ark for 377 days (from the 10th of the 1st month to the 27th of the second month of the following year – based on a 30 day per month cycle). Noaḥ and his sons and all the animals went into the ark at the command of Elohim and after 7 days of being in the ark (17th of the 2nd month) the waters of the flood were on the earth!

29/30 day month cycle today:

Today our month’s cycle is either 29 or 30 days and we therefore recognize that there is the need to have a 13th month usually every 3 years. The change of the number of days per month happened at the time of Ḥizqiyahu, the king of Yehuḏah, when he became very sick and יהוה had sent word through Yeshayahu to Ḥizqiyahu that he was going to die. Ḥizqiyahu then cried out to יהוה and Yeshayahu was sent back to him to tell him his prayer was heard and his tears seen and that יהוה would heal Ḥizqiyahu and add 15 years to his life. Ḥizqiyahu asked Yeshayahu what the sign that would heal him and he was asked whether the shadow of the sun wold go forward 10 degrees or backward 10 degrees, to which Ḥizqiyahu replied that it should go backward 10 degrees and so יהוה at that point brought the shadow 10 degrees backward, by which it had gone down on the sundial of Aḥaz. (Melaḵim Bět/2 Kings 20:1-11)

יהוה adjusted the timing of the month as a sign to Ḥizqiyahu by making the shadow of the sun go backward 10 degrees, without moving the moon! This is important for us to understand for there was another time in Scripture that records a ‘stopping’ of time if you will when Yehoshua fought against the Amorites and defended the Giḇ‘onites:

Yehoshua/Joshua 10:12-14 “Then Yehoshua spoke to יהוה in the day when יהוה gave the Amorites over to the children of Yisra’ĕl, and he said before the eyes of Yisra’ĕl, “Sun, stand still over Giḇ‘on; and moon, in the Valley of Ayalon.” 13 So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, till the nation avenged itself upon their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Yashar? Thus the sun stopped in the midst of the heavens, and did not hasten to go down for an entire day. 14 And there has been no day like that, before it or after it, that יהוה listened to the voice of a man, because יהוה fought for Yisra’ĕl.

On this day the sun and moon stood still, therefore causing ‘time’ to stand still and therefore this did not affect the cycle of the sun and moon in determining the days, months and seasons.

At the time of Ḥizqiyahu only the sun was ‘moved’ and not the moon and as a result of the shadow being moved backward 10 degrees we can see how this would amount to a loss of 40 minutes per day. Accounting for a loss of 40 minutes per day over a 30 day period would amount to a loss of 1200 minutes per month, which over a 12 month period amounts to a loss of 14400 minutes per year. This over a 3 year period amounts to a loss of 43200 minutes between the cycle of the sun and the moon which follows in its path. This loss over 3 years amounts to 720 hours which when divided by 24 hours for a day brings the loss to 30 days every 3 years and therefore requiring an additional month – therefore the need for as 13th month on the Scriptural calendar which usually occurs every 3 years!

While many argue tis away as not being the case, we do have in Scripture clear evidence of a 13th month that had to have occurred at the time of Yeḥezqěl, thus confirming this clear change in the cycle of the sun and moon which was given as a sign to Ḥizqiyahu.

In Yeḥezqěl we have clear date markers which give us ample evidence to support the fact that a 13th month had to have occurred during the time that Yeḥezqěl was commanded to lie on his side for a total of 430 days.

In Yeḥezqěl/Ezekiel 1:1 we have a date where Yeḥezqěl saw visions of Elohim – it was in the 30th year on the 5th day of the 4th month! In verse 2 we are told that on the 5th of this month, which was in the 5th year of king Yehoyaḵin’s exile that the word of יהוה came to Yeḥezqěl. He is then shown some great matters and visions; after which he is given instructions on what to proclaim to Yisra’ĕl. In Yeḥezqěl/Ezekiel 3:15-16 we are given another clear date marker as he tells us that it came to be that after all the visions he was shown that he came to be sitting among the exiles at Tel Aḇiḇ who were dwelling by the River Keḇar and he sat there for 7 days, after which the word of יהוה came again to him. This would make it the 12th of the 4th month. He was then given clear instructions in chapter 4 to lie of his side for 390 days for the House of Yisra’ĕl and then turn over lie on his other side for 40 days for the House of Yehuḏah, making it a total of 430 days that he was to be lying down!!!

The next date we are given is in Yeḥezqěl/Ezekiel 8:1, which states that it was now the 6th year (being the 6th year of king Yehoyaḵin’s exile) on the 5th of the 6th month, where Yeḥezqěl is no longer lying on his side but is ‘sitting’ in his house with the elders of Yehuḏah!

So we have the clear markers between the 5th and 6th years of king Yehoyaḵin’s exile, and in that time we are given the marker for when Yeḥezqěl was told to lie down in the 5th year, to when he was recorded as sitting in the 6th year.

If one marks out the available days between these key markers it is clear to see the need for a 13th month:

ezekiel 13th month

Above is a simple outline that shows the need for a 13th month, based on the key date markers given to us in Scripture in regards to Yeḥezqěl obeying the instructions of lying on his side for a total of 430 days. In the first chart, which is based on an assumed 30 day per month cycle, we can see that if you calculate the available days for Yeḥezqěl to fulfill the instructions of Elohim, you can see that in the event of there only being 12 months that there would only be 413 days available, which would be insufficient, remembering that in the first year there was only 18 days available in the 4th month as he received this instruction on the 12th of the 4th month in the 5th year! However when one adds in an extra month of 30 days there would be more than enough days for him to fulfill his task and be able to be sitting in his home on the 5th of the 6th month in the 6th year!

The second chart is just to show that in the event of a cycle that has 29 or 30 day months, which we would assume would have been in operation at this time considering that this takes place after the change of the calendar cycle at Ḥizqiyahu’s healing, and shows that with a 13th month on a 29/30 day month system that there would be sufficient days for Yeḥezqěl to lie on his side for 430 days, with at least 6 days to spare!!! Without a 13th month this would not be possible!


Verse 16 – go out of the ark!

What is very important to take note of in these accounts is that only at the command of יהוה did Noaḥ go in and out of the ark! On the 1st of the 1st month when Noaḥ removed the covering he did not presume to be able to go out, but rather waited for the command from Elohim which only came 57 days later!!!

Tehillah/Psalm 121:8 “יהוה guards your going out and your coming in now and forever.

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 28:6 “Blessed are you when you come in, and blessed are you when you go out.

Bemiḏbar/Numbers 9:23 “At the command of יהוה they camped, and at the command of יהוה they departed. They guarded the Charge of יהוה, at the command of יהוה by the hand of Mosheh.

