BERĚSHITH (GENESIS) 1:1 – 6:8 – BERĚSHITH – IN THE BEGINNING

The common name used for the first Book of Scriptures by the majority of the western world is the Greek word – γένεσις genesis – Strong’s G1078 which simply means, ‘the origin’ or, ‘the coming into being of something’ and comes from the Greek word gignesthai which means ‘to be born’.

The Hebrew word of the original text that is translated as ‘In the beginning is בְּרֵאשִׁית - ‘Berěshith which is made up of the ‘preposition’ בְּ – which is the letter ‘b’, known as or pronounced as ‘beyt’, which renders the meaning of ‘in’ and in the ancient Hebrew script, which is in the form of pictographic symbols, each symbol carries a unique meaning or story on its own, and when used in conjunction with other pictographic letters we are able to learn great insights into the original meaning of these picture groupings and words.

The ancient Hebrew pictographic letter for the letter בְּ – ‘beyt’ is: beit which represents a picture of ‘a floor plan’ or ‘a tent’ and pictures the meaning of ‘family of the tent or house’! It represents family and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself.

What we are able to therefore see very clearly from the first letter of the Word of Elohim is the powerful declaration by יהוה in regards to His ‘floor plan’ or ‘design’ for His Creation and Dwelling Place and the origin or beginning thereof! The rest of the word ‘Berěshith comes from the word רֵאשִׁית rěshith – Strong’s H7225 which means, beginning, chief, first fruits, foremost and this comes from the primitive root word ראֹשׁ rosh – Strong’s H7218 which means, head, beginning, top, chief.

In other words, what we are able to see from the very first constructed word in Scripture is the announcing of the ‘floor plan’ of ‘the Chief, Head’ of all creation! As we look at the ancient pictographic symbols of the word רֵאשִׁית rěshith we see the following:

tawyadshinalephresh

-          רֵ – this is the letter ‘resh’- which in the ancient script is pictured as   - resh - which is the head of a man and carries the meaning of ‘top, beginning, first’ as in being the top of the body or the head of a tribe and the one who rules; and also speaks of possession or inheritance that is decided by the chief.

-          א – this is first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and is called ‘aleph’ and in the ancient script is pictured as  - aleph - which is ‘the head of an ox’ and represents ‘strength’, meaning ‘muscle’ as the ox is the strongest of the livestock animals. This also carries the meaning of ‘yoke’ as an ox is placed in a yoke in order to plough or pull a heavy load in the right direction. This can also picture for us the ‘red heifer’ sacrifice that יהושע Messiah fulfilled!

-         שִׁ – this is the letter ‘shin’ which in the ancient script is pictured as  - shin  - which is the picture of ‘two front teeth’ and carries the meaning of ‘sharp or press’ which is what the teeth do and also speaks of the sharpened word that comes forth from the mouth as the teeth ‘chew’ or ‘meditate on the Truth’, making what comes forth pure and sharp!

-         י – this is the letter ‘yad or yod’ which in the ancient script is pictured as  - yad  - which is the picture of ‘an arm and hand’ and carries the meaning of ‘work, make, throw’ from the primary functions of the arm and hand and also represents worship or giving thanks in the extending of hands as a gesture of this.

-          ת – this is the letter ‘taw or tav’ which in the ancient script is pictured as  – taw – which is the picture of ‘two crossed sticks’,  and can represent for us seal, covenant, mark or sign’; as this once again points to the complete work of Messiah in the renewal of the Covenant in His Blood that brings the two Houses of Yisra’ĕl and Yehuḏah together in Him, as One, for He is not only the ‘aleph’, but is also the ‘taw’ – the beginning and the end of all creation!

Each letter here in itself pictures for us and points to יהושע and we can certainly understand how He was in the beginning and He has worked out His perfect salvation plan for His creation right from the beginning!

He is the head – our Head and Chief to whom the whole body is joined together and in Him we find our strength as we take His yoke, which is easy and light as He bore the weight of our sins and by His pure and refined Word that became flesh as He sent forth His mighty Right Arm and worked deliverance for us, and all praise and esteem is to be extended unto Him! What amazing insight we have in the very first word in Scripture!!! Now let us look at the rest of the first verse!!!

Verse 1:

בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ׃

Reading from right to left, the first verse of Scripture is as follows:

Berěshith – bara – Elohim – et – hashamayim - v’et – ha’arets

1 – בְּרֵאשִׁיתBerěshith - which we have already discussed above!

2 - בָּרָא bara – Strong’s H1254 which means, to shape, fashion, create (always with Elohim as subject)

3 - אֱלֹהִים elohim – Strong’s H430 meaning, mighty one

4 - אֵת eth – Strong’s H853 – this is a word that is seen as an ‘untranslated participle’, and is used as a direct object marker for which we have no equivalent in English, therefore this is used as a sign of the definite direct object, not translated in English but generally preceding and indicating the accusative, which is the grammatical case that marks the direct object of a verb or the object of any or several prepositions. In other words we see here that in Elohim ‘creating’, the ‘eth’ (אֵת) points to what He created – He created the heavens and the earth – and it wasn’t created by just anybody – it was created by Elohim, who is the ‘Aleph and Taw’ (אֵת ) and here this participle points to that which Elohim created!

5 – הַשָּׁמַיִם – ‘ha shamayim’ – “the heavens”  - ‘הַ’ – the letter ‘hey’ is used as a ‘definite article’ rendered in English as ‘the’, and is followed by the word שָׁמַיִם  shamayim – Strong’s H8064 which means, heavens, skies.

6 – וְאֵת – ‘v’eth’ – here we again have the ‘eth(אֵת) with a ‘vav’ in the front ,which is used as a conjunction which can render ‘and, or, then’ and here it is ‘and’.

7 – הָאָרֶץ – ‘ha arets’ – ‘the earth’ – which comes from the primitive root אֶרֶץ erets – Strong’s H776 which means, earth, land, ground’.

 

7 Words in the first verse which carry a great and powerful witness for us as seen in the order here!

In order to understand the creation account of Berěshith/Genesis Chapter 1 one must take careful note of that which Kěpha tells us to take heed of:

Kěpha Bět/2 Peter 3:8But, beloved ones, let not this one matter be hidden from you: that with יהוה one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

This is a very important matter that we must make sure is never hidden from us, and many who do not grasp this vital truth are unable to fully embrace and understand the Creator’s ‘floor plan’ and understand the clear importance of His Appointed Times. The 7- day Creation week pictures for us the 7 thousand year period of this present age in which our Deliverance will be complete!

As we recognise that these first 7 days foreshadow the 7- thousand- year cycle that will culminate in the complete destruction of wickedness and sin and usher in a renewed heavens and earth, we can see the very clear markers with this first verse as to the 2 comings of Messiah!

The 4th and 6th word used in the first verse is the untranslated word אֵת eth. This word is made up of the letters אֵ - ‘aleph’ and ת – ‘taw’. These are the first and last letters of the Hebrew Alphabet and in Scripture יהוה also refers to Himself as the ‘first and the last’ – giving reference to ‘the aleph and the taw’:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 44:6 “Thus saidיהוה , Sovereign of Yisra’ĕl, and his Redeemer, יהוה  of hosts, ‘I am the First and I am the Last, besides Me there is no Elohim.

Ḥazon/Revelation 1:8I am the ‘Aleph’ and the ‘Taw’, Beginning and End,” says יהוה   “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.

Ḥazon/Revelation 1:17-18And when I saw Him, I fell at His feet as dead, and He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid, I am the First and the Last, 18 and the living One. And I became dead, and see, I am living forever and ever. Aměn. And I possess the keys of the grave and of death.

The 4th word of the first verse is a clear pointing to the first coming of Messiah, who came on the 4th day, which we will discuss in detail in a moment, but clearly here in this first verse we see how the two appearances of the ‘aleph and taw’ in the first verse shows us the 2 comings of Messiah, as we take note that with His second coming all will see Him riding on the clouds, coming in His esteem from the heavens to earth at the end of the 6th day, when He will come to finish His work in the seventh day and rest!

 

Verse 2

In The Scriptures it has been translated as ‘the earth came to be formless and empty’; and I just want to state that before we look at ‘formless and empty’, we must recognise that the earth did not ‘become’ or necessarily ‘come to be’ formless and empty, but that it was formless and empty; and when it was brought forth in creation, it first existed without form and was empty!

The Hebrew word that is translated here as ‘came to be’ is – הָיְתָה  – ‘hayeta’ which comes from the root word הָיָה hayah – Strong’s H1961 which means, be, come to pass, come about, appear, be in existence, to come into being, arise.

What we are simply being told here is that in the existence, or rather the coming to be or ‘creation of the earth’, the earth ‘was’ without form, which we can clearly see from the next two descriptive words that are used!

The earth was ‘formless’ and ‘empty’ which are the Hebrew words תֹּהוּ tohu – Strong’s H8414 meaning, formlessness, confusion, emptiness, unreality, vain, worthless, and בֹּהוּ bohu – Strong’s H922 meaning, emptiness, void, waste’.

In other words, the earth had no ‘form’ and was just an empty waste. The word תֹּהוּ tohu is used by Shemuʼěl when he spoke to the people in:

Shemuʼěl Aleph/1 Samuel 12:21and do not turn aside after worthless matters which do not profit or deliver, for they are worthless.

Here Shemuʼěl was telling the people to serve יהוה with all their hearts and not turn aside from following Him and therefore make sure that they do not turn to worthless matters that do not profit!

In reference to false ‘strong ones’ we see the words of יהוה saying that all idols are useless and that they are a worthlessness that only brings confusion as we again see the word : תֹּהוּtohu being used in:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 46:29 “See, all of them are useless, their works are naught, their moulded images are wind and confusion.

 

Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 4:23 “I looked at the earth, and saw it was formless and empty. And the heavens, they had no light.

Darkness was on the face of the deep!

The Hebrew word used for ‘darkness’ is חשֶׁךְ ḥosheḵ which means, darkness, obscurity and symbolically it can represent ignorance or lack of knowledge and order. When someone is ‘in the dark’ on a matter it carries the understanding that they have no knowledge or insight regarding the matter and so it is too understood as such in Hebrew, as darkness speaks of that which has no presence of the knowledge, or that it simply lacks the existence of the right and perfect rule of Elohim.

Elohim made the heavens and the earth and at this very point there was no order or rule, just a ‘formless waste’, above which His Spirit moved. This is a wonderful picture of how our lives, through sin and vain idolatrous worship, had become formless and empty without Elohim and His perfect order in our lives, yet He was continually moving over us in order that His light may bring true order into our lives by the power of His Word that became flesh and redeemed our wasted form back to Himself in order to restore His image in us; and we see this as pictured by the work of His light in this opening chapter of Scripture

 

Verse 3

A continual theme that we find all throughout Scripture and see very clearly here in this Creation account, is that of the separating of light from darkness.

Light’ in Hebrew is the word אוֹר oor’ – Strong’s H216 which we know in Scripture, in being the opposite to darkness, carries with it the clear significance it has for us in speaking of knowledge and insight and understanding. In fact here in this verse when Elohim said, “let light come to be”; I firmly believe that He was in essence saying that His Word brings order to this chaos and that wisdom and understanding was to be established by His Word!

Tehillah/Psalm 119:105 “Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.

Tehillah/Psalm 119:130 “The opening up of Your words gives light, giving understanding to the simple.

Yoḥanan /John 8:12 “Therefore יהושע spoke to them again, saying, “I am the light of the world. He who follows Me shall by no means walk in darkness, but possess the light of life.

Right here in the beginning of creation we see the power and effect of the Word of Elohim – it separated the light from the darkness! And when we understand that darkness is a picture of folly and that light is a picture of wisdom then we see that His Word shows us the clear difference, by separating all that is folly from that which is of wisdom:

Qoheleth/Ecclesiastes 2:13 “Then I saw that wisdom is better than folly, as light is better than darkness.

Here are a couple of other key verses that speak of this creation account and how His Word brings order and form and the clear truth that nothing is founded or established without His Word:

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 3:19יהוה founded the earth by wisdom; He established the heavens by understanding

Yoḥanan /John 1:1-5In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with Elohim, and the Word was Elohim. 2 He was in the beginning with Elohim. 3 All came to be through Him, and without Him not even one came to be that came to be. 4 In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. 5 And the light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.

יהושע Messiah is Elohim and He is the clear representation and manifestation of the Word of Elohim in the flesh that came to separate the light from the darkness and call us out of ignorance and folly into His marvellous light.

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 1:5And this is the message which we have heard from Him and announce to you, that Elohim is light and in Him is no darkness at all.

I firmly believe that right here in Berěshith/Genesis we have the clear evidence that the Word was manifested in the form of light, right at the beginning of creation.

By that I mean that in this creation that Elohim was bringing forth by His Word, He made manifest His Light, and brought forth the very form of how He would interact with His creation. In Him there is no darkness and so by the light that was brought forth and was good, we are able to see how The Word – that is יהושע was right here in the beginning, for He is יהוה our Messiah – for Elohim is Light!!!  In the ancient pictographic script we are able to see a powerful explanation of this when looking at the Hebrew word for light in its ancient form! 

The Hebrew word for light – אוֹרoor’ – Strong’s H216 – in its ancient pictographic form looks like this:

reshwawaleph

 

Aleph - א:

The ancient script has this letter as aleph and is pictured as the head of an ox, and represents ‘strength’, meaning ‘muscle’ as the ox is the strongest of the livestock animals. This also carries the meaning of ‘yoke’, as an ox is placed in a yoke in order to plough or pull a heavy load in the right direction. This can also picture for us the ‘red heifer’ sacrifice that יהושע Messiah fulfilled!

 

Waw/vav - וֹ:

The Ancient picture for this letter is waw, is pictured as a peg or ‘tent peg’, which was used for securing or tying the tent or other items. The possibility of it having a Y-shape is to show that it prevents the rope from slipping off. The root meaning of this letter is ‘to add, secure or hook’.

 

Resh – ר:

The Ancient picture for this letter is resh, ‘the head of a man’. This letter has the meanings of ‘head or man’ as well as ‘chief, top, beginning or first’.

From these pictographic letters that render the term for ‘light’ we are able to clearly see who our strength is and in whom we are secure:

THE BEGINNING OF OUR STRENGTH IS SECURED IN OUR HEAD, WHO IS THE LIGHT!

This is the beginning of wisdom!!! In Messiah, through Messiah and by Messiah all things were made – for He is the Light – the very visible and exact representation of Elohim, not a separate person, but Elohim Himself!!!

The primitive root word used for ‘separated’ is בָּדַל baḏal – Strong’s H914 meaning to be divided, separate, make a difference, make a distinction. His Word causes a clear separation between light and dark and so we also see in our lives that just as light brought forth order that was ‘good’, so too do we need to see the need for His Word to bring His order and give us the ability to make a clear distinction between what is profane and what is set-apart; and since we have His Light – that is Messiah – we have no excuse not to be separated from darkness!

This root word is used in:

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 20:24-26 “But I say to you, “You are going to possess their land, and I Myself give it to you to possess it, a land flowing with milk and honey.” I am יהוה your Elohim, who has separated you from the peoples. 25  ‘And you shall make a distinction between clean beasts and unclean, and between unclean birds and clean. And do not make yourselves abominable by beast or by bird, or whatever creeps on the ground, which I have separated from you as unclean. 26 ‘And you shall be set-apart to Me, for I יהוה am set-apart, and have separated you from the peoples to be Mine.

3 times in these 3 verses we see the word בָּדַל baḏal being used – twice it is translated as ‘separated’ and once as ‘make a distinction’. It is יהוה who has separated us from all peoples, to be a set-apart nation unto Him and therefore we are called to make a clear distinction between what is clean and what is not, and so by the hearing of His Torah and the obedience of keeping His Times and laws we are called to an active separation from that which is not pleasing to Him!

Qorintiyim Bět/2 Corinthians 6:17Therefore, “Come out from among them and be separate, saysיהוה , and do not touch what is unclean, and I shall receive you.

Being separated involves a coming out from among that which is foreign and contrary to the Torah!

The Greek word used here for ‘separate’ is ἀφορίζω aphorizō – Strong’s G873 which means, to mark off by boundaries, ostracise, separate, set-apart and comes from the two words: 1 - ἀπό apo – Strong’s G575 which is a preposition and primitive particle, meaning, from, away from, against and 2 - ὁρίζω horizon – Strong’s G3724 which means, predetermined, fixed, appointed, to mark off by boundaries’.

What is very clear throughout Scripture is that we are called to come out and be separate. If we do not heed this call to come out and be separate then we may find ourselves among those whom the Messengers of יהוה will ‘separate’ from the congregation!

Mattithyahu/Matthew 13:49-50 “Thus shall it be at the end of the age: the messengers shall come forth, and separate the wicked out of the midst of the righteous, 50 and shall throw them into the furnace of fire – there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth.

The choice is very clear – separate yourselves from all foreign worship and its practices or you will be separated for destruction and thrown into outer darkness!

Mattithyahu/Matthew 25:30 “And throw the worthless servant out into the outer darkness – there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

 

The Hebrew word for ‘good’ is טוֹב to – Strong’s H2896 and carries the meaning, pleasant, good, agreeable, beautiful, to be pleasing, done well. In the true understanding of this word   טוֹב to we can see that it may best be translated in most cases as ‘functional’, for when יהוה said in Berěshith/Genesis 1:31 that when He saw all that He had made, that He said it was very good. What He saw was His creation functioning properly and working the way it should and this is why it was ‘good’.

Sounds all good – yet as we study further into the Hebraic mind-set in regards to this word we get a fuller understanding of what טוֹב to means.  To do that it does help to look at the ancient script and get a wider perspective of the true meaning of this word.

In the ancient script - טוֹב to - is pictured as:

beitwawtet

Tet – ט:

The original pictograph for this letter is tet, a container made of wicker or clay. Containers were a very important item among the nomadic Hebrews. They were used for storing grains and other items. Wicker baskets were used as nets for catching fish. The meanings of this letter are basket, contain, store and clay.

Waw - וֹ:

The ancient pictographic form of this letter is waw, a peg or ‘tent peg’, which was used for securing or tying the tent or other items. The possibility of it having a Y-shape is to show that it prevents the rope form slipping off. The root meaning of this letter is ‘to add, secure or hook’.

Beyt - ב:

The ancient script has this letter as beit, which pictures a tent floor plan and means, ‘house’ or ‘tent’. It represents family and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself.

טוֹב  to- beitwawtet -  we see that we as clay vessels are made secure through the Blood of Messiah that holds for us a secure covenant promise of being made complete in Him and becoming the Dwelling Place of the Most High – where He that is Good  - The Potter - may dwell with those He created and called by name!

As we look at these letters we find a great revelation in terms of the Good News (Besorah) or rather ‘טוֹב  toḇ News’!

The way we, as ‘clay vessels’, are secured into the House of Elohim is by being secured by the peg! Listen to what it says in:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 22:22-24 “And I shall place the key of the house of Dawiḏ on his shoulder. And he shall open, and no one shuts; and shall shut, and no one opens. 23 ‘And I shall fasten him like a peg in a steadfast place, and he shall become a throne of esteem to his father’s house. 24 ‘And they shall hang on him all the weight of his father’s house, the offspring and the offshoots, all vessels of small quantity, from the cups to all the jars.

We know that this is a great picture of how through יהושע Messiah we are fastened in a steadfast place!

Ezra 9:8 “But now, for a short while, favour has been shown from יהוה  our Elohim, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a peg in His set-apart place, that our Elohim might enlighten our eyes and give us a little reviving in our bondage.

This again is a wonderful promise given amidst a time of bondage due – that a peg is given in His set-apart place – a great picture of the loving-commitment and compassion יהוה has for His called out nation, that while the ‘House of Elohim’ had been neglected and broken down He would bring the necessary means to ‘secure’ His covenanted people to His House that he builds by His design! It is through the work of Messiah, who has become the very ‘peg’ that secures us and adds us, the clay vessels, to His House!

The Word of Elohim made flesh – The Living Torah, יהושע Messiah came down and secured for us the ability to be made into the House that He Elohim shall dwell in forever!

His House/Dwelling Place is built by His design and His plan and so when we see how that we are the ‘Dwelling Place’ of the Most High, then we are able to get a clearer understanding that we are built up according to His plans as instructed in His Torah that was given through Mosheh and revealed in the life, death and resurrection of Messiah. Just as the Tabernacle in the Wilderness had to be built exactly according to the pattern shown to Mosheh on the mountain of the true heavenly Tabernacle, so too do we need to recognise that the only way we can be built up into being the True Dwelling Place of Elohim is through carefully following His instructions as we walk in and stay in Messiah – The Living Torah.

When something is working properly we might say today something like, ‘working like a well-oiled machine’, when speaking of that which is functioning the way it should and the way it was designed to. So טוֹב to in the true sense of the word, expresses the idea that something is ‘good’ when it is fulfilling the action for which a person or thing is specifically fitted or used, or for which something exists. In other words it refers to something that functions within its intended purpose!

The opposite of טוֹב to (good) is ‘evil’, which in Hebrew is the word, רַע ra – Strong’s H7451 meaning, bad, evil, wicked, harmful’.  The tree of knowledge in the garden was of טוֹב to (good) and רַע ra (evil)!

Just as we understand that טוֹב  to represents that which is ‘functional’, we can then see that רַע ra represents that which is ‘dysfunctional’, which simply put speaks of that which reveals and abnormal and unhealthy lifestyle that is not functioning as it should.

We may often think something is good, yet if it is not ‘functional’ according to the plumb line of the Torah of יהוה, then we had best be careful to consider our steps!

 

Verse 5

Elohim called the light day and the darkness He called night and after an evening and a morning there was the first day. Here we also see very clearly the start and end of a day, which is from sunset to sunset. The majority of the world today has accepted midnight as being the beginning of a 24 hour period/day. The common calendar used by the world today as a means of communication is calculated with a day beginning and ending at midnight. The midnight to midnight system came from pagan Rome along with many other inherited customs of today.

Historically it is easy to see how various cultures determined the start of their day in various ways. For example the Mitsrians (Egyptians) and Babylonians reckoned it from sunrise to sunrise; the Umbrians from noon to noon; the Athenians, Numidians, and Phoenicians reckoned a day from evening to evening (sunset to sunset). The Hebrews also started their day at sunset (Cyclopaedia of Biblical, Theological, and Ecclesiastical Literature, Vol. 2, p. 702).

It is vital that we learn correct Scriptural principles of counting time according to יהוה’s established timetable so that we faithfully follow יהוה’s calendar in observing His Sabbaths and His Appointed Times. We cannot simply just go by man’s erroneous time tables that are not in line with the Word of Elohim, and end up being ‘sincerely wrong’ and worship in vain. We just have to go back to the ‘golden calf’ incident and Mount Sinai to be reminded of how the adopted pagan practices of worship being used as a means of worship unto יהוה was abominable in His eyes and so it is that we need to get our timing correct according to His reckoning of time and not man’s!

As one looks at the word day there can be great confusion as many differing dictionaries that seemingly contradict each other as various definitions include and are not limited to:

  • A 24 hour period including day and night
  • ‘Daylight’ – known as the time between the rising and setting of the sun
  • The time (24 hours) it takes for the earth to revolve on its own axis
  • The civil or legal day is from midnight to midnight; the astronomical day from noon to noon.

For our purposes in the presentation of the topic of the Sabbath and when it is etc. we are specifically referring to a 24-hour calendar day in order to diligently observe and keep the ordinances and instructions of יהוה correctly

 

What comes first, Scripturally?

I must make it very clear that in order to determine the Truth we must always go back to the Truth, for when you know the Truth then the Truth will set you free; free from misunderstanding and confusion and free from man’s attempts at changing the Creator’s reckoning of time! So then, as we are defining, according to Scripture, when a day begins, we need to determine what comes first!

Scripture says that Elohim called the light DAY, and the darkness he called NIGHT. At creation the night or darkness preceded the light or day, demonstrating for us clearly that it comes first in the creative order: 

Berěshith/Genesis 1:2-3 "And the earth came to be formless and empty, and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of Elohim was moving on the face of the waters. 3 And Elohim said, “Let light come to be,” and light came to be.

From this above Scripture we can clearly see that DARKNESS was already present and came first on the first day of creation and darkness also came first on each day that followed. The Spirit of Elohim moved in the darkness to create light. It is apparent to us that the day begins with darkness, as we read the repeated phrase in the Creation account of, And there came to be evening and there came to be morning, the first day’ and the second day etc.

The Hebrew word for ‘evening’ is עֶרֶב ereḇ (Strong’s H6153) and means ‘dusk, evening, night’. It is important to understand this phraseology as it shows us that as יהוה was creating the world He was also creating time and its proper determination. Each period of 24-hours had an evening and a morning. The hours of darkness, called evening, came first; the hours of daylight, called morning, came second.

Before we look at some more Scriptural evidence I would just like to share how the validity of this Truth was confirmed to me one evening when I went outside and looked up into the heavens. It was a perfect evening with no clouds and I marvelled at the work of His hands as I gazed upon the great array of stars. I must admit that living in suburbia one does not get the fullness of all the stars as the suburban lights reflect much of the beauty of all the stars away. But as I was standing and looking up and talking to יהוה, a profound revelation was revealed to me and bore great witness as to His ordained timing with regards to a day. I thought of how Aḇraham must have looked up and saw many more stars than I could see and received the Covenant Promise of a bountiful harvest, and it struck me very clearly that we have the awesome privilege to start each day in the darkness looking up at the stars and be constantly reminded of a sure Covenant. We get to start each day being reassured of a Blessed hope that even though we face ‘dark’ times, the promises of His Word are yes and aměn in Messiah who has called us out of darkness (ignorance) into His Marvellous Light (Knowledge). I had certainly not doubted the start of the day before, but this night clearly confirmed all that I had already believed and witnessed in Scripture.

