When you ascend” – the Hebrew renders the phrase:  - בְּהַעֲלֹתְךָ  (beha’alotheḵa) and was directed toward Aharon the high priest in his duty to trim the lamps. The root of the phrase, ‘when you ascend’ is the word עָלָה alah – Strong’s H5927 which carries the meaning of, to go up, ascend, climb, offer, exalted.

Here we see the portion starting with the clear instructions that Aharon had to ‘trim’ the lamps and let the 7 lamps give light in front of the lampstand. It was the duty of Aharon, the high priest, to set up the lamps as יהוה commanded Mosheh. This is a wonderful shadow picture of the duties and work that יהושע our High Priest; in that in His ascending to the heavenly tabernacle He has through His strict obedience to the instructions of the Torah trimmed the lamps and set up the 7 lamps which speak of the fullness of His body as represented through the 7 assemblies.

We also see how it is only through the life, death and resurrection of יהושע, who is the light of the world, that we can give the light that is required by the 7 lamps:

Yoḥanan/John 8:12 “Therefore יהושע spoke to them again, saying, “I am the light of the world. He who follows Me shall by no means walk in darkness, but possess the light of life.

Mattithyahu/Matthew 5:14-16 “You are the light of the world. It is impossible for a city to be hidden on a mountain. 15 “Nor do they light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a lampstand, and it shines to all those in the house. 16 “Let your light so shine before men, so that they see your good works and praise your Father who is in the heavens.

Through the work of Messiah, we are now ‘in Him’ set up on a lampstand that is able to shine to all those in the house!

The purpose of the lampstand was to give its light in front of it in order that the table of showbread would be lit. On the showbread table we know that there was the 12 loaves, representing the 12 tribes of Yisra’ĕl and the lampstand would bring light to the table within the set-apart place, and it through the work of Messiah, our High Priest, alone that we are set free from darkness and our eyes are opened to be set free from sitting in the dark, but now have the light of His Truth as revealed through His life, death and resurrection and ‘ascension’.

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 42:6-7 “I, יהוה, have called You in righteousness, and I take hold of Your hand and guard You, and give You for a covenant to a people, for a light to the gentiles, 7 to open blind eyes, to bring out prisoners from the prison, those who sit in darkness from the prison house.

The Lampstand

lampstand 1

The Menorah has a base and a shaft with 6 branches attached to the middle shaft – 3 on one side and 3 on the other and is a picture of how we are joined to Messiah and that we are the ‘branches’ and the ornamental knobs and blossoms and almond like flowers remind us that we are to bear fruit that will last:

Yoḥanan/John 15:5 “I am the vine, you are the branches. He who stays in Me, and I in him, he bears much fruit. Because without Me you are able to do naught!

At the top of the shaft and on each of the six branches was a bowl which held oil and a wick. The oil came from olives, and was extracted from the fruit by crushing as we have discussed. Again we are reminded of יהושע’s suffering. Oil is symbolic of the presence and anointing of His Spirit. Here it shows you that when you are "crushed" and allow the Spirit to fill and use you, that brings out the best in you, so that you can shine the Light of His presence.

The Lampstand was the only source of light in the Set-Apart Place. יהוה had commanded Mosheh to make it so that the lamps would point toward the Table of Showbread. 

The Menorah also pictures for us the Word as it says in:

Tehillah/Psalm 119: 105 “Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path.

And so His Word gives us direction, without which we are lost and unable to come into His presence and eat with Him!

The lampstand has 22 almond blossoms which picture for us again his complete Word as there are 22 letters in the Hebrew Alphabet!

The 7 lights of the Menorah also picture for us the 7 Feasts of יהוה that is critical for us as His Body to be keeping as it reveals His wonderful plan of redemption to which we walk in the light as children of light and we also know that lampstand in Ḥazon/Revelation speaks of the 7 assemblies – that is the fullness of His Body among whom He walks in the midst of.

The lampstand in Hebrew is the word מְנוֹרָה  menorah – Strong’s H4501 which simply means lampstand; however what we realise and recognise that the Lampstand speaks of messiah being the ‘branch’ with us being the branches as also pictured through the parable of the vine and the branches, and without Him we are unable to bear fruit or shine the light of His truth. When one look at the ‘early script’ with the pictographic symbols of this word ‘menorah’ we see a wonderful illustration of the work of Messiah!

In the early script the Hebrew word מְנוֹרָה  menorah – looks like this (remember that Hebrew reads from right to left): 


mem- the letter ‘mem’ – מְ – which in the early script is pictured as ‘water

nun  - the letter ‘nun’ – נ – in the early script is pictures as a ‘sprouting seed’

 waw  - the letter ‘waw’ – וֹ – in the early script is pictured as a ‘tent peg

resh - the letter ‘resh’ – רָ – in the early script is pictured as a ‘head of a man

hey - the letter ‘hey’ – ה – in the early script is pictures as ‘arms raised

When we look at these letters we can see an awesome picture of how the Lampstand clearly speaks of Messiah, our High Priest and Head of the Body. In the Hebraic mind-set ‘water’ represents not only physical water but also chaos from the storms of the sea. To the Hebrews the sea was a feared and unknown place, for this reason this letter  ‘mem’ is used as a question word, who, what, when, where, why and how, in the sense of searching for an unknown.

Nun’ – the sprouting seed gives the idea of continuation or an offspring or an heir, speaking of that which sprouts forth will be the heir of the promise of continuation. The ‘waw’ in representing a ‘tent peg’ or a nail or hook and has the meaning ‘to secure or add’. The ‘resh’ is a picture of a head of a man which speaks of headship or beginning or first. The ‘hey’ is pictured as a man with his hands raised in the air and carries the meaning of ‘behold’, as in when looking at something very great, and can also mean to breath or sigh when looking at a great sight and can also give the meaning of revealing or a revelation from the idea of revealing a great sight by pointing it out.

When putting the construct of these pictures together in understanding the work and ministry of יהושע Messiah, our High Priest, we can see the following being declared through the power and presence of the Lampstand in the Set-Apart Place:

Out of the chaos, a seed shall spring forth, the Son who is the appointed heir of all, who by His resurrection has secured for us the Covenants of Promise to which we have been added through His Blood, and Messiah, our Head, is the beginning and behold we fix our eyes on Him as we await the for the revelation of our Master יהושע Messiah – The Light of the world!


Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 1:2 “has in these last days spoken to us by the Son, whom He has appointed heir of all, through whom also He made the ages

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 1:7 “so that you are not lacking in any gift, eagerly waiting for the revelation of our Master יהושע Messiah

Part of the duty of Aharon was to ‘trim’ the lamps or ‘trim the wicks’ which is a party of setting them in order as a required maintenance of the lamps that were to continually burn.

This represents for us our need to continually be getting rid of those things in our lives which do not effectively support the efficient burning of the fire, which represents יהוה 's presence, we are to shine forth! It is Messiah, our High Priest who ‘trims’ us through His Word and equips us to shine. If we do not allow His Word to ‘trim’ us we may lose our ability to be set in order and shine as we should and risk having our lampstand removed!

Verse 4 – beaten gold

The Lampstand was made of ‘beaten work of gold’. This word for ‘beaten work’ is מִקְשָׁה  miqshah – Strong’s H4749 which means, hammered work’. The assumed root of this word is קָשָׁה  qashah – Strong’s H7185 meaning, hard, severe, fierce, hard pressed, seem hard, stiffened; and what we can see from this is that in being made together in Messiah, as a ‘beaten work’ we recognise that it is not always easy but is often very hard, as we do our utmost to be made into a community and form true unity! Messiah took our beating and by His stripes we are healed and so the pressures we face each day we ought to recognise as light and momentary troubles, recognising that while we may be hard pressed we are not crushed, as Messiah was crushed for our iniquities and therefore we must allow His Word to ‘beat us’ into shape and be ‘one’ in Him!