Verse 20-22

Noaḥ built a slaughter place and offered up ascending offerings of all the clean animals to Elohim and it was a soothing fragrance to יהוה. The corrupt had been dealt with and now the offerings done in purity were once again a sweet aroma and well pleasing to יהוה.

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 2:1-5 “Having put aside, then, all evil, and all deceit, and hypocrisies, and envyings, and all evil words, 2 as newborn babes, desire the unadulterated milk of the Word, in order that you grow by it, 3 if indeed you have tasted that the Master is good. 4 Drawing near to Him, a living Stone – rejected indeed by men, but chosen by Elohim and precious – 5 you also, as living stones, are being built up, a spiritual house, a set-apart priesthood, to offer up spiritual slaughter offerings acceptable to Elohim through יהושע Messiah.

Qorintiyim Bět/2 Corinthians 2:15 “Because we are to Elohim the fragrance of Messiah among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing.


Verse 1-2

Elohim restored the dominion mandate to Noaḥ and his family, to be fruitful and increase on the earth and every beast, animal, bird and fish of the sea would be subject to them. This call or instruction to be fruitful and increase is a blessing for those who fear Elohim:

Tehillah/Psalm 128:3-4 “Let your wife be As a fruit-bearing vine within your house, Your sons like olive plants all around your table. 4 Look, so shall the man be blessed Who fears יהוה.

The root word for ‘blessed’ is  בָּרַךְ  bara – Strong’s H1288 which means, to kneel, bless, abundantly blessand literally carries the meaning, to kneel or bow down, to show respect, to bring a gift to another while kneeling out of respect’.

What we can see here is that the love we see from the Father is wonderful and in His blessing us, we can in a sense see the picture of how He ‘bends His knee’ toward us as a loving father would get down on his knee to speak tenderly and affectionately to his small child, coming down to his level and meeting him where he is at! When a father comes down to embrace his son and bends the knee and looks his child in the eye, there is a great sense of comfort and security that comes over the child, knowing his father loves him and will protect him – I am sure you can all picture this in your mind – and that is how our Heavenly Father ‘blesses’ us! He bends His knee and comes down to our level and meets us face to face and this brings us great comfort and assurance of His steadfast love for us!

We can be sure that what He speaks to us He will do and so when He says that He will bless the fruit of the womb, the fruit of the land, grain, wine, oil, livestock – then  He means it, and here is the promise for total care and provision!

יהוה blesses us and gives us wonderful gifts, and we are expected to bear fruit and use those gifts, not for self, but for the building up of the body; and we have a responsibility to increase and multiply (be fruitful) as we go and sow the Besorah of Messiah, labouring in love as we give our all in total surrendered obedience to Him who has blessed us in every way.

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 1:3 “Blessed be the Elohim and Father of our Master יהושע Messiah, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenlies in Messiah

All of His commands are blessings that open the doors for us to become abundantly fruitful and able to sow seeds of His Besorah (Good News) and Truth.

Verse 3

The command to eat meat is now given after the flood, and while many may only see the physical benefit to being able to eat meat, we need to realise why יהוה in fact gave this new ‘food law’. Prior to the flood no meat was to be eaten and now after the flood it is permitted and for a very important reason! We are told that Noaḥ and his family coming through the flood, being saved through water is a figure which now saves us - and that is our immersion in the Name of יהושע, being raised to new life by His resurrection from the dead! (Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 3:21-22)

Now in terms of being instructed to eat of the animals helps us to see clearly our ‘need’ to do so, for without this instruction we would not have been able to partake of the Lamb!

The Master יהושע Messiah tells us in:

Yoḥanan/John 6:48-56 ““I am the bread of life. 49 “Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness and they died. 50 “This is the bread which comes down out of the heaven, so that anyone might eat of it, and not die. 51 “I am the living bread which came down out of the heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he shall live forever. And indeed, the bread that I shall give is My flesh, which I shall give for the life of the world.” 52 The Yehuḏim, therefore, were striving with one another, saying, “How is this One able to give us His flesh to eat?” 53 יהושע therefore said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Aḏam and drink His blood, you possess no life in yourselves. 54 “He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood possesses everlasting life, and I shall raise him up in the last day. 55 “For My flesh is truly food, and My blood is truly drink. 56 “He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood stays in Me, and I in him.


Unless we eat the flesh of the Son of Aḏam and drink His blood” – יהושע was pointing to our partaking of His Appointed Feast of Pěsaḥ/Passover where we are commanded to eat Lamb, bitter herbs and Matzot (unleavened bread) and we also partake of the ‘fruit of the vine’ (grape juice). In Shemoth/Exodus chapter 13 we are told twice that Pěsaḥ and Matzot (Passover and the Feats of Unleavened Bread) shall be as a sign to us on our hand and as a reminder between our eyes! In other words when we keep  יהוה’s Appointed Feast of Pěsaḥ and Unleavened Bread we are ‘marked’ on our hand and forehead, as this being our distinguishing mark of who we worship and to whom we belong and are a part of – for without this Feast we have no part with Messiah! Now we are also told in Shemoth/Exodus 12 that no foreigner may eat of this meal, however if a stranger wants to perform the Pěsaḥ to יהוה, he must be circumcised, as no uncircumcised may eat of this Meal!!! When the stranger was circumcised he was as a native born – in other words he was grafted in and was now part of Yisra’ĕl and no longer a stranger!

Our immersion in The Name of Messiah is our “circumcision” done by His Hand and not the hands of men:

Qolasim/Colossians 2:11-14 “In Him you were also circumcised with a circumcision not made with hands, in the putting off of the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of Messiah, 12 having been buried with Him in immersion, in which you also were raised with Him through the belief in the working of Elohim, who raised Him from the dead. 13 And you, being dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He has made alive together with Him, having forgiven you all trespasses, 14 having blotted out the certificate of debt against us – by the dogmas – which stood against us. And He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the stake.

By His Blood we are grafted into the Covenants of Promise that we are once far from and by being immersed in His Name we are then able to perform the Pěsaḥ and ‘eat of His flesh and drink of His blood’.

With this new food law being instituted straight after the flood gives all who call on the Name of יהוה to be delivered and as we see in the Book of Ma’asei/Acts the repeated clear instruction for deliverance – ‘repent and be immersed’ for this will allow you to partake of the Pěsaḥ and be ‘in’ Messiah!

We need to recognise the great provision given for us to be redeemed by יהוה being instituted here straight after the flood in the allowance of eating clean animals which shadow picture Messiah’s sacrifice and atonement for our sin!