Let us now look a little more at what Scripture says regarding the beginning or the ending of the day:

In Wayyiqra/Leviticus 23: 32 we see the instruction regarding Yom Kippur/ The Day of Atonement as being regarded as a Sabbath for us:

It is a Sabbath of rest to you, and you shall afflict your beings. On the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you observe your Sabbath.

As we know, Yom Kippur is kept on the 10th of the 7th month:

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 23:27 “On the tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. It shall be a set-apart gathering for you. And you shall afflict your beings, and shall bring an offering made by fire toיהוה .

This is not in contradiction with each other but rather Scripture clarifies for us the beginning and ending of that day of Atonement… on the 9th day ‘at evening’ – that is when the 9th day ends at sunset you begin to keep this Appointed Time of יהוה from evening to evening – that is from the end of day 9 and the start of day 10 (at erev/sunset/dusk) until the end of day 10 which is also at even/dusk/sunset!

Other examples of Scripture revealing to us that the day ends/begins at sunset is the often repeated instructions regarding when one who had become unclean due to various reasons, as laid out in Torah, as to when they would again be regarded as clean. ‘unclean until evening’ is a phrase we see in the Torah, as it was clear that as the new day begins ‘at evening’ it represented a new beginning, a renewal and refreshing.

Here is an example to show when the person would be considered unclean, note Wayyiqra/Leviticus 22:6-7, "the being who has touched it shall be unclean until evening, and does not eat the set-apart offerings, but shall bathe his body in water. 7 ‘And when the sun goes down he shall be clean, and afterward eat the set-apart offerings, because it is his food.

Please notice very carefully that the Scripture does not say a person shall be unclean until midnight or until sunrise. Days according to Scripture change at sunset, not midnight or at sunrise.

Anyone touching an unclean thing would be considered unclean until even, when the sun had set, which started a new day. Then he would be considered clean again. He was not unclean until midnight or dawn, but until sundown, when a new day began at the start of evening.

To prepare for the time of cleansing, one was to wash and cleanse oneself while the sun was still up, and after sunset there would be sufficient light for him to find his way back to the camp (during the dusk period).

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 23:10-11 gives us two definite points of time: "When there is any man among you who is not clean because of an emission in the night, then he shall go outside the camp. Let him not come into the midst of the camp. 11 “And it shall be, when evening comes, that he bathes with water. And when the sun sets let him come into the midst of the camp."

Notice that the unclean man was to wash himself as sundown approached in anticipation of the new day. Then after the sun had set he was free to return to the camp, clean once more because the new day had arrived with sunset.

Notice carefully at the first part of Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 23 above, beginning with verse 10, where the rite of cleansing was for " because of an emission in the night " Now if a new day begins at sunrise, it would be perfectly logical and acceptable for the unclean man to return to camp at dawn right. But יהוה said he was to wait: "And it shall be, when evening comes, that he bathes with water. And when the sun sets let him come into the midst of the camp." 

Do you see clearly what the timing of a day is – the start and end is at sunset!

In Shophetim/Judges 14 we see another example of the beginning and ending of a day when Shimshon (Samson) set forth a riddle in 14:12 giving 7 days for the men of the city to solve the riddle. In verse 18 the men of the city came to him on the 7th day before the sun went down and answered, solving the riddle just in time!

 

Verse 6-8 – Day 2

On day 2 Elohim separated the waters from the waters – this is the second ‘separation’ and the expanse he called ‘heavens’.

The Hebrew word for ‘expanse’ is רָקִיעַ raqiya – Strong’s H7549 which means, an extended surface, a solid firmament, expanse and comes from the primitive root word רָקַע raqa – Strong’s H7554 which means, to beat, stamp, beat out, spread out, hammered which carries the basic concept of the results of stamping with the foot, i.e. a spreading out or stretching forth:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 42:5 “Thus said the Ěl, יהוה, who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread forth the earth and that which comes from it, who gives breath to the people on it, and spirit to those who walk on it

The most important derivative of רָקַע raqa which is here in the above verse as ‘spread forth’ is רָקִיעַ raqiya as it identified Elohim’s heavenly ‘expanse’ which daily declares the work of His Hand:

Tehillah/Psalm 19:1 “The heavens are proclaiming the esteem of Ěl; and the expanse is declaring the work of His hand.

Verse 9-13 – Day 3

On day 3 Elohim gathered the waters under the heavens so as to let dry land appear. The land He called ‘earth’ which is the Hebrew word אֶרֶץ erets – Strong’s H776 and is translated as, earth, land, dust, ground, country; and He called the waters ‘seas’ which is the Hebrew word יָם yam – Strong’s H3220.

Earth and sea are the two constituents of the globe, by the separation of which its formation was completed.

At the command of Elohim the earth brought forth grass, plants that yield seed and fruit trees that yield seed. These three classes embrace all the productions of the fruit and vegetable kingdom.

1 - Grass - דֶּשֶׁא deshe – Strong’s H1877 which means, grass, green, herb, tender grass, vegetationand literally describes the young, tender green vegetation, which shoots up after rain and covers the meadows and downs and is a generic name for all grasses and cryptogamous plants (which are plants or plant like organisms that reproduce by spores and do not produce flowers and seed).

2 – Seed yielding herbs - עֵשֶׂב eseḇ - Strong’s H6212 meaning, herb, herbage, grass, plants and have the ability to yield seed and is used as a generic term for all herbaceous plants, corn, vegetables, and other plants by which seed-pods are formed.

3 – Fruit bearing treesעֵץ פְּרִי  – from the two words - עֵץ ets – Strong’s H6086 meaning, trees, wood , timber, staff and פְּרִי  peri – Strong’s H6529 which means, fruit, produce and comes from the word פָּרָה parah – Strong’s H6509 which means, to bear fruit, be fruitful, flourish and this is not only fruit-trees, but all trees and shrubs, bearing fruit in which there is a seed according to its kind, i.e., fruit with kernels.

 

The earth is to bring forth grass, herb, and trees, upon or above the ground, as an ornament or covering for it, and the three great divisions of the vegetable kingdom mentioned here were not called into existence in the same way as the light and the air; they were made to grow, and they grew as they still do, which is ‘out of the ground’.

Verse 14-19 – The 4th day

It was here on the 4th day that Elohim set up and appointed ‘lights’ in the expanse in order for them to separate the night from the day, and to be for signs, appointed times, days  and years.

In verse 16 He ‘made’ the two great lights – the greater (sun) to rule the day and the lesser (moon) to rule the night together with the stars. The root word used here for ‘made’ is עָשָׂה asah – Strong’s H6213 meaning, to do, work, make, produce, to act with effect, to observe, to bring about, institute and is not the term used for ‘create’ which is the Hebrew word בָּרָא bara – Strong’s H1254 which means, to shape, create and bring about. What Elohim did on the 4th day was ‘appoint’ the ‘work’ or task of the lights that He set in the expanse. This 4th day is a powerful declaration of His work of redemption, in that it was in the 4th Millennium that יהושע Messiah, The Light of the world, came in the flesh and separated the light from the darkness through His life, death and resurrection, and to further establish the Torah by revealing it to us through His earthly ministry as He proclaimed the Kingdom rules that we, as children of light being born of Him, must live by!

The lights in the expanse were for:

1 – Signs - אוֹת oth – Strong’s H226 meaning, a sign, banner, pledge, witness, token, proof and comes from the primitive root אָוָה avah – Strong’s H184 which means, to sign, mark, describe with a mark.

2 – Appointed Times –  מוֹעֲדִים moeḏim - plural of the root - מוֹעֵד moe – Strong’s H4150 meaning, appointed time, place, meeting, appointed feast, and right in the beginning, during the Creation Week, Elohim announces to us that He will have ‘appointed times’ and the way we are to know when these times are would be determined by the lights in the expanse of the heavens which were given for us to not only determine the season and day and night but also for His all-important Appointed Times. His Appointed Times are clearly given to us in Wayyiqra/Leviticus 23 (see Torah commentary notes on Wayyiqra/Leviticus 23 for more on the Appointed Times of יהוה)

3 – Days and years – the cycle of the sun, moon and stars are also used to determine the days, months and years and the important understanding of our ability to watch for these signs, without worshipping them, is critical in our knowing the times of our Creator! For more on when the year begins and how to reckon the beginning of a month etc. please see the commentary of Wayyiqra/Leviticus 23!!!

We must be a set-apart people who adhere to and follow the Creator’s Timetable and keep His Appointments or else we will be ‘in the dark’ so to speak and not understand His ‘floor plan’ for our sure and promised deliverance. The enemy has certainly done his best in attempting to change the times and laws of יהוה:

Dani’ěl/Daniel 7:25and it speaks words against the Most High, and it wears out the set-apart ones of the Most High, and it intends to change appointed times and law, and they are given into its hand for a time and times and half a time.

The enemy ‘intends’ or attempts to change something that cannot be changed as the Appointed Times were set forever in the Creation Week, and despite the many false calendar systems of man, the Creator’s Calendar never changes; yet the attempts of the enemy to change the times and laws of Elohim have certainly caused many to be led astray into walking in darkness and think that they are walking in the light! Those who walk in an intended changed calendar system that observes feasts that are not contained in the Appointed Times of יהוה are walking in error and headed for destruction, unless they wake up and repent and begin to follow that which was appointed by Elohim for us to follow!

Rabbinic Judaism has ‘changed’ the 7th month for the 1st by claiming that the ‘new year’ is on Yom Teruah (Day of Trumpets) which is the 7th month! Clearly we are told in Shemoth/Exodus when the beginning of the year is – in the Renewed moon of Aḇiḇ (when the barley is ripe in the head), at the time Yisra’ĕl came out of Mitsrayim. Christianity, under the direction of the Catholic church system has too adopted a changed calendar in which they follow the Gregorian calendar that was devised by Pope Gregory and they too intended to ‘change the Sabbath’ and claim that they 1st day of the week has replaced the 7th day and they have their sun worship services on the sun-day (sol Invictus dei – the day of the sun).

Following these intended changes will cause you to not know that Set Appointed Times of our Creator and therefore be unable to rightly divide the Truth and  understand the Word of Elohim, as His Word is declared and applied daily through the obedience of keeping His Appointed Times.

If you begin to follow intended changed timetables then what happens in the process of following that which is false is that you nullify the work and ministry of Messiah and therefore are unable to follow Him and proclaim Him as Master and Redeemer!

Another clear reference to this Creation week being applied to the fullness of the 7 000 year floor plan of Elohim is seen in:

Dani’ěl/Daniel 9:27And He shall confirm a covenant with many for one week. And in the middle of the week He shall put an end to slaughtering and meal offering. And on the wing of abominations He shall lay waste, even until the complete end and that which is decreed is poured out on the one who lays waste.

In this above verse we see a wonderful picture here of that which יהוה confirms with us who are called by His Name!

I find it interesting here in that the picture of Messiah confirming a covenant with many for one week can, in one sense, represent for us His Creation week which shadow pictures the 7 Millennia and that all throughout the ages He confirms a covenant with many and in the middle of the week he will put an end to slaughterings and meal offerings – this clearly can point to His first coming which took place on the ‘4th Day’ (4th Millennium) when He by His own sacrifice put an end to slaughtering by confirming and renewing the covenant in His own Blood, once and for all, which satisfies what the blood of bulls and goats could never do. This prophecy also has great meaning of events that will also take place in the last days which we will not go into now; however the point of this verse being applicable here is that is clearly points to the life, death and resurrection of Messiah as having come to not only confirm a covenant which He does continually but more specifically to put an end to the blood of bulls and goats, for atonement, that were only a covering until His Blood satisfied the requirements of the covenant, and by His Blood we are now able to ‘stand’ and be established to enter into covenant with יהוה, with the clear responsibility of our being clothed fully in Messiah by adhering to and guarding to obey all He has commanded us through His Torah! All who are not clothed with His Torah will be thrown out, as Messiah explains in the parable of the guest who was not dressed for the wedding banquet:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 22:11-13 “And when the sovereign came in to view the guests, he saw there a man who had not put on a wedding garment, 12 and he said to him, ‘Friend, how did you come in here not having a wedding garment?’ And he was speechless. 13 “Then the sovereign said to the servants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, take him away, and throw him out into the outer darkness – there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.’

He also put an end to the meal offering in proclaiming to us that his body and Blood is that meal offering and in order for us to have part in Him we have to eat His flesh and drink His Blood – which is the Pěsaḥ  meal which we eat each year at the Appointed Time! The putting an end to is not a ‘doing away’ with the Appointed Time and the clear requirements that we are to follow and obey, but what His sacrifice has done is that He has fully met the requirements of the slaughtering and the meal offering for our Atonement, and therefore the necessity for us to keep His Appointed Times is critical to our walking in Him!

Yoḥanan /John 6:53-56יהושע therefore said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Aḏam and drink His blood, you possess no life in yourselves. 54 “He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood possesses everlasting life, and I shall raise him up in the last day. 55 “For My flesh is truly food, and My blood is truly drink. 56 “He who eats My flesh and drinks My blood stays in Me, and I in him.

Without the understanding of that which Kěpha/Peter tells us not to be hidden from us (1 day is as a 1000 years) we are unable to be a people who can ‘keep and know the time’!

Verse 20-23 – Day 5

This day Elohim created all the sea creatures, birds and every living creature that moves!

First we see life in the waters and then in the skies and on this day Elohim also created the great sea creatures which is the Hebrew word תַּנִּין tanniyn – Strong’s H8577 meaning, serpent, dragon, sea monster and this could also point to a reference to dinosaurs. We see this word being used in:

Shemoth/Exodus 7:9 “When Pharaoh speaks to you, saying, ‘Show a miracle for yourselves,’ then you shall say to Aharon, ‘Take your rod and throw it before Pharaoh, and let it become a serpent.’

This is not the same as the ‘fiery serpent’ that Mosheh was instructed to make and set on a pole in Bemiḏbar/Numbers 21:8 which is the Hebrew word שָׂרָף seraph – Strong’s H8314. This tanniyn could even have been a crocodile – that very thing that the Mitsrians worshiped; and in Yeḥezqěl Pharaoh is likened to the great sea monster or תַּנִּין tannin:

Yeḥezqěl/Ezekiel 29:3 Speak, and you shall say, ‘Thus said the Master יהוה , “See, I am against you, O Pharaoh sovereign of Mitsrayim, O great monster who lies in the midst of his rivers, who has said, ‘My River is my own, and I, I have made it for myself.’

Yeḥezqěl/Ezekiel 32:2Son of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh sovereign of Mitsrayim, and you shall say to him, ‘You were like a young lion among the nations, and you are like a monster in the seas, and you burst forth in your rivers, and trouble the waters with your feet, and muddy their rivers.’

In Scripture the great sea monster or תַּנִּין tanniyn often speaks of that which points to the monster of the deep or darkness that, although was created by יהוה, will also be destroyed by יהוה as pictured through the destruction of Pharaoh and his armies at the Exodus by destroying them in the Sea of Reeds:

Tehillah/Psalm 74:13 “You divided the sea by Your might; You broke the heads of the sea serpents in the waters.

Notice that the ‘heads’ of the sea serpent are broken in the waters!!!

יהוה again speaks of slaying the great se monster and Liwiathan in

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 27:1 “In that dayיהוה  with His severe sword, great and strong, punishes Liwiathan the fleeing serpent, Liwiathan that twisted serpent. And He shall slay the monster that is in the sea.

 

Verse 24-31 – Day 6

On this day livestock were brought forth – livestock and all that creep on the earth:

1 – Livestock - בְּהֵמָה behemah – Strong’s H929 which is, animal, beast, cattle ,herd

2 – All that creeps - רֶמֶשׂ remes – Strong’s H7431 which is, creeping things, moving things, swarming things.

 

Then in verse 26-27 that Elohim created man in His image! In Hebrew, the term El, meaning ‘mighty one’ gave reference to the Almighty Creator and is a pronoun, not a name. Elohim - אֱלֹהִים - Strong’s H430 which is the plural of אֱלוֹהַּ Eloah – Strong’s H433 meaning ‘mighty one’ and more specifically a mighty one of an oath, making the ‘oaths’ a plural, hence the plural term of Elohim being used. Elohim is One, yet He is the Elohim of Aḇraham, Yitsḥaq and Ya’aqoḇ and His oath is collectively confirmed with each one.

When He says ‘let us make man in our image’ we must be careful not to make the mistake of thinking that Elohim is more than One.  Elohim is not to be read as a literal plurality, for every other deity worshipped by the pagans is called an elohim as well and they too were considered by their worshippers as an elohim yet regarded as singular:

Melaḵim Aleph/1 Kings 11:33Because they have forsaken Me, and bow themselves to Ashtoreth the mighty one of the Tsiḏonians, to Kemosh the mighty one of the Mo’aḇites, and to Milkom the mighty one of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in My ways – to do what is right in My eyes, and My laws and My right-rulings, as did his father Dawiḏ.

The term ‘mighty one’ in the above verse here is the word ‘elohim’.

 

יהוה has just created all creation and in doing so created a perfect environment for man – an environment to place His image, and so His declaration is before all creation including the heavenly host of beings that also have been created at this time and notice that this is the first time Elohim is saying “let us” as this can also be seen as a ‘royal plural’ which is a manner of speaking that shows that the One who is speaking is very great, as He speaks on behalf of all His Kingdom – a Kingdom which He has made specifically for His image, as portrayed through man, which can be firmly placed and established!

 

Here the term ‘man’ is the Hebrew word אָדָם Aḏam– Strong’s H120 which means, man, mankind, human, person and so this also collectively refers to men and women! The word used here for ‘male’ is זָכָר zaḵar – Strong’s H2145, which comes from the primitive root זָכַר zaḵar – Strong’s H2142 which means, remember, be mindful and the word used for ‘female’ is נְקֵבָה neqeḇah – Strong’s H5347 and comes from the word נָקַב naqaḇ – Strong’s H5344 which means, to pierce.

This is a wonderful picture here as we see that the female came from the male as Aḏam’s side was ‘pierced’ and the woman was brought forth from his rib; and so too do we see how we, as the Bride of Messiah, have been brought forth by His flesh being ‘pierced’ for us!

Also we see a wonderful play on words when Dawiḏ makes the following statement in His Psalm in:

Tehillah/Psalm 8:4 “What is man that You remember him? And the son of man that You visit him?

The first word translated as ‘man’ here is אֱנוֹשׁ enosh – Strong’s H582 which means, man, mankind, mortal man while the second ‘man’ as in the ‘son of man’ is אָדָם Aḏam and the word for ‘remember’ is זָכַר zaḵar. What is also interesting to note is that this Psalm in its introduction is titled, To the chief musician upon Gittith, a Psalm of Dawiḏ – the term  גִּתִּית GittithStrong’s H1665 is a Hebrew musical term which means ‘wine-press’ and is often a song title that is used for the feast of booths. As you read the whole Tehillah/Psalm 8 we see the praise Dawiḏ has for Elohim and proclaims the Creation account!!!

This term ‘Gittith’ as a title is used for 3 of Dawiḏ’s Psalms (8, 81 and 84) all of which are Psalms of praise connected to restoring the Creation account of Elohim dwelling with His people which will again take place when he comes to ‘booth’ with us!

So when we see here the perfect image of Elohim being created in man, we can see that by the male and female terms meaning in essence, ‘marked and pierced’ we recognise that this is exactly what Messiah came for (to be marked and pierced) in order to restore the image of Elohim in mankind that the first Aḏam defiled through sin.

In His IMAGE and LIKENESS!

As we consider the words being spoken here in Berěshith/Genesis 1:26-27 in regards to man being made in the image and likeness of Elohim, we must expand a little on the Hebrew wording here in order to further understand that which is being given to us here in the creation account of man. There are many views as to what exactly “in Our image and according to Our Likeness” means. Let us therefore look at these words and get clarity on the construction of the wording that is given here within these two critical verses.

The Hebrew word translated as ‘in our image’ is בְּצַלְמֵנוּ  – btsalmeynu – The root word for ‘image’ is צֶלֶם tselem – Strong’s H6754 which means, an image, likeness, representation. The Hebrew word translated as ‘according to our likeness’ is כִּדְמוּתֵנוּkiḏmutheynu – and the root word for ‘likeness’ is דְּמוּת demuth – Strong’s H1823 which means, likeness, similitude, figure, resemblance, and comes from the root verb דָּמָה damah – Strong’s H1819 which means, to be like, resemble, equal, compare, resemble.

Most commentators do not draw a distinction between the Hebrew word for image, (“tselem”) and the Hebrew word for likeness, (“demuth”). Both are seen as mutually interchangeable synonyms. What Mosheh is clearly teaching us here by the use of these two words is that man was made to resemble Elohim very closely. Man was made to be the representation of Elohim within His creation. In a manner of speaking we could even see how man was made to be the ‘signature’ of Elohim upon His Creation, as a painter would mark or sign his painting.

We, that is mankind, were originally made to be like Elohim – that is – to be a likeness and complete representation of who Elohim is, both in resemblance and representation of His character and likeness.

While most agree to this concept of being made to resemble Elohim, many erroneously take the use of the word ‘our’ as meaning that Elohim is more than one. The use of the plural construct of these root words that is translated as ‘our’ does not promote nor refer to a ‘trinitarian’ or ‘dual’ construct of who Elohim is.  As I have already mentioned above, the ‘plurality of Elohim’ is not in persons, but in oaths, and is also in plurality of majesty, which in Latin is understood as  pluralis maiestatis, meaning that Elohim is speaking on behalf of His Creation, as a king or ruler of a kingdom would speak on behalf of his kingdom. The use of a plural pronoun to refer to a single person holding a high office, such as a king, denotes excellence, power and dignity of the person who speaks.

What supports the clear fact that Elohim is not referring to a duality or trinity is by the wording that we find in the next verse! If Elohim were to represent a plurality of persons then it would consistently flow in the words that follow, and in verse 27 we see how Elohim created man in HIS image and in the image of Elohim HE created man and woman. If the ‘our’ is verse 26 related to plurality of person then the next verse would confirm it, in recording the action of the word that had been spoken. ‘In His image’ in verse 27 in the Hebrew is written as בְּצַלְמוֹ – ‘b’tsalmu’, and is written not in the plural construct but rather it is clearly in the singular – for it was in HIS (singular) image that He created man!

We were created to resemble Elohim in all aspects.  As a likeness or image of a thing is not made of the thing but foreshadows or represents that thing on paper or in wood or granite or in the case of man – in flesh, so we merely foreshadowed and/or represented the Messiah.

As we consider how Elohim made man in His likeness, according to His image, we find a great lesson that is contained in the ancient pictographic script when looking at a couple of these words.

Let us first look at the word for ‘man’:

The Hebrew word for ‘man’ or ‘mankind’ is אָדָם Aḏam – Strong’s H120 which means, man, mankind, human, person and so this collectively refers to both men and women! The noun  אָדָם Aḏam – Strong’s H120 comes from the root verb אָדֹם aḏom – Strong’s H119 which means, to be red, ruddy, which according to Jeff Benner’s Ancient Hebrew Lexicon, comes from the parent root דָּם dam – Strong’s H1818 which means, blood, bloodguilt, bloodshed.

 

In the Ancient Hebrew alphabet the word דָּם dam – Strong’s H1818 which means, to be red, ruddy, looks like this:

memdalet

Daletדָּ:

The ancient script has this letter as dalet and is pictured as a ‘tent door’. It can also have the meaning of ‘a back and forth movement, as one goes back and forth through a tent door, and so speaks of an access point. It can also carry the meaning of ‘dangle’ or hanging as the tent door would hang from the roof pole of the tent. It speaks a great deal in terms of understanding the door of the tent of appointment as the only means of access.

Mem – ם:

The ancient script has this letter as mem and is pictured as ‘water’, and also carries the meaning of ‘chaos’ (from the storms of the sea) and can also picture that which is mighty or massive as well as the unknown. We are also able to understand this letter as representing the nations, for the nations are often likened to the seas in Scripture. This also carries for us the picture of washing, as we understand the function of water being that which cleanses us and sustains us, showing us how we are washed and sustained by the Living Waters of the Word! This letter also can represent any liquid, especially blood!

When you combine these two pictures together we can see the meaning, the moving back and forth of water" or the "flowing of blood".

The life of all flesh is in its blood! Blood is not a dead thing… without blood we have no life! We recognise that without the Blood of Messiah being shed for us we have no life! And it is by the Blood of our Master and Elohim that we have been declared right, and as we stay in Him we shall be saved from wrath through Him (Romiyim/Romans 5:9).

The Hebrew word for man, אָדָם Aḏam  – Strong’s H120 which means, man, mankind, human, person, has the letter ‘aleph’ (אָ) before the letters ‘dalet’ (דָ) and ‘mem’ (ם). In the ancient script the Hebrew word אָדָם Aḏam  looks like this:

daletmemaleph

Aleph - אָ:

The ancient script has this letter as aleph and is pictured as the head of an ox, and represents ‘strength’, meaning ‘muscle’ as the ox is the strongest of the livestock animals. This also carries the meaning of ‘yoke’, as an ox is placed in a yoke in order to plough or pull a heavy load in the right direction. This can also picture for us the ‘red heifer’ sacrifice that יהושע Messiah fulfilled!

Here we are able to see that the ‘strength’ of man is from the Aleph, who is also the Taw, for יהוה is the Aleph and the Taw – the Beginning and the End, our Mighty Elohim, by whose Blood we have life, and life abundantly. The favourable gift of Elohim, through the Blood of Messiah has overflowed to many!

Now, when we look at the ancient pictographic construct if the Hebrew root word for ‘likeness’, we are able to see a great and powerful picture of the work of our Master and Elohim, יהושע Messiah.

The Hebrew root word for ‘likeness’ - דְּמוּת demuth – Strong’s H1823 which means, likeness, similitude, figure, resemblance’, in the ancient pictographic script looks like this:

tawwawmemdalet

Daletדְּ:

The ancient script has this letter as dalet and is pictured as a ‘tent door’. It can also have the meaning of ‘a back and forth movement, as one goes back and forth through a tent door, and so speaks of an access point. It can also carry the meaning of ‘dangle’ or hanging as the tent door would hang from the roof pole of the tent. It speaks a great deal in terms of understanding the door of the tent of appointment as the only means of access.