The Lampstand was made according to the pattern shown to Mosheh and we see too that Messiah only did that which He was instructed to do according to the Word of Elohim!


In verse 6 this Hebrew word for cleanse is טָהֵרtaherH2891 and means the following: “to be clean; to cleanse; purify’ made clean”, “properly to be bright; to be pure – that is physically sound, clear, unadulterated, morally innocent”, “to be purged, purify, to declare something or someone clean.

It is His word that makes us clean as we cleanse ourselves daily through the washing of His Word. It is He who makes us clean – really clean – by His Blood! This Word ‘tâhêr’ is also used in Wayyiqra/Leviticus 16:19 where the high priest would sprinkle the blood of the sin offering on the horns of the altar and all around, seven times – 7 as we know signifies perfection and so there is a perfect cleansing, and our perfect reconciliation by the Blood of יהושע!

We, as a set-apart and royal priesthood, now have a responsibility to cleanse ourselves through the cleansing which He has provided.

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 9:11-14 “But Messiah, having become a High Priest of the coming good matters, through the greater and more perfect Tent not made with hands, that is, not of this creation, 12 entered into the Most Set-apart Place once for all, not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood, having obtained everlasting redemption. 13 For if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling the defiled, sets apart for the cleansing of the flesh, 14 how much more shall the blood of the Messiah, who through the everlasting Spirit offered Himself unblemished to Elohim, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living Elohim?

It is through the one time atoning sacrifice of Messiah that He will ‘tâhêr’ His Bride.

Aharon was told to cleanse the Lěwites and so too do we see that it is our High Priest, יהושע, who cleanses us from dead works to serve the Living Elohim!

The word טָהֵרtaher’ carries great insight for us as we understand that a derivative of this word is טָֽהֳרָה tahorah – Strong’s H2893 which means, cleansing, puryfing.

As we look at the Hebrew word טָֽהֳרָה tahorah we see a wonderful picture in this word alone that speaks of our need to come to Messiah who cleanses us form all sin. Why I say this is because when we look at the ancient symbols of these letters we get a clearer picture of this very message of this Torah of cleansing contained in just one word!

טָֽהֳרָה tahorah – read from right to left are the letters: ט -tet; ה -hay; ר -resh; ה –hay, and when you see this word as written in the ancient pictograph script we see the message clearly – let me show you:

The original pictograph of these letters (from right to left):


Tet – ט:

The original pictograph for this letter is tet, a container made of wicker or clay. Containers were a very important item among the nomadic Hebrews. They were used for storing grains and other items. Wicker baskets were used as nets for catching fish. The meanings of this letter are basket, contain, store and clay.

Hey –ה:

The original pictograph for this letter is hey, a man standing with his arms raised out. The Modern Hebrew and original name for this letter is “hey”. The Hebrew word “hey” means “behold”, as when looking at a great sight. This word can also mean “breath” or “sigh” as one does when looking at a great sight. The meaning of the letter hey is behold, look, breath, sigh and reveal or revelation from the idea of revealing a great sight by pointing it out. It also carries for us the meaning of surrender as we lift up our hands and submit to יהוה as we lift our hands in praise, declaring His authority under which we humbly submit!


Resh - ר:

The Ancient picture for this letter is resh, the head of a man. This letter has the meanings of head or man as well as chief, top, beginning or first.

Now in terms of the cleansing process we see the following message through this pictograph lettering of טָֽהֳרָה tahorah :


We, as ‘clay baskets’ come and surrender and ‘raise our hands’ in acknowledgement and confess our sins/lawlessness before our ‘head’ and High Priest, יהושע Messiah,  and put our lives in the hands of Him who ‘lifts us up’ from the miry clay and makes us clean and purifies us from all unrighteousness!

Qorintiyim Bet/2 Corinthians 4:7 “And we have this treasure in earthen vessels, so that the excellence of the power might be of Elohim, and not of us

Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 18:6 “O house of Yisra’ĕl, am I not able to do with you as this potter?” declares יהוה. “Look, as the clay is in the hand of the potter, so are you in My hand, O house of Yisra’ĕl!

Iyoḇ/Job 10:9 “Remember, please, that You have made me like clay. And would You turn me into dust again?

Verse 10 – laying of hands

Normally the laying on of hands symbolises the transference of sin or confession or the identification with another. It is also symbolic of making a statement, for example by one who was healthy to one who was sick that, “May he be as I am”, and so the laying on of hands for the sick is a statement of faith to declare the one sick be made well. Here we see that the nation of Yisra’ĕl was to ‘lay their hands’ on the Lěwites, and so in this instance it was a ‘transferral’ or recognition of the Lěwites taking the place of the firstborn and being set-apart to serve in the Tabernacle.

This was done at the instruction of יהוה, and so we see too today that those who have been set-apart and called by יהוה have through the laying on of the hands of the elders and congregation been set-apart to יהוה for service that He has called for, and the laying of hands symbolises the acknowledgement of the position of service that the Lĕwite and priest has been called into and by the laying of hands of the congregation they are also committing, by their acknowledgement to not neglect to support the Lěwites in their midst. While we are all called a chosen, set-apart and royal priesthood in Messiah, we too must recognise those whom יהוה has set-apart for service for which the rest of the body is responsible to support. The ‘Lěwites and priests’ today, if you will, are those whom יהוה has called, and who teach the body the difference between the set-apart and the profane, and between the clean and the unclean, as well as the importance of Sabbath and the keeping of the Feasts of יהוה. What we do see in the world today is that many are operating in an office of ministry that man has called and not יהוה, and therefore Sha’ul instructs Timotiyos to not be hasty in laying hands on people; which is not always the case today as we see many who are in ‘priestly’ or ‘pastoral’ roles and are not teaching Torah or the difference between the clean and unclean, the set-apart and the profane, nor are they teaching the importance of the Sabbath and His Feasts – these are those who had hands laid on them in haste!

Timotiyos Aleph/1 Timothy 5:22 “Do not lay hands on anyone hastily, nor share in sins of others. Keep yourself clean.

The results of laying hands on anyone hastily can be devastating, as we see many groping around in the dark today as they follow blind guides. You get what you ask for! The result of putting people in positions that man has appointed rather than יהוה, can cause a great stumbling block for so many who will refuse to listen to the Truth by holding fast to the inherited lies of their chosen ministers/leaders who are sadly teaching the masses nothing more than muddied waters.

Here we see that Yisra’ĕl, by acknowledging the fact that the Lěwites had been called and set-apart by יהוה, laid their hands on them.


Verse 11 - The wave offering

Aharon was required to ‘wave’ the Lěwites before יהוה, as a ‘wave offering’ from the children of Yisra’ĕl.

The word for ‘wave offering’ is תְּנוּפָה tenuphah – Strong’s H8573 and means, a swinging, waving, offering and comes from the word - נוּף nuph – Strong’s H5130 which is used in this verse as ‘wave’ and is fuller meaning is to, move to and fro, shake back and forth, sprinkle, waveand is essence carries the broader meaning to present. We see that it was Aharon who was to wave the Lěwites and therefore the Lěwites were ‘presented’ to יהוה by the high priest. The logistics behind this event is not 100% certain as there were over 8000 Lěwites, however what we see here as a shadow picture of Messiah is that He is our High Priest who presents us before יהוה as a set-apart priesthood, and we see this picture of the fullness of the body being ‘waved’ before יהוה by the High Priest on Shavuot, when two loaves of bread are waved on Shavuot!