There are many who claim that they have to be vegetarians and not allowed to eat meat, as they try in their own strength to restore the dietary conditions that were in place prior to the flood, yet what they do not realise is that if one refuses to eat of the Pěsaḥ Meal then they have no part in the Body of Messiah, and to eat of the meal – immersion into His Name is necessary!

Verse 4 – Do not eat the Blood

Life is in the blood, and so the very clear command is given here that while animals were now allowed to be eaten, their blood was not to be eaten or drank! This command is repeated many times in Scripture and is a clear warning for all to heed, for life is in the blood must be poured out on the earth like water.

We are able to ‘eat’ of Messiah in partaking in the Pěsaḥ Meal as we recognise that His Blood was ‘poured out’ on the earth, when the soldier pierced His side and blood and water came gushing out and this too is what rendered Messiah as an acceptable spotless Lamb!

Eating the Blood was and still is a form of evil worship practices, and what eating the blood expresses, seeing that the life is in the Blood, is that the one who eats the blood is in effect saying that their life is their own and they have nothing to do with יהוה, who is the life giver. The only ‘Blood’ we are to partake in or ‘drink’ of is that of יהושע Messiah, and we do this by drinking of the fruit of the Vine (grape juice) at the Pěsaḥ Meal each year, for he is the ONLY life giver and our life is redeemed in His Blood.

Yoḥanan/John 6:53-56 “יהושע therefore said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Aḏam and drink His blood, you possess no life in yourselves. 54 “He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood possesses everlasting life, and I shall raise him up in the last day. 55 “For My flesh is truly food, and My blood is truly drink. 56 “He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood stays in Me, and I in him.

This life giving statement caused many to stumble!

In Ma’asei/Acts 15 we see the clear instruction being given to the nations that were being grafted in to the body being given clear instructions to not eat meat with the blood still in it, as this was one of the pagan worship practices, which is forbidden for the set-apart children of Elohim.

What we must recognise is that the repeated command of not eating the blood was to ensure that Yisra’ĕl got it, and it is a wonderful picture of how the blood of bulls and goats could never take away sins, for only the Blood of Messiah can do that and that is why His is the only Blood we are to partake in through the Pěsaḥ/Passover Meal, having been immersed in Him into His death and therefore raised to new life that His resurrection power lives in us by His Blood in order to possess everlasting life!

In the Ancient Hebrew alphabet the word דָּם dam – Strong’s H1818 which means, blood, looks like this:



The ancient script has this letter as dalet and is pictured as a ‘tent door’. It can also have the meaning of ‘a back and forth movement, as one goes back and forth through a tent door, and so speaks of an access point. It can also carry the meaning of ‘dangle’ or hanging as the tent door would hang from the roof pole of the tent. It speaks a great deal in terms of understanding the door of the tent of appointment as the only means of access.

Mem – ם:

The ancient script has this letter as mem and is pictured as ‘water’, and also carries the meaning of ‘chaos’ (from the storms of the sea) and can also picture that which is mighty or massive as well as the unknown. We are also able to understand this letter as representing the nations, for the nations are often likened to the seas in Scripture. This also carries for us the picture of washing, as we understand the function of water being that which cleanses us and sustains us, showing us how we are washed and sustained by the Living Waters of the Word! This letter also can represent any liquid, especially blood!

When you combine these two pictures together we can see the meaning, the moving back and forth of water" or the "flowing of blood".

The life of all flesh is in its blood! Blood is not a dead thing… without blood we have no life! We recognise that without the Blood of Messiah being shed for us we have no life! And it is by the Blood of our Master and Elohim that we have been declared right, and as we stay in Him we shall be saved from wrath through Him (Romiyim/Romans 5:9).

The Hebrew word for man, אָדָם aḏam – Strong’s H120 which means, man, mankind, human, person, has the letter ‘aleph’ (אָ) before the letters ‘dalet’ (דָ) and ‘mem’ (ם). In the ancient script the Hebrew word אָדָם aḏam looks like this:


Aleph - אָ:

The ancient script has this letter as aleph and is pictured as the head of an ox, and represents ‘strength’, meaning ‘muscle’ as the ox is the strongest of the livestock animals. This also carries the meaning of ‘yoke’, as an ox is placed in a yoke in order to plough or pull a heavy load in the right direction. This can also picture for us the ‘red heifer’ sacrifice that יהושע Messiah fulfilled!

Here we are able to see that the ‘strength’ of man is from the Aleph and Taw – the Beginning and the End, our Mighty Elohim, by whose Blood we have life, and life abundantly. The favourable gift of Elohim, through the Blood of Messiah has overflowed to many!

The first mention or use of the word דָּם dam – Strong’s H1818 is in Berěshith/Genesis 4:10 after Qayin killed Heḇel and יהוה asked Qayin what he had done as the blood of Heḇel cries out to יהוה from the ground.

Verse 5-6 – the death penalty!

Life for life – if the blood (that is the life) of a man was taken – then life is required! Even if an animal killed a man it was to be out to death! We praise יהוה that by His own blood He satisfies the penalty of ‘death’ for those who are ‘in’ Him by the Blood of Messiah, yet those who are not will find that the death sentence will be given at the judgement seat after the second resurrection. Blessed are those who have part in the first resurrection (those ‘in’ Messiah) for the second death shall have no power over them!

Verse 7 – be fruitful

This command to be fruitful is repeated after having been given in verse 1  and is a clear picture for us that our fruitfulness is dependent upon how we handle ‘life’ properly according to His instructions.

Verse 8-17 – Covenant established

יהוה establishes a covenant with Noaḥ and his cons and with every living being that He will never again destroy the earth with a flood, and never again with all flesh be cut off by the waters of the flood, and the sign of this covenant would forever be the rainbow. יהוה set His ‘bow’ in the cloud! The Hebrew word used here for ‘rainbow’ is קֶשֶׁת  qesheth – Strong’s H7198 which means, bow, archer, arrows and comes from the primitive root קָשָׁה  qashah – Strong’s H7185 which means, to be hard, severe or fierce, stiffened in the original sense of the primitive root word קוּשׁ  qosh – Strong’s H6983 meaning, to lay bait, ensnare. The word used for ‘set’ is נָתַתִּי  - ‘nathati’ – which is from the root word נָתַן Nathan – Strong’s H5414 and is written in the ‘qal active’ tense which can render the meaning of, to give, put, set, ascribe, entrust, give over, deliver up, constitute’.  From this understanding we see a wonderful picture of the great mercy of יהוה who has basically ‘put’ His fierce and severe arrow in the cloud; and so we need to realise that Noaḥ and his sons had never seen a rain cloud that did not bring destruction and here by the sign of His bow being set in the clouds to never bring destruction upon the earth in that way again was a powerful picture of His mercy toward His faithful remnant seed in that His mighty bow will not strike them. The rainbow would forever be a sign for us that His mercy endures forever and we who follow after Him and walk in Messiah need never fear His bow or arrow that has been drawn for those appointed for destruction:

Tehillah/Psalm 7:12-13 “If one does not repent! He sharpens His sword, He bends His bow and makes it ready, 13 And He has prepared for Himself instruments of death, He makes His arrows hot for pursuers.