Mem – מ:

The ancient script has this letter as mem and is pictured as ‘water’, and also carries the meaning of ‘chaos’ (from the storms of the sea) and can also picture that which is mighty or massive as well as the unknown.

We are also able to understand this letter as representing the nations, for the nations are often likened to the seas in Scripture. This also carries for us the picture of washing, as we understand the function of water being that which cleanses us and sustains us, showing us how we are washed and sustained by the Living Waters of the Word! This letter also can represent any liquid, especially blood!

Waw - וּ:

The ancient pictographic form of this letter is waw, a peg or ‘tent peg’, which was used for securing or tying the tent or other items. The possibility of it having a Y-shape is to show that it prevents the rope form slipping off. The root meaning of this letter is ‘to add, secure or hook’.

Taw -  ת:

The ancient for of this letter is taw - meaning ‘two crossed sticks’. It was a type of a mark as being displayed by two crossed sticks and has the meaning of mark, sign or signature or identification, used as a marker to identify people, places or things. It can also carry the meaning of ‘seal’ or ‘covenant’.

From this word that means ‘likeness’ we are able to see the following: The flowing of blood that secures the covenant

What is important for us to recognise is that יהוה Elohim chose to make man be according to His likeness, and so established a likeness that would forever be given, that would be the strength that would have rulership over all that He has created!

The first Aḏam  sinned and the likeness of the strength of the flowing blood of life was corrupted and needed to be restored, hence the reason and need for Elohim to come in the flesh and be born ion the likeness of man to redeem and restore the true image and likeness of Elohim in man.

Now when we see this word expressed as ‘according to our likeness’ is כִּדְמוּתֵנוּkiḏmutheynu’ in the ancient script we are clearly able to see who it is who comes to restore and secure the eternal image and likeness of Elohim upon His creation!

This word in the ancient script looks like this:

wawnuntawwawmemdaletkaph

As you will notice here in the construct of this word that there are 3 additional letters. One at the beginning of the word and two at the end, which are:

 

Kaph – כִּ:

The ancient pictographic script has this letter pictured as – kaph – which is a picture of an open palm of a hand and can symbolise that to which submission is given – ‘under the hand’.

This is at the begging of the word, and understood as being the letter that renders the understanding in this construct as meaning, ‘according to’.

Nun - נ:

This is the letter ‘nun’ (נֵ), which in the ancient text is pictured as nun , which is a ‘spouting seed’, and gives the idea of ‘continuation or an offspring or an heir’, speaking of that which sprouts forth will be the heir of the promise of continuation, and represents one’s life expectancy.

Waw - וּ:

The ancient pictographic form of this letter is waw, a peg or ‘tent peg’, which was used for securing or tying the tent or other items. The possibility of it having a Y-shape is to show that it prevents the rope form slipping off. The root meaning of this letter is ‘to add, secure or hook’.

As we consider these pictures we can clearly see the prophetic shadow picture of Messiah, The SEED, that would be born in the flesh and secure the eternal likeness of Elohim in man!

The use of another ‘waw’ emphasises the one who secures, and the use of the ‘Kaph’ at the beginning of the letter, reveals that it is the Hand of Elohim that restores and secures His own image and likeness in man that He Himself chose to represent Himself and give a dominion mandate to.

Man was made in the likeness and esteem of Elohim, a likeness that through sin was corrupted and only able to be restored by Elohim Himself, who would come and take on the form of man to restore His likeness, and by doing this He would forever subject Himself to this likeness for all time, becoming the Head of man!

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 11:7 “For a man indeed should not cover his head, since he is the likeness and esteem of Elohim, but woman is the esteem of man.

The Greek word used here for ‘likeness’ is εἰκών eikōn – Strong’s G1504 which means, image, likeness, representation, and is the Greek word used in the LXX (Septuagint) in speaking of the ‘image’ that Elohim created man in.

The Greek word used in the LXX (Septuagint) for ‘likeness’ is ὁμοίωσις homoiōsis – Strong’s G3669 which means, a making alike, likeness, and is used in:

Ya’aqoḇ/James 3:9With it we bless our Elohim and Father, and with it we curse men, who have been made in the likeness of Elohim.

We were created to resemble Elohim in all aspects.  As a likeness or image of a thing is not made of the thing itself but rather foreshadows or represents that thing on paper or in wood or granite, or in the case of man – in flesh, so we merely foreshadowed and/or represented the Messiah. The mystery that Sha’ul taught was that the eternal Elohim took on Himself human nature and is the Messiah; He did not send a Messiah, יהוה Himself is the Messiah. יהוה came in person to be humiliated and put to death in order to redeem us. At the fall of man, man ceased to be an exact and true representation of Elohim, a likeness and image that only He Himself could come and restore in us!

The book of Aḏam is considered by many scholars to be part of the "Pseudepigrapha". The "Pseudepigrapha" is a collection of historical biblical works that are considered to be fiction. Because of that stigma, this book was not included in the compilation of the Set Apart Bible.

This book is a written history of what happened in the days of Aḏam and Ḥawwah after they were cast out of the garden. Although considered to be pseudepigraphic by some, it carries significant meaning and insight into events of that time. It is doubtful that these writings could have survived all the many centuries if there were no substance to them. These writings were also found to have been part of the many writings that were in the Temple long before it was destroyed and therefore predates the coming of Messiah and carries great insight for us in what the clear understanding was in terms of the Messiah that would come would be יהוה Himself!

In the first Book of Aḏam we see the following that clearly expresses this clear fact that יהוה came and took on the corruptible nature of the flesh in order to redeem sinful man back to Himself:

The 1st Book of Aḏam Chapter 14:1-6 “Then Aḏam said to Elohim: "O יהוה, take You my soul, and let me not see this gloom anymore; or remove me to some place where there is no darkness." 2 But Elohim יהוה said to Aḏam, "Indeed I say to you, this darkness will pass from you, every day I have determined for you, until the fulfilment of My covenant; when I will save you and bring you back again into the garden, into the house of light you long for, in which there is no darkness. I will bring you to it -- in the kingdom of heaven." 3 Again said Elohim to Aḏam, "All this misery that you have been made to take on yourself because of your transgression, will not free you from the hand of Satan, and will not save you. 4 But I will. When I shall come down from heaven, and shall become flesh of your descendants, and take on Myself the infirmity from which you suffer, then the darkness that covered you in this cave shall cover Me in the grave, when I am in the flesh of your descendants. 5 And I, who am without years, shall be subject to the reckoning of years, of times, of months, and of days, and I shall be reckoned as one of the sons of men, in order to save you." 6 And Elohim ceased to commune with Aḏam.

The Yehuḏim of the time could not fathom this mystery because they could not understand how Elohim could become human or how He could die. The Yehuḏim wanted a Kingly Messiah to establish the rule of Dawiḏ; what they got instead was a humble servant. (Once again, for our purposes here, it is enough to know that His flesh died and not His Spirit.) The fact that יהוה became flesh and died to redeem us, is the single most important distinguishing factor that sets our faith radically apart from any other religion. Our Elohim came down from heaven and died for us. He wasn’t a distant spectator; He came to walk the blood path for us as He had promised Aḇraham. What other religion can say that, Judaism included?

Before there was time, before Elohim created the heavens and the earth, יהוה brought forth from the ‘timeless’, ‘matterless’, and ‘spaceless’ eternity, the fullness of Himself in a physical human-like form. (A human-like form, but not a human form, for His humanity was only taken up when He came to earth as a baby.) He chose this form because in His eternal wisdom this was the form that He chose to create a living simulacra (people) through. It was through this pre–incarnate human-like form that יהוה created the heavens and the earth and the fullness thereof, and it is through this form, that He can and would communicate with His creation. He is the Word - the creative Word of יהוה, because through Him was created all that is. He is also the expressed Word of יהוה, as the divine embodiment of the full purposes and being of יהוה in this material universe.

Yoḥanan Aleph/John 1:1-3In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with Elohim, and the Word was Elohim. 2 He was in the beginning with Elohim. 3 All came to be through Him, and without Him not even one came to be that came to be.

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 3:9 “and to make all see how this secret is administered, which for ages past has been hidden in Elohim who created all through יהושע Messiah

Qolasim/Colossians 1:16-17 “Because in Him were created all that are in the heavens and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or rulerships or principalities or authorities – all have been created through Him and for Him. 17 And He is before all, and in Him all hold together.

Elohim, in order to redeem His image and Likeness in man, had to, by His own design, come and be born in the flesh, which leads us to the highly debated topic of the Father and Son relationship.

Who is the Word by whom all was created? In whom was created the heavens and the earth, both that which is visible and that which is invisible? Who was before all and in whom does everything hold together? Who made the ages, and who is the Spirit of His mouth? Scripture undoubtedly reveals to us that it is יהושע who created the heavens and the earth, both the visible and the invisible realms; that it is He who is the Aleph and the Taw. As we shall see, יהושע quotes Yeshayahu/Isaiah 41:4 which we generally attribute to words spoken by “the Father” and makes them directly applicable to Him.

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 41:4 Who has performed and done it, calling the generations from the beginning? ‘I, יהוה, am the first, and with the last I am He.’

Messiah יהושע certainly claimed to be יהוה! He claimed to be Creator, Redeemer, the Almighty and the fulfillment of all things.

 

He is in the Father, and the Father is in Him. Now, ascended into the heavenly tabernacle, He is at the right hand of the Father; and He is the right hand of the Father! In fact, He is the fullness of the Father in human form. To us He is the full revelation of the fullness of יהוה. There is nothing else. If we have seen Him, we have seen the Father. Is it not of יהושע that the prophet said that He would be known as “the everlasting Father” or “Father of continuity”?

 

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 9:6 “For a Child shall be born unto us, a Son shall be given unto us, and the rule is on His shoulder. And His Name is called Wonder, Counsellor, Strong Ěl, Father of Continuity, Prince of Peace.

However, when יהושע was on earth, he had to conform in all ways to being a human being. He was fully man, with the attendant frailties and imperfections in body. He came to a sin ravaged world and in a human form that was “produced” in this broken environment. Since Aḏam, the genetic code has accumulated thousands of errors (scientifically referred to as genetic entropy). Even though the Spirit of Elohim impregnated Miryam we can safely assume that יהושע was not immune to disappointment or pain, nor free from the imperfections of sinful man. In fact, Scripture reveals Him as One who is able to sympathize with our weaknesses, and who was tried in all respects as we are, apart from sin, and too learnt obedience through what He suffered.  Yahushua died and was resurrected on the third day clothed with incorruptibility as proof and pledge that in Him we will also be raised incorruptible at His second coming.

But what about the Father/Son picture? Did יהושע not pray to the Father? If He prayed to the Father then certainly He cannot be the Father? Or can He???

The Father/Son picture is just that – it is a metaphor to show us יהושע’s (the man’s) dependence on the Father as an example for us. He serves the Father as a human should and came to fully flesh out the Torah. He lived as we were created to live, and serves mankind and the Father as we should, revealing to us the pure image and likeness of Himself! יהושע is not the progeny of the Father as a normal child would be, nor did יהושע come later in time as a son would. When יהוה brought forth the “Son” before the foundations of the earth He was in a human-like form endowed with the full capacity of the Eternal self-existent Spirit. He did not receive a different identity, for He was יהוה in a physical form, which form could dwell in this three dimensional universe. He laid that all down and became fully human. The creator became as a created being. He was clothed with corruptible flesh and lived as a man. In this context the Father/Son picture is used to illustrate a bond of love, dependence and obedience. יהוה the saviour became a human in all respects, to overcome sin as a human with human capabilities and re-establish a personal relationship with יהוה. יהושע laid down his rulership of the universe for a while in order to redeem it back to Him to teach us how to live set apart and righteous lives.  Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 5:7-8 expressly limits His Sonship “to the days of His flesh”. But now, “having been perfected, He became the Causer of everlasting deliverance to all those obeying Him” (Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 5:7-8).

The revelation that “the man” יהושע is “Elohim in the flesh” is the revelation of Kěpha on which the fullness of Messiah’s assembly is built. Before this, Kěpha and the disciples did not understand the magnitude of the work of the Messiah. They understood that יהושע was the Messiah but thought that He came to set up His kingdom rule. They certainly did not understand that He was יהוה in the flesh, let alone that He came to be a willing sacrifice, until after His resurrection. In fact, when יהושע tried to explain this to Kěpha, he immediately protested, and was rebuked as Satan.

Every spirit that does not confess that יהושע Messiah has come in the flesh is not of Elohim. And this is the spirit of the anti-messiah. It is not the belief that the man יהושע existed and that He is the Messiah that is meant here in Yoḥanan’s letter (Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 4:3), for even the demons know that יהושע came in the flesh. What is meant is the proclamation that יהוה Himself became flesh and dwelt amongst us and took upon Himself the punishment of sin. He was clothed with corruptible flesh to be raised incorruptible as pledge that we too shall be raised at his coming clothed with incorruptibility.

The eternal timeless non-dimensional יהוה chose a physical form through which He created the heavens and the earth being compatible with that form. He then used that form to create a being in His image; a being He could interact and communicate with. This being He fashioned with care so that this being could be a reflection, not only of His physical being but also of His character.

We, who are in Messiah, have the very life of Elohim in us. Truly, in Him we live and move and have our being.

Just as all died in Aḏam (the first man), so also all shall be made alive in Messiah (the second Aḏam).

This leads me to another very important topic that is often overlooked in terms of the depth of the revelation that it brings in understanding who Messiah is and the likeness and image of Elohim He came to restore in man. What I am referring to is the title by which our Master and Messiah is called, which is: The first born of all creation!

THE FIRST BORN OF ALL CREATION!

What does this title mean? We see this title being used in:

Qolasim/Colossians 1:15 “who is the likeness of the invisible Elohim, the first-born of all creation.

The Greek word used here for ‘likeness’ is εἰκών eikōn – Strong’s G1504 which means, image, likeness, representation, and is the Greek word used in the LXX (Septuagint) in speaking of the ‘image’ that Elohim created man in. The Greek word that is translated here as ‘first-born’ is πρωτότοκος prōtotokos – Strong’s G4416 which means, first born, first begotten, and comes from two words: 1) πρῶτος prōtos – Strong’s G4413 which means, first, chief, before, foremost, first of all, and 2) τίκτω tiktō – Strong’s G5088 which means, beget, bring forth, bear, give birth, labour.

What we need to realise and acknowledge that יהושע Messiah is the Beginning and the End, He is, and was not created but is the Creator. So what does this verse mean then? Some people believe that יהושע Messiah was ‘born’ before creation and was brought forth from the Father and use this verse to defend their belief which nullifies the clear fact that יהושע Messiah is יהוה our Saviour and by their belief they deny that יהושע Messiah is Master and Elohim.

In order to fully understand what Sha’ul is writing to us here in this letter to the set-apart ones in Colosse, we need to understand the creation account and the fall of man.

As discussed in detail we have already taken a clear look at how the first Aḏam was made in the likeness and image of Elohim! Stop for a moment and just think about this fact, as we need to recognise here that the very first man was not ‘born’. He was formed out of the dust of the ground. The second human being was also not born but was made from the rib that was taken from the side of Aḏam. Before any human being was born the first man and woman sinned and were cast out of the presence of Elohim, as they had corrupted the image and likeness of Elohim that was formed in the first man! The first children that were born were Qayin and Heḇel, who were born ‘in sin’, that is that they were born and brought forth from Aḏam and Ḥawwah, in whom the image and likeness of Elohim had been corrupted and forever marked by death, for it is appointed for men to die once. In a manner of speaking Qayin and Heḇel were the first human beings to be born, so how then are we to properly understand this statement that Sha’ul is making in regards to the title he gives to our Master and Elohim, declaring that He is the first-born of all creation!

The answer is very clear and plain, especially as you read the phrase that is issued before the statement is made of the Messiah being the first-born of all creation! With man having been corrupted through sin, the complete likeness and image of man was corrupt and needed to be restored to reflect the pure image and likeness of the Creator.

Through one man sin entered the world and death through sin, and therefore death spread to all man for all sinned. This means that the only way for the proper image and likeness of Elohim to be fully restored in man was for Elohim to be ‘born’ into creation and be born a man that is the likeness of the invisible Elohim.

This makes יהושע Messiah ‘the first-born of all creation’ – not in direct order of physical birthing but in the clear Truth that no man was ever physically born in the exact likeness and image of Elohim, until Messiah, who is from above, subjected Himself to be made in human form in order to redeem the corrupted image that sin had marked man with!

The seed of man comes from the male and not the female, and with all man being corrupted through the sin of Aḏam and Ḥawwah, our Master and Redeemer came through a maiden, being the perfect Elohim who is from above, in order to bring forth His pure image to which all men could be restored in Him!

Again in the letter to the set-apart ones in Colosse, Sha’ul tells us that Messiah is also the first-born from the dead!

Qolasim/Colossians 1:18-20 “And He is the Head of the body, the assembly, who is the beginning, the first-born from the dead, that He might become the One who is first in all. 19 Because in Him all the completeness was well pleased to dwell, 20 and through Him to completely restore to favour all unto Himself, whether on earth or in the heavens, having made peace through the blood of His stake.

Messiah is the beginning and is also the first-born from the dead, so that He might become the One who is first in all!

What Sha’ul is clearly teaching us here is that in the birth, death and resurrection of Messiah, the image and likeness of Elohim was restored in mankind, with our Master and Elohim being the First in all, making it impossible for His image to be corrupted through sin, as he defeated sin on the stake of His death in the flesh, restoring the ability for man to have a right relationship with Him, as Creator and Saviour of all mankind. Therefore, those who are in Messiah are done with sin.

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 1:6And when He again brings the first-born into the world, He says, “Let all the messengers of Elohim do reverence to Him.

Let all messengers do reverence to Him!!! The messengers understood the birthing of Messiah in the flesh and we see this when even the demons asked Messiah if He came to judge them before the appointed time, and called Him ‘Son of Elohim’.

They understood that the Son is Elohim and Judge, and we take note that when Kěpha made the bold statement of who Messiah is when he said that He is the Son of the Living Elohim, that Messiah said that Kěpha did not say this by himself but by the Spirit! Sha’ul tells us in Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 12:3 that no one can say that יהושע is Master except by the Set-Apart Spirit! The confession that יהושע is the Son of Elohim is not a confession that there are two, but that this Master and Saviour is the One from above who came in the form of the flesh and is the first born of the exact image and full representation of Elohim. The role of the Son is vital in restoring the image and likeness of Elohim that was corrupted in man and what we take note of is that after the Millennial Reign we are given another clear statement that shows that the Son is the Father! We have already mentioned the verse form Yeshayahu/Isaiah 9 that states a Son will be born unto us and shall be called Everlasting Father (The Son will be called the Father)! Now take a look at the following verse:

Ḥazon/Revelation 21:6-7And He said to me, “It is done! I am the ‘Aleph’ and the ‘Taw’, the Beginning and the End. To the one who thirsts I shall give of the fountain of the water of life without payment. 7 “The one who overcomes shall inherit all this, and I shall be his Elohim and he shall be My son.

Why I have quoted both verse 6 and 7 here is to highlight for us who it is who is speaking! Bear in mind that this last book of Scripture in called Ḥazon/Revelation as it is the clear revelation of Messiah – it is a book that reveals to us the clear identity of who our Master, Elohim and Saviour is!

Ḥazon/Revelation 1:8I am the ‘Aleph’ and the ‘Taw’, Beginning and End,” says יהוה “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.

Ḥazon/Revelation 1:10-11I came to be in the Spirit on the Day of יהוה, and I heard behind me a loud voice, as of a trumpet, 11 saying, “I am the ‘Aleph’ and the ‘Taw’, the First and the Last,” and, “Write in a book what you see and send it to the seven assemblies of Asia – to Ephesos, and to Smurna, and to Pergamos, and to Thyatira, and to Sardis, and to Philadelphia, and to Laodikeia.

Ḥazon/Revelation 1:17-18And when I saw Him, I fell at His feet as dead, and He placed His right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid, I am the First and the Last, 18 and the living One. And I became dead, and see, I am living forever and ever. Aměn. And I possess the keys of the grave and of death.

The reason for me quoting the above verses from Ḥazon/Revelation 1 is to simply establish who is speaking in Ḥazon/Revelation 21:6-7! We are able to clearly see that the Aleph and Taw is the First and the Last, the Beginning and End. The First and Last is the Living One who became dead and lives forever! The First and Last is יהוה, as He makes this clear in:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 44:6 “Thus said יהוה, Sovereign of Yisra’ĕl, and his Redeemer, יהוה of hosts, ‘I am the First and I am the Last, besides Me there is no Elohim.

The First and Last who ‘became dead’ and lives forever is יהושע Messiah, and it is יהושע Messiah who is speaking to Yoḥanan in Ḥazon/Revelation 21:6-7! For further proof that this is יהושע speaking, we take note that He is the One who gives of the fountain of living water:

Yoḥanan/John 4:10יהושע answered and said to her, “If you knew the gift of Elohim, and who it is who says to you, ‘Give Me to drink,’ you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water.

Yoḥanan/John 4:13-14יהושע answered and said to her, “Everyone drinking of this water shall thirst again, 14 but whoever drinks of the water I give him shall certainly never thirst. And the water that I give him shall become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life.

Yoḥanan/John 7:37And on the last day, the great day of the festival, יהושע stood and cried out, saying, “If anyone thirsts, let him come to Me, and let him who believes in Me drink.

I do hope that you are able to recognise the clear evidence that it is our Master יהושע Messiah, The Son of Elohim that is speaking in Ḥazon/Revelation 21:6-7! With the ‘Son’ speaking, please take note again of what He says in verse 7:

The one who overcomes shall inherit all this, and I shall be his Elohim and he shall be My son.

He will be Elohim and Father to the one who overcomes!!! The Son will be the Father!

Qorintiyim Bět/2 Corinthians 6:17-18 Therefore, “Come out from among them and be separate, says יהוה, and do not touch what is unclean, and I shall receive you. 18 “And I shall be a Father to you, and you shall be sons and daughters to Me, says יהוה the Almighty.

יהוה the Almighty says that He will be a Father to us and we will be sons and daughters to Him!

Please take note that when יהושע Messiah is speaking in Ḥazon/Revelation 21 He is speaking from the throne that is in the renewed Yerushalayim that comes down out of the heaven and the former heaven and earth had passed away!

The role of the Son is no longer needed in the Renewed Heaven and earth, as the perfect image and likeness of Elohim has been restored, and the Son who was born unto us in the perfect image and exact representation of Elohim is called ‘Everlasting Father’.

It is only when one can fully understand the term ‘First-born of all creation’ in the proper context of ‘the image and likeness of Elohim’ that one is able to fully understand the Father-Son relationship with regards to the complete redemption price that Elohim paid for sinful man! We must acknowledge the Son in order to come to The Father, for in that the true image and likeness is restored through our immersion in His Name. This does not teach us that there are two, but further highlights for us the clear Truth that יהושע Messiah is יהוה in the flesh! Messiah is the incorruptible seed by which we are born again into a living hope!

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 1:22-23Now that you have cleansed your lives in obeying the truth through the Spirit to unfeigned brotherly love, love one another fervently with a clean heart, 23 having been born again – not of corruptible seed, but incorruptible – through the living Word of Elohim, which remains forever

No man of this earth could redeem sinful man as all the seed of man was corrupt through sin, and so The Word of Elohim came to be born in the flesh, being the incorruptible seed that would be brought forth as the first-born of all creation, so that we can be restored to favour and have His image in us renewed in the Blood of Messiah, through our immersion in His Name! He is the first-born of creation that was born in perfection in order that perfection could be restored!

What we also recognise is that with Messiah being the ‘first-born from the dead’ we also understand this perfectly in terms of being the first born from the dead who is the exact representation and likeness of Elohim. This title of being first-born from the dead has also puzzled many as they get confused when reading how some were raised by Him from the dead, such as El’azar (Lazarus) who was in the grave for 4 days, or the accounts we have of Ěliyahu and Elisha raising back some from the dead. When understanding all of these accounts in the context of the image and likeness of Elohim then it is perfectly understood how Messiah is the ‘first-born from the dead’, not is physical order but rather in the image and likeness of Elohim being raised from the dead! All others who were raised from the dead before Messiah were still raised in a corruptible image of sinful flesh.

The reason I have highlighted this title of ‘first-born of all creation’ here in this Torah portion commentary is to enhance our complete understanding of the image and likeness of Elohim that we are to be restored to. When we realise the depth of His love for us in coming to be born in the flesh to redeem us from sin, then we must take heed that we do not neglect our proper representation of who He is as we shine His Light in all we say and do!

Let us get back to Berěshith/Genesis 1

Verse 29

All seed bearing fruit and plants and trees were given as food.

In verse 31 after seeing all that He had made, we see the term that it was ‘very good’ – טוֹב מְאֹד - toḇ me’oḏ’ - from the two words - טוֹב to – Strong’s H2896 which we have already discussed and the word for ‘very’ - מְאֹד me’oḏ – Strong’s H3966 which carries the meaning of, ‘muchness, abundance, diligently, exceedingly, excessive, fully, immense’. What is being said here is that all that Elohim had made was ‘just right’ – it was perfectly functional!!!

CHAPTER 2

Verse 2-3 - The Seventh Day

In the account given to us here we do not see the specific word ‘shabbâthשַׁבָּת - Strong’s H7676 being used, however we do see the root from which the word is derived.

The Hebrew word used here for ‘seventh’ is שְּׁבִיעִי – Strong’s H7637shâḇiy`iy’ which simply means seventh, which comes from the word שֶׁבַע sheḇa – Strong’s H7651 which means, seventh which comes from the primitive root verb שָׁבַע shaḇa – Strong’s H7650 which means, to swear, exchange oaths, take an oath, vow.

What seventh is being spoken of here? The seventh DAY! The word for ‘day’ in Hebrew as we have already discussed is ‘yôm- Strong’s H3117. Elohim completed His work on the 7th day and then rested on it.