In Messiah we are presented as set-apart priests who have been cleansed and equipped to serve – and we are now His!

The wave offering, in a figurative way, pictures for us that of giving it or releasing it fully to יהוה; and this carries great significance for us as we too need to realise that our lives are to be lifted up as a wave offering before יהוה; and that includes everything we have, as we lift up our hands in the declaration that all we have is presented to יהוה; and that we now belong to Him, having been bought at a price and betrothed by the Blood of the Lamb; and have been sealed with His Set-Apart Spirit of promise, who is the pledge of our inheritance, until the redemption of the purchased possession!

Qorintiyim Bet/2 Corinthians 1:21-22 “But He who establishes us with you in Messiah and has anointed us is Elohim, 22 who also sealed us, and gave the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge.

At Shaḇu’ot the High Priest takes two loaves of bread and waves it before יהוה as a wave offering.

The two loaves of Bread symbolically represent the two Houses of Yehuḏah and Yisra’ĕl being brought together as one in the Hands of our Redeemer, High Priest and King, and it is also symbolic of the two tablets of the witness of the Ten Words, that the entire nation of Yisra’ĕl heard in the Wilderness, which then were written on stone as a witness. With the first two stones having been broken by Mosheh when he came down and saw the perverted worship in the camp, he was required to make two new stones like the first, upon which יהוה would write the 10 Words again. This was a powerful shadow picture of the renewal that we celebrate today, here at Shaḇu’ot! With Yisra’ĕl, a called out, chosen and betrothed Bride, who broke her marriage vows and covenant with יהוה; יהוה was already declaring His promised provision, by Mosheh having to make two stones like the first that יהוה had made and upon which יהוה would once again write His 10 words; prophetically declaring that the very Word of Elohim would be made flesh and come down to be broken for us, taking on the form of the flesh in order to redeem us from the sinful nature, and ‘make new’ the true witness of His Covenant seal and pledge over us, as His called out and chosen Bride in Messiah, who has now made it possible for His Torah to be written upon the fleshly tablets of our hearts by His Spirit through the Blood of Messiah!

This ‘wave offering’ celebrates the promise of renewal or rather the making of a renewed covenant, and the Hebrew word תְּנוּפָה tenuphah in the ancient pictographic script looks like this:


From right to left we have a taw, nun, waw, pey, hey:

The ‘taw’ – תְּtaw    is pictured as two sticks crossed, and can represent for us ‘seal, covenant, mark or sign

The ‘nun’ – נ nun     is pictured as a sprouting seed, and speaks of ‘new life or renewal, rebirth

The ‘waw’ – וּ waw     is pictured as a tent peg, which carries the meaning ‘to add, secure, hook

The ‘pey’ – פָpey  is pictured as an open mouth, pictures for us that which is spoken – ‘word

They ‘hey’ ה -  hey      is pictured as a man with his arms raised, and can mean, ‘to reveal, behold, what comes from’.


Therefore we can see that this wave offering of the two loaves is a proclaiming of that which has been renewed, made new, and by these pictures we can see that it declares to us:

Behold the seal of the covenant that is renewed and secured by the Word who was lifted up and who is to be praised!

Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 31:31-33 “See, the days are coming,” declares יהוה, “when I shall make a new covenant with the house of Yisra’ĕl and with the house of Yehuḏah, 32 not like the covenant I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Mitsrayim, My covenant which they broke, though I was a husband to them,” declares יהוה. 33 “For this is the covenant I shall make with the house of Yisra’ĕl after those days, declares יהוה: I shall put My Torah in their inward parts, and write it on their hearts. And I shall be their Elohim, and they shall be My people.

These verses are quoted in Iḇ’rim/Hebrew 8, and what we celebrate today is this very promise that has been given by יהוה, our Mighty Elohim – His Torah now on our hearts. At Mount Sinai 3000 died as a result of rebellion and on this day at Mount Tsiyon, and the renewal of the Covenant, sealed by the outpouring of the Spirit, 3000 were added to the number of the body that day – a complete restoration of death to life, that His Word proclaims for us who call upon His Name and guard to do His commands!

Verse 14 – therefore be separate

It was through these instructions given by יהוה through Mosheh to Aharon that the Lěwites were separated unto יהוה. We recognise how Messiah fulfilled all the requirements of the Torah to cause us to be a people separated unto יהוה! The word used for separate in the Hebrew is בָּדַל baḏal – Strong’s H914 and means, to be divided, sever, separate, came over, make a distinction’. When we are separated from the world, we are to make a clear distinction between that which is of the world and that which is of Elohim and our lives should clearly shine that distinction. Although we are in the world we are not of the world and so we are to sever those things of darkness from our lives that have no place in the light of His Truth. The first time this word is used in Scripture is right back in:

Berěshith/Genesis 1:4 “And Elohim saw the light, that it was good. And Elohim separated the light from the darkness.

Elohim separated the light from the darkness!!!

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 2:9 “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a people for a possession, that you should proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvellous light.

יהוה declared the end from the beginning – He has separated light from darkness and we have been called out of darkness and so we should live as such as we walk as children of light:

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 5:8 “For you were once darkness, but now you are light in the Master. Walk as children of light

In learning to walk as children of light we see that this word בָּדַל baḏal is also used in:

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 10:10 “so as to make a distinction between the set-apart and the profane, and between the unclean and the clean

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 11:47 “to make a distinction between the unclean and the clean, and between the living creature that is eaten and the living creature that is not eaten.

Qorintiyim Bět/2 Corinthians 6:17Therefore, “Come out from among them and be separate, says יהוה, and do not touch what is unclean, and I shall receive you.

We must be serious and be sure that we have and continue to separate ourselves and be committed to not touch what is unclean, and recognised that even our marriages are not to be mixed with the nations:

Qorintiyim Bět/2 Corinthians 6:14Do not become unevenly yoked with unbelievers. For what partnership have righteousness and lawlessness? And what fellowship has light with darkness?

When we are confidently committed to walking in obedience then we will ensure that we are ‘separated’ from darkness, even while we sojourn here amidst a dark world, that our path of walking in righteousness is like the light of dawn, that shines ever brighter unto the perfect day.

Verse 16 – we are wholly given over to Him

In verse 16 we see the term – ‘given ones’ which in the Hebrew is נְתִינִים Nethinim – plural of the root word  נָתַן Nathan – Strong’s H5414 which means, to give, put, set, appointed, delivered, given, placed.

We have been delivered and appointed to serve our Master and Saviour, given to Him – for He has chosen us!

Verse 17-18 – Lěwites taken instead of the first born!

In Mitsrayim all the first born who did not have the blood of the Pěsaḥ Lamb on their doorposts were killed, and the firstborn of those houses of Yisra’ĕl who had the covering of the Pěsaḥ Lamb on their doorposts and were passed over, were set-apart for יהוה, and he then took the tribe of Lĕwi to replace the firstborn among all the children of Yisra’ĕl, in order to set-apart a priesthood that would serve in the Tabernacle and perform the duties of the service unto Elohim on behalf of the entire nation!

Verse 19 – given as gifts to the High Priest

The Lěwites were given as gifts to Aharon and his sons to do the service of the children of Yisra’ĕl. And here we see too that we today have been given gifts to serve the body of Messiah (Yisra’ĕl)!

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 4 speaks of how יהושע has appointed certain gifts to serve and mature the body and we also see in Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 12 speaks of the various gifts appointed by the One Master to the body in order to serve and build up the body as we serve our High Priest having been cleansed, set-apart and given to Him through His own Blood!

The age for active service for the Lěwites was from 25 – 50 years old. The service and duties of the priesthood was from 30 years old and so we see here that there would be 5 years preparation of active duty before a Lĕwite could enter into the service of the priesthood. We must always realise that all priests were Lěwites, but not all Lěwites were priests!