The sign He has set in the heavens is therefore a two-fold sign – it is a witness of His loving-commitment toward the righteous who are hidden from His wrath, while at the same time a witness and warning against the wicked – that His bow is ready for the day of His wrath!

It is also a great sign for us who are ‘in’ Messiah that no matter how big or strong the bow of the enemy may seem, and no matter how many arrows the enemy tries to shoot at us – the enemies bow and arrows cannot match that of our Supreme Master and King – יהוה of Hosts!

The rainbow is also there as a remembrance to יהוה Himself of His covenant never to destroy all flesh again! Listen, if יהוה drew an arrow back in His bow toward the earth it would be doomed and so He set it in the heavens to remind Himself of His Covenant and He never breaks Covenant!

Clouds are often spoken of in Scripture as the symbol of the presence of יהוה and His care and protection over His people, and therefore this ‘bow’ in the clouds is a sign of that protection!

Yeḥezqěl speaks of this ‘presence of יהוה’ that he saw in the visions of Elohim:

Yeḥezqěl/Ezekiel 1:28 “As the appearance of a rainbow in a cloud on a rainy day, so was the appearance of the brightness all around it. This was the appearance of the likeness of the esteem of יהוה. And when I saw it, I fell on my face, and I heard a voice of One speaking.


Next time you see a rainbow in the sky, be reminded of the Everlasting Covenant Promise of salvation between יהוה and Yisra’ĕl!

Verse 18 -19

Noaḥ and his sons went out of the ark and here we see the first mention of the name of Kenaʽan who was the son of Ḥam. Why the mention of his name here? We know that Kenaʽan was the one who was cursed and so by the mention of his name here we see how יהוה looks back at whose seed he was.

The earth was overspread (populated) through the 3 sons of Noaḥ! Berěshith/Genesis 10 records the genealogy of these 3 sons, which we will look at shortly!

Verse 20-21 – Noaḥ’s vineyard

When reading this at first glance we certainly do not see the problem with planting a vineyard, yet the word translated as ‘and he began’ is the Hebrew word –  וַיָּחֶל– ‘v’yachal’ which is from the root word חָלַל ḥalal – Strong’s H2490 (chalal – with a ch.. sound as in loch) which means, profane, bore to pieces, kill, wound, defile, pollute, violate’.

What does it mean to profane? The word profane means ‘to treat something set-apart with abuse, irreverence or contempt’.

Here we see how Noaḥ began to be a man of the soil as Qayin was and in doing this he in essence restored the problems that Elohim had done away with through the flood!

What is very interesting to me is that the word for praise in Hebrew is הללhalal - Strong’s H1984 (with a soft sound as in ha) and in essence carries the meaning, ‘to shine, be boastful, give praise’.

These two words differ with a slight difference is the stroke of the pen by means of a little tiny gap! In Praise the letter ה (hey) is used and in profane the letter ח (ḥet) is used. Similar looking letters at a glance and hence the words, even at a glance, may seem to be the same, while they are the total opposite of each other and the difference in the written form is but a tiny little gap on the top left corner of the first letter! This may sound a little pedantic to some of you, but for me it makes me realise just how fine line it is between pure worship and profanity!

praise vs profane

Let me tell you why I find this very interesting in the closeness of these words – we see in the world today that there are many who claim to be born again believers of the Almighty yet in their worship they are offering profane worship and they cannot distinguish between the set-apart and the profane! The ‘church’ today is profaning the Name of יהוה and have not only brought His Name to nought but have profaned it by treating it with abuse, irreverence and contempt!

Although planting a vineyard is not a sin, what we see is that through this process of planting a vineyard to making wine to drink takes a long time and it was during that time that Noaḥ allowed this ‘profaning’ to happen again, by walking according to the desires of the flesh and not by the spirit!

He ‘drank’ of the wine and was ‘drunk’. The Hebrew word for ‘drank’ is שָׁתָה  shathah – Strong’s H8354 and is written in the ‘qal active’ tense which can render the meaning of. to drink, drinking of the cup of Elohim’s wrath.

The word for ‘drunk’ is שָׁכַר  shaḵer – Strong’s H7937 meaning, to be or become drunk, drunken, intoxicated.

To be intoxicated can also mean to be poisoned, and when walking according to the lusts of the flesh we can be in danger of being poisoned or drunk with power, greed, lust and coveting fleshly things. The danger of not ruling over the flesh can cause one to become drunk with that which never satisfies and become destroyed by the cup of whoring, like Qayin!

Before we attack Noaḥ, we can certainly recognise that there was a definite change in the atmospheric conditions on the earth after the flood and the fermentation process of the fruit of the vine may have been a lot quicker or even foreign to what happened before the flood. Understanding that according to Wayyiqra/Leviticus 19:25 fruit was only to be eaten in the 5th year, we can also see that there must have been a significant amount of time between the coming out of the ark and this incident of getting drunk, and the mentioning of Kenaʽan suggests that a significant amount of time had to have passed.  Things were all new, refreshed and fruit was growing, yet we see how it was just a matter of time before sin would find a way in, and we need to learn from this that we are to constantly be on guard, and never allow any form of compromise to find a way in to our lives, no matter how subtle it may seem!

The term ‘became uncovered’ is from the root word גָּלָה  galah – Strong’s H1540 and means, to uncover, remove, to be uncoveredand can also suggest the possibility that he did not uncover himself, but someone else did!

Verse 22-29

Ḥam saw his father’s nakedness and here the language speaks of not just seeing but gazing upon his father’s nakedness and instead of doing something about it he went and ‘told’ his brothers. The word for told is from the root word נָגַד nagaḏ – Strong’s H5046 and being written in the ‘hiphil active’ tense which is the ‘causative action of the verb’ can be rendered as meaning, to declare, announce, publish, proclaim and so we can see here that Ḥam did not try to keep this quiet but rather made a huge noise about it to his brothers and so by doing this he ‘mocked’ his father.

Tehillah/Psalm 70:3 “Let those who say, “Aha, aha!” Be turned back because of their shame.