The root word used for ‘completed’ here is כָּלָה kalah – Strong’s H3615 means ‘finished, completed, come to an end or accomplished’ and is very similar to the root word כַּלָּה kallah – Strong’s H3618 which means ‘a bride’, and so carries a wonderful picture for us of a bride prepared – a bride who has made herself ready and presents herself as one prepared. It is on the 7th day that the Bride of יהוה will be made ready and have completed her preparation, as the work of Messiah will be completed as He takes up His Bride on His seventh day – the 7th Millennium!

The Hebrew word for ‘rested’ used here in verse 3 is ‘shâḇathשָׁבַת - Strong’s H7673 meaning rest – that is to desist from exertion.

The difference between ‘shabbâthשַׁבָּת  - Strong’s H7676 and ‘shâḇathשָׁבַת - Strong’s H7673 is that shabbâthשַׁבָּת  - Strong’s H7676 is the intensive form coming from H7673 which means to rest or observe and the intensive form of H7676 refers specifically to ‘theSabbath as in ‘the7th day of the week.

It was on this very day – the 7th day of the week that Elohim set-apart one day from the others and very specifically He blessed this 7th day to be a day of rest in Him.

This has greater implications for us as we understand how the creation week itself gives us great insight in His redemptive plan and appointed times and so to misunderstand or incorrectly recognise the 7th day as a clear marker for us could be detrimental to us knowing Him and walking fully in Him.

As we can see from Scripture, Elohim blessed and set apart the 7th day, not the 1st or 2nd or 3rd etc. – He blessed the 7th day and set it (7th day) apart from the rest.

BLESS – is the Hebrew word - בָּרַךְ bara – Strong’s H1288 and means, to abundantly blessand literally carries the meaning, to kneel or bow down, to show respect, to bring a gift to another while kneeling out of respect’.

Before we look at the importance of Sabbath we take note that each week, we get to ‘rehearse’ that which is coming – the 7th Millennium – and while we earnestly esteem the Sabbath day and call it a delight, giving our all unto our Great Saviour and King, we also recognise how vital this weekly keeping of Sabbath is in terms of understanding how Elohim Himself will come down and abundantly bless us with His magnificent presence in the 7th Millennium when He comes to dwell among us. In respect to יהוה blessing the 7th day, and the shadow picture of His work being competed on the 7th day, we are able to gain a powerful picture of this truth as seen through this Hebrew word for ‘bless’ in the context of Him coming down to us, here on earth!

The ancient script has the Hebrew word for blessed – בָּרַךְ bara – pictured as:

kaphreshbeit

AAs already discussed above, the letter ‘beyt’ - בָּ: is depicted in the ancient as beit

which pictures ‘a tent floor plan’ and means, ‘house’ or ‘tent’. It represents family and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself.

 רַ– this is the letter ‘resh’- which in the ancient script is pictured as  - resh - 

which is ‘the head of a man’ and carries the meaning of ‘top, beginning, first’ as in being the top of the body or the head of a tribe and the one who rules; and also speaks of possession or inheritance that is decided by the chief.

ךְ  – this is the latter ‘kaph’ – which in the ancient script is pictured as  – kaph – which is a picture of ‘an open palm of a hand’ and can symbolise that to which submission is given – ‘under the hand’.

When we consider this wonderful ‘blessing’ of the 7th day and its set-apartness from the rest, we are able to clearly see the need for the ‘body’ of believers to be submitted under our Head – that is Messiah, and do not do our own work, but enter into His rest! Ultimately this points us to the 7th Millennium when יהוה Himself will come and dwell among us, as He is revealed when all shall see His Hand; and His rule and reign is firmly established here on earth!

As we recognise the blessing that the 7th day (Sabbath) is we are able to identify the great work of our Master that shall be completed when He comes.

What is worth taking note of is that from the primitive root verb שָׁבַע shaḇa – Strong’s H7650 which means, to swear, exchange oaths, take an oath, vow we get the word שָׁבוּעַ shaḇua – Strong’s H7620 which means, a period of 7 (days, years) and the plural of this word שָׁבוּעַ shaḇua – Strong’s H7620 is a word that we all should be familiar with – and that is the word שָׁבֻעוֹת Shaḇuoth – which is the Feast of Weeks, or commonly known as Pentecost, which took place 50 days after the waving of the sheaf of the first that is done on the morrow after the Sabbath during the Feast of Matzot (Unleavened Bread).

As we look at this word for שָׁבֻעוֹת Shaḇuoth in the ancient pictographic text we are able to glean a powerful understanding of our reason for rejoicing in the work of our Master and Elohim and the deliverance that He has caused us to work out with fear and trembling!

In the ancient pictographic script - שָׁבֻעוֹת Shaḇuoth meaning, ‘sevens, oaths’, looks like this:

tawwawayinbeitshin

Shin - שָׁ:

This is the letter ‘shin’ which in the ancient script is pictured as, shin which is ‘two front teeth’ and carries the meaning of ‘sharp or press, chew or devour’; which is what the teeth do, and also speaks of the sharpened word that comes forth from the mouth, as the teeth ‘chew’ or ‘meditate’ on the Truth, making what comes forth pure and sharp! It also carries the understanding of consuming or destroying – as teeth do to food. This can give us the meaning of WORD or Words.

Beyt בֻ:

The ancient script has this letter as beit, which pictures a tent floor plan and means, ‘house’ or ‘tent’. It represents family and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself.

Ayin - ע:

The original pictograph for this letter is ayin and represents the idea of ‘seeing and watching’, as well as ‘knowledge’. as the eye is the ‘window of knowledge’, and can also render the concept of knowledge revealed!

Waw/Vav – וֹ:

This is the Hebrew letter ‘waw’ or ‘vav’ which in the ancient script is pictured as  waw, which is a peg or ‘tent peg’, which was used for securing or tying down of the tent or other items. The possibility of it having a Y-shape is to show that it prevents the rope from slipping off. The root meaning of this letter is ‘to add, secure or hook’.

Taw – ת:

The ancient script has this letter as taw which is pictured as two crossed sticks, and can represent for us ‘seal, covenant, mark or sign; as this once again points to the complete work of Messiah in the renewal of the Covenant in His Blood that brings the two Houses of Yisra’ĕl and Yehuḏah together in Him, as One, for He is not only the ‘aleph’, but is also the ‘taw’ – the beginning and the end of all creation!

When we look at these pictographic symbols of the word for שָׁבֻעוֹת Shaḇuoth we can clearly see the message being made clear through this Feast as it can render for us the following meaning, in terms of the requirements of the Covenants of Oaths being secured by the Blood of Messiah, by which we have now been sealed by His Spirit:

THE WORD OF THE HOUSE HAS BEEN MADE KNOWN AND SEEN (WORD MADE FLESH) IN ORDER TO SECURE US AND SEAL US (FOR THE DAY OF REDEMPTION)!

Back to the importance of Sabbath:

Why is the Sabbath so important you may ask and does it really matter which day is the Sabbath? Well to answer that bluntly – yes it does matter – it matters a great deal and it is of vital importance for us and that is what I want us to look at – the Truth and validity of the importance of the Sabbath.

We have seen that יהוה had set the Sabbath apart already in the Creation week and this stands firm forever as we, each week, get to ‘rehearse’ by remembering to ‘keep’ His Sabbath as it foreshadows our reign with Him.

But just how important is the Sabbath? What is the significance of us getting it right? For many it seemingly does not matter which day is the Sabbath as they erroneously regard ‘every day’ as a Sabbath, but is that what Scripture says? No – Scripture is clear that it is the 7th day, not the 1st or 2nd or 3rd or any other day but the 7th!

The Hebrew root word for ‘guard’ is  שָׁמַר shamar – Strong’s H8104 and carries the meaning, keep watch’,  ‘observe’, ‘perform’, ‘protect’, ‘pay attention’, and the basic idea of the root of this word isto exercise great care over’. We are to ‘exercise great care over observing and keeping His Sabbath.

When one is ‘guarding’ something, being ‘awake and alert’ is imperative or else the risk of a theft or loss of possessions is high. One of the biggest problems we find today among claiming torah observant followers of Messiah is their ability to quickly compromise their diligent duty required in guarding the Sabbath, and we must take great care to not be found slipping in the slightest!

We as set-apart people must guard the Sabbath – why?

The Sabbath is a sign

Why the Sabbath is of utmost importance to us, and what we are to quickly realise is that our sign or mark of our worship unto יהוה our Elohim is in fact our remembering to ‘keep’ His Sabbath. Sabbath observance is key to worship, in fact it is our definitive sign that sets us apart from others.

Yeḥezqěl/Ezekiel 20:12 “And I gave them My Sabbaths, to be a sign between Me and them, to know that I AM יהוה  who sets them apart!

Shemoth/Exodus 31:16-17 “And the children of Yisra’ĕl shall guard the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations as an everlasting covenant. 17 ‘Between Me and the children of Yisra’ĕl it is a sign forever. For in six daysיהוה  made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He rested and was refreshed.

We, as His children, are to ‘guard’ and ‘observe’ the Sabbath for all time! The root word used for ‘observe’ is עָשָׂה  asah – Strong’s H6213 meaning, to do, work, make, produce, ta act with effect, to observe, to bring about, institute and can also mean, celebrate, which I think is very fitting. As it is truly a great ‘joy’ TO DO the laws and right-rulings as prescribed, and starting with the true observance and keeping of the Sabbath is a ‘key’ to growing in our understanding! So many today think that it is a huge burden to do what is commanded, yet that is so far from the truth – when we diligently observe and guard to do all He commands us to do – it is a great joy and a delight and not heavy at all; and the Sabbath is a delight!

 יהוה makes it very clear in the above two passages that the Sabbath is in fact the sign that we are His!!! How awesome is that! His Sabbath is a sign of His power to create and His power to redeem. In the Scriptures, the words seal, sign, mark, and token are used interchangeably.

Elohim's sign, the Sabbath, represents His mighty power to rule as Creator and Saviour, and it is a sign forever between us as children of Yisra’ĕl and Elohim!!!

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 4:9 “So there remains a Sabbath-keeping for the people of Elohim.

You cannot get any clearer than this verse, although it has sadly been twisted into teaching that this Sabbath rest being spoken of only refers to the millennial reign. The Greek word used here for ‘Sabbath-keeping’ is:

Strong’s G4520σαββατισμόςsabbatismos – which literally means ‘a Sabbath keeping’ or ‘Sabbath observance’ and is very clear in its instruction for us today that to keep Sabbath is still of vital importance – after all it is an everlasting sign for us – a sign that will prove to be a critical dividing factor in showing who truly worships Elohim and who does not! The weekly Sabbath-keeping is for us not only a sign, but it is also the first of His commanded Appointed times according to Wayyiqra/Leviticus 23:1-2. יהוה has given us this day as a sign of His everlasting covenant and what we must therefore also realise is that the enemy will always have a counterfeit sign in seeking any means at luring people into the delusion of false worship, making people believe that they are in fact worshipping the Creator when clearly they are in error by having the wrong ‘sign’ of their worship.

What is also important to understand in us guarding and observing the weekly Sabbath, we are not only rehearsing what we are commanded to do, but we are also being obedient in guarding that which is coming – the Promised Hope of a sure rest when we enter into the Millennial reign (7th day), for which there still remains a ‘Sabbath-keeping’. Those who rebelled against the commands of Elohim in the Wilderness never got to enter into the Promised Land – an entire generation missed out except for Yehoshua and Kalěḇ, and so to do we need to recognise the vital importance our Sabbath-keeping as well as the guarding of all His commands are for us as we sojourn here in our ‘Wilderness wanderings’  - for it is very clear that obedience to His commands will give us entrance into that rest that remains for us to enter into and be a part of the first resurrection; while those who disregard His Sabbath, which marks the true worshippers of Elohim, will be as the rebellious nation who came out of Mitsrayim by favour/grace yet never entered into the Promised Land through disobedience to the clear commands – they will never enter His rest!

The 7th day is the day that יהוה blessed and ‘set-apart’ and the Hebrew root word used here in verse 3 for ‘set it apart’ is קָדַשׁ qaḏash – Strong’s H6942 which is a denominative verb which means, to be set-apart or consecrated and comes from the word קֹדֶשׁ qoḏesh – Strong’s H6944 meaning, apartness/ consecrated/ dedicated/ that which is dedicated and separated unto יהוה . The word is really self-explanatory and carries with it great weight in its identification of truly setting something or someone apart from another with a clear distinction of being marked as separate and apart from the rest.

Set-apartness in the Greek is ἁγιασμός hagiasmos – Strong’s G38 – ‘consecration, sanctifying, purification’, and comes from the verb ἁγιάζω hagiazō – Strong’s G37 which means, make set-apart, be set-apart, to separate from profane things and dedicate to Elohim, which comes from the primitive root ἅγιος hagios – Strong’s G40 and its fundamental idea is one of ‘separation, consecration, and devotion to the service of Elohim’. I think we get the picture! To be set-apart means to be devoted and dedicated to serving Elohim and to do so involves the need to be separated from the profane or common, lest the mixing of the two hinders the ability to distinguish between the set-apart and the profane!

At this point I want us to take a look at this Hebrew word for set-apartness as it was written in the ancient pictographic script.

The Hebrew word קֹדֶשׁ qoḏeshStrong’s H6944 which means ‘apartness/ consecrated/ dedicated/ that which is dedicated and separated unto יהוה’, is rendered as follows in the ancient pictographic letter/symbols:

shindaletquph

 Quph – קֹ:

This is the letter ‘quph’, which is pictured as quph , and is a ‘horizon’ and depicts the elements of ‘time’, as it pictures the sun in its rising and setting. It therefore carries the meaning of ‘circle’ or ‘to go around’, representing for us both, appointed cycles or times as well as eternity and speaks of continual adherence to the Appointed Times.

Dalet – דֶ:

This is the letter ‘dalet’ which is pictured as dalet, which is a ‘tent door. It can also have the meaning of a back and forth movement, as one goes back and forth through a tent door and so speaks of an access point. It can also carry the meaning of ‘dangle’ or hanging as the tent door would hang from the roof pole of the tent. It speaks a great deal in terms of understanding the door of the tent of appointment as the only means of access. And we also know that Messiah is ‘The Door’, for we only are able to have access into the Kingdom through Him! The commands are also to be written on the doorposts teaching us to remember to guard the commands of Elohim as we go out and come in, so that our going out and coming is in peace!

Shin - שׁ:

This is the letter ‘shin’ which in the ancient script is pictured as, shin which is ‘two front teeth’ and carries the meaning of ‘sharp or press, chew or devour’; which is what the teeth do, and also speaks of the sharpened word that comes forth from the mouth as the teeth ‘chew’ or ‘meditate’  on the Truth, making what comes forth pure and sharp! It also carries the understanding of consuming or destroying – as teeth do to food.

 

Looking at the rendering of this Hebrew word קֹדֶשׁ qoḏeshStrong’s H6944 in the pictographic form that renders set-apartness or to be set-apart we, are able to see what this clearly implies as we take note that this word can render for us the following meaning:

CONTINUALLY COMING TO THE DOOR OF APPOINTMENT TO MEDITATE ON THE WORD!

 

Our ability to be properly set-apart involves our ability to properly meditate on the Word on a daily basis as well as making sure that we do not neglect the set-apart Appointed Times that are clearly commanded as ‘set-apart gatherings’, which are All the Appointed Times of יהוה, as outlined and instructed in Wayyiqra/Leviticus 23, which includes the weekly Sabbath!

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 23:2-4 “Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, and say to them, ‘The appointed times of יהוה, which you are to proclaim as set-apart gatherings, My appointed times, are these: 3 ‘Six days work is done, but the seventh day is a Sabbath of rest, a set-apart gathering. You do no work, it is a Sabbath to יהוה in all your dwellings. 4 ‘These are the appointed times of יהוה, set-apart gatherings which you are to proclaim at their appointed times.

The Sabbaths and Appointed Times of יהוה are the set-apart gatherings that are to be proclaimed and kept!

The noun קֹדֶשׁ qoḏesh – Strong’s H6944 is used here 3 times along with the word ‘gatherings’, which in Hebrew is the word מִקְרָא miqraStrong’s H4744, meaning: assembly/ group/ convocation/ a collective of people gathered for a purpose/a calling together. Without going into further detail here, I think that the Scriptures are very clear about the set-apart gatherings of יהוה, as they are exactly that – SET-APART GATHERINGS!

Elohim set the Sabbath apart from the very first time there was a 7th day and remains set-apart forever! While all mankind did not keep the Sabbath set-apart, יהוה made a Covenant with Aḇram and chose Yisra’ĕl to be a nation of priests and gave them the Sabbath as a sign between us and Him for ever, that it is He who sets us apart!

When we grasp this properly as we should then to blur the line of separation between the set-apart and the profane cannot be done at all, especially when it comes to the Sabbath! Please note that our lives are to be set-apart unto Elohim every single day, yet the Sabbath is distinguishably different from the rest of the week and our observance of the weekly Sabbath and Appointed Times of יהוה, as being commanded set-apart gatherings that we faithfully observe without fail, will mark us as a people that are being set-apart by יהוה!

 

For more on the Sabbath and the importance thereof please see the commentary notes from Shemoth/Exodus 20

What we clearly see here in the creation week is the shadow picture of how Elohim will finish His work on the 7th day, when He comes out of the His Hěḵal (The Most Set-Apart Place) on Yom Kippur (the 10th of the 7th month) and make tread the winepress and send ‘Azazel (Satan)’ into the Wilderness to be bound for a 1000 years and gather His Bride – this will take place on the 7th day (the 7th Millennium)!

The births of the heavens and the earth took place 4000 years before Messiah came in the flesh!

 

Verse 5 tells us that no plant of the field had yet sprung up for there was yet no man to till the ground. The root word used here for ‘till’ is עָבַד aḇaḏ – Strong’s H5647 meaning, ‘to work, serve, observe, do the work, cultivate, worship’ and carries the understanding of ‘expending considerable energy and intensity in performing a task or function’ – in other words – ‘giving it your all’!

A word that is derived from this root word is the Hebrew for servant which is עֶבֶד eḇeḏ – Strong’s H5650 meaning, ‘servant, slave, bondservant, and as a child of Yisra’ĕl, which we have become by the Blood of Messiah, we are servants of יהוה:

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 25:55 “Because the children of Yisra’ĕl are servants to Me, they are My servants whom I brought out of the land of Mitsrayim. I am יהוה  your Elohim.

The equivalent Greek word for servant is δοῦλος doulos – Strong’s G1401 and is translated as, ‘slave, servant, bondservant, bondslaves – both men and women’, and is used repeatedly throughout the renewed Writings. The word  ‘eḇeḏ is used 800 times in the Tanak (O.T.) and is used as a noun which describes the one who ‘works or tills’ according to the instructions of His Master.

From creation we see that Elohim had clearly created the perfect environment for His servants to serve Him and tend and keep/guard what He has entrusted to man to do!

As we consider the teachings of the Kingdom we can draw from this in terms of understanding that just as the plants had not yet come up because there was no man to till the ground, we must realise that the plants may have already been in the soil in seed form, after which the waters came up from the earth to water the ground – then Elohim made man who would tend and keep the garden!

Messiah tells us in various parables how the earth is the field and the seed that is sown is the Word of Elohim and we therefore recognise that we have been created with a purpose and have a responsibility to cultivate and work the fields as we spread the Good News! We are the servants of the Most High!

The Hebrew word for servant is עֶבֶד eḇe – Strong’s H5650 meaning, ‘servant, slave, bondservant and in the ancient script the word עֶבֶד eḇeḏ is pictured as:

daletbeitayin

 Ayin  - עֶ

The original pictograph for this letter is ayin and represents the idea of seeing and watching, as well as knowledge as the eye is the window of knowledge

Beyt - בֶ:

The ancient script has this letter as beit, which pictures a tent floor plan and means, ‘house’ or ‘tent’. It represents family and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself.

Dalet - ד

The ancient script has this letter as dalet and is pictured as a ‘tent door’. It can also have the meaning of a back and forth movement as one goes back and forth through a tent door and so speaks of an access point. It can also carry the meaning of ‘dangle’ or hanging as the tent door would hang from the roof pole of the tent. It speaks a great deal in terms of understanding the door of the tent of appointment as the only means of access.

When we look at this word in the ancient script for a servant, we can see that it speaks of:

ONE WHO WATCHES AT THE DOOR OF THE HOUSE

This is what our Master calls us to do; and when we consider that יהושע Messiah is The Door, then we further see our need to continually be looking at Him, guarding to do all His commands – and this is how we too keep watch over the House/Body of Messiah!

Verse 7 – Elohim breathed into man the ‘breath of lives’! It was not just breath for himself but here we see that He has breathed in the breath of many lives, showing that He was giving man the ability to produce after his kind that which carries the breath of Elohim!

Elohim formed man from the ‘dust’ of the ground which is the Hebrew word עָפָר aphar – Strong’s H6083 meaning, dry earth, dust, ground, soil,  and what is a very important picture here is that in verse 6 we see how the mist went up from the earth and watered the entire surface after which Elohim formed man. In Scripture we know that water is often a picture of the Word of יהוה and we can see how the water would make the dust particles bond together, just as it is His Word that builds us and bonds us together in Him as we are ‘washed’ by His Word!

Aḇraham’s descendants, specifically Yisra’ĕl are described as being as the dust of the earth and therefore together with the Living Word of Elohim Yisra’ĕl can be built up as One in Messiah!

Verse 9 & 16-17 – two trees

Two trees were in the midst of the garden – the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

Man was commanded to not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for in the day that he would eat of it he would die. The tree of life they were permitted to eat, and after they ate of the wrong tree they were kept from eating this tree of life, which we see in Ḥazon that this tree is once again made available for all to eat:

Ḥazon/Revelation 22:14Blessed are those doing His commands, so that the authority shall be theirs unto the tree of life, and to enter through the gates into the city.

As we see from Scripture that the curse of death pronounced for eating of what they were commanded not too came true. Once again we must take note of the matter we are urged by Kěpha to not let be hidden from us - 1 day is as a 1000 years! In the ‘day’ that Aḏam sinned he died! Aḏam only lived 930 years and so we see that he did not live past 1000 years or rather (1 day) and so he died in the day he sinned! The oldest man to ever live we will see in Chapter 5 was Methuselaḥ who lived 969 years – no one ever lived to 1000 years here on earth!

In the Hebrew we see this “you shall certainly die” written as – מוֹת תָּמוּת – ‘moth tamuth’ and is the repetition of the same root word מוּת muth – Strong’s H4191 which means, to die, surely be put to death, perished, dying and the literal translation of these two words being repeated are best rendered as, dying you shall die and so what we see from this is that sin causes a process of death to be started as the ‘life’ begins to depart from man over a process of time. It is not that when you sin you die straight away but rather the body or life you have begins on a path to death because of sin!

What we can see from the instruction to not eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil is a great lesson at what knowledge alone does:

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 8:1 “And concerning food offered to idols: We know that we all have knowledge. Knowledge puffs up, but love builds up.

Knowledge puffs up, but true love which is expressed in total obedience build up. Eating of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil possesses the danger of thinking that you are able to make clear choices based on your own knowledge and self-assumed wisdom and therefore end up relinquishing the need to submit to and obey our Creator!

 

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 47:10 “And you have trusted in your evil, you have said, ‘No one sees me.’ Your wisdom and your knowledge have led you astray. And you have said in your heart, ‘I am, and there is none but me.’

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 3:19 “For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with Elohim. For it has been written, “He catches the wise in their craftiness,

We are to eat of that which is our life – the Word of Elohim – and in that we get wisdom from Elohim and in our getting we get understanding!!!

Verse 10-14 – the river out of the Eḏen

In these verses we are told of a river from Eḏen that divided and became 4 riverheads, and as we look at each riverhead we can learn some insights from their meanings as we understand the concept of this river or waters speak of the Word of Elohim:

 

1 – Pishon – פִּישׁוֹן  - Strong’s H6376 which means, increase and comes from the primitive root word פּוּשׁ push – Strong’s H6335 meaning, to spring about, spread, grow up, be scattered’. This river is symbolic of changing or doubling as in increase and overflow; and this river surrounded an area where there was gold and so we see the effect of the pure living waters of the Word which will cause us to be increased and be overflowing with the pure richness of His Word that is worth more than gold:

 

Tehillah/Psalm 19:7-10 “The Torah of יהוה  is perfect, bringing back the being; the witness of יהוה  is trustworthy, making wise the simple; 8 the orders of יהוה  are straight, rejoicing the heart; the command ofיהוה is clear, enlightening the eyes; 9 the fear of יהוה  is clean, standing forever; the right-rulings of יהוה  are true, they are righteous altogether, 10 more desirable than gold, than much fine gold; and sweeter than honey and the honeycomb.

This river surrounded the land where there was bdellium and the shoham stone.

The word bdellium in Hebrew is בְּדֹלַח beḏolaḥ – Strong’s H916 which is a white substance like a gum resin, and the only other time we see this word being used in Scripture is in the description of the manna in the wilderness:

Bemiḏbar/Numbers 11:7Now the manna was like coriander seed, and its appearance like the appearance of bdellium.

The shoham stone - שֹׁהַם shoham – Strong’s H7718 is a precious stone also translated as an onyx. The shoham stone is the stone that represents Yosĕph on the breastplate of the High Priest and is also the two stones on the shoulder garment of the High Priest upon which all the tribes of Yisra’ĕl were inscribed upon

Yosĕph kept all the sons of Ya’aqoḇ alive during a famine through his diminishment to slavery and is a wonderful picture of יהושע who delivered us from slavery and in whom we are kept safe; and all the tribes names were written on the two shoham stones on the shoulder garment – showing us that the tribes are written in the Rock of their Salvation of which Yosĕph was a shadow picture of also the shoulder garment representing that the rule and reign is upon His shoulders:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 9:6 “For a Child shall be born unto us, a Son shall be given unto us, and the rule is on His shoulder. And His Name is called Wonder, Counsellor, Strong Ěl, Father of Continuity, Prince of Peace.