What is also a very powerful prophetic shadow picture being given here in this verse 19, in regards to the Lěwites being ‘given’ to Aharon as a gift to do service, is that we see how we, as a called out, chosen and set-apart priesthood have been ‘given’ to our Master, High Priest and King! When יהושע Messiah was praying to the Father (as a clear means of instructing us), He expressed how that all that were given to Him were not lost except the son of destruction:

Yoḥanan/John 17:12 “When I was with them in the world, I was guarding them in Your Name which You have given Me, and I watched over them, and not one of them perished except the son of destruction, that the Scripture might be filled.

As a ‘type’, the Father gave Messiah all of us in order to serve the body!

When יהושע Messiah was arrested, those who came to arrest Him fell backwards at His words declaring that He is the I AM.

Yoḥanan/John 18:8-9 “יהושע answered, “I said to you that I am. If, then, you seek Me, allow these to go,” 9 in order that the word might be filled which He spoke, “Of those whom You have given Me, I have lost none.”

In our Master, יהושע Messiah, the priesthood is guarded and watched over, and stands securely footed to serve!



"Between the evenings": the word for "evening" עֶרֶבereḇand from the root carries the idea of the time of day when it is becoming or growing dark (sunset/dusk), so it is done between the time we can first notice the decline of daylight and the time daylight transitions into night at sunset and so between the evenings can be better translated as between the sunsets which is a wonderful proof text for us as to the beginning and end of day – from sunset to sunset. Here the Pěsaḥ is as the 14th of the month is fading into the 15th. By the time of the second Temple, it was offered between the first and second evening oblation, which translates to the ninth hour (3:00 p.m.) on the 14th, which is exactly when יהושע was slain on Passover. Why the 14th? The way to write the number 14 in Hebrew (יד) is with the letters yod י (10) and dalet ד (4), which spell the word for "hand" H3027 - יָד yad. Indeed, יהוה had said He would stretch out His hand over Mitsrayim - Shemoth/Exodus3:20 “And I shall stretch out My hand and smite Mitsrayim with all My wonders which I shall do in its midst. And after that he shall let you go. - and lay His hand on it - Shemoth/Exodus 7:4 “And Pharaoh is not going to listen to you, and I shall lay My hand on Mitsrayim, and bring My divisions and My people, the children of Yisra’ĕl, out of the land of Mitsrayim by great judgments. The Pěsaḥ/Passover lamb was therefore to be kept until the fullness of יהוה's hand (Messiah) comes. יהושע, thus, is the one who strikes Mitsrayim down!

All the assembly of the congregation shall slay it – we are all guilty for His death, yet He lay down His own life showing His intense love for us – taking our sin upon Himself. He died because of our sinfulness. He took our sins upon Himself and died our death. He is the Pěsaḥ/Passover Lamb. He is our redemption. No other sacrifice is needed for our sins. It is finished.


So when do we eat the Pěsaḥ meal?

The Meal is eaten at the beginning of the 15th which starts the Feast of Matzot/Unleavened Bread – Shemoth/Exodus 12:8 confirms this for us: “And they shall eat the flesh on that night, roasted in fire – with unleavened bread and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

On that night is referring the 15th of the 1st month (in the month the barley is Aḇiḇ), which marks the beginning of the Feast of Matzot (Unleavened Bread). When the Lamb has been prepared on the 14th then after sunset, which starts the new day of the 15th we have the Pěsaḥ/Passover Meal.


For the laws of the Pěsaḥ

Shemoth 12:43-49 “And יהוה said to Mosheh and Aharon, “This is the law of the Passover: No son of a stranger is to eat of it, 44 but any servant a man has bought for silver, when you have circumcised him, then let him eat of it. 45 “A sojourner and a hired servant does not eat of it. 46 “It is eaten in one house, you are not to take any of the flesh outside the house, nor are you to break any bone of it. 47 “All the congregation of Yisra’ĕl are to perform it. 48 “And when a stranger sojourns with you and shall perform the Passover to יהוה, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and perform it, and he shall be as a native of the land. But let no uncircumcised eat of it. 49 “There is one Torah for the native-born and for the stranger who sojourns among you.


יהוה makes it very clear to Mosheh who may or may not eat this remembrance meal. This is not a night where we invite guests who are not of the family of Messiah and have a great big party with people who do not walk the Torah walk of faith! A foreigner or a temporary resident or a hired worker are those people who reflect hearts that are not interested in serving the Elohim of Yisra’ĕl and have no right to eat of this meal! This is not the meal to be ‘reaching out to the nations’ so to speak – this is for the House of Yisra’ĕl! Those who may eat of it are all slaves, aliens and native born who desire to serve and walk in the ways of יהוה and are those with circumcised hearts, who have put aside their own desires, to embrace and follow after the Elohim of Aḇraham, Yitsḥaq and Ya’aqoḇ, and have entered into a covenant relationship with יהוה by faith. Circumcision is not the actual covenant itself; it is the sign of the Covenant as we see in Berěshith/Genesis 15 and 17. Circumcision was given thirteen years after Aḇraham received the Covenant of יהוה by faith. There is much debate today regarding circumcision and eating the Pěsaḥ meal and although I will not proceed into covering all the aspects of circumcision, however the fact remains that it is very clear according to Scripture that circumcision for us who are to be grafted into the body of Messiah, is that of the heart and done not by the hands of men, but from above. As one studies carefully the accounts in Ma’asei/Acts and the writings of Sha’ul that clearly explains and outlines the basis of circumcision of the heart, we can be pretty sure that both Timotiyos, who got physically circumcised, as well as Titos, who did not, would have both eaten the Pěsaḥ Meal each year! Our immersion in the Name of יהושע is the point where we receive the circumcision of the heart; and therefore only those who have been immersed in the Name of יהושע may eat the Pěsaḥ Meal!

The fact that our circumcision of the heart is done at our immersion in the Name of our Mater, does not do away with this Torah, as some erroneously suggest, but rather fully submits to the clear requirements as set out in the Torah.

Qolasim/Colossians 2:11-12 “In Him you were also circumcised with a circumcision not made with hands, in the putting off of the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of Messiah, 12 having been buried with Him in immersion, in which you also were raised with Him through the belief in the working of Elohim, who raised Him from the dead.

The term ‘be circumcised’ is written from this root as follows – הִמּוֹל – ‘himol’, and as you will notice it has the letter ‘הִ’ – ‘hey’ added to the front of this root word, and in the ancient script would look as follows:


הִ – This is the letter ‘hey’ and the original pictograph for this letter is hey, which is a ‘man standing with his arms raised out’. The Hebrew word “hey” means “behold”, as when looking at a great sight. This word can also mean “breath” or “sigh” as when one sighs in amazement when looking at a great sight. The meaning of the letter hey is behold, look, breath, sigh and reveal or revelation; from the idea of revealing a great sight by pointing it out. It also carries for us the meaning of surrender as we lift up our hands and submit to יהוה as we lift our hands in praise, declaring His authority under which we humbly submit!

מ – This is the letter ‘mem’,  which in the early script is pictured as mem - ‘water’, also carries the meaning of chaos (from the storms of the sea) and can picture that which is mighty or massive as well as the unknown.

וּ – This is the letter ‘waw’ or ‘vav’ and the ancient pictographic form of this letter is waw, a peg or ‘tent peg’, which was used for securing or tying the tent or other items. The possibility of it having a Y-shape is to show that it prevents the rope from slipping off. The root meaning of this letter is ‘to add, secure or hook’.