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 30:17 “An eye that mocks his father, And scorns to obey his mother – Ravens of the wadi dig it out, And young eagles eat it!

Ḥam could have dealt with the issue quietly and acted in love:

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 13:4-7 “Love is patient, is kind, love does not envy, love does not boast, is not puffed up, 5 does not behave indecently, does not seek its own, is not provoked, reckons not the evil, 6 does not rejoice over the unrighteousness, but rejoices in the truth, 7 it covers all, believes all, expects all, endures all.

Galatiyim/Galatians 6:1-2 “Brothers, if a man is overtaken in some trespass, you the spiritual ones, set such a one straight in a spirit of meekness, looking at yourself lest you be tried too. 2 Bear one another’s burdens, and so complete the Torah of Messiah.

Ḥam did not act in a spirit of meekness and therefore was not walking according to the Torah of Elohim; and we must learn from this account as we may see the sins/nakedness of many of our brothers of which we have a responsibility to restore them to the Truth and help them get clothed in righteousness again – not announce it to all!

The language used in these verses also suggest that some form of sexual sin had happened, and by all accounts it appears that Kenaʽan was the culprit, and when his father saw what had happened he used it as an opportunity to mock and laugh instead of disciplining his son and helping his father! We are not sure of the details of what had happened, but clearly something did happen, and to uncover a man’s skirt can in Scripture can also refer to having sex with that man’s wife, and so while we do not want to make false and unverified assumptions, we can deduce that a terrible act was done and when Noaḥ awoke, we are told that he knew what his ‘younger son’ had done; and this term ‘his younger son’ can also be used as a reference to his grandson.

In Hebrew it is written as ‘בְּנוֹ הַקָּטָן’ – ‘b’no haqqathan– from the two root words: בֵּן ben – Strong’s H1121son and קָטָן qatan – Strong’s H6996 which means, youngest, small, least, littlest, and can be a reference to a grandson as opposed to one’s youngest son.

This makes sense by what follows – Noaḥ rebukes Kenaʽan his grandson!!!

What is very interesting to take note of here in verse 25 is that the words of Noaḥ here are the first recorded words of Noaḥ!!! The first recorded words we have of this righteous man is a cursing of his grandson for the sinful deeds he had done and he said that Kenaʽan will always be a servant to his brothers. This is a powerful picture of those who walk according to the lusts of the flesh – they will always be servants!!!  Servants do not know what their master is doing and to those who walk in the Torah and do according to the Master’s instructions we see the comforting words of Messiah in:

Yoḥanan/John 15:14-15 “You are My friends if you do whatever I command you. 15 “No longer do I call you servants, for a servant does not know what his master is doing. But I have called you friends, for all teachings which I heard from My Father I have made known to you.

Doing the commands of Elohim, as we walk in Messiah, causes us to no longer be ‘called’ servants but ‘friends’. We still serve – that is for sure – yet we are not called servants because we who serve in Spirit and Truth know what our Master is doing for He reveals it to us through His teachings – His Torah and Prophets and Writings!!!

The Gi’onites who tricked Yehoshua into believing that they were from a far land, for fear of being destroyed, made a covenant with Yehoshua that he kept even after discovering their lie and told them in Yehoshua/Joshua 9:23 that they would never cease from being slaves, woodcutters and drawers of water for the House of Elohim – these were descendants of Kenaʽan and became a ‘servant of servant to their brothers’ and servant of ‘Shem’.

Noaḥ blessed יהוה, even after he and his tent had been defiled by his grandson and son, and shows us the humility of Noaḥ in that he does not only bless Elohim when there is comfortable circumstances – he blesses Elohim regardless of the circumstances!


The genealogy of the sons of Noaḥ:

Sons of Yepheth: - יֶפֶת Yepheth – Strong’s H3315 means, opened, expansion

  • Gomer  - גֹּמֶר  - Strong’s H1586 – ‘complete
    • oAshkenaz - אַשְׁכְּנַז  - Strong’s H813 – ‘a man as sprinkled: fire as scattered
    • oRiphath - רִיפַת  - Strong’s H7384 – ‘spoken
    • oToḡarmah - תֹּגַרְמָה  - Strong’s H8425 – ‘you will break her
  • Maḡoḡ - מָגוֹג – Strong’s H4031 – ‘land of Gog
  • Maḏai - מָדַי  - Strong’s H4074 – ‘middle land
  • Yawan - יָוָן  - Strong’s H3120 – ‘Ionia or Greece
    • oElishah - אֱלִישָׁה  - Strong’s H473 – ‘El of the coming (one)
    • oTarshish - תַּרְשִׁישׁ  - Strong’s H8659 – ‘yellow jasper
    • oKittim - כִּתִּיִּי Kittiyyi – Strong’s H3794 – ‘bruisers
    • oDoḏanim - דֹּדָנִים  - Strong’s H1721 – ‘leaders
  • Tuḇal - תֻּבַל  - Strong’s H8422 – ‘you shall be brought
  • Mesheḵ - מֶשֶׁךְ  - Strong’s H4902 – ‘drawing out
  • Tiras - תִּירָס  - Strong’s H8494 – ‘desire

Sons of Ḥam - חָם  - Strong’s H2526 – ‘hot

  • Kush -  כּוּשׁ  - Strong’s H3568 – ‘black
    • oSeḇa - סְבָא  - Strong’s H5434 – ‘you drink
    • oḤawilah - חֲוִילָה  - Strong’s H2341 – ‘circle
    • oSaḇtah - סַבְתָּה - Strong’s H5454 – ‘striking
    • oRaʽmah - רַעְמָא  - Strong’s H7484 – ‘horses mane, trembling