 

2 – Giḥon - גִּיחוֹן - Strong’s H1521 which means, bursting forth and comes from the primitive root word גִּיחַ giaḥ - Strong’s H1518 which means, to break forth, gush forth, labour to bring forth, draw up, take out and this symbolic of the favour of Elohim from which we are able to draw from in Messiah and in Messiah we are able to overcome!

Scripture speaks of the river called Giḥon that Ḥizqiyahu the king channelled as a water supply for Yisra’ĕl which enabled them to endure and withstand an Assyrian siege. This is a great picture for us of how we are able to gain draw up and gain access to the pure water of the Word from deep within our hearts no matter the circumstances we find ourselves in, as long as we are drinking from the pure waters of Messiah:

Yoḥanan /John 7:38 ““As the Scripture said, out of His innermost shall flow rivers of living water.

3 – Ḥiddeqel - חִדֶּקֶל  - Strong’s H2313 and means, rapid or sharp voice, and is the Hebrew name of the Tigris river, although we must realise that the Tigris river today is most probably not this river, especially after the flood which may certainly have displaced many of the rivers that were before the flood! Having said that, we can learn a great deal from these four riverheads! This river head can be a reminder to us of the sharp voice of Elohim and we take note of the river that Dani’ěl heard the voice of Elohim in:

Dani’ěl/Daniel 10:4And on the twenty-fourth day of the first month, while I was by the side of the great river, that is Ḥiddeqel.

This was after Dani’ěl; had been fasting and praying for 3 weeks and what is interesting to take note of is that the date mentioned here would have been after the feast of Pěsaḥ and Matzot which ends on the 21st of the 1st month. Dani’ĕl had been fasting all through these feasts as a result of their captivity in Baḇelon, and he heard the sound of the words of Him who was sent to tell Dani’ěl of what would take place in the latter days!

So Ḥiddeqel can picture for us the ability of pressing through in prayer and intercession and know that in seeking Elohim we will hear His sharp and clear voice of His Word!

4 – Euphrates - פְּרָת Perath – Strong’s H6578 which means, fruitfulness and reminds us that we are to be fruitful and multiply – the very mandate given to Aḏam and Ḥawwah  in the Garden. We are to bear fruit of righteousness and Messiah clearly tells us that a good tree cannot bear bad fruit and a bad tree cannot bear good fruit! As we are rooted and grounded in Messiah and stay in Him we are able to bear much fruit – fruit that lasts!

These four rivers – “increase, bursting forth, rapid sharp voice and fruitfulness” express the fullness of the joy and cleansing that the washing of water by the Word brings to a bride who is loved by her husband – as Messiah our Husband has loved us and set us apart and washed us in His Living Word!

Verse 18 – not good for man to alone!

The root word in Hebrew for ‘alone’ is בַּד baḏ – Strong’s H905 which means, alone, besides, apart, separation and comes from the primitive root word בָּדַד baḏaḏ – Strong’s H909 which means, to be separated, isolated, lonely.

This is the first thing in Scripture that is declared to not be right!!! We can certainly recognise that in order to serve Elohim fully with our all we are to realise our need to be integrated in and be a functional part of His body. Here Aḏam needed a helpmeet and it is only יהוה who could provide this help! The word used here for ‘helper’ is עֵזֶר ezer – Strong’s H5828 which means, a help, helper, one who helps and we see this word being used in a Psalm:

Tehillah/Psalm 121:1-2 “A song of degrees. I lift up my eyes to the hills; where does my help come from? 2 My help comes from יהוה, maker of the heavens and earth.

Aḏam needed one who would ‘complete’ him and so too do we recognise that we are nothing without Messiah, and we cannot build His Kingdom without Him, yet He has also chosen us to have a role in establishing His Kingdom!

Verse 20-25

Aḏam then named all the birds, beasts and livestock and no suitable helper was found so Elohim caused a deep sleep to fall on the man! This ‘deep sleep’ is a shadow picture of the death that the second Aḏam, יהושע Messiah, would have to go through in order for His Bride to be birthed from His side! The word used for ‘his ribs’ is צֵלָע tsela – Strong’s H6763 and is translated as, rib, side, corner, beam, board, side chamber, and what is certainly very interesting is that this word is used 18 times in 15 verses in Shemoth/Exodus in the instructions regarding the building of the Tabernacle, altar and Ark! It is also used 11 times in 7 verses in Yeḥezqěl/Ezekiel 41 in describing ‘chambers’ of the Hěḵal  that Yeḥezqěl was shown and told to measure. In Melaḵim Aleph/1 Kings 6 it is used 7 times in 6 verses in reference to the chambers, boards or planks of the house which Shelomoh built for יהוה!

Why I am mentioning this is that we see in Scripture that this word is used twice for a man’s side (Aḏam’s) and once for the side of a hill, but elsewhere it is used as an architectural term in a clear reference to the Tabernacle, House and Hěḵal of יהוה! When Messiah ‘fell asleep’ a soldier pierced His side:

Yoḥanan /John 19:32-34 “Therefore the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who was impaled with Him, 33 but when they came to יהושע and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.  34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and instantly blood and water came out.

With the piercing of His side, by His Blood which satisfies one time for all, His Temple could now be built – His Bride could be brought forth and by the water His Spirit could now dwell in us!

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 3:16 “Do you not know that you are a Dwelling Place of Elohim and that the Spirit of Elohim dwells in you?

Verse 23 – bone of my bones, flesh of my flesh!

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 11:7-12 “For a man indeed should not cover his head, since he is the likeness and esteem of Elohim, but woman is the esteem of man. 8 For man is not from woman, but woman from man. 9 For man also was not created for the woman, but woman for the man. 10 Because of this the woman ought to have a symbol of authority on her head, because of the messengers. 11 However, man is not independent of woman, nor woman independent of man, in the Master. 12 For as the woman was from the man, even so the man also is through the woman. But all are from Elohim.

 

Verse 24 – cleave

The word used for ‘cleave’ in Hebrew is the word דָּבַק daḇaq – Strong’s H1692 and means, to cling, cleave, keep close, closely pursued, fasten its grip, joined, remained steadfast.

We are told to ‘cling/cleave’ to יהוה and clinging/cleaving to יהוה and guarding His commands go hand in hand – you cannot do one without the other, and the truest expression of our fervent love for Him is to cling to Him by doing what is required and obeying His Torah, keeping a firm grip on the truth and not letting go – and to do that one must be awake and alert and sober at all times – being fully ready and equipped to love:

Romiyim/Romans 13:10 “Love does no evil to a neighbour. Therefore, love is completion of the Torah.

יהושע Messiah has by His life, death and resurrection taken a frim hold of us and we as His Bride are to submit and walk in obedience as we cling to Him and guard His commands!

For more on understanding what it means to cleave to יהוה please see the sermon notes on a message called, “Keeping a firm grip on the Truth!” on our site (http://atfotc.com) under the ‘sermons 2012/2013’ menu or by simply clicking on the following link:

http://atfotc.com/index.php/our-sermons/sermons-2012-2013/161-keeping-a-firm-grip-on-the-truth-joshua-23

If we truly love יהוה, then we will cling to Him – if we are not clinging to Him, then our love is not real!

Romiyim/Romans 12:9 “Let love be without hypocrisy. Shrink from what is wicked, cling to what is good.

Clinging to יהוה is not just a stiff literal obedience; but it also involves and earnest seeking of His face in doing our utmost to know Him and therefore embrace His commands as that which separates us and identifies us as His. It is not a matter of “I have go to obey”, but rather it is a “I get the privilege to obey and show my love

If one tries to do things their own ways then they are unable to cling to יהוה!

In the ancient pictographic alphabet the word דָּבַק daḇaq – Strong’s H1692 is written as:

quphbeitdalet

Dalet - דָּ:

In the ancient script this letter is pictured as dalet

which is a ‘tent door. It can also have the meaning of a back and forth movement, as one goes back and forth through a tent door and so speaks of an access point. It can also carry the meaning of ‘dangle’ or hanging as the tent door would hang from the roof pole of the tent. It speaks a great deal in terms of understanding the door of the tent of appointment as the only means of access. We also recognise that יהושע Messiah is The Door, and whoever enters through Him, shall be saved, and shall go in and shall go out and find pasture.

The commands are also commanded to be put on our doorposts as a continual reminder that we are to guard His commands, as we go out and come in, submitting under the authority of The Door, through which we have been given access to being built up as a spiritual House for Elohim.

Beyt – בַ:

In the ancient script this letter is pictured as  beit

pictured as a ‘tent floor plan’, and means, ‘house’ or ‘tent’. It represents ‘family’ and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself. We, as living stones are built up in the Master, and are the Dwelling Place of Elohim.

 

Quph - ק:

In the ancient script this letter is pictured as  quph

a ‘horizon’ and depicts the elements of ‘time’, as it pictures the sun in its rising and setting. It therefore carries the meaning of ‘circle’ or ‘to go around’, representing for us both, appointed cycles or times as well as eternity. This can very well picture for us ‘consistency’ in guarding the commands without compromise, as we do not neglect to adhere to the commands of the House!

 

As we consider this word דָּבַק  daḇaq – Strong’s H1692 which means, to cling, cleave, keep close, stick to, follow closely, stay with, joined to, joined together, in the ancient lettering, we can clearly recognise how we are to be steadfast in our complete commitment in guarding the rules of the House, so to speak!

Verse 25 – they were naked and not ashamed

Here Aḏam and Ḥawwah knew no shame as they were walked in the full purity of the instructions of Elohim, and we need to recognise that in Messiah, we are able to be restored to this point of not being ashamed as we guard and hold fast to the clear Torah of Elohim:

Romiyim/Romans 10:11 “Because the Scripture says, “Whoever puts his trust in Him shall not be put to shame.

For more on trusting in Him please see the sermon notes on a message called, “Obedience calls for confident commitment” on our site (http://atfotc.com) under the ‘sermons 2012/2013’ menu or by simply clicking on the following link:

http://atfotc.com/index.php/our-sermons/sermons-2012-2013/195-obedience-calls-for-confident-commitment-nehemiah-10

Marqos/Mark 8:38 “For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words in this adulterous and sinning generation, of him the Son of Aḏam also shall be ashamed when He comes in the esteem of His Father with the set-apart messengers.

Luqas/Luke 9:26 “For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words, of him the Son of Aḏam shall be ashamed when He comes in His esteem, and in His Father’s, and of the set-apart messengers.

Tehillah/Psalm 31:17 “Do not let me be ashamed, O יהוה, for I have called upon You; let the wrong be ashamed; let them be silenced in the grave.

The Hebrew word for ‘naked’ is עָרוֹם arom – Strong’s H6174 which means, naked, nakedness, which comes from the primitive root verb עוּר ur – Strong’s H5783 which means, to be exposed, bare, laid bare, uncovered, and what we see here from the state of Aḏam and Ḥawwah is that this is not merely a reference to a physical nakedness, but depicts a complete transparency and awareness of Elohim and their complete innocence before Him. Nothing hidden from the sight of Elohim – and in this they were not ashamed!!! Here in their perfect functional state, Aḏam and Ḥawwah were pure and undefiled in their natural state! They were not ashamed (at this point); and the Hebrew word for ‘ashamed’ is בּוֹשׁ bosh – Strong’s H954 which means, be ashamed, act shamefully, disconcerted, disappointed. When we walk in total obedience to the clear instructions of Elohim, we shall not stand ashamed, nor act shamefully – and what we realise is that when we turn to Messiah, who covers us and cleanses us from all unrighteousness, we allow His Word to cause us to be fully exposed before Him, and in doing so we can too cry out like Dawiḏ in the above Psalm – do not let me be ashamed!

Those who walk in the stubbornness of their own ways and try to falsely accuse our good behaviour, shall stand ashamed before the Master one day!

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 3:14-17 “But even if you suffer for righteousness’ sake, you are blessed. “And do not fear their threats, neither be troubled.” 15 But set apart יהוה Elohim in your hearts, and always be ready to give an answer to everyone asking you a reason concerning the expectation that is in you, with meekness and fear, 16 having a good conscience, so that when they speak against you as doers of evil, those who falsely accuse your good behaviour in Messiah, shall be ashamed. 17 For it is better, if it is the desire of Elohim, to suffer for doing good than for doing evil. 

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 4:14-16 “If you are reproached for the Name of Messiah, you are blessed, because the Spirit of esteem and of Elohim rests upon you. On their part He is blasphemed, but on your part He is praised. 15 For do not let any of you suffer as a murderer, or thief, or doer of evil, or as a meddler. 16 But if one suffers being Messianic, let him not be ashamed, but let him esteem Elohim in this matter.

CHAPTER 3 – THE FALL!

The purity and harmony of Creation and the perfect order of Elohim are shattered when Aḏam and Ḥawwah choose to disobey יהוה, and the consequences of that affected the entire human race!

This chapter deals with the dangers of temptation, the impact of sin affecting our relationship with יהוה, as well as the effects of sin on relationships with others. It covers the devastating judgement of mankind for sin and the impact of our sin on nature itself and how sin separates us from Elohim as Aḏam and Ḥawwah are exiled from the Garden; yet we also see the amazing mercy of Elohim as He provides the necessary covering for sin as the first sacrifice is performed in order to provide suitable coverings of skin for man!

The main lesson we can see here is that sin has consequences and instead of running from elohim in disobedience to his commands we are to run to Him and find refuge!

Verse 1 – the craftiness of the enemy

The Hebrew word נָחָשׁ naḥash – Strong’s H5175 means, serpent or snake and is from the primitive root word נָחַשׁ naḥash  – Strong’s H5172 which means, to practice divination, interpret omens, enchanter, observe signs, fortune telling. The enemy will use ‘enchanting words’ and ‘whisper’ falsehood in the clear attempt at pulling people away from following Elohim. The word for ‘crafty’ is עָרוּם arum – Strong’s H6175 which means, crafty, shrewd, subtle, cunning, prudent.

What is worth taking note of here is the ‘play on words’ in the Hebrew, and is often missed in the English. At the end of Chapter 2 we are told that Aḏam and Ḥawwah  were ‘naked’ and were not ashamed; and here in verse 1 of Chapter 3 we are told that the naḥash  was more ‘crafty’ that all the lives of the field that were made by Elohim!

What is worth taking note of is that the word for ‘naked’, as mentioned above, is עָרוֹם arom – Strong’s H6174; and the word in Hebrew for ‘crafty’ is עָרוּם arum – Strong’s H6175 – that is עָרוֹם arom and עָרוּם arum. As you can see here, these two words are spelt the same, and simply just have different vowel pointings!!!

Can we see here that by the naḥash being more ‘עָרוּם arum’ (crafty, shrewd), that we are given a picture as to how he had lost a far more esteemed ‘covering’ than man in his innocence had been made in, and in an attempt to deceive man’s innocence he uses trickery in exposing his own nakedness in a lustful and luring way? This is a vital lesson for us too as we consider how our ‘nakedness’ is clearly evident before our Maker, as nothing is hidden from His sight. Knowing this, we also see how some will stand before the Master and confess their sins and be cleansed as they walk in His Word, while others will be more crafty in their ability at trying to justify their ‘nakedness’ and twist the truth in order to claim to be ok, while they are indeed more stripped of purity and innocence!

Satan uses trickery to deceive and cause people to second guess their obedience to the Truth and he is very subtle in his approach as he uses still today the same tactic he used with Ḥawwah:

“Is it true that elohim has said…?” or “Surely that is not what the Word means…?”

When he tempts us in to second guessing the Truth and we are not equipped in the Word, often his ‘sharp’ words can cause those who know not the ‘sharper’ Words of elohim to be led astray into disobedience for which there are consequences!

In the Hebrew this craftiness is expressed with great subtlety as we see that the naḥash will use very slippery words that can sound very close to the truth, and if one is not careful you can be found beginning to start a process of reasoning away pure obedience! The literal rendering here in this verse where the naḥash speaks to Ḥawwah, we can possibly see it better being understood as a statement that the naḥash is making to Ḥawwah, and while the statement is not completely truthful or accurate, it is subtly posed as a statement that is received as a question to be answered! And so the Naḥash tricks Ḥawwah by saying, “Indeed it is true that Elohim has said do not eat of any of the trees of the garden” or “Is it indeed true that Elohim has said do not eat of any of the trees of the garden”. Whether this is posed as a question or statement, it is used to invoke a response and a response that challenges the one who is responding, in such a way that confusion to the facts and doubt is provoked!

What the enemy thrives at doing is suggesting to people that they can make exceptions to the commands of Elohim, and those who will lend their ears to his subtle lies expose themselves to falling prey to his cunning words that cause people to be satisfied with lawlessness under the disguise of a falsified obedience.

Qorintiyim Bět/2 Corinthians 11:14-15And no wonder! For Satan himself masquerades as a messenger of light! 15 It is not surprising, then, if his servants also masquerade as servants of righteousness, whose end shall be according to their works!

How true it is today that the servants of Satan are masquerading as servants of righteousness – in other words they are coming across as if they are preaching righteousness, yet all they are doing is leading the masses astray by saying the Torah is no longer needed to be followed with the pathetic line of “we are under grace and not law”! This is a subtle twisting and presentation of an orchestrated move of the enemy to get so many to second guess their need to do the Torah as they eat of the ‘knowledge’ that they are not supposed to eat of!

Verse 2-6

Ḥawwah engaged in a debate with the naḥash, and ended up adding to the Word! She said that they were not allowed to ‘touch’ the fruit of the tree which they were not allowed to eat of! While the assumption of not eating may include and can cause one not to touch, this addition to the simple instructions opened up the door for doubt to set in. This adding may have seemed harmless at first to Ḥawwah as she in essence put a ‘fence’ around the command in the hope to be further protected from falling yet the opposite happened! This ‘fence-making’ is a trap that caused Rabbinic Judaism to formulate an oral Torah that presumes to protect one from breaking the Torah while the opposite actually happens as by following the oral traditions and laws they break the clear and simple commands of Elohim!

Satan then responded with another lie… “surely you will not die!” We must realise that Satan will always try to get us to question the validity of the Word – “Surely the Word does not mean that…?”

The very things that Satan tempts us with is the same things he has always done, and the same that he tempted Ḥawwah with; and that is the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes and the pride of life! By invoking a response from Ḥawwah, the naḥash caused her to begin to think about ‘touching’ that which she was not permitted to eat; a thought that should never even have been in her mind, yet by the trickery of the naḥash, the temptation to simply touch was invoked, even while in her innocence she knew that she should not touch; yet the temptation had been birthed and would give rise to sin!

The root word for touch/touches is נָגַע naga – Strong’s H5060 and means, ‘to touch, strike, reach, cause to touch, join’ and is also translated as, ‘lay a hand upon’ as a euphemism for ‘lying with a woman’; and so what we see here is how by the trickery of the naḥash, Ḥawwah was lured into the thought of touching that which she was not permitted to eat and the thought of touching birthed the lust for the taste!

He got her to take a look at the fruit and tapped into her lust of what the eyes see and then tempted her with the lie that she would be better off if she did take and eat of what she was forbidden to by making her think that she would know more and become more powerful!

Yoḥanan  Aleph/1 John 2:15-16 “Do not love the world nor that which is in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. 16 Because all that is in the world – the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life – is not of the Father but is of the world.

One of the sins of the generation that perished in the Wilderness was to seek that food which the flesh desired:

Tehillah/Psalm 78:18 “And they tried Ěl in their heart by asking food according to their desire.

Romiyim/Romans 13:14 “but put on the Master יהושע Messiah, and make no provision for the lusts of the flesh.

One of the dangers we see happening today is this same trickery in the temptation for many to ‘touch’ or be joined to the dogmas of man, while thinking that we will not ‘eat’ of the dogmas, yet the temptation to ‘touch’ them and see what they say, will only lead to them being ‘eaten’, and Sha’ul tells us clearly in:

Qolasim/Colossians 2:21-23 “If, then, you died with Messiah from the elementary matters of the world, why, as though living in the world, do you subject yourselves to regulations: 21 “Do not touch, do not taste, do not handle” – 22 which are all to perish with use – according to the commands and teachings of men?  23 These indeed have an appearance of wisdom in self-imposed worship, humiliation and harsh treatment of the body – of no value at all, only for satisfaction of the flesh.

When the devil tempted Messiah in the Wilderness he tempted Him with exactly the same… the lust of the eyes, the lust of the flesh and the pride of life by asking Messiah to turn stones into bread, jump off the set-apart place and then offered Him an assumed position of authority if worshipped. (Read Mattithyahu/Matthew 4:2-10)

The power of a women is certainly seen in this chapter, as Aḏam was not deceived, yet as we have seen in society that if the enemy can deceive the woman then he knows that there is a good chance that the woman will influence her husband into doing what she wants, and so we need to recognize the critical need for men to take up their rightful roles in community to prevent the Izeḇel spirit from destroying families and communities by falling into a mixed and compromised worship system!

Verse 8

When they had sinned Aḏam and Ḥawwah hid themselves and this is exactly what sin will cause you to do – hide yourself from the Truth for fear of being exposed! Their sin cost them their forever – for now they were ‘stripped’ of their eternal state that they were created to be in!

And so what we recognise here is that in their eyes being opened we see another picture at play and that is that though their eyes were open to the fact that they were ‘naked’ there was a separation that took place and we realise how sin separates us from Elohim and so in one aspect a veil had now covered their eyes from seeing Elohim in the truest intimacy that they had once embraced. Only through the Blood of Messiah was that veil torn as His flesh was torn in order that the veil between the Set-Apart and the Most Set-Apart Place could be torn, giving us once again access into the presence of Elohim, by the Blood of Messiah!

Those who puff themselves up with traditions and dogmas of man that have laid aside the need to walk in the Torah and think that they have sight are actually blind and have no sight 0 the very rebuke that Messiah gave to Laodikeia in Ḥazon to a people who thought that they were rich and needed nothing that they were wretched, pitiable, poor, blind and naked!!! (Ḥazon/Revelation 3:14-22)

Yoḥanan /john 9:39-41 “And יהושע said, “For judgment I have come into this world, that those not seeing might see, and those seeing might become blind.” 40 And those of the Pharisees who were with Him heard these words, and said to Him, “Are we blind, too?” 41 יהושע said to them, “If you were blind, you would have no sin, but now you say, ‘We see,’ therefore your sin remains.

Aḏam and Ḥawwah’s eyes were only opened to their guilt, and tried to cover up their guilt and shame!

Verse 9 - “Where are you?”

This was not asked by יהוה because He did not know where Aḏam and Ḥawwah were, He wanted them to ‘hear His voice’ calling unto them and take stock of where they were at. יהוה knew exactly where they were and what they had done and how they were hiding their sin and shame, and here He was calling them to acknowledge their sin and shame and not pretend to be able to hide themselves from their Creator! He was calling for them to examine themselves and recognise where their walk was at!

This is critical for us in understanding how vital this is for so many today, as they simply refuse to hear the call to take stock and assess where their lives are at, for fear of having their sin exposed, and would rather hide than own up to their own faults.

Verse 10-11

In responding to the voice of יהוה, Aḏam confesses that he was afraid because he was naked (although they had actually clothed themselves with leaves).  The root word used for ‘afraid’ is יָרֵא yare – Strong’s H3372 which means, to fear, be afraid, reverence, respect, this word is used to describe the reverence and respect we ought to have for Elohim, by being dutiful in our obedience, yet when one is disobedient this ‘fear’ is not out of reverence but out of being afraid for being disobedient and the consequences of the punishment for disobedience that are due!

When man tries to cover up his sin, he loses true ‘fear’ for Elohim, and turns it into a negative ‘fear’ by trying to manufacture a kind of ‘covering’ or excuse for disobedience, yet deep down knows that they are still naked before Him!

The Hebrew word for ‘hid’ is חָבָא ḥaḇa – Strong’s H2244 which means, to withdraw, hide oneself, concealed; and when we see this we are able to understand why so many who sin and compromise their obedience will find themselves withdrawing from fellowship and hide themselves, and even isolate themselves into having a pity party for one! Sin has a way of causing one to try to hide and cover up, while we are called to confess our sins and be cleansed – if we would acknowledge our faults and strive for set-apartness we would certainly prevent much unnecessary heartache!

Tehillah/Psalm 32:5 “I acknowledged my sin to You, and my crookedness I did not hide. I have said, “I confess my transgressions to יהוה,” and You forgave the crookedness of my sin. Selah.

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 28:13He who hides his transgressions does not prosper, but he who confesses and forsakes them finds compassion.

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 1:9 “If we confess our sins, He is trustworthy and righteous to forgive us the sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

Verse 12

Aḏam blamed Elohim for giving him Ḥawwah!!! Then he blamed Ḥawwah for getting him to eat too! This is what happens when people sin – the shift the blame as the first response when confronted with their sin! Failure to admit sin will leave one in a dark and desperate place of always trying to cover up your mess and hide from the truth, whereas we are told to admit, acknowledge and accept our sin and guilt and confess to Elohim that He may cleanse and forgive us.

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 1:6-10 “If we say that we have fellowship with Him, and walk in darkness, we lie and are not doing the truth. 7 But if we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of יהושע Messiah His Son cleanses us from all sin. 8 If we say that we have no sin, we are misleading ourselves, and the truth is not in us. 9 If we confess our sins, He is trustworthy and righteous to forgive us the sins and cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar, and His Word is not in us.

We often may wonder what would have happened if…! What we do notice is a clear pattern or picture that certainly represents the fate of so many as a result of their stubbornness to repent. When Aḏam and Ḥawwah knew their nakedness after their act of lawlessness/sin they never ran to יהוה to seek forgiveness – they hid from Him; and when He came looking for them they made excuses to try to get out of what was coming in the form of punishment!

This is a picture of what will happen in the end for so many who are walking in their lawlessness as they have fallen and been deceived by the trickery of Satan due to their own adaptations of the Truth through traditions.