ל  – This is the letter ‘lamed’, which in the early script is pictured as lamed , which is a ‘shepherd’s staff, can give the meaning of ‘to or toward’ and can represent that which pushes or pulls a flock in a direction, and can speak of authority or a yoke that is used to lead and guide, as well as the ability to bring back by Authority.

Now when we begin to understand the perfect work of Messiah, who by His Blood has given us access into the Covenants of promise we can indeed see through these pictographic letters how we have received a circumcision done, not with the hands of men, but from above!

This word or phrase ‘be circumcised’ as pictured in this original pictographic symbols can certainly point toward the SEED, and render for us the following:

“Behold and look to Him, who through our immersion (passing through the waters) in Him, are secured and brought near to the Covenants of Promise, in which we submit under His hand and are led by Him, our Good Shepherd”

This pictographic word for circumcision makes it clear that we are not ‘added’ to His body by the works of the flesh, but that we are added by Him, who in His own Blood secured for us the ability to be added, through immersion in His Mighty and Powerful Name that we call upon for deliverance and Salvation, and under whom we continue to submit and be led forth, by His easy yoke of His clear Torah for set-apart living, as we walk according to the Spirit and not the flesh!

For a more in-depth look at circumcision please see the Torah portion commentary on Berěshith/Genesis 17!

The is one Torah for both the stranger and native born! There are twisted teachings today that say that only the ‘Jews’ have to keep the Torah, and yet still other say that anyone who is not a Jew and wishes to follow the Torah may not as they are only allowed to follow what is called the “Noahide laws” – for more on this please see the DVD called the Imposter available at

There are not different instructions for different groups of people desiring to follow Elohim!!! There is ONE Torah and it applies to all who believe in the Elohim of Aḇraham, Yitsḥaq and Ya’aqoḇ.

The erroneous teaching that ‘the Torah has been done away with’, as claimed under the ridiculous banner of a false grace message, is a big fat lie! ONE Torah – His Word is eternal – Heaven and earth will pass away – but His Word remains!!! Not one stroke of the pen shall by no means pass away until all be done!

One thing worth mentioning here is the fact that we see the term in the Scriptures 2009 edition, the word ‘perform’ in regards to the Pěsaḥ/Passover being used 11 times!!!

It is the primitive root word  עָשָׂה asah – Strong’s H6213 and means, to do, make, accomplish, perform, practice, observe’.

To ‘perform’ the Pěsaḥ we must be ‘doing it’ as we rehearse this Feast as commanded each year. Simply just reading about it is not performing it!

In this chapter we see that there were some who were defiled by a being and could not perform the Pěsaḥ and were granted the ability to do it the following month. This is a wonderful picture of the mercy of יהוה, as we recognise the seriousness of this Feast being the Feast that starts the cycle of Feasts and if you do not start a race right then how can one continue correctly according to the rules? Messiah tells us that unless we ‘eat of Him’ and ‘eat His body and ‘drink His Blood’ which we do at the Pěsaḥ Meal then we have no part in Him; and in this chapter we see the clear desire of Elohim that all shall be saved by granting some who had become ceremonially unclean the permission to perform the Feast in the 2nd month. We see the application of this ruling being applied in Diḇre haYamim Bet/2 Chronicles 30 when the Temple had been cleansed and the service of the House of יהוה had been restored during the reign of Ḥizqiyahu, and they had taken counsel to perform the Pěsaḥ in the second month because not enough priests had set themselves apart. They were so committed that they took counsel to perform another seven days after the 7 days required for Matzot!

What we recognise today is that since we have a High Priest who continually intercedes for us and when we become defiled in any way we can come to Him and confess our sins and He is faithful and just to cleanse us from all unrighteousness, enabling us to draw near with a clear conscience and a pure and undefiled heart. Having said that we take careful note that there is therefore excuse for anyone to not partake of and perform the Pěsaḥ to יהוה at its appointed time each year, as we do not need to wait 7 days for our cleansing in order to perform what is required!



Verse 15-22 we see the word cloud being used 11 times, and in a nutshell this section is making it very clear that Yisra’ĕl only departed at the command of יהוה and they stayed put at the command of יהוה.

The repetition of this is evident here and emphasises the critical need for us to be a people who go when He says go and stay when He says stay! All too often today people ‘come and go’ as they please and do not think to seek יהוה and hear His voice and in the process often find themselves in a position of doubt and fear and get frustrated as they lose their peace. Often people will ‘jump the gun’ so to speak and rush into something when they should have waited, or on the other hand they just do not get off their behind and move forward when they should and as a result stay stuck in the error of their own ways.

The word in Hebrew for cloud is עָנָן anan – Strong’s H6051 and simply means a cloud or visible mass usually of condensed water vapor in the atmosphere, relatively dense enough to block light.

The cloud not only was the very presence of יהוה, but also what His presence brings! When we are ‘under’ His cloud and authority we are covered and protected. The cloud or covering represents how His presence brings protection, provision, shelter and safety, and to move or stay whenever the cloud did not is a picture of rebellion and lack of submission and to be in a position of rebellion or be un-submissive would render one outside of His full protection, provision, shelter and safety.

What is interesting to take note of is how the fact that both the instruction to ‘perform the Pěsaḥ’ as well as ‘cloud’ is used 11 times shows us how important it is for us to ‘do’ or ‘perform’ what He instructs, for then we are assured of His protection, provision, shelter and safety in the Blood of Messiah that covers and cleanses us from all unrighteousness.

Verse 23 – at the mouth of יהוה – by the hand of Mosheh

As ‘by the hand of Mosheh’ pictures for us the Torah (instructions) of יהוה, we can see that our ability to go when we need to go and stay when we need to stay becomes more apparent and sure when we walk in the Torah and heed to guard all the commands of Elohim. In doing this we will find ourselves sojourning under the sure protection of the Blood of Messiah as we walk in Him, the Living Torah, guarding to do all He commands!


Verse 1 – silver trumpets

Silver in Scripture is often used as a picture of redemption, which ultimately is brought about by the price of blood:

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 17:11 “For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your lives, for it is the blood that makes atonement for the life.

Silver is used in Scripture as redemption money. It speaks of the price יהושע has paid for us. Silver was used in service of the Tent of Meeting for the Atonement of Yisra’ĕl as a remembrance before יהוה.

Shemoth/Exodus 30:16 “And you shall take the silver for the atonement from the children of Yisra’ĕl, and give it for the service of the Tent of Meeting. And it shall be to the children of Yisra’ĕl for a remembrance before יהוה, to make atonement for yourselves.

The tabernacle stood upon sockets of silver. Both Yosĕph and יהושע were sold for silver. Yehuḏah was paid off in silver as the Scriptures said. Silver is redemption money. Silver is symbolic of the redemption that comes through יהושע Messiah and Him alone. It prefigures the preciousness of Messiah as the ransom for sinners.

Silver also speaks of service and giving of oneself – the prefect work of Messiah:

Marqos/Mark 10:45 “For even the Son of Aḏam did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.

We also see another wonderful picture of the symbolism of silver:

Tehillah/Psalm 12:6 “The Words of יהוה are clean Words, silver tried in a furnace of earth, refined seven times.

The purest silver does not tarnish, and most silver products we see being used today has an alloy mix of up to 92.5% silver and another metal to make up the rest to produce a product that is a little harder and easier to work with. When looking at this verse above, the concept of silver – pure silver – and the words of יהוה being clean struck me in a major way as to what we see happening today! His Word is pure and clean and is likened to silver tried in the furnace of earth and refined totally – there are no other metals therein and this is just what His Word is to us – it is unadulterated truth. Sadly we see that in the world today, His word has been tarnished due to the taking away and adding that is forbidden, and so as many dogmas of man and various theologies and doctrines have been formulated, they have each diminished the purity of the silver of His Word, by stripping it of its worth and adding in other words that twist the purity of the Truth and therefore cause the silver to now become susceptible to becoming tarnished.