           §Sheḇa - שְׁבָא  - Strong’s H7614 – ‘seven or oath

           §Deḏan - דְּדָן  - Strong’s H1719 – ‘low country

    • oSaḇteḵa - סַבְתְּכָא  - Strong’s H5455 – ‘striking
    • oNimroḏ - נִמְרֹד  - Strong’s H5248 – ‘rebellion or the valiant
  • Mitsrayim - מִצְרַיִם  - Strong’s H4714 – ‘double straits
    • oLuḏim - לוּדִים  - Strong’s H3866 – ‘to the firebrands: travailings
    • oAnamim - עֲנָמִים  - Strong’s H6047 – ‘affliction of the waters
    • oLehaḇim - לְהָבִים  - Strong’s H3853 – ‘flames
    • oNaphtuḥim - נַפְתֻּחִים  - Strong’s H5320 – ‘openings
    • oPathrusim - פַּתְרֻסִים  - Strong’s H6625 – ‘regions of the south
    • oKasluḥim - כַּסְלֻחִים  - Strong’s H3695 – ‘fortified
      • §Philistines - פְּלִשְׁתִּי Pelishti – Strong’s H6430 – ‘immigrants
      • §Kaphtorim - כַּפְתֹּרִי Kaphtori – Strong’s H3732 – ‘a crown
  • Put  - פּוּט  - Strong’s H6316 – ‘a bow
  • Kenaʽan - כְּנַעַן  - Strong’s H3667 – ‘lowland
    • oTsiḏon - צִידוֹן  - Strong’s H6721 – ‘hunting
    • oḤĕth - חֵת  - Strong’s H2845 – ‘terror
    • oYeḇusite - יְבוּסִי Yebusi – Strong’s H2983 – ‘descendants of Yebus
    • oAmorite - אֱמֹרִי Emori – Strong’s H567 – ‘a sayer
    • oGirgashite –  גִּרְגָּשִׁיGirgashi - Strong’s H1622 – ‘dwelling on a clayey soil, clay dwellers
    • oḤiwwite - חִוִּי Ḥivvi Strong’s H2340 –‘villagers, the dwellers of the high place
    • oArqite - עַרְקִי Arqi – Strong’s H6208 – ‘gnawing
    • oSinite - סִינִי  - Strong’s H5513 – ‘thorn or clay
    • oArwaḏite - אַרְוָדִי Arvadi – Strong’s H721 – ‘I will break loose
    • oTsemarite - צְמָרִי Tsemari – Strong’s H6786 – ‘double woolens
    • oḤamathite - חֲמָתִי Ḥamathi – Strong’s H2577 – ‘hot spring, fortress


The sons of Shĕmשֵׁם  - Strong’s H8035 – ‘name

  • Ěylam - עוֹלָם  - Strong’s H5867 – ‘eternity
  • Ashshur - אֲשׁוּר  - Strong’s H804 – ‘a step
  • Arpaḵshaḏ - אַרְפַּכְשַׁד  - Strong’s H775 – ‘I will fail at the breast, he cursed the breast bottle
    • oShelaḥ - שֶׁלַח  - Strong’s H7974 – sprout
      • §Ěḇer - עֵבֶר  - Strong’s H5677 – ‘region beyond
        • Peleḡ - פֶּלֶג  - Strong’s H6389 – ‘division
        • Yoqtan - יָקְטָן  - Strong’s H3355 – ‘smallness
          • oAlmoḏaḏ - אַלְמוֹדָד  - Strong’s H486 – ‘not measured
          • oSheleph - שֶׁלֶף  - Strong’s H8026 – ‘drawn out, a drawing forth
          • oḤatsarmaweth - חֲצַרְמָוֶת  - Strong’s H2700 – ‘village of death
          • oYeraḥ - יֶרַח  - Strong’s H3392 – ‘new moon, month
          • oHaḏoram - הֲדוֹרָם  - Strong’s H1913 – ‘noble honour
          • oUzal - אוּזָל  - Strong’s H187 – ‘I will be flooded
          • oDiqlah - דִּקְלָה  - Strong’s H1853 – ‘palm grove
          • oOḇal - עוֹבָל  - Strong’s H5745 – ‘stripped bare
          • oAḇima’ĕl - אֲבִימָאֵל  - Strong’s h39 – ‘my father is El
          • oSheḇa - שְׁבָא  - Strong’s H7614 – ‘seven or oath
          • oOphir - אוֹפִיר  - Strong’s H211 – ‘reducing to ashes
          • oḤawilah - חֲוִילָה  - Strong’s H2341 – ‘circle
          • oYoḇaḇ - יוֹבָב  - Strong’s H3103 – ‘a desert
  • Luḏ - לוּד  - Strong’s H3865 – ‘strife
  • Aram - אֲרָם  - Strong’s H758 – ‘exalted
    • oUts - עוּץ  - Strong’s H5780 – ‘wooded
    • oḤul - חוּל  - Strong’s H2343 – ‘circle
    • oGether - גֶּתֶר  - Strong’s H1666 – ‘fear
    • oMash - מַשׁ  - Strong’s H4851 – ‘drawn out

Verse 8 tells us that Nimroḏbegan’ to be a mighty one on the earth. The word used here for ‘began’ is the same word that was used to describe how Noaḥbegan’ to plant a vineyard. This word is חָלַל ḥalal – Strong’s H2490 (chalal – with a ch.. sound as in loch) which means, profane, bore to pieces, kill, wound, defile, pollute, violate’.

Nimroḏ was not a worshipper of יהוה but rather he was a profaner.

Verse 9

Nimroḏ was a mighty hunter before יהוה – this is not a compliment!!! People on the earth began to put Nimroḏ before יהוה. The Hebrew word translated as ‘hunter’ is צַיִד tsayiḏ - Strong’s H6718 which means, hunter, hunting, game, prey, and is also translated in Scripture as ‘venison’ which speaks of wild game. Interestingly we find that this word is also used in reference to Ěsaw:

Berěshith/Genesis 25:27-28And the boys grew up. And Ěsaw became a man knowing how to hunt, a man of the field, while Yaʽaqoḇ was a complete man, dwelling in tents. 28 And Yitsḥaq loved Ěsaw because he ate of his wild game, but Riḇqah loved Yaʽaqoḇ.

Nimroḏ and Ěsaw both picture for us those who run after the flesh and seek their own provision and will not submit to the rulership of Elohim, but desire to establish their own kingdom and rulership.

Nimroḏ was a wicked and evil ruler and he had supernatural strength and ruled by fear. The correct translation of the text reveals that ‘he was strong and mighty hunter and in the face of יהוה’.

In other words – he was in יהוה’s face – now think about that – when you get in someone’s face you are not there friend! You are hostile – he was defying the power of Elohim! He became the first self-appointed king. He set up many of the ancient major centres such as Baḇelon and Ninewěh. His mother was Semiramis and became his wife.

Nimroḏ was killed and was cut up and his body parts were distributed throughout the world to declare that ‘Nimroḏ is dead’. His mother/wife went and collected all his body parts, all except one – his phallus, which was believed to have been thrown into the river and never found! And she declared that Nimroḏ was ‘god’ who had gone to heaven and will not return until his phallus is found. She then began the practice of erecting obelisks in memory of Nimroḏ. She gave herself the name Ishtar, Queen of heaven and became pregnant at the equinox fertility service through the pagan ritual of sexual acts on the altar, yet she claimed that she was divinely impregnated by Nimroḏ who she now gave the official title of Ba’al, which means ‘lord’ in Hebrew. She had a son named Tammuz, who was killed in a freak accident by a wild pig when he was 40 years old. She told everyone that he had gone to be with his father Ba’al and so we see a counterfeit of the Truth.