In this state they are unwilling to acknowledge their sin/nakedness but rather cover it up with man-made theologies and dogmas that will cause so any to be found in a terrible place when the Master יהוה comes again! Seek Him while He may be found!

They result of Aḏam and Ḥawwah not seeking Elohim, but hiding caused them to receive the worst sentence ever – banishment from the presence of the Almighty Creator – and so too it will be for the many who refuse to repent of their lawlessness/sin as they are ‘thrown out’ into outer darkness where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

The many who have been deceived by the trickery of the devil and have sown fig leaves of tradition simply refuse to acknowledge that they have sinned and therefore are not seeking Elohim with their all and when they are found by Him the time for being able to repent will be over!

Sha’ul warned the assembly in Corinth to be on guard from the trickery of the enemy:

Qorintiyim Bět/2 Corinthians 11:3But I am afraid, lest, as the serpent deceived Ḥawwah by his trickery, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Messiah.

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 28:13He who hides his transgressions does not prosper, but he who confesses and forsakes them finds compassion.

Iyoḇ/Job 31:33-34If I have covered my transgressions like Aḏam, by hiding my crookedness in my bosom, 34 then let me fear the great crowd, and dread the scorn of clans, then I would be silent, and go out of the door!

Hoshěa/Hosea 6:7But like Aḏam they transgressed the covenant. There they acted treacherously against Me.

The Hebrew word used here in Hoshěa for ‘treacherously’ is בָּגַד bagaḏ – Strong’s H898 which means, to act or deal treacherously, transgress, deceitfully, unfaithful, offend and also carries the literal meaning of ‘to cover (with a garment)’ bringing about the figurative meaning of acting covertly. And this is how so many have transgressed the covenant – through the cover up of lies and traditions of man that so many hold fast to.

Verse 13

The naḥash deceived Ḥawwah! The word used here for deceived is נָשָׁא nasha – Strong’s H5377 meaning, to be beguiled, deceived and wholly seduced

Oḇaḏyah/Obadiah 1:3The pride of your heart has deceived you, you who dwell in the clefts of the rock, whose dwelling is high, who say in your heart, ‘Who shall bring me down to the ground?’

This was the words against Eḏom and is a picture of warning against those who walk according to the flesh!

We hear the same excuses today that Ḥawwah used … “The devil made me do it” …! This is nothing more than the exposure of the obvious failure of taking responsibility for one’s actions and this is what earned them their punishment, not their initial disobedience which they could have repented from if they but simply sought Elohim while He was to be found! The inability for people to acknowledge that they have been wrong in their assumed traditional worship is going to cause them to make similar excuses when confronted with the Truth by saying that it was not their fault for being taught wrong! While this may be true and while many of the handed down lies and traditions of man have caused us to be deceived into walking in error, we cannot just use that as an excuse and think that it will be ok – what we must do is repent and turn back to the True Living Elohim and walk in Messiah!

Galatiyim/Galatians 3:1 “O senseless Galatians! Who has put you under a spell, not to obey the truth – before whose eyes יהושע Messiah was clearly portrayed among you as impaled?

Sha’ul rebuked those in Galatia, who like Ḥawwah had begun in the Spirit yet had now ended in the flesh and that is what deception will do to you!!!

Verse 14

The curse of the serpent was to now be separated from the beast of the field and the livestock in becoming a curse forever and so here is a picture of a clear distinction now being put in place between that which is clean and unclean!

We are clearly told in Scripture that we are to make a definite distinction between the clean and unclean, between the set-apart and the profane and here with the curse of the naḥash we see that a clear distinction is being given to all mankind. The deceiver is now clearly distinguished from the Truth and can be seen by his trickery in tempting with that which is of the flesh and not from Elohim.

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 20:25 “And you shall make a distinction between clean beasts and unclean, and between unclean birds and clean. And do not make yourselves abominable by beast or by bird, or whatever creeps on the ground, which I have separated from you as unclean. 26 ‘And you shall be set-apart to Me, for I יהוה am set-apart, and have separated you from the peoples to be Mine.

 

The term here ‘make a distinction’ is the Hebrew word we have already discussed -בָּדַל baḏal – Strong’s H914 meaning to be divided, separate, make a difference, make a distinction; and it is also translated here as ‘separated’.

We are to therefore ‘separate ourselves’ from all evil and wickedness and works of darkness!

It is יהוה who has separated us from all peoples, to be a set-apart nation unto Him and therefore we are called to make a clear distinction between what is clean and what is not, and so by the hearing of His Torah and the obedience of keeping His Times and laws we are called to active separation from that which is not pleasing to Him!

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 5:7-11 “Therefore do not become partakers with them. 8 For you were once darkness, but now you are light in the Master. Walk as children of light 9 for the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness, and righteousness, and truth 10 proving what is well-pleasing to the Master. 11 And have no fellowship with the fruitless works of darkness, but rather reprove them.

Verse 15

Here in this verse we see the clear promise of Messiah coming in the flesh by the seed of the woman! The definite distinction is made here between the seed of the serpent and the seed of Messiah! Those who walk according to the flesh and reject the commands and instructions of Elohim are of the serpent’s seed, while those in whom the seed of the Besorah of Messiah has been planted and nurtured to grow in loving obedience to His commands are of His seed!

What is also made clear here is the clear prophetic promise that יהוה would come and take on the form of the flesh and crush sin in the flesh!

We need to recognise that this reference to the ‘seed’ of the woman, most certainly speaks of Messiah – the Deliverer and Saviour! It is man who carries the seed and not woman, so here יהוה was proclaiming that His seed would come through a woman and so we see in:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 7:14 “Therefore יהוה Himself gives you a sign: Look, the maiden conceives and gives birth to a Son, and shall call His Name Immanu’ĕl.

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 9:6 “For a Child shall be born unto us, a Son shall be given unto us, and the rule is on His shoulder. And His Name is called Wonder, Counsellor, Strong Ěl, Father of Continuity, Prince of Peace.

This Child (the Seed of the woman) would come forth and He is called… “Father of Continuity”… and it is this Seed - יהושע Messiah that would crush the head of Satan!

Here we can also begin to think of the wheat and the darnel. Seed is sown in order to reap a harvest and just as a farmer sows seed with the expectation of a fruitful harvest, we are told by messiah that the Good seed is the Word of Elohim which brings forth the wheat and the field is the world, but the enemy has also sown seed which brings forth darnel (a counterfeit) and so what we also recognise is that wheat and darnel grows up together; and taking the darnel out prematurely could result in uprooting good wheat and the major factor that distinguishes the wheat from the darnel/tares is at the ripening of harvest time where the ‘ear’ must develop! As the ear of the wheat develops it becomes heavy and causes the entire plant to ‘droop’ or hang down, whereas in darnel the ‘ear’ does not develop and remains upright – a picture of pride and stubbornness to hear. What happens at harvest when the sickle is put to the harvest – the upright is chopped down! We know that the darnel grows up as a result of seed down by the devil and wheat as a result of seed sown by יהוה; and so it is in life we can begin to clearly recognise the wheat from the darnel in that those who have ears – that is those who are listening and obeying – hearing and doing – faith with works – are the wheat and those who have no ear to hear the Truth are in fact the darnel and may even resemble the wheat on the surface only to be exposed at harvest time.

The ‘Besorah’ – Good News has been sown into our hearts and the Father has the great joy and expectation of a great harvest of souls to come!

Those who refuse to hear, guard and do the clear instructions/Torah of Elohim are of the wrong seed:

Yoḥanan the Immerser said in:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 3:7 “And seeing many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his immersion, he said to them, “Brood of adders! Who has warned you to flee from the coming wrath?

Messiah said in:

Yoḥanan/John 8:42-47 “יהושע said to them, “If Elohim were your Father, you would love Me, for I came forth from Elohim, and am here. For I have not come of Myself, but He sent Me. 43 “Why do you not know what I say? Because you are unable to hear My Word. 44You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you wish to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and has not stood in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks the lie, he speaks of his own, for he is a liar and the father of it. 45 “And because I speak the truth, you do not believe Me. 46 “Who of you proves Me wrong concerning sin? And if I speak the truth, why do you not believe Me? 47 “He who is of Elohim hears the Words of Elohim, therefore you do not hear because you are not of Elohim.

We who are in Messiah and have had His Besorah sown in our hearts that we guard in doing His commands have the clear promise of the authority that we shall have over that which is from the enemy seed:

Luqas/Luke 10:18-20 “And He said to them, “I saw Satan falling out of the heaven as lightning. 19 “See, I give you the authority to trample on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and none at all shall hurt you. 20 “But do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rather rejoice because your names have been written in the heavens.

Marqos/Mark 16:17-18 “And these signs shall accompany the ones who believe: In My Name they shall cast out demons, they shall speak with renewed tongues, 18 they shall take up snakes, and if they drink any deadly drink it shall by no means hurt them, they shall lay hands on the sick and they shall get well.

Mattithyahu/Matthew 13:37-40 “And He answering, said to them, “He who is sowing the good seed is the Son of Aḏam, 38 and the field is the world. And the good seed, these are the sons of the reign, but the darnel are the sons of the wicked one, 39 and the enemy who sowed them is the devil. And the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the messengers. 40 “As the darnel, then, is gathered and burned in the fire, so it shall be at the end of this age.

We know from this verse in Berěshith/Genesis 3 that there will always be enmity between the seed of the enemy/serpent and the seed of Messiah (Son of Aḏam), and we can also see this as pictured through Amalĕq who יהוה will fight against from generation to generation, as Mosheh said after Yehoshua had victory against Amalĕq in the valley of Rephiḏim:

Shemoth/Exodus 17:16 “And Mosheh built an altar and called its name,יהוה  Nissi, 16 for he said, “Because a hand is on the throne of Yah, יהוה is to fight against Amalĕq , from generation to generation.

Battle against Amalĕq  – as long as Mosheh held up his hands Yehoshua gained ground on the battlefield and was victorious, however when the hands of Mosheh grew tired, Yehoshua lost ground and so Aharon and Ḥur came and lifted up the hands of Mosheh all day and so spread his hands in support! It was at this event that Mosheh built an altar and called its name יהוה Nissi – יהוה our banner – a banner speaks of the one under whom you walk and serve and gives the imagery of raised worship.

Tehillah/Psalm 134:2 “Lift up your hands in the set-apart place, and blessיהוה .

The enemy puts his mark on the weak hands of the unbelievers – those who do not worship in Spirit and in Truth. The mark of our worship is determined by our Sabbath keeping – those who fail to do so receive the mark of the beast and reveal weak hands that are not raised in worship unto Elohim! What we can also learn from this stop is that we are to lift each other up and encourage each other daily, and to spread ones hands or assist one’s weak hands is how we show love for one another as we care for one another, fellowship together and pray for each other.

The word for enmity is אֵיבָה eḇah – Strong’s H342 which means, enmity, hatred which comes from the root that means, to be hostile to, and so we clearly recognise that we have an enemy who hates us will do whatever he can to sow his seed of rebellion through deceptive means as he portrays himself as a messenger of light; and so the way we can continue to ‘stand’ and guard against his deceptive ways is to be armed in the Torah – the Good Seed that equips us to stand in Messiah as He leads us in victory! The ultimate victory will come at the end of the age when Satan is destroyed and can no longer have an effect on any; and so when it says that the seed of the woman (Messiah) will crush the head of the seed of the serpent, it is declaring that Messiah will destroy the enemies assumed authority. This Messiah did on the stake when He defeated death, and crushed the head of the enemy in a partial fulfilment of this promise – to be fulfilled when He comes again and binds the enemy.

At the end of the millennial reign of Messiah, Satan will be released from prison and lead some astray culminating in the battle of Gog and Magog where he will be defeated and thrown into the lake of fire and sulphur!

As I said the enemy hates us and he does not ‘play nice’ so to speak and deception is his biggest weapon; and so we are to hate evil:

Tehillah/Psalm 97:10 “You who love יהוה , hate evil! He guards the lives of His kind ones, He delivers them out of the hand of the wrong.

This promise of the SEED that shall be called FATHER of CONTINUITY once again emphasises the clear picture that Messiah, the DOOR to the Father is the FATHER!

Let us look at this term ‘father of continuity’ as it is written in Yeshayahu/Isaiah 9:6 (in Hebrew text it is 9:5):

אֲבִי עַד aḇi aḏ –  which is literally rendered as ‘My Father forever’. The two Hebrew root words used here are:

אָב aḇ - Strong’s H1 which means, father, and עַד aḏ - Strong’s H5703 which means, perpetuity, continually, eternal, forever, perpetual. When one looks at this term in the ancient pictographic lettering we see a powerful picture that reveals to us how THE FATHER has revealed Himself to us!

The term אֲבִי עַד aḇi aḏ’, which proclaims, “My Eternal Father” or “My Father Everlasting” looks like this:

daletayin        yadbeitaleph

The two words individually look like this:

MY Father – אֲבִי aḇi:

yadbeitaleph

 

Aleph - אֲ:

The ancient script has this letter as aleph and is pictured as the head of an ox, and represents ‘strength’, meaning ‘muscle’ as the ox is the strongest of the livestock animals. This also carries the meaning of ‘yoke’, as an ox is placed in a yoke in order to plough or pull a heavy load in the right direction. This can also picture for us the ‘red heifer’ sacrifice that יהושע Messiah fulfilled!

 

Beyt - בִ:

The ancient script has this letter as beit, which pictures a tent floor plan and means, ‘house’ or ‘tent’. It represents family and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself.

Yod –  יִ:

The ancient script has this letter as yad which is ‘an arm and hand’ and carries the meaning of ‘work, make, throw’, from the primary functions of the arm and hand, and it also represents worship or giving thanks in the extending of hands as a gesture of this. The work of one’s hands is the basic meaning of this letter!

 

In its root form the ancient script represents this word as meaning the strength of the House, which can represent that which upholds the house such as tent poles, or the father who upholds the family, and is the strength of the family. The addition of the ‘yod’ makes this word become personal as it renders the father as being ‘my’ father, and emphasises how it is the Father who works my deliverance by His own outstretched arm and hand.

 

Eternal - עַד aḏ:

daletayin

Ayin - עַ:

The original pictograph for this letter is ayin and represents the idea of ‘seeing and watching’, as well as ‘knowledge’. as the eye is the ‘window of knowledge’.

Daletד:

The ancient script has this letter as dalet and is pictured as a ‘tent door’. It can also have the meaning of ‘a back and forth movement, as one goes back and forth through a tent door, and so speaks of an access point. It can also carry the meaning of ‘dangle’ or hanging as the tent door would hang from the roof pole of the tent. It speaks a great deal in terms of understanding the door of the tent of appointment as the only means of access.

Combined these two letters mean, ‘see the door’.

When we understand this wording in terms of who the DOOR is, we are able to see that this wording is making it clear to us that our: 

ETERNAL FATHER HAS STRETCHED OUT HIS ARM AND HAND, WE SEE HIM AS THE DOOR WHICH IS MESSIAH!

Messiah the Door is the outstretched arm and Hand of Elohim who is called our Father forever!

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 53:1 “Who has believed our report? And to whom was the arm of יהוה revealed?

Yoḥanan/John 14:6-11 “יהושע said to him, “I am the Way, and the Truth, and the Life. No one comes to the Father except through Me. 7 “If you had known Me, you would have known My Father too. From now on you know Him, and have seen.” 8 Philip said to Him, “Master, show us the Father, and it is enough for us.” 9 יהושע said to him, “Have I been with you so long, and you have not known Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father, and how do you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 10 “Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father is in Me? The words that I speak to you I do not speak from Myself. But the Father who stays in Me does His works. 11 “Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father in Me, otherwise believe Me because of the works themselves.

 Verse 16

Part of the ‘sentence’ given to woman was that her desire will be for her husband. What we must make very clear here is that this is not the ‘desire’, as in the showing of affection, for that is certainly not a curse! What we see from these words is that the woman’s desire will be to be in the position of man and try to assume headship. Man was at this point now established as the ‘head’ of the home and we see throughout every generation a growing tendency for woman trying to assume the leadership role of man. The root word here used for ‘desire’ is תְּשׁוּקָה teshuqah – Strong’s H8669 which means, a longing or desire, craving and carries with it the understanding of ‘ambition’ and so she would strive to have dominance over him and desire his position but never achieve it!

Timotiyos Aleph/1 Timothy 2:15 “But she shall be saved in childbearing if they continue in belief, and love, and set-apartness, with sensibleness.

Having children is certainly the way woman can learn to overcome their ‘desire’ for prominence and the position of man, which should not be seen as punishment, but rather for her protection, because if she would continue to listen to all the ‘whisperings’ of the enemy she could end up getting into all sorts of trouble. The enemy knows full well that if he can target this ‘desire’ in woman then he can penetrate the home, and so men need to recognise their rightful place as head of the home and have charge over his wife! The word used here for ‘rule’ is מָשַׁל mashal – Strong’s H4910 which means, to rule, have dominion, reign. In a nutshell it is clear here that Elohim put the husband in charge, yet this position of authority must be exercised with proper care and love toward his wife as seen in the example of Messiah for His Bride, and Sha’ul and Kěpha give us clear insights as to the role of the husband and wife:

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 5:22-32 “Wives, subject yourselves to your own husbands, as to the Master. 23 Because the husband is head of the wife, as also the Messiah is head of the assembly, and He is Saviour of the body. 24 But as the assembly is subject to Messiah, so also let the wives be to their own husbands in every respect. 25 Husbands, love your wives, as Messiah also did love the assembly and gave Himself for it, 26 in order to set it apart and cleanse it with the washing of water by the Word, 27 in order to present it to Himself a splendid assembly, not having spot or wrinkle or any of this sort, but that it might be set-apart and blameless. 28 In this way husbands ought to love their own wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. 29 For no one ever hated his own flesh, but feeds and cherishes it, as also the Master does the assembly. 30 Because we are members of His body, of His flesh and of His bones. 31 “For this cause a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.” 32 This secret is great, but I speak concerning Messiah and the assembly.

Qolasim/Colossians 3:18-19 “Wives, subject yourselves to your own husbands, as is proper in the Master. 19 Husbands, love your wives and do not be bitter toward them.

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 3:1-7 “In the same way, wives, be subject to your own husbands, so that if any are disobedient to the Word, they, without a word, might be won by the behaviour of their wives, 2 having seen your blameless behaviour in fear. 3 Your adornment should not be outward – arranging the hair, wearing gold, or putting on dresses – 4 but the hidden Man of the heart, with the incorruptible ornament of a meek and peaceable spirit, which is of great value before Elohim. 5 For in this way, in former times, the set-apart women who trusted in Elohim also adorned themselves, being subject to their own husbands, 6 as Sarah obeyed Aḇraham, calling him master, of whom you became children, doing good, and not frightened by any fear. 7 In the same way, husbands, live understandingly together, giving respect to the wife, as to the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the favour of life, so that your prayers are not hindered.

Verse 17-19

The result of listening to the influence of Ḥawwah  instead of leading her in all truth and correcting her where she went wrong, we see that the result of this was that the ground was now cursed because of his failure to watch over his wife, and hard work would be the punishment of his negligence. Provision of food was still available, yet now it would take more effort to get it. Because of the sin of man – the ground was cursed and groans in pain waiting for the sons of Elohim to be revealed:

Romiyim/Romans 8:19-22 “For the intense longing of the creation eagerly waits for the revealing of the sons of Elohim. 20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not from choice, but because of Him who subjected it, in anticipation, 21 that the creation itself also shall be delivered from the bondage to corruption into the esteemed freedom of the children of Elohim. 22 For we know that all the creation groans together, and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now.

We too who have the first fruits of the Spirit groan within ourselves as we eagerly await for the adoption and redemption of our body!

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 24:5-6 “For the earth has been defiled under its inhabitants, because they have transgressed the Torot, changed the law, broken the everlasting covenant. 6 Therefore a curse shall consume the earth, and those who dwell in it be punished. Therefore the inhabitants of the earth shall be burned, and few men shall be left.

The sin of man had an effect on the earth, and this ought to teach us how our sin can have far reaching effects of which we should be careful to not be found having our sin be the catalyst for destruction in and around our lives, and when we find that we have sinned, run to Messiah in true repentance and confess that he may cleanse us and restore us!

What is also interesting to note here is that Aḏam and Ḥawwah were permitted to eat the plants of the field, where previously it was ate the fruit and plants that bear seed.

What is interesting to note is that both barley and wheat are seen as ‘plants of the field’ or ‘grasses’ which come from the ground and not from trees. The first two of the pilgrimage feasts are centred around the ‘grasses/plants of the field’ whereas Sukkoth is centred around the fruit of the trees! In the future we see in Ḥazon/Revelation  that they tree of life will bear fruit all year round, with fruit every month and so we certainly celebrate our return to the perfect presence of Elohim with the fruit harvest – Sukkoth as we look forward to when He will booth with us, while the other two feasts are a constant reminder to us that we of the effects of sin and our need to rid ourselves of the leaven of the enemy and be permeated with the good leaven of the Kingdom that we can be presented as a body that is pleasing to Elohim in order that we can look forward to an abundant fruit harvest of set-apart ones!

Verse 21

Elohim made coats of skin and dressed Aḏam and Ḥawwah. Here we see the clear provision of Elohim in what can be seen as the first animal sacrifice done by Elohim Himself, shadow picturing for us how it is Elohim who will satisfy the necessary sacrifice that will not only cover man’s sin but also redeem man back to Himself!

The word used here for ‘skin’ is the Hebrew word עוֹר oor – Strong’s H5785 meaning, a skin, body, hide, leather’. What is very interesting here is that this word sounds and in often pronounced the same as the word for ‘light’ which is אוֹר  ‘oor’ – Strong’s H216 which we looked at in Chapter 1:2. The difference between these two words in the first letter: In ‘light’ the first letter is ‘alephא’, and in the word for ‘skin’ the first letter is ‘ayin – ע’, yet both render ‘ôr’ or ‘oor, uwr’.

This is a powerful picture in the use of this word in pointing to what our true covering is. In ancient times lamb skins were used to write the Torah on and they were stretched and dried before being written upon; and were typically known as ‘the leaves of the Torah Scroll’ and when they were sown together they were known as ‘the garments of righteousness’!!! We also see in Ḥazon that the leaves of the tree of life are for the healing of the nations:

Ḥazon/Revelation 22:2In the middle of its street, and on either side of the river, was the tree of life, which bore twelve fruits, each tree yielding its fruit every month. And the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.

With Aḏam and Ḥawwah receiving ‘skins’ as a covering we see the clear picture of how we too, by the sacrifice of Messiah have been given the garments of righteousness as we clothe ourselves in Messiah, who is the Light of the world.

Romiyim/Romans 13:12-14 “The night is far advanced, the day has come near. So let us put off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. 13 Let us walk becomingly, as in the day, not in wild parties and drunkenness, not in living together and indecencies, not in fighting and envy, 14 but put on the Master יהושע Messiah, and make no provision for the lusts of the flesh.

Galatiyim/Galatians 3:17 “For as many of you as were immersed into Messiah have put on Messiah.

We are told to put on the complete armour of Elohim – which is a clear reference to His Torah, and this ‘skin’ covering is a great play on words that points directly to יהושע Messiah, the Lamb who was slain.

We also see in the picture of the ‘coverings’ used in the Tabernacle that they use of fine leather was used as a covering on the Set-Apart place as well as for covering the Set-Apart items when transported and the words used for fine leather is – עוֹר תַּחַשׁ – ‘oor taḥash’  - the two words -  עוֹרoor – Strong’s H5785 and תַּחַשׁtaḥash’ – Strong’s H8476. Some believe it was a badger, others a porpoise or sea elephant. This skin would be used as the outer covering of the Dwelling Place that everyone saw. They were tough skins and course and very plain in their appearance. But how does this speak of יהושע? It speaks of what יהושע was to man. There was no outward beauty to the tabernacle proper, so it was with יהושע when He came to earth when He pitched His tabernacle among men. As the prophet foretold:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 53:1-2 “Who has believed our report? And to whom was the arm of יהוה  revealed? 2 For He grew up before Him as a tender plant, and as a root out of dry ground. He has no form or splendour that we should look upon Him, nor appearance that we should desire Him.

What was יהושע to the Yehuḏim when He came – nothing but a tough badger skin? What is He to the world today? Nothing but a rough and tough badger skin! But to those of us who have opened up our hearts to Him He is so much more. He is our full covering and altogether lovely! The wrapping of this fine leather on these articles reminds us of how Messiah, came and dwelt among us and took on the form of flesh and showed us how to live according to the Torah and so when we are fully clothed in Him we are able to guard His Word and carry it with joy and endure the ‘wilderness terrain’ as we pass the time of our sojourning in fear!

Verse 22-24 – Driven from the garden

The fact that Elohim cut off access for Aḏam and Ḥawwah from the Tree of Life was to protect them until the fullness of the redemption could be fulfilled at the fullness of time.

With Aḏam and Ḥawwah now in their sinful nature they were in danger of being forever in their sin if they had now, in their fallen state, eaten of the Tree of Life. This certainly is a wonderful picture of the mercy of יהוה Elohim – this was to protect them from being forever in their sin!!!

יהוה protected man from being forever in a double-minded state until the true process of repentance could be recognised and understood and the necessary sacrifice met in order that sin and death be defeated by the sacrifice of יהוה Himself!

We have now the choice set before us – life and death – blessing and curse and when we choose obedience and repent of all our wickedness and sin and turn to Messiah, get immersed in Him and clothed in Him and daily choose to lovingly walk in the Torah we gain access back to the Tree of life and in turn we can be the slat and light of the earth. In Messiah we have been given access back to the presence of Elohim from which sin had cut us off from having access to and we know that what we have now is a deposit of what is to come. Mishlĕ speaks of the tree of life as being referred to as wisdom, the fruit of the righteous and a healing tongue:

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 3:18She is a tree of life to those taking hold of her, and blessed are all who retain her. – the ‘She’ being spoken of here is wisdom!

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 11:30The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life, and he who is winning lives is wise.