When this happens more and more work is required to polish up that which is not pure in an attempt to present it as pure, through the institution of programmes and formulas of worship that is contrary to the design and service of the Tabernacle. For us to be a Tabernacle for His Spirit to dwell we cannot have a tarnished Word that has manipulated the purity of it in order to control the masses, but rather we need to strip away the impurities of false traditions and lies and turn back to the pure Truth – then we will be built up according to His pattern shown!

Understanding that silver pictures the Word and the redemptive price that the Word made flesh brought for us, in order that we may enter the Most Set-Apart place into the presence of the Most High, we recognise how the use of the two silver trumpets represents for us how the Living Word calls us back to be assembled before Him as One!

We see the instructions given here for distinctive sounds – when both were blown the entire assembly would gather and when one was blown then only the leaders would assemble. Whenever they would blow a shout, the camps from the east would begin to depart. At the blowing they would assemble and at the shout they would ‘shout’.

The need to heed the different sounds was critical to responding correctly, and we see that Sha’ul says in:

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 14:8 “For indeed, if the trumpet makes an indistinct sound, who shall prepare himself for battle?

This is a clear instruction that ought to cause us to take very careful heed of knowing the trumpet sound of the instructions of יהוה, for if you hear a distinct sound you will prepare but if you hear one you do not know then you will not prepare. I believe this has a two-fold application, both in the positive and negative. From a positive aspect, knowing the instructions (Torah) of יהוה and meditating day and night in them will cause us to recognise the clear distinct sound of His call as well as dispel any sounds that are not of Elohim, while on a negative note those who do not know His Torah will not recognise the true call. For instance when יהושע speaks of the end times in:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 24:23-26 “If anyone then says to you, ‘Look, here is the Messiah!’ or ‘There!’ do not believe. 24 “For false messiahs and false prophets shall arise, and they shall show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the chosen ones. 25 “See, I have forewarned you. 26 “So if they say to you, ‘Look, He is in the desert!’ do not go out; or ‘Look, He is in the inner rooms!’ do not believe.

Many who do not know the distinct sound of the pure instructions of the Torah will not be able to distinguish between the  distinct sound of His coming and that of the false blasts of the enemy!

We are to sound the Trumpets at the appointed times, at the beginning of the months and whenever we want to blow for a rejoicing in His good mercy and love; as this blowing is always as a remembrance for us before Elohim, that we have been bought at a price and redeemed by the Blood of Messiah!

It is at the sound of the Trumpet that we will be called to assemble and be gathered unto Messiah:

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 15:52 “in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

Tas’loniqim Aleph/1 Thessalonians 4:16 “Because the Master Himself shall come down from heaven with a shout, with the voice of a chief messenger, and with the trumpet of Elohim, and the dead in Messiah shall rise first.

At Yom Teruah we will see the call go out for the assembling of the while congregation of Yisra’ĕl and at the sound of the last trumpet, which will take place on Yom Kippur we shall see the Master Himself come out of His Hěḵal and come down with a shout where we will see the first resurrection of the true assembly being gathered together in Him!

The two silver trumpets can also be significant in picturing the two witnesses as well as the two groups of the people of Elohim coming together to be a mouthpiece like a trumpet in blowing the call to return and assemble.

The Torah and the Prophets being proclaimed as having been revealed through the life, death and resurrection of Messiah is the Trumpet call to repentance and be assembled as a body in unity, preparing to receive Her King!

We are to be a proclaiming people, sounding the call to assemble, and at the same time giving the call to be armed with the full armour of Elohim and ready to stand!

The Hebrew word for ‘silver’ is כֶּסֶף keseph – Strong’s H3701 which in translated as, silver, money, purchase price and comes from the root word כָּסַף kasaph – Strong’s H3700 which means, to long for, eager, shame.

The Hebrew word for ‘silver’ - כֶּסֶף keseph is pictured in the Early Script as:


Kaph - כֶּ:

The ancient form of this letter is pictured as kaph - which is an open palm of a hand. The meaning behind this letter is to bend and curve from the shape of a palm as well as to tame or subdue as one has been bent to another’s will (under their hand), as an open hand symbolises submission. This also can picture for us a palm or palm branch from the curved palm shape.


The modern name for this letter is samech, yet it is also known in the ancient script as ‘sin’.

This letter is pictured as samek - which is a thorn, and has the meanings of ‘pierce and sharp’ and can also carry the meaning of ‘a shield’, as thorn bushes were used by shepherds to build a wall to enclose his flock in the night against the attack of predators. Another meaning would be ‘to grab hold of’ as a thorn is a seed that clings to hair and clothing.


This letter in the ancient script is pictured as  pey, which is an ‘open mouth’ and carries the meaning of ‘speak and blow’, from the functions of the mouth, and can have the meaning of ‘scatter’ by blowing. It can also mean sword or beard as in things with edges, as well as a region in depicting a place with edges or boundaries. It also can represent that which has been spoken forth from the words of one’s mouth, as being established!

When we consider these 3 letters in the understanding of the word ‘silver’, when considering this as representing the redemption price, brought to us by the Blood of Messiah we are able to see from these pictures, the following:

The open hand of Elohim, as revealed to us through יהושע Messiah, was pierced for our transgression and took the thorn (sin) upon Himself, having been nailed in His hands and feet, becoming a shield to those who call upon Him and grab hold of His commands, as spoken in His Word!

After His resurrection, when Messiah showed T’oma (Thomas) His hands that took the nails, T’oma acknowledged the redemptive work of יהושע Messiah and called Him His Master and Elohim. T’oma now fully believed the Word of Elohim, and he was told that those who believe and have not seen:

Yoḥanan/John 20:27-29 “Then He said to T’oma, “Bring your finger here, and see My hands. And bring your hand and put it into My side – and do not be unbelieving, but believing.” 28 And T’oma answered and said to Him, “My Master and my Elohim!” 29 יהושע said to him, “T’oma, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and have believed.

Our True redemption is in יהושע Messiah, who is the open hand of Elohim that took our sin upon Himself, as spoken in His written Word that does not return empty!

The Trumpet sound of the silver trumpets is a clear picture for us to be ‘hearing’ the Word of Elohim, as well as proclaiming the Besorah, that is the Good News of our Redeemer and King, יהושע Messiah, as we faithfully gather as commanded as well as stand and fight the good fight of the belief!

Verse 10Blow the trumpet!

Here we can see how we are called to ‘blow’ the trumpet of the day of our gladness, and on the Appointed Times (Feasts) of יהוה, as well as on the new moons, and over all our ascending offerings!

In a nutshell, when we understand that the blowing of the two trumpets was to gather the children of Yisra’ĕl, we are able to see how important it is for us to gather on the Sabbaths, Feasts and New Moons, and sound the Trumpet! While we may not be able to have 2 silver trumpets we can blow the shofar, as we sound the blowing of the shofar with great joy in giving a clear sound of victory and rejoicing we have in our Redeemer!

Tehillah/Psalm 81:3 “Blow the ram’s horn at the time of the New Moon, at the full moon, on our festival day.

We should be ‘blowing’ the sound of rejoicing on a continual basis!

The Hebrew word translated as ‘gladness’, as in ‘the day of your gladness’ is שִׂמְחָה simḥah – Strong’s H8057 which means, joy, gladness, delight, festival, pleasure, and comes from the root שָׂמַח samaḥ – Strong’s H8055 and means, ‘to rejoice, be glad, be joyful, delight in and be elated’, and can also carry the meaning ‘to brighten up’, giving us the picture how we are to carry His joy as the light of the world and let praise and rejoicing abound!