In mourning her loss she instituted a time of mourning of 40 days, 1 for every year of his life, and during this time people were not allowed to eat meat or do anything of pleasure and were to mourn Tammuz. This yearly time of mourning became known as ‘Weeping for Tammuz’, one of the abominations that יהוה showed Yeḥezqěl/Ezekiel taking place in His Hěḵal/Temple where the women were ‘weeping for Tammuz’. At the end of the 40 days it culminated into a ceremony at the spring equinox, which was called ‘Ishtar’ or ‘Easter’. Each year they would impregnate virgins and the following year the 3 month old babies from last year’s ceremony would be sacrificed on the altar where eggs, as a symbol of fertility, would be dipped into the blood of these killed babies.

It is clear to see how the ‘church’ adopted many pagan practices in worship to ‘sun’ deities – the 40 period leading up to ‘Easter is known in the Catholic Church as ‘Lent’. We also see very clearly see the similarity in symbolism of the ‘mother-son’ relationship and how ‘Mary worship’ is a modern form of ancient pagan sun worship and at Easter time people ‘paint eggs’ etc. Understanding the nature of ancient pagan practices, we can understand the fact that Sunday is considered to be ‘the Lord’s day”.

Since, as I have said, ‘Ba’al’ means ‘lord’ and the fact that “Sun-Day” was the traditional day of the week that sun-god worshippers revered their ‘lord’ it is quite fitting. This demonstrates the problem using titles instead of names in our worship. Sun worshippers refer to Baal, Mithra, Rha, Jupiter, Helios, Attis, Tammuz, Osiris and many more when they say ‘lord’ while Christians use the same title referring to our Saviour. Both use the same title and worship on the same day which poses quite a dilemma for Christians who ‘think’ that they are worshipping in Truth, especially when the Creator of the Universe calls the seventh day Sabbath set apart.

Christianity has its deepened roots all the way back to Nimrod worship and we recognise just how wicked this worldly king was as the effects of his rebellion are still being seen at large today!

Verse 10-12 – Nimroḏ’s 10 kingdoms

As we consider the 10 ‘reigns’ if you will of Nimroḏ we see a clear picture of the Anti-Messiah that lines up with the thread we see throughout Scripture by the types and anti-types of the Truth versus evil. Haman who tried to kill the Yehuḏim at the time of Estěr, had 10 sons which again is a picture of the wicked rule and reign of the enemy that tries to take the place of Messiah – and many sadly follow this wicked deception due to a lack of knowledge of the Torah and the Prophets! In Dani’ĕl we are also told of the 4th beast that has 10 horns, which speak of the 10 sovereigns that will reign; which again lines up with that which Yoḥanan saw in Ḥazon as he tells us of the beats that the whore rides, which has 10 horns are of the 10 sovereigns who will receive authority with the beast for one hour.

Without going into prophecy in this commentary, the point I am trying to stress is that Nimroḏ’s kingdoms were wicked kingdoms; and the first of these was Baḇel.

Here are the names and meanings of his 10 cities or reigns/regions which he ruled from:

Baḇel - בָּבֶל  - Strong’s H894 – ‘confusion (by mixing)

Ereḵ - אֶרֶךְ  - Strong’s H751 – ‘long

Akkaḏ- אַכַּד  - Strong’s H390 – ‘subtle

Kalnĕh - כַּלְנֶה  - Strong’s H3641 – ‘fortress of Anu

Shinʽar - שִׁנְעָר  - Strong’s H8152 – ‘country of two rivers

Ashshur - אֲשׁוּר  - Strong’s H804 – ‘a step

Ninewĕh - נִינְוֵה  - Strong’s H5210 – ‘abode of Ninus

Reḥoḇoth Ir - רְחֹבֹת  - Strong’s H7344 – ‘broad or wide places or streets

Kelaḥ - כֶּלַח  - Strong’s H3625 – ‘vigour

Resen - רֶסֶן  - Strong’s H7449 – ‘bridle

This carries great insight for us in understanding the enemies influence over a people who are led astray through his twisted and crafty lies. These 10 names are a clear reflection of the work of the anti-messiah, as from these 10 names and their meanings we can deduce the following:


Verse 21

Ěḇer - עֵבֶר  - Strong’s H5677 – ‘region beyond’, the great grandson of Shĕm, is mentioned here before the actual genealogy is given in order for us to pay careful attention to his name and line, as we see that his name means, ‘region beyond’ or ‘land of the other side’ and comes from the root word עָבַר aḇar – Strong’s H5674 which means, to pass over, pass through, cross over and a derivative of his name is the word - עִבְרִי Iḇri – Strong’s H5680 which in English is ‘Hebrew’ and means, the one from beyond, the one who crossed over. Aḇram was the first person to be called a Hebrew (Berěshith/Genesis 14:13) and we recognise this by his ‘crossing over’ the Euphrates River, when leaving his father’s house and going into the Promised Land at the call and instruction of Elohim!

We too who have ‘crossed over’ so to speak have become ‘Hebrews’ as we have responded to the clear call of Elohim who called us out of darkness into His marvellous light, and by the Blood of Messiah we are grafted in to the Covenants of Promise with Yisra’ĕl, and therefore being ‘Yisra’ĕl’ by definition, we are in fact also called ‘Hebrews’, as our father Aḇraham was, and are a people now belonging to Messiah!

Verse 32

The clans of Noaḥ were 70 clans and in the Hebraic mind-set this number 70 represents the nations of the world, despite further divisions which happened later and by יהושע Messiah sending out 70 disciples is a clear symbol and message of His clear message of deliverance to the whole world, which is available to all who respond to His call to come out of darkness and call on His Name, repent and be immersed in Him, in order that by His Blood all who call upon Him shall be delivered!


Verse 1

One language and one speech!

The word for ‘language’ is שָׂפָה saphah – Strong’s H8193 which means, lip, speech, language and the word for ‘speech’ is דְבָרִים  - ‘Deḇarim’ which is the plural of the word דָּבָר daḇarStrong’s H1697 which means, speech, word’.

By all accounts it is very clear that there was only one language at this point and the obvious and clear language being spoken was Hebrew. What we can also see as a picture from this is that the Word of Elohim was clear to all.

While not all speak the same language, nor do all adhere to and submit to the same Word today, we know for certainty that in the Millennial reign there will once again be one language and most certainly one Word – יהוה דָּבָר – ‘Daḇar Yahweh’ – The Word of Yahweh – as He, The Word Himself, will come and rule and reign!!!