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 15:4A healing tongue is a tree of life, but perverseness in it crushes the spirit.

Now in Messiah that we are able to walk fully in the Torah we can walk in wisdom, bear the fruit of righteousness and bring the healing of His Besorah to the nations! Driven from His presence through sin and now brought near by the Blood of Messiah – a clear choice that we have set before us!

CHAPTER 4

Aḏam and Ḥawwah obeyed the command to be fruitful and she bore Qayin and then Heḇel.

קַיִן Qayin – Strong’s H7014 which means, smiths, possession, and is the same as the noun קַיִן Qayin – Strong’s H7013 which means, spear. הֶבֶל Heḇel – Strong’s H1893 which means, breath.

When we look at these two in the ancient pictographic alphabet we are able to see the clear difference between these two sons that were born to Aḏam and Ḥawwah.

קַיִן Qayin – Strong’s H7014 which means, smiths, possession, in the ancient pictographic script looks like this:

nunyadquph

Quph - קַ:

In the ancient script this letter is pictured as quph, a ‘horizon’ and depicts the elements of ‘time’, as it pictures the sun in its rising and setting or ‘Gathering’. It therefore carries the meaning of ‘circle’ or ‘to go around’, representing for us both, appointed cycles or times as well as eternity.

Yod –  יִ:

The ancient script has this letter as yad which is ‘an arm and hand’ and carries the meaning of ‘work, make, throw’, from the primary functions of the arm and hand, and it also represents worship or giving thanks in the extending of hands as a gesture of this. The work of one’s hands is the basic meaning of this letter!

Nun – ן:

The ancient pictographic script has this letter pictured as nun, which pictures asprouting seedand gives the idea of continuation or an offspring or an heir, speaking of that which sprouts forth to be the heir of the promise of continuation, and represents one’s life expectancy.

Here we are able to see how Qayin was a tiller of the ground as He continually is busy with the gathering of the seed, by the work of his hands. This is a picture of one who walks according to the flesh, constantly busy trying to make their own provision without rest.

הֶבֶל Heḇel – Strong’s H1893 which means, breath, in the ancient pictographic script looks like this:

 lamedbeithey

Hey – הֶ:

The ancient script has this letter pictured as hey, which is a ‘man standing with his arms raised out’. The Hebrew word “hey” means “behold”, as when looking at a great sight. This word can also mean “breath” or “sigh” as when one sighs in amazement when looking at a great sight. The meaning of the letter hey is behold, look, breath, sigh and reveal or revelation; from the idea of revealing a great sight by pointing it out. It also carries for us the meaning of surrender, as we lift up our hands and submit to יהוה as we lift our hands in praise, declaring His authority under which we humbly submit!

Beyt - בֶ:

The ancient script has this letter as beit, which pictures a tent floor plan and means, ‘house’ or ‘tent’. It represents family and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself.

Lamed – ל:

The ancient script has this letter pictured as lamed,which is a ‘shepherd’s staff’, representing authority’ and can give the meaning of ‘to or toward’ and can represent that which pushes or pulls a flock in a direction, and can speak of authority or a yoke that is used to lead and guide, as well as the ability to bring back by Authority.

Here we are able to see the picture of one who looks toward the house and submits under the authority of the house. This pictures for us those who ‘minds the matters above’ as we consider our need to be built up as living stones, and is concerned about the House and those in it.

Heḇel kept sheep and Qayin was a tiller of the ground, and in the course of time they both brought an offering to יהוה, and Qayin’s was not accepted while Heḇel’s was. Qayin brought of the fruit of the ground, while Heḇel brought of the first born of his flock! The picture here is in how we draw near to Elohim, and while the fruit of the ground was certainly a part of the offerings brought to יהוה, the fruit was not an offering that was wholly burnt up and here we see the picture of those who through their own works try to attain the favour of Elohim, whereas with Heḇel’s offering we see the picture of sacrifice and how we are to be living sacrifices as we offer up our lives daily as a pleasing worship unto Elohim. Qayin gave of his labour and not his life as he wanted to approach יהוה his own way, and right in the beginning we see a clear picture of how that there is only one way to the Father – and that is through the Son – the Lamb who takes away the sins of the world! There was no picture of atonement in Qayin’s offering and it was not even of the fruit of the trees – it was from the ground which was cursed. This is a clear lesson for us in recognising that יהוה looks upon us when we give Him our all – giving Him our first and best!

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 11:4By belief, Heḇel offered to Elohim a greater slaughter offering than Qayin, through which he obtained witness that he was righteous, Elohim witnessing of his gifts. And through it, having died, he still speaks.

Verse 5-7

Qayin was angry that his offering was not accepted and he let it show! The literal rendering of verse 6 is best translated into English as; “Why is fury with you and why do you have a fallen face?”

יהוה asked Qayin why he was angry and why his whole countenance was fallen. In verse 7 יהוה tells Qayin that there is still an opportunity to do what is good – in other words do what is required in giving of your best, and he was given another chance to do right and was warned that if he did not do what was good that sin is at the door waiting for the opportunity to rule over him, the very thing he was supposed to rule over and destroy!

This is a vital lesson for us in recognising that when we do not repent and do right, sin will have an open door to the next sin. Repentance renders sin powerless and when we refuse to repent we give power to the sin that gains uncontrolled access into leading us in rebellion against the Most High!

Ya’aqoḇ/James 1:15Then, when desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin. And sin, when it has been accomplished, brings forth death.

Qayin opened the door for greater rebellion with the clear refusal to submit to and turn back to Elohim and as a result he killed his brother who he despised.

Verse 9

Qayin, when asked where his brother was, answered with a question so many ask today, “Am I my brother’s keeper?”; and the Scriptures give a very answer to that question – a resounding YES!!! We are our ‘brother’s keeper – as we guard and protect our brother and carry each other’s burdens we guard the Torah:

Galatiyim/Galatians 6:2 “Bear one another’s burdens, and so complete the Torah of Messiah.

Our brother is the one who is guarding and doing the commands of Elohim!

Verse 10

This is the first mention of blood in Scripture and this blood cries out to יהוה, who hears the cry of the righteous! The blood of the righteous cries out:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 23:33-35 “Serpents, brood of adders! How would you escape the judgment of Gehenna? 34 “Because of this, see, I send you prophets, and wise men, and scholars of Scripture. Some of them you shall kill and impale, and some of them you shall flog in your congregations and persecute from city to city, 35 so that on you should come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Heḇel to the blood of Zeḵaryah, son of Bereḵyah, whom you murdered between the Dwelling Place and the altar.

Here יהושע was speaking severe woes to the scribes and Pharisees and in essence here He was referring to them as of the seed of the enemy, who deliberately kill the righteous and their judgement is coming!

No matter what Qayin would do to try to survive, he would never succeed as he was under a curse:

Galatiyim/Galatians 3:10-13 “For as many as are of works of Torah are under the curse, for it has been written, “Cursed is everyone who does not continue in all that has been written in the book of the Torah, to do them.” 11 And that no one is declared right by Torah before Elohim is clear, for “The righteous shall live by belief.” 12 And the Torah is not of belief, but “The man who does them shall live by them.” 13 Messiah redeemed us from the curse of the Torah, having become a curse for us – for it has been written, “Cursed is everyone who hangs upon a tree.

Many misunderstand and twist the writings of Sha’ul to their own destruction and certainly the letter to the Galatians is possibly one of the most misunderstood letters that those who refuse to walk in obedience to the Torah love to use this as their excuse not to ‘do’ the Torah, while they are sadly mistaken in the clear Torah teaching that Sha’ul gives!

What Sha’ul is saying is right – the Torah itself does not declare anyone right – however the righteous will live by belief and walk in the Torah, as we just have to look at verse 24:

Galatiyim/Galatians 3:24 “Therefore the Torah became our trainer unto Messiah, in order to be declared right by belief.

The Torah trains us unto Messiah – who is the Living Torah and we who claim to live in Him must walk as He did, and He came to establish the Torah by fully meeting its requirements and now we by faith too walk in obedience to the Torah, recognising that it is our life and is the instructions for righteous living – anyone who does not live by the instructions if the Torah remain under the curse, which we who are in Messiah have been redeemed from. The Torah is not the curse – the curse (singular) of the Torah is ‘death’ from which we have been redeemed – and now we uphold and establish the Torah lest we find ourselves being thrown out for lawlessness (Torahlesness).

For more on understanding Galatians please see the notes on a message called, “UNDERSTANDING GALATIANS – AN OVERVIEW OF SHA’UL’S MESSAGE” at:

http://atfotc.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=61:understanding-galatians-an-overview-of-sha-ul-s-paul-s-message&catid=9&Itemid=313

 

Verse13-16

Qayin knew what it meant to be hidden from the face of יהוה Elohim, and I see this as a picture of what many will realise when they hear the words of Messiah, when He says to the lawless (those who disregarded His Torah) who claim to have done many works in His Name, “away from Me you who work lawlessness” (Mattithyahu/Matthew 7:23).

This is also a picture of those who refuse to repent when they face the wrath of Elohim as seen in Ḥazon:

Ḥazon/Revelation 16:9And men were burned with great heat, and they blasphemed the Name of Elohim who possesses authority over these plagues. And they did not repent, to give Him esteem.

Ḥazon/Revelation 16:11And they blasphemed the Elohim of the heaven for their pains and their sores, and did not repent of their works.

Ḥazon/Revelation 16:21And great hail from the heaven fell upon men, every hailstone about the weight of a talent. And men blasphemed Elohim for the plague of the hail, because that plague was exceedingly great.

 

Qayin was left alive so that he would be used as a picture of what was wrong as being the example of what not to be like and the effects that can be seen by those who wilfully choose their own way and refuse to walk in the commands of Elohim! This always makes it clear before us as a daily witness the life and death, blessing and curse that is set before us in order for us to hopefully make the daily choice of life and blessing that is promised for obedience!

Just as Qayin was sealed here in order to not be killed we see that in the days of Ya’aqoḇ’s trouble a reversal of this where the righteous are sealed from destruction, and we who are in Messiah and have part of the first resurrection are sealed from death as the second death has no power over those who have their part in the first resurrection!

Qayin went of the presence of יהוה and dwelt in the land of נוֹד No – Strong’s H5113 which means, wanderingsand comes from the primitive root word נוּד nu –Strong’s H5110 which means, to move to and fro, wander, flutter, show grief and clearly here we see the fate of the wicked – they will never enter into the rest of Elohim!!!

So many today are like Qayin as they are in essence wandering around aimlessly, outside the presence of Elohim, yet we have the light and can call many out of darkness for how would they hear if no one speaks!

Verse 17-24

Qayin had sons and daughters and here we see the first recorded ‘city’ in Scripture being built and the violence that came forth from his offspring as we find that Scripture points here to Lemeḵ as possibly being the one who killed Qayin.

Qayin and his offspring represent those who run after the flesh and those who are given over to violence and rebellion.

Genealogy of Qayin:

חֲנוֹךְ  Ḥanoḵ   – Strong’s H2585 means dedicated, devoted to instruction. The derivatives of this name means trained servant and we can also get the translation ‘teaching’ or commencement. What is interesting to take note of here is how Qayin named his son Ḥanoḵ, which is a picture of the counterfeit teacher and dedicated one; as we know that the Ḥanoḵ that was from the line of Shěth  was a man who ‘walked with Elohim’. This Ḥanoḵ that was born to Qayin did not walk with Elohim, and in a manner of speaking teaches us how there will be many ‘false teachers’ who appear to have the right identity, while their walk will reveal that they are not of Elohim!

With Qayin naming the first recorded city after Ḥanoḵ, his firstborn, we are also able to recognise how this represents those who walk according to the flesh and set their minds on building their own security, by rooting themselves into the physical and fleshly lusts; whereas the Ḥanoḵ born in the line of Shěth  did not make his permanent dwelling here on a corrupted earth, but was taken by Elohim to dwell with Him forever, and this speaks of a people who walk according to the spirit and not the flesh, having their minds set on the things above and not on the earthly!

עִירָד Ira – Strong’s H5897 means, fleet, and comes from the same as עֲרָד Ara – Strong’s H6166 meaning, a wild ass/donkey, and this too can give us insight as to a characteristic of those who was according to the flesh – for they are ‘stubborn’ (as a donkey), and hard headed, and are ‘drifters’ who fade away when pressure comes!

מְחוּיָאֵל Meḥuya’ěl – Strong’s H4232 means,smitten by Ěl and comes from two words - מָחָה maḥahStrong’s H4229 which means, to strike, wipe out, obliterate, utterly blot out, abolish, exterminate and אֵל Ěl – Strong’s H410 meaning, mighty one, shortened form of Elohim.

מְתוּשָׁאֵל Methusa’ĕl – Strong’s H4967 means, who is of Ěl, man of Ěl.

לֶמֶךְ Lemeḵ  – Strong’s H3929 is a name that today we have derived the English word ‘lament’ and also means to be low or depressed, also means despairing giving the picture of being without hope.

In these names we see a very clear message regarding the fate of those who walk in the stubbornness of the flesh and walk according to man’s traditions and dogmas that run contrary to the Torah of Elohim. The names collectively could render for us the following message:

Those dedicated to the teachings of the fleeting stubbornness of the flesh shall be smitten by Ěl and the rebellious shall be blotted out and lament, and there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth!

This Lemeḵ is not the Lemeḵ from the line of Shěth, and once again we see the clear difference between those who will be comforted in distress and those who will not! Those who walk according to the flesh and hold fast to the teachings and traditions of man shall not find comfort, while those who walk in the Torah and according to the Spirit and follow Elohim, will find comfort and rest, as you will see from what is given to us in Chapter 5!

The ‘fleshly’ Lemeḵ took two wives for himself, and the name of one was עָדָה Aḏah – Strong’s H5711 which means, ornament, which comes from the root word עָדָה aḏah – Strong’s H5710 which means, to deck oneself, to adorn, decorate; and the second wife was צִלָּה Tsillah – Strong’s H6741 which means, shade’, which comes from the root word צָלַל tsalal – Strong’s H6751 which means, to be, become or grow dark, to shadow. I find this a very interesting picture for us in understanding the counterfeit bride, or rather those who assume to be the True Bride, yet their disregard for the need to walk in the Spirit according to the Torah, will adorn themselves with the ‘ornaments’ of traditions of man, and in the process they become or grow ‘dark’ as they will not find themselves under the ‘shadow/shelter’ of the most high, but simply only under the shadow of their dark and vain traditions!

The first wife, עָדָה Aḏah, had two sons - יָבָל Yaḇal – Strong’s H2989 which means, stream of waterwhich comes from the root word יָבַל yaḇal – Strong’s H2986 which means, to conduct, bear along, carry, brought forth; and the name of his brother was יוּבָל Yuḇal – Strong’s H3106 which means,  stream and comes from the same root as his brother!  

Lemeḵ’s second wife, Tsillah, had a son whose name was תּוּבַל קַיִן Tuḇal Qayin – Strong’s H8423 which means, you will be brought of Qayin, and his sister’s name was נַעֲמָה Na’amah – Strong’s H5279 which means, loveliness, which comes from the root word נָעֵם na’em – Strong’s H5276 which means, to be pleasant, delightful, lovely, surpass in beauty.

Verse 25-26

Shěth is born, Aḏam and Ḥawwah have a son Shěth meaning ‘appointed’ as now having received the blessing of Elohim by granting her another son in the place of Heḇel. Shěth then had a son named Enosh and it was begun to call on the Name of יהוה – here we see the first record in Scripture of the calling on the name of יהוה and so we also have a wonderful picture of the sure promise that we find in:

Yo’ĕl/Joel 2:32And it shall be that everyone who calls on the Name ofיהוה  shall be delivered. For on Mount Tsiyon and in Yerushalayim there shall be an escape asיהוה  has said, and among the survivors whomיהוה  calls.

Enosh means ‘mortal’ or frailty and as we see here that this being the time when they began to call upon the Name of יהוה, how it is when we truly recognise our frailty and weakness in the flesh turn to the True Helper and Redeemer – יהוה of Hosts! 

CHAPTER 5

This is a chapter that is often overlooked and labelled as being boring. I want to stir your faith and encourage you in understanding some Hebrew names and the powerful meaning that lies behind these names that you would probably never even consider taking any note of. It is important to understand that in the Hebrew culture, names that were chosen were very significant and very important.

We often use the term ‘Besorah’ which means, “The Good News” and most are unable to answer when asked,

“Where is the first place that this message appears in Scriptures?”

You may be surprised shortly for as we look at a chapter in the Scriptures today that many of you may have in the past found very boring; however I want to show you very clearly how יהוה right here in this chapter reveals His entire plan of salvation - from the very beginning of time written into the very lives of men; and so we see that the very Besorah/Good News message lies in Berěshith/Genesis 5.

While many often just glance or race through this chapter and assume that this list of people living and dying and how old they were is too boring and means nothing, they clearly have not studied this chapter in depth looking at the names and meanings therein.

Scripture is the very Word of יהוה and is a message system – not just the writings of 66 books, but the very instruction and account of יהוה’s will written under the inspiration and guidance of the Ruach HaQôdesh (Set-Apart Spirit) and not one Word is meaningless for it is all Elohim breathed and useful for us, amen!

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 25:2It is the esteem of Elohim to hide a matter, and the esteem of sovereigns to search out a matter.

יהוה wants us to search and seek Him; He wants us to seek out His truth that we may be filled to a full measure of His truth and love, amen!

As we look at these names we will certainly dig up a treasure worth digging for. Finding the meaning of proper names can at times be difficult, however as you dig in and get to the roots you can find such fascinating insight. For example this genealogy we have here in Berěshith/Genesis 5 we can see the ‘flood judgement’ being proclaimed and the.

The name Methuselaḥ - מְתוּשֶׁלַח - Strong’s H4968, who was the son of Ḥanoḵ - חֲנוֹךְ - Strong’s H2585 comes from the root word מוּת muth – Strong’s H4191 meaning ‘death’ and שֶׁלַח shelaḥ - Strong’s H7973 which means, missile, weapon, sprout forthwhich is from the primitive root שָׁלַח shalaḥ - Strong’s H7971 which means to send or to bring forth or send forth and so therefore the construct of his name means his death shall bring. Now imagine for a moment being Ḥanoḵ (Enoch) who by all accounts from Scripture in the N.T. we can see that יהוה had told him of up and coming events; and for over 900 Ḥanoḵ (Enoch) was prophesying these events of judgement to a despairing people. His boy’s name gives the account of when it would come – when he dies. Can you imagine every time his son got a little sick the panic it might have brought upon Ḥanoḵ (Enoch) and others? Ḥanoḵ (Enoch) was given this prophecy by יהוה and was basically told that as long as Methuselaḥ was alive the judgement of the flood would be withheld; and as soon as he died the flood would come.

Now very interestingly if you are like me and like to do all sorts of calculations then you would write down in a chorological graph this genealogy and discover that from the time of Aḏam until the flood was 1656 and in that very year Methuselaḥ died, and according to other ancient writings he is believed to have died seven days before the flood! How awesome is that! He was born 687 years after Aḏam was created, so Aḏam was still alive for Methuselaḥ lived 930 years. Ḥanoḵ was 65 when Methuselaḥ was born and Methuselaḥ is recorded as the oldest man ever to live – a whopping 969 years!!! What we see by this is also a picture of יהוה’s extensive mercy, being patient in holding back His judgement and this clearly shows the extent of His mercy toward man!

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 3:20 speaks of Elohim’s patience at this time: ...when Elohim waited patiently in the days of Noaḥ while the ark was being built…"

Now as we see the significance if Methuselaḥ’s name – it can certainly give us greater insight into seeing what the other names mentioned here mean in chronological order, helping us truly understand יהוה’s redemption plan through Messiah for fallen man!

Let us therefore take a closer look at each name and its meaning; you may want to write these down - ready:

1 – AḎAMאָדָם - Strong’s H120 means, man, mankind and makes sense since he was the first man

2 – SHĚTH שֵׁת - Strong’s H8351 which means, appointedand he was the third named son of Aḏam and Ḥawwah .

It is also interesting to note that at the start of this chapter the creation account is repeated – Aḏam or man was made in the likeness of Elohim. In verse 3 we see that Aḏam had a son in his likeness and image – in other words man was no longer in the purity of Elohim’s likeness but had now been corrupted through sin and so Shěth is born into Aḏam’s corrupt image. An image, that Elohim had planned to restore back to His pure image through Messiah.

3 – ENOSH – אֱנוֹשׁ  - Strong’s H583 and means ‘mortal man or miserable and comes from the root word אָנַשׁ anashStrong’s H605 which means, to be weak, sick, desperately sick and picture being in a state of being incurable and is a word also used for a wound or grief, sickness or wickedness. Mortal gives the meaning of something incurable, destined for destruction and death; and as we mentioned from the last chapter that it was after Enosh was born that it was begun to call upon the Name of יהוה!

4 – QĚYNAN – קֵינָן - Strong’s H7018, son of Enosh, meanssorrow or possession and gives the picture of one that possesses sorrow or it can also mean, a song of sorrow’. How sad to be called sorrow or a poem or song of sorrow – it may have referred to some circumstances at birth – yet יהוה knew and had a plan that we see in light of the Good News message of Messiah.

5 – MAHALAL’ĚLמַהֲלַלְאֵל - Strong’s H4111, son of Qěynan, whose name is a compilation of two elements. The first part of the name comes from the noun for ‘praise’ which is מַהֲלָל mahalal – Strong’s H4110 which comes from the primitive root verb הָלַל halalStrong’s H1984 meaning, shine, praise, boast. The second part of the name is אֵל el – Strong’s H410 which is generally accepted as the shortened form of Elohim, the genus of Elohim.

So therefore the name Mahalal’ěl means ‘the praise of Elohim’ or ‘the Majesty of Elohim’ or ‘the Blessed Elohim’. Many Hebrew names would include אֵל el – e.g. Dani’ěl’ which means “Elohim is my judge” or more interpretively “Elohim rules me”       

6 – YEREḎיֶרֶד - Strong’s H3382 which means, descentcomes from the root word יָרַד  - Strong’s H3381 which means, go down, descend, decline, pour out. Hence we get from Yereḏ the meaning to descend or ‘shall come down’.

7 – ḤANOḴחֲנוֹךְ - Strong’s H2585 means dedicated, devoted to instruction. The derivatives of this name means trained servant and we can also get the translation ‘teaching’ or commencement. Ḥanoḵ was the first of 4 generations of preachers and the earliest recorded prophecy was by Ḥanoḵ which deals with the second coming of Messiah although it is quoted by Yehuḏah, יהושע’s half-brother

Yehuḏah/Jude 1:14-15 “And Ḥanoḵ, the seventh from Aḏam, also prophesied of these, saying, “See, יהוה comes with His myriads of set-apart ones, 15 to execute judgment on all, to punish all who are wicked among them concerning all their wicked works which they have committed in a wicked way, and concerning all the harsh words which wicked sinners have spoken against Him.

We will look at Ḥanoḵ a little bit more in-depth shortly for now let’s move on with the meanings of the rest of the names:

8 – METHUSHELAḤמְתוּשֶׁלַח - Strong’s H4968 as we discussed earlier means ‘his death shall bring; he was Ḥanoḵ’s son. Ḥanoḵ walked with Elohim for 300 years after he had Methuselaḥ and received prophecy that as long as his son lived the judgement would be withheld. When Methuselaḥ died the flood came. Ḥanoḵ of course never died and we will look at how he walked with Elohim just now – but just think about it – he was ‘taken away’ by Elohim or ‘lifted up’ if you will and so Methuselah became the oldest man – a picture of יהוה’s grace yet he died, if you will, before his father!!!

9 – LEMEḴ  – לֶמֶךְ  - Strong’s H3929 is a name that today we have derived the English word ‘lament’ and also means to be low or depressed, also means despairing giving the picture of being without hope. And we know today that without Messiah we have now hope, but in Him our hope is secure amen. There are many despairing people in our world today who need Messiah.

10 – NOAḤנֹחַ - Strong’s H5146 means ‘comfort and rest’ as Lemeḵ his father explained in Berěshith/Genesis 5:29, that this one does comfort us concerning our work and the toil of our hands, because of the ground which יהוה had cursed. His name speaks of the rest we enter in יהושע Messiah upon salvation.

So now that we have looked at these 10 names, let us see – as we put them together – how this is certainly a chapter that is far from boring – Ready…:

AḎAM, SHĚTH, ENOSH, QĚYNAN, MAHALAL’ĚL, YEREḎ, ḤANOḴ, METHUSHELAḤ, LEMEḴ, NOAḤ

Which, when translated, reads as follows:

MAN (IS) APPOINTED MORTAL SORROW, (BUT) THE BLESSED ĚL SHALL COME DOWN TEACHING. HIS DEATH SHALL BRING (THE) DESPAIRING COMFORT AND REST

Praise יהוה – do you see the plan of Elohim – the Besorah/Good News message?

Man through sin is appointed mortal sorrow – Shěth was born in the likeness and image of Aḏam– born into sin. We have all sinned and fallen short of the esteem of Elohim(Romiyim/Romans 3:23). But praise be to Elohim that יהושעthe Blessed Elohim – came down to teach and instruct and show us the Way – that through His death, He paid for man’s sins and now brings hope and life to the lost and dying!!! As we accept יהושע Messiah as Master and Saviour, and acknowledge His work on the stake, we are forgiven; and by the power of His resurrection we receive new life and enter His comfort and rest, aměn – His work is done. Man who was appointed for destruction now can receive life through our risen Saviour. I want you to see the His esteem being revealed right here in Berěshith/Genesis 5. Let me tell you genealogies in the Scriptures are not boring, aměn! They contain the very Living Word and Besorah/Good News of Messiah!

Now you can through one chapter explain the BESORAH (Good News) message to those who are lost and dying, aměn. In order to do this we need to be like Ḥanoḵ. I would like for us to briefly look at Ḥanoḵ, for He was a man of faith that made it to the “faith list” in Iḇ’rim/Hebrews – a man who walked with Elohim and so in light of this great message of hope we see here in Berěshith/Genesis 5, let us further understand what it means to walk with Elohim as Ḥanoḵ did.