The Hebrew word used for ‘appointed times’ is מוֹעֲדֵי  -mo’eḏi’ the plural of מוֹעֵד moeḏ – Strong’s H4150 which means, ‘appointed time, place or meeting’, and this speaks of the commanded Feasts of יהוה, as commanded in Wayyiqra/Leviticus 23, which includes the weekly Sabbath!

The terms in Hebrew used here for ‘and at the beginning of your new moons’ is וּבְרָאשֵׁי חָדְשֵׁיכֶם – ‘ubra’ashey ḥad’sheyḵem’ and is from the two root words: 1) - ראֹשׁ  rosh – Strong’s H7218 and means, ‘head, beginning, best thing, census, chief, first, top’, and 2) - חֹדֶשׁ ḥodesh – Strong’s H2320  –month, new moon, renewal

The command here is to ‘blow’ on these days, and the Hebrew word for ‘blow’ is תָּקַע taqa – Strong’s H8628 means,to thrust, clap, give a blow, blast, to strike or pledge oneself. This word is often used in describing the ‘blast’ or ‘blow’ of the trumpet call, and in terms of praise we are able to see how we are to blow the shofar in praise!

The ascending offering in the Hebrew is עֹלָה olah – Strong’s H5930 and means, ‘whole burnt offering, i.e., an offering of the entire part of a sacrifice that was clean and acceptable for sacrifice’. The olah offering represents a giving totally of oneself to יהוה, just as Messiah offered up His Body as an ‘olah’ offering, so too are we to offer our bodies as a living sacrifice and our lives are to be given totally up unto service and worship to יהוה. This instruction was to be given to the congregation – in other words the congregation was to totally be moved away from the tents of the wicked and be given totally up to יהוה.

The word used here for the peace offerings is שְׁלָמִים ‘shelemim’ for the word שֶׁלֶם shelem – Strong’s H8002 which means, ‘a sacrifice for alliance or friendship, peace offering’ and in turn this comes from the word שָׁלֵם shalem – Strong’s H7999 meaning, ‘to be complete or sound, finished, fully repay, make and end, make full restitution’. This is such a wonderful picture as we dig into the meaning of these words for they all declare the great and full restitution that Messiah has done for us that we may be complete and sound in Him!

This offering was brought as a freewill offering in thanksgiving for peace, friendship and fellowship that was experienced with יהוה, and His faithfulness to fulfil the Covenant. It was a volunteer gift to bless יהוה or offered as praise to Him. Our command to blow the trumpet over these is a clear shadow picture for us about how we are to make our boast in the Master and Elohim, declaring the due praise for His mighty work in us and that by our guarding His commands we are able to make a clear confession that we know Him:

Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 9:23-24 “Thus said יהוה, “Let not the wise boast in his wisdom, let not the mighty boast in his might, nor let the rich boast in his riches, 24 but let him who boasts boast of this, that he understands and knows Me, that I am יהוה, doing kindness, right-ruling, and righteousness in the earth. For in these I delight,” declares יהוה.

As we guard to keep His Appointed Times and carry the joy of His presence we are able to faithfully make the bold proclamation of His Redemptive work over our lives!


Verse 11 - 12

As you may notice in these verses that on the 20th day of the 2nd month the cloud was taken up from the Dwelling Place and the children of Yisra’ĕl departed from the Wilderness of Sinai and came to the Wilderness of Paran.

Those men who were defiled and unable to perform the Pěsaḥ in the first month and were permitted to perform it in the second month clearly did not have another 7 day Feast of Matzot, but would have kept Matzot with the rest of the assembly in the 1st month and only performed the Pěsaḥ Meal here in the second; as by leaving on the 20th of the second would have only been the 6th day after the Pěsaḥ Meal.

Wilderness of Sinai - מדבּר H4057 – ‘miḏbar’ = ‘wilderness/pasture/uninhabited land & סִינַי  Sinay H5514 = “thorny”. We also know that in Hebrew the word for Wilderness is Rephiḏim and it is in the Wilderness that יהוה is able to speak clearly to us and reveal His good, pleasing and perfect will. Many important events occurred at Mt Sinai:

Shemoth/Exodus 19 we see Yisra’ĕl move from Rephiḏim to Sinai and as we all know this is where the Torah was given. They spent at least a year here hearing the Torah. In Chapter 19 they said ‘we do’ in accepting the marriage covenant with יהוה before even hearing any of the conditions of the marriage covenant. This is the Hebrew mind-set as opposed to the Greco-western mind-set. We choose to obey יהוה and all His Torah, even though we may not understand everything, but are willing to be taught and walk in it, guarding to do all that is written therein. We do not need bullet pointed agendas and lengthy explanations as to why we should or shouldn’t – we learn in the doing!

It was at the "thorny place", they received the Torah, which was meant to "prick" their hearts in advance to keep their minds off their greedy desires.

They set out from the wilderness of Sinai and the cloud dwelt in the Wilderness of Paran, which means ‘place of caverns’ and speaks of being protected and safe and is the whole region of what is known today as the Sinai Peninsula and what we see being wonderfully pictured here is this: The children of Yisra’ĕl had just spent a year at Mount Sinai and were for the first time departing ‘according to the mouth of יהוה by the hand of Mosheh’. The Wilderness of Sinai is in fact stop number 11 on their journey, however this was the first time they had departed after receiving the Torah and the Marriage Covenant; and now equipped with the very Word of יהוה by the hand of Mosheh they can now go forward as a betrothed Bride under the cloud of His sure protection as they journey through the Wilderness!

Verse 14-28 – order of departure:


1 – Yehuḏah - יְהוּדָה  - Strong’s H3063 – ‘praised

  • - Naḥshon -  נַחְשׁוֹן  - Strong’s H5177 – ‘enchanter, wizard, whisperer
  • - son of Amminaḏaḇ - עַמִּינָדָב  - Strong’s H5992 – ‘my relatives are generous

2 – Yissasḵar - יִשָּׂשכָר  - Strong’s H3485 – ‘there is recompense

  • - Nethanĕ’l - נְתַנְאֵל  - Strong’s H5417 – ‘given by Ĕl
  • - son of Tsuʽar - צוּעָר  - Strong’s H6686 – ‘littleness

3 – Zeḇulun - זְבוּלוּן  - Strong’s H2074 – ‘exalted

  • - Eliyaḇ -  אֱלִיאָב  - Strong’s H446 – ‘My Elohim is Father
  • - son of Ḥĕlon - חֵלֹן  - Strong’s H2497 – ‘very capable





4 – Re’uḇĕn  - רְאוּבֵן  - Strong’s H7205 – ‘behold a son

  • - Elitsur - אֱלִיצוּר  - Strong’s H468 – ‘My Elohim is a Rock
  • - son of Sheḏĕy’ur - שְׁדֵיאוּר  - Strong’s H7707 – ‘darter of light’.