Ḥazon/Revelation 19:12-13 “And His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns, having a Name that had been written, which no one had perceived except Himself 13 and having been dressed in a robe dipped in blood – and His Name is called: The Word of יהוה.

Verse 3-4

Let us make bricks!!! Bricks are man-made substitutes for stones, and stones are the building requirements for the slaughter place of יהוה and for His Hěḵal. The root word used for ‘bricks’ is  לִבְנָה liḇnah – Strong’s H3840 meaning, brick or tile and this term is mostly used in the context of showing the toil and futility of human effort. Brick making pictured the hardship of slavery in Mitsrayim.

Here when the people came together and said that they should make bricks, they were in fact seeking a way to build their own man-driven system and set up their own rules, therefore assuming that they can survive on their own and have no need to seek, trust or rely on Elohim, but would build and progress their own way!

They wanted to build  tower up to the heavens – in other words they wanted to build their own temple – that is a counterfeit temple – and herein lies the root of all false worship, as Nimroḏ’s kingdom was being established under the institution of man-driven systems and formulas for worship. Man-driven formulas that claim to have access to the Creator, yet will be found out to be false when יהוה once again comes down and destroys all man-made forms of worship!

They wanted to build a tower to make a name for themselves and they did not want to be scattered all over the earth. This goes totally against the mandate that was given to Noaḥ and his sons – that they were to fill the earth; and so here we see a defiance to submitting to what has been instructed under the false notion of self-assumed success by building a seemingly fixed structure that only brings to man a false sense of security that has no firm foundation.

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 14:11 “The house of the wrong is destroyed, but the tent of the straight flourishes.

We are sojourners here and must not get ‘fixed’ into the man-made systems that keep us from being able to be sent where Elohim’s sends us. Many today have ‘made bricks’ and made their own towers of security that they think will give them provision and protection. Man’s towers of security can fall – and in fact they all do, eventually, and therefore none are safe, yet we who pass the time of our sojourning in fear do have a strong tower we can find safety in:

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 18:10 “The Name of יהוה is a strong tower; the righteous run into it and are safe.

The men of Baḇel knew that unity was necessary for survival, yet unity for the wrong purposes is dangerous. While unity is a powerful force that can cause men to accomplish what they set their minds to, we must realise that we need to have the right kind of unity! Unity in a family/body is a blessing:

Tehillah/Psalm 133:1 “See how good and how pleasant it is for brothers to dwell together in unity

Many will quote phrases like, “where there is unity Elohim commands the blessing”, yet where they get this from is from the above quoted Psalm, which does most certainly state that it is a good and pleasant thing for brothers to dwell in unity and goes on further that this good and pleasant unity is like the oil that runs down the head, beard and robes of Aharon and like dew on the mountains of Tsiyon – for there He commanded the blessing!!! The blessing is not commanded just because there is unity – Hermon and Mount Tsiyon are very clear markers of obedience that brings blessing, and while it is true that unity does bring blessing – we must recognize that it must be the right unity, for this wrong type of unity as seen in the building of Baḇel was not blessed at all!!!

When we make the claim that Elohim commands the blessing where we have unity – may we make sure that the unity we have is in Him and His Word, building His way as living stones and not man’s fleshly way of constructed bricks that may have an appearance of truth yet will crumble under the Truth of the Word!

These wicked men wanted to make a name for themselves – in other words they were turning away from the Name of יהוה, and possible began to construct a deity of their own – which we see how the whole sun-worship system was birthed right here when men thought they could do their own thing and follow their own ways and make up a deity of their own choosing – one that would seemingly satisfies their fleshly lusts, and this is where Nimrod established his reign and false system of sun-worship that is still being followed by the masses today, as they turn away from the only Name that saves to a whole host of foreign names and pagan titles that all have their roots right here at the construction of Baḇel (which means confusion by mixing)!!!

Just as they ‘mixed’ ingredients to make bricks, so too has the false religious systems of the world brought confusion by mixing lies and traditions of men with fragments of truth.

Verse 6-9

יהוה saw this falsified unity of man that was birthing a false worship system of ‘self’ and so He came and confused the languages so they could no longer communicate and have the unity of falsehood and dispersed them. This is where the languages of the earth were birthed from and we do know that יהוה says that He will restore a clean lip when He gathers the nations:

Tsephanyah/Zephaniah 3:8-9 “Therefore wait for Me,” declares יהוה, “until the day I rise up for plunder. For My judgment is to gather nations, to assemble reigns, to pour out on them My rage, all my burning wrath. For by the fire of My jealousy all the earth shall be consumed. 9 “For then I shall turn unto the peoples a clean lip, so that they all call on the Name of יהוה, to serve Him with one shoulder.

We certainly recognize how Baḇelon system of false mixed worship has caused and is causing so many to be led astray, as man-driven ‘towers’ are being built and through media these false ‘towers’ are luring people to destruction by feeding their flesh and tickling their ears with poisoned water with an assumed unity that expects blessing, yet will only lead to the curse (which is death), and יהוה, has come down, by the life, death and resurrection of Messiah to call us out of Baḇelon – and we His Bride must with His Spirit make that call loud as we call out to those trapped in a brick making system of falsehood and lies – to come out of her!


Verse 10-26 – Genealogy of Shĕm

Here we are given the line from Shĕm to Aḇram:

Shĕmשֵׁם  - Strong’s H8035 – ‘name

  • Arpaḵshaḏ - אַרְפַּכְשַׁד  - Strong’s H775 – ‘I will fail at the breast, he cursed the breast bottle
    • oShelaḥ - שֶׁלַח  - Strong’s H7974 – sprout
      • §Ěḇer - עֵבֶר  - Strong’s H5677 – ‘region beyond
        • Peleḡ - פֶּלֶג  - Strong’s H6389 – ‘division
          • oRe’u - רְעוּ  - Strong’s H7466 – ‘friend
            • §Serug - שְׂרוּג  - Strong’s H8286 – ‘branch
              • Naḥor - נָחוֹר  - Strong’s H5152 – ‘snorting
                • oTeraḥ - תֶּרַח  - Strong’s H8646 – ‘delay
                  • §Aḇram - אַבְרָם  - Strong’s H87 – ‘exalted father

Genealogy of Teraḥ:

Teraḥ - תֶּרַח  - Strong’s H8646 – ‘delay

  • Aḇram - אַבְרָם  - Strong’s H87 – ‘exalted father
  • Naḥor - נָחוֹר  - Strong’s H5152 – ‘snorting
  • Ḥaran - הָרָן  - Strong’s H2039 – ‘mountaineer
    • oLot - לוֹט  - Strong’s H3876 – ‘covering