WALKING WITH ELOHIM AS ḤANOḴ DID

Ḥanoḵ, as we have seen, means ‘teaching’ and more importantly he was a man who ‘walked with Elohim’. Now to walk with Elohim involves the total man. What I mean by that is simply this – if we want to walk with Elohim it means we must surrender all to Him. Elohim was in communion with Ḥanoḵ. He learnt from יהוה for יהוה was His counsellor and guide, and as believers today we have the Ruach HaQôdesh (Set-Apart Spirit of Elohim) who is our counsellor and guide and we too ought to walk with Elohim and walk differently from the sin of the cursed world. Ḥanoḵ walked differently from the rest – because he walked with יהוה!

Qolasim/Colossians 3:1-10 “If, then, you were raised with Messiah, seek the matters which are above, where Messiah is, seated at the right hand of Elohim.2 Mind the matters above, not those on the earth. 3 For you have died, and your life has been hidden with Messiah in Elohim. 4 When the Messiah, who is our life, is manifested, then you also shall be manifested with Him in esteem. 5 Therefore put to death your members which are on the earth: whoring, uncleanness, passion, evil desire and greed of gain, which is idolatry. 6 Because of these the wrath of Elohim is coming upon the sons of disobedience,7 in which you also once walked when you lived in them. 8 But now, also put off all these: displeasure, wrath, evil, blasphemy, filthy talk from your mouth.9 Do not lie to each other, since you have put off the old man with his practices, 10 and have put on the new one who is renewed in knowledge according to the likeness of Him who created him, 11  where there is not Greek and Yehuḏite, circumcised and uncircumcised, foreigner, Scythian, slave, free, but Messiah is all, and in all.

We need to walk in the new – walk in Messiah – walk with Elohim as we are being renewed in knowledge and in the image of our Master who has taken away our sin and corrupted image.

Ḥanoḵ started walking with Elohim when he was 65 – a picture and lesson for all that it is never too late to start walking with Elohim. To walk with Elohim means we have to agree with Elohim!

Amos 3:3 Would two walk together, without having met?

You see in order to walk with Elohim we must agree with Him and have a passion for His presence and a desire to be intimate with Him, putting aside our ways and our agenda’s and seeking His. He laid down His deity and died for us, so now we too must lay down our lives and walk with Him.

Let’s look briefly at 3 benefits or rather experiences of walking with Elohim as we see from the life of Ḥanoḵ of whom 145 verses in the Scriptures speak of (51 in the Tanak (O.T.) and 94 in the Messianic Writings (N.T.)):

I – ENJOYING יהוה's PRESENCE

Every day, walking around, Ḥanoḵ was connected to יהוה – not simply just once or at a stretch twice a week as a religious routine – but constantly for he knew יהוה as Master and as friend and he sought His presence. Ḥanoḵ knew יהוה in person, not just about Elohim. Today there are many people we can know about – famous celebrities, sports starts, presidents and other high ranking authorities, however we may not know them personally and intimately and walk with them in pure friendship. Elohim has created us for relationship and that is what He desires to have with us, we are not created to be slaves or robots, but rather as loving children who know and enjoy His presence.

Tehillah/Psalm 37:4 “And delight yourself in יהוה, and let Him give you the desires of your heart.

You see, if you delight yourself in יהוה – in other words you seek Him out – you spend time with Him, inviting Him into every moment of your day then something remarkable will happen – you will begin to love the things of יהוה and hate what He hates and your heart will beat in tune with His and He will give you the desires of your heart for because it aligns perfectly with His will. So walking with יהוה you certainly enjoy His presence.

II – HEARING THE SOUND OF HIS VOICE

Ḥanoḵ, according to Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 11:5 was a man who pleased Elohim – Wow – don’t we want to please Elohim? And we can! How – by faith – the Scripture says that without faith it is impossible to please Elohim. So Ḥanoḵ then was a man of faith! And how does faith come? It comes by hearing and hearing the Word of Elohim. This means that Ḥanoḵ, in walking with Elohim, heard and responded to יהוה’s voice. You cannot have faith unless יהוה is speaking to you! And He speaks to us on an on-going basis. You cannot and will not fully understand יהוה’s will unless you hear Him speak to you about specifics in your life. The Scriptures are His Word and it is our guide as we walk in a relationship with יהוה. It is the Word that helps us sort out what is and what is not the voice of יהוה. As we hear Elohim speak to us – His Word confirms what He is saying and He will never go against His Word. So if you are not sure if יהוה is speaking to you – take it in prayer back to His Word and He will show you if it is Him or not! יהושע had to rely on the Father’s voice and authority and the empowering of the Ruach HaQôdesh, just as we do and as יהושע said, He only did what He heard the Father tell Him to do. Walking with Elohim we will identify and be able to hear the sound of His voice, like Ḥanoḵ and like our Master יהושע Messiah.

III – SEEING HIS HAND MOVE

Ḥanoḵ prophesied and as he walked with Elohim he could see what Elohim was doing in the world and he joined Him in it and became a partaker of His will as opposed to being simply a spectator. 900 years before the flood Ḥanoḵ was warning people of the coming judgement and pleading with them to turn from the world’s ways. How could he know these things – he walked with Elohim – he enjoyed יהוה’s presence, he could hear יהוה’s voice and therefore he could clearly see the plans of Elohim and so engaged in doing יהוה’s will – by being a voice and called people to repentance – not many listened however Noaḥ, his great grandson did as the message was passed on through Methuselaḥ and Lemeḵ.

When we walk with יהוה we can see what He is doing and see His hand moving in miraculous ways, ways in which the world cannot see! Look at us as an ecclesia (assembly of called out ones) – in the world’s eyes you probably cannot see much, but boy has יהוה’s hand been moving in our midst, aměn!!!

If you can begin walking daily with יהוה you will see what He is doing, you will see His hand moving and then get involved!!!

Walking with יהוה calls for us to give up our hunger for the world and to get an appetite for יהוה – do you have an appetite for יהוה, for His constant presence and His word?

Listen to what Mishlĕ/Proverbs 27:7 says:

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 27:7One satisfied loathes the honeycomb, but to a hungry one any bitter food is sweet.

What is this saying? It is saying that when your soul is full of ‘other things’ and you feed your appetite with the desires and pleasures of the world and then you try and come to the full banquet feast of יהוה and He lays before you His riches like we have read today and you go “‘mmmhhh’ it looks kind of interesting but I can’t be bothered for I can’t take another bite, I am not that hungry!” and so you loathe the good part because you are full of junk!!!

Get what I am saying here, it is kind of like when you nibble all day long on the sweets, biscuits, chips, popcorn and other snacks - whatever is lying around that isn’t really that good for you and when supper time comes you say that you are not that hungry – you have stuffed yourself with junk food and have no space for healthy food. Well now that is how it often is in our ‘walk’ as Believers – we fill ourselves up with the junk that the world has to offer – ‘cause it seems nice – and then when it comes to a walking relationship with יהוה, even the sweet honey of His Word becomes loathsome to us! The Proverb goes on to also say that to the hungry even what is bitter tastes sweet! Think about it for a moment – when you truly walk with יהוה as we have seen Ḥanoḵ did; you will enjoy His presence – hear His voice and see His hand move and then even the most difficult tragedies in life are just simply made sweeter by His presence.

You see when we are feeding and hungry for a relationship with – in other words hunger and thirst after righteousness – we will be filled and there will be no need to partake of the junk that is out there. Feeding on יהוה will make even the bitter moments in life just get better. Those who don’t walk with Elohim really get bitter and twisted when trials and tragedy come and they have no peace for they have no experience of His presence – but to those who walk with Elohim these tough moments become bearable – as you are able to face them with assurance that Elohim is in control and will watch over you as you walk with Him!

Let me ask you this morning, what is feeding your appetite? What are you hungry for? Are you eating ‘so to speak’ just for pleasure or are you taking in the spiritual nourishment to strengthen you on your journey? Are you feeding on a healthy stable diet in a relationship with יהושע? We need to feed on His Word daily – give us this day our daily bread! Daily, not weekly or every so often – daily! Do you realise that if you spend 1 hour a day reading His Word, perhaps 30 minutes in the morning and 30 minutes in the evening – you would be able to read the entire Scriptures through 3 times in a year!!!

Now many Believer’s haven’t even read through the Scriptures yet and they claim that they have been ‘walking with Elohim’ for years. Often many feel like saying to Elohim, “יהוה, look at me and see that I am spending 30 minutes a day in your Word!” and יהוה says, “Ok, what are you doing with the other 1410 minutes of the day?” “Are you walking with me or are you walking on your own?”

Oh, you see Master I was very busy and now I am relaxing watching TV for a while, unwinding in front of the boxand יהוה says, “You feed your appetite for a couple of hours watching TV and you are bragging about eating my Word for 30 minutes!!!”

Many in Christianity say things like, “But I did go to ‘church’ for a whole hour on Sunday!” and יהוה says, “Well take your hand and pat yourself on the back because you have now spent 3 ½ hours this week focusing on Me “IN A FALSE WAY”, out of a 168 hours I gave available to you, and you broke My Sabbath as well – keeping a pagan day over Mine and calling it worship unto Me!”

That is less than 2% of the time of your week. Get what I am saying here – it wasn’t like that for Ḥanoḵ – he must have been desperately hungry for יהוה and pressed on into an intimate relationship with יהוה and he ‘walked with יהוה ’. He walked so close to Elohim that Elohim took him fulltime into His presence – just like that!!! Ḥanoḵ for me is a picture of the Bride in the last days – those who walk with יהוה will be caught up with Him as described in Tas’loniqim Aleph/1 Thessalonians 4 when He comes again at Yom Teruah for His ready Bride. We are His Bride and we must walk closely with our Husband – יהושע Messiah, for He is with us aměn! We need to learn to enjoy His presence – that means the more time you spend with Him the More you will see His great love for you and enjoy His presence and will hunger after His presence constantly; this will definitely lead to you hearing His voice for you will know the sound of His voice for you walk closely with Him and then will clearly see what He is doing and see His hand moving miraculously in your midst. This kind of active walking with יהושע will and can only lead you to actively engage in taking part in the life of His body – The Bride! Are you active in the Body of Messiah? Are you walking with Elohim or struggling with sin and temptation?

Ya’aqoḇ/James tells us to submit ourselves to Elohim and resist the devil and more importantly he says that if we draw near to Elohim, Elohim will draw near to us. As you draw near to Him more, as you pray more and more – Elohim will communicate with you; you will enjoy His presence, you will hear His voice and you will see His hand move. As you read and study more – Elohim will reveal more to you. Elohim is saying to us today – that He loves us and He longs for us to walk with Him and not hide from Him. As we have seen the wonder of His Word here in this Torah portion, I am hoping that your appetite for Him will grow and you will begin to feed on Him and so become more like Him as He renews His image and likeness in you – for you are what you eat!

These days are tough and many are in despair and יהוה is calling for people who will walk with Him– people are killing themselves because of financial burdens – they have lost hope, but as we have seen today through His Good News message that there is hope – His death has brought the despairing comfort and rest. Perhaps you are going through some despairing times – see Messiah’s finished work and enter His rest as you give Him your burden this morning. Perhaps you know of others who are without hope, and then I encourage you to be like Ḥanoḵ who walked with Elohim and have his characteristics:

1 – Direction – he walked with Elohim – he knew his destiny – are you sure of yours? Are you walking in the right direction or have you taken some detours?

2 – Dependence – he relied on Elohim – have you put your trust totally in יהוה or are you trying to make it on your own?

3 – Demonstration – he lived for Elohim – he lived by faith and he pleased יהוה

4 – Declaration – he spoke for Elohim – he witnessed for Elohim – Do you have His Spirit that empowers you to witness?

As you walk with Elohim reach out to those who aren’t and encourage them as Elohim strengthens you daily to witness of His amazing grace and mercy – you have been given the Good News message right here is Berěshith/Genesis! Hunger for Him and eat all you can of the right stuff, walking with Him and doing His will, aměn and never look at genealogies in the Scriptures as boring ever again!! יהושע tells us that He is the Bread of Life, and unless we eat of Him, we have no part with Him. Many found this teaching too hard and went their own way. As you face the same choice today – will you walk away or walk with Him? The choice is yours, and as we can see from His Good News Message given to us right here in Berěshith/Genesis it is very clear that the obvious and only life giving choice is to walk with our Master and Saviour יהושע Messiah – make the right choice and spread the Good News as you walk with our Elohim, aměn!

CHAPTER 6

Verse 1-8

As men began to increase Scripture tells us that the ‘sons of Elohim’ saw that the ‘daughters of men’ were very good and took wives for themselves. In other places in Scripture we see the reference to the ‘sons of Elohim’ referring to messengers:

Iyoḇ/Job 1:6And the day came to be that the sons of Elohim came to present themselves before יהוה, and Satan also came among them.

Iyoḇ/Job 2:1Again the day came to be that the sons of Elohim came to present themselves before יהוה, and Satan also came among them to present himself before יהוה.

Iyoḇ/Job 38:7when the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of Elohim shouted for joy?

There are some who argue that this ‘sons of Elohim’ refer to the line of Shěth and the ‘daughters of men’ refer to that of the line of Qayin, yet we clearly see that this cannot be the case and the writings of Ḥanoḵ confirm this in detailing these wicked accounts of the fallen angels who had sexual relations with human women which birthed the Nephilim as a result of unsanctioned and unnatural union between humans and messengers!

Nephilim – Strong’s H5303giantsfrom the word נָפַל naphal – Strong’s H5307 meaning, to fall, lie, abandon, fell down, cast down’. These were the ‘fallen ones’ as described in Berěshith/Genesis 6:1-5 when the fallen messengers of Elohim came down and took the daughters of men; and the offspring were called the Nephilim/giants of which the Book of Ḥanoḵ/Enoch explains in great detail.

This angered Elohim greatly and he therefore decreed a countdown to destruction!!! He gave man 120 years and this decree came when Noaḥ was 480 years old, which is why it is firmly believed that he preached righteousness for 120 years until the flood which came when he was 600 years old. This was not that he instituted the age of man to reach 120 years, but that he gave them 120 years until the flood!

When we recognise how wicked these days were and how terrible the rebellion against Elohim was, we must take careful note of how we are told by Messiah that the end days will be as the days of Noaḥ:

Luqas/Luke 17:26-27 “And as it came to be in the days of Noaḥ, so also shall it be in the days of the Son of Aḏam: 27 “They were eating, they were drinking, they were marrying, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noaḥ went into the ark, and the flood came and destroyed them all.

The message is clear – we are not to be yoked with the wicked and those who are not submitting to and walking in the Torah of Elohim because they are busy with things of the flesh and seeking to satisfy their own lusts – and entering into ‘forbidden marriages’ which we see a picture of today with the world’s acceptance of same sex marriages!

Ḥazon tells us that we who overcome these wicked days by holding fast to Messiah and guard His commands will be called ‘sons of Elohim’:

Ḥazon/Revelation 21:7 “The one who overcomes shall inherit all this, and I shall be his Elohim and he shall be My son.

Verse 5

Wickedness of man! The Hebrew root word translated as ‘wicked’ is רַע ra – Strong’s H7451 meaning, bad, evil, wicked, harmful’.

Tehillah/Psalm 66:18 “If I have seen wickedness in my heart, יהוה would not hear.

This was the song and praise of a fearing servant of Elohim, a servant that looked intently into the Torah and walked accordingly. He knew that if he had seen wickedness in his heart that Elohim would not hear his prayer! The way we can see if their wickedness in our heart or not is by looking into the mirror of the Word and allowing the Word to wash away any dust of the world that we make pick up on our journey!

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 28:9 “He who turns away his ear from hearing the Torah, even his prayer is an abomination.

While this is not a truth that many want to hear today, we see it made clear in the Renewed Writings:

Yoḥanan/John 9:31 “And we know that Elohim does not hear sinners. But if anyone fears Elohim and does His desire, He hears him.

Sinners are lawless, in that the Truth is not in them and have not the Torah on their hearts, which have become hardened by the deceit of unrighteousness because they did not receive a love for the Truth in order to be saved!

The inclination of the thoughts of the heart of man is evil continually!

The Hebrew word translated as ‘inclination’ is יֵצֶר yetser – Strong’s H3336 which means, imagination, a form, fashioned, framing, purpose – in other words יהוה understands and knows exactly the forming of our thoughts and the fashioning of our thinking in our life. He knows what shapes our thinking and the warning here is clear – if you depart from His Word that ought to shape our thought and direct our lives then we risk the end result of being rejected by Him forever! יהוה searches the hearts and understands all the intent of the thoughts!

The Hebrew root word that is translated as ‘thoughts’ is the word מַחֲשֶׁבֶת maḥasheḇeth – Strong’s H4284 which means, thoughts, devise, scheme, plan, purpose’.

Messiah clearly warned us that the last days will be as the days of Noaḥ, and we are certainly able to see how the inclinations of the thoughts of most are only evil continually!

A heart without the Torah will continue to plot, scheme, and devise wicked ways and plans, that seek to excuse away the need to obey the Torah – and this is an abomination to יהוה. Instead of simply obeying the Torah of Elohim and meditating on His Word day and night, the lawless continue to come up with reasons as to why they think that they do not have to submit and obey, and in doing so they plot and scheme various man-driven systems that have people meditating on lawlessness or a false grace rather than meditating on the Truth!

Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 4:14 “O Yerushalayim, wash your heart from evil, and be saved. Till when would your wicked thoughts remain within you?

Have you ever found yourself devising wicked schemes in your heart? By that I mean, have you ever found yourself trying to find a way to get yourself out of that which you know you should do? Perhaps you have devised a scheme in your heart to get you from keeping Sabbath as you should, or from keeping the Feast as you should, or from keeping any part of His Torah as you should? Schemes that you devise and justify in your heart, only to find out that your heart has been deceitful when mirrored against the truth? Wash your heart from evil and let not wicked scheming remain in you, for it is an abomination to יהוה!

It is a heart thing – and while we may at times think that our hearts are perfect we must be careful to not fall into the trap of so many delusional and lawless people who use words such as, “He knows my heart”, as a vain reason to not submit and obey to the Torah! 

Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 17:9 “The heart is crooked above all, and desperately sick – who shall know it?”

The Hebrew word used here for ‘desperately sick’ is אָנַשׁ anashStrong’s H605 which means, to be weak, sick, desperately sick and pictures being in a state of being incurable, and is a word that is also used for a wound or grief, sickness or wickedness. A derivative for this root is אֱנוֹשׁ Enosh - Strong’s H583 and means ‘mortal man, mankind. The root word translated as ‘crooked’ is עָקֹב aqoḇ – Strong’s H6121 which means, insidious (that is ‘harmful and enticing’), deceitful, polluted, sly. In other words the heart of mortal man is harmful and enticing, and it will often draw one away to things that can pollute one’s life! And being deceitful – well deceit would not be deceit if it was known at the time! Yirmeyahu goes on and writes in the next verse:

Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 7:20 “I, יהוה, search the heart, I try the kidneys, and give every man according to his ways, according to the fruit of his deeds.

When people say that commonly used expression, ‘He knows my heart’, what they do not realise is that what they are saying is 100% correct – יהוה does know their heart! The problem is that mortal man does not always know the state of his own heart!

One of the things that יהוה hates is a heart that devises ‘wicked’ (אָוֶן aven) ‘schemes’ (מַחֲשֶׁבֶת maḥasheḇeth):

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 6:18 “A heart devising wicked schemes, feet quick to run to evil

Our thoughts are to be pure and not wicked:

Pilipiyim/Philippians 4:8 “For the rest, brothers, whatever is true, whatever is noble, whatever is righteous, whatever is clean, whatever is lovely, whatever is of good report, if there is any uprightness and if there is any praise – think on these.

As we think on and meditate on that which is good and true – that is to think upon and mediate upon the Torah of Elohim day and night, we will find our hearts being filled with the good treasure of The Word of Elohim, a sure treasure that will come forth from, or brought out of, a pure heart!

While the abominations and wickedness of man angered Elohim to the point of repenting for creating wicked man, he did find favour in one man, which is a great shadow picture of the favour we find in our Master and Elohim!

Verse 8

Noaḥ found favour in the eyes of יהוה as he was a proclaimer of righteousness:

Kěpha Bět/2 Peter 2:4-11 “For if Elohim did not spare the messengers who sinned, but sent them to Tartaros, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be kept for judgment, 5 and did not spare the world of old, but preserved Noaḥ, a proclaimer of righteousness, and seven others, bringing in the flood on the world of the wicked, 6 and having reduced to ashes the cities of Seḏom and Amorah condemned them to destruction – having made them an example to those who afterward would live wickedly, 7 and rescued righteous Lot, who was oppressed with the indecent behaviour of the lawless 8 (for day after day that righteous man, dwelling among them, tortured his righteous being by seeing and hearing their lawless works), 9 then יהוה knows how to rescue the reverent ones from trial and to keep the unrighteous unto the day of judgment, to be punished, 10 and most of all those walking after the flesh in filthy lust and despising authority – bold, headstrong, speaking evil of esteemed ones,  11 whereas messengers who are greater in strength and power do not bring a slanderous accusation against them before the Master.

Noaḥ found ‘favour’ in the eyes of יהוה! Let us look a little closer at this word ‘favour’ in the Hebrew!

The Hebrew word that is often translated too as kindness, favour, grace’ is the word חֵן ḥen – Strong’s H2580 meaning, grace, adornment, favour, gracious and comes from the primitive root חָנַן ḥanan – Strong’s H2603 meaning, show favour, be gracious to, dealt graciously with, given to them voluntarily, shown favour. These two words, חֵן ḥen and חָנַן ḥanan, are collectively used 141 times in the Tanak (O.T.). In Hebrew the word translated as ‘loving commitment’ is חֶסֶד ḥeseḏStrong’s H2617 and means, goodness, kindness, deeds of devotion, faithfulness, and is closely linked to the word חֵן ḥen.

What we must understand though is that both חֵן ḥen and חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ are uniquely related in terms of understanding the fullness of our relationship with our Creator. Although these two words are closely linked in relation to walking in a relationship with our Saviour, we note that חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ is different to חֵן ḥen. We find both these words being used together in:

Berěshith/Genesis 39:21 “But יהוה was with Yosĕph and extended kindness to him, and He gave him favour in the eyes of the prison warden.

יהוה extended חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ to Yosĕph and gave him חֵן ḥen in the eyes of the prison warden.

What we find in Scripture is that חֶסֶד ḥesed is used only where there is a prior relationship bond, be it through family, marriage or kinship, and it is used in regards to a bond or relationship that produces in the bond itself a requirement or an obligation for action, where both parties share חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ and can expect from each other and even demand in a sense reciprocal responsibilities, and so חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ is not a free gift!

Now we see that over and over חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ is used to describe a and express יהוה’s relationship with Yisra’ĕl, His Covenanted Bride and that includes all who are brought near and grafted in to these Covenants of promise by the Blood of Messiah!

We must understand therefore that חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ is a word often associated with the understanding of obligation and commitment and not simply unmerited favour alone! Yisra’ĕl and יהוה are obligated to each other, in marriage, as a result of the Covenants made by יהוה with Aḇraham, Yitsḥaq and Ya’aqoḇ! חֵן ḥen may certainly and actually is the primary reason behind the establishment of the Covenants of Promise, however the moment the Covenants were made, obligation became attached to it by both parties. And while Yisra’ĕl constantly broke their obligation to the Covenants we see how lovingly committed יהוה is by extending His favour to us, an undeserving people and by His חֵן ḥen (being gracious toward us and adorning us with favour in His eyes) He has extended to us His Kindness - חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ – His loving-commitment to the Covenants which He remains faithful to in being obligated and fully committed to; and thus because of His  חֵן ḥen which is freely given to us, we too are now by our acceptance of His free gift also required to express true commitment in understanding our obligation to guarding the Covenant!

How we do that is by walking ‘in’ His Torah (often translated as ‘law’). The Torah (law) of יהוה is His instructions for us on how we walk in His חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ, and so the Torah (instructions) of Elohim is the articulation of the obligation we have to the Covenants of Promise by which we are freely and graciously grafted in to by the Blood of Messiah! We did not earn the right to this Covenant – יהוה made the Covenant out of חֵן ḥen, and therefore we understand that the חֵן ḥen freely given entails חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ, which now both parties are to be committed to and both have an obligation to keep its requirements. If we reject the obligations and requirements of the Covenant, we are in fact rejecting the Kindness - חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ – and by doing so are rejecting יהוה bonds to us given freely by His own Blood!

חֵן ḥen is ‘grace poured out’ and not חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ. Most of Scripture speaks clearly of חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ as a result of חֵן ḥen; and even in the Renewed Writings (N.T.) we see a constant and continual thread of the understanding of the mutual obligations and requirements that are entailed in a ‘bonded’ relationship with יהוה by the Blood of יהושע Messiah. חֶסֶד ḥeseḏ in the Hebraic mind-set characterises our identity as being a part of and walking ‘in’ the Kingdom of Elohim! So when understanding the concept of ‘grace’ and ‘favour’ we find that it is not a new concept, as we see that in the truest sense in the Hebraic understanding it entails giving the correct response of obedience in response to the free gift of life extended to us by the Hand of our Creator, and not just a receiving of the gift alone! The Torah gives us the clear instructions how we respond to His free gift and how we are to live in Him, as a people who are in Covenant with Him!

Noaḥ  found ‘favour’ in the eyes of יהוה because he walked in the steadfast loving-commitment of Elohim, remaining true to complete set-apart obedience amidst a wicked generation; and in doing so he was a true ‘proclaimer’ of Righteousness (as Kěpha recorded)!

Let us be proclaimers of righteousness, not with words alone but with the clear doing of His commands!

Tehillah/Psalm 145:20 “יהוה preserves all those loving Him, but all the wrong ones He destroys.

Shalom