5 – Shim’on - שִׁמְעוֹן  - Strong’s H8095 – ‘heard

  • - Shelumi’ĕl -  שְׁלֻמִיאֵל  - Strong’s H8017 – ‘Ĕl is my peace
  • - son of Tsurishaddai - צוּרִישַׁדָּ֑י  - Strong’s H6701 – ‘The Almighty is my Rock

6 – Gaḏ - גָּד  - Strong’s H1410 – ‘troop

  • - Elyasaph -  אֶלְיָסָף  - Strong’s H460 – ‘Ĕl has added
  • - son of De‘u’ĕl - דְּעוּאֵל  - Strong’s H1845 – ‘known of Ĕl





7 – Ephrayim  - אֶפְרַיִם  - Strong’s H669 – ‘doubly fruitful

  • - Elishama - אֱלִישָׁמָע  - Strong’s H446 – ‘Ĕl has heard
  •  - son of Ammihu - עַמִּיהוּד - Strong’s H5989 – ‘my kinsman is majesty

8 – Menashsheh – מְנַשֶּׁה  - Strong’s H4519 – ‘causing to forget

  • - Gamli’ĕlמְנַשֶּׁה  - Strong’s H4519 – ‘causing to forget
  • - son of Peḏahtsur - פְּדָהצוּר  - Strong’s H6301 – ‘The Rock has ransomed

9 – Binyamin - בִּנְיָמִין  - Strong’s H1144 – ‘son of the right hand

  • - Aḇiḏan - אֲבִידָן  - Strong’s H27 – ‘my father is judge
  • son of Giḏʽoni - גִּדְעֹנִי  - Strong’s H1441 – ‘my woodcutter



10 – Dan - דָּן  - Strong’s H1835 – ‘judge

  • - Aḥiʽezer - אֲחִיעֶזֶר  - Strong’s H295 – ‘my brother is help
  • - son of Ammishaddai - עַמִּישַׁדַּי  - Strong’s H5996 – ‘my kinsman is almighty, my kinsman is enough

11 – Ashĕr - אָשֵׁר  - Strong’s H836 – ‘happy one

  • - Paḡʽi’ĕl - פַּגְעִיאֵל  - Strong’s H6295 – ‘Ĕl has met me
  • - son of Oḵran - עָכְרָן  - Strong’s H5918 – ‘troubled

12 – Naphtali - נַפְתָּלִי  - Strong’s H5321 – ‘wrestling

  • - Aḥira - אֲחִירַע  - Strong’s H299 – ‘my brother is evil
  • - son of Ěnan - עֵינָן  - Strong’s H5881 – ‘having eyes or having fountains

What is a wonderful picture that we can see in the order of departure is that the banner of the camp of Yehuḏah goes first and the banner of the camp of Dan last. Yehuḏah meaning ‘praised’ and Dan meaning ‘judge’ we see how this can apply to our lives as we sojourn here. We are to always go forth in praise, and rejoice as we walk in His orders and instructions, for then we will be hemmed in by His righteous right rulings and judgement. When we continually offer up our praise to Elohim then He, the Righteous Judge, has got our back so to speak as He goes before us and He is our rear guard!


The people had just left the Wilderness of Sinai and went on a three day journey and came to a place of rest after having received great promises from Elohim, and it is at this point that they started to complain. They had been a year at Mount Sinai, and had received instruction on worship and specific places each tribe was to camp as they travel. They were now, after a three day hike, not happy with their situation. What was there to complain about? After all they were in the sure and safe care of יהוה and there was order as instructed by יהוה. There is no specific details given as to what they were murmuring about, however the words were expressive of their discontentment with the difficulties that were connected to their travel through the Wilderness. Sound familiar? How true it is today that we see many Believers in their walk, complaining because of some of the difficulties they face as they embark on their pilgrim journey? They were perhaps a little resentful that they had to move at what seemed to be such a short notice and felt that they did not have time to plan leaving after having pretty much become settled in their camping arrangements etc. The fact that no reason is given for why they complained is a great lesson for us in telling us that we should stay away from all forms of complaining and grumbling. The Hebrew word for complain is אָנַן anan – Strong’s H596 and is already a primitive root word having no other word as its root; suggesting to us the clear truth that any complaining or murmuring is groundless and should not be found in our lives at all!

We do however see what the murmuring and complaining led to – and that was to murmur and moan about what it was like when they were back in Mitsrayim; and they actually preferred what they had under enslavement to man as opposed to the provision of Elohim in walking in the Torah of Freedom.

What caused them to complain was their blindness toward יהוה’s provision. יהוה had heard their murmuring – Mosheh may not have, but יהוה did! We must remember that יהוה is acquainted with the ‘secret’ worries and the murmurings of the heart, even though they may be industriously hidden from man!

This word אָנַן anan – Strong’s H596 has a very similar phonetic sound to the word that we have already mentioned in the Torah portion, and that is the word עָנָן anan – Strong’s H6051 meaning, a cloud, cloud mass, heavy mist.

Two very similar ‘sounding’ words yet very different indeed! In understanding that the Hebrew word for cloud also means covering, it speaks of our protection and provision and our safety, and refers to the presence of יהוה; and so by seeing these two very similar sounding yet contrasting words which differ only by the first letter – the word for cloud/covering begins with an ע ayin’ and the word for complain begins with the letter א aleph’ - speaks a very important message for us. When people try to assume their own covering – their own ways and means of provision and care they will always come up short and never be satisfied and will always complain!

What does complaining reveal? It simply reveals ingratitude for יהוה’s care!

This word אָנַן anan – Strong’s H596 is only used twice in Scripture, here in Bemiḏbar/Numbers 11:1 and in:

Ěḵah/Lamentations 3:39 “What? Should mankind complain, a living man, because of his sins?

Most seem to grumble and murmur when they are in the wrong!

Here the Yisra’ĕlites had all they need, and more than that they had the presence of יהוה in their midst! They neglected His covering and sought their own in terms of pleasures they would rather have had and so they ended up complaining about what they didn’t have; they complained about what they used to have and they also complained about what they had at the time! Have you ever found yourself complaining like this? You don’t have what you want, you don’t have what you used to have and you don’t like what you have now – does this sound familiar to some? The danger and problem with complaining is that it is contagious! Your complaining will affect and even infect others into complaining and before you know it can end up like we have just read – a mixed multitude of grumblers lusting for selfish pleasure!

Sha’ul tells us in:

Pilipiyim/Philippians 2:14-15 “Do all matters without grumblings and disputings, 15 in order that you be blameless and faultless, children of Elohim without blemish in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom you shine as lights in the world

Don’t grumble and complain for then you cannot shine as lights in the world!

יהוה is gracious to us and we do know that we can take our burdens and complaints to Him:

Tehillim/Psalm 142:2 “I pour out my complaint before Him; before Him I tell my trouble.

The Hebrew word used here in this Tehillim for ‘complaint’ is שִׂיחַ siaḥ – Strong’s H7879 which means, complaint, musing, meditation, talk, communication, prayer, babbling.

You see we are to be open before Him, bring our complaints to Him, valid complaints that is! However יהוה is displeased when we complain about Him or of Him when there is no cause to complain. The Yisra’ĕlites certainly had no cause to complain. They had been saved by grace under the blood of the Lamb as the Messenger of death Passed over Mitsrayim; they had been delivered from the Mitsrians, and washed (immersed) by the crossing through the Sea of Reeds, and received the Torah at Mount Sinai and were now headed for the Promised Land – what was there to complain about?

The same is true for us who confess יהושע as יהוה and Saviour. We have been saved by grace and forgiven and healed by the “Blood of the Lamb” – יהושע our Passover Lamb; immersed in Him through water, received the Set-Apart Spirit where He has written His Torah on our hearts and we are sure that every promise of Elohim is yes and amen in יהושע, written in His Blood! What really do we have to complain about? Let me tell you – it is a serious thing to complain against יהוה!

But why is it that we so easily complain? We know we will face some hardships, but yet why do we still complain? Well most of the time I believe that we so easily complain when we have to change! I mean if you really want to see what is inside a person – just make some changes for them – you will quickly discover how mature they are. Let’s face it – nobody likes change, yet we need change or else we become stagnant and lifeless. Without change there can be no growth in our lives!

Yisra’ĕl was complaining about their hardships and were reckoning their journey through the Wilderness as evil, and this angered יהוה.

Timotiyos Aleph/1 Timothy 6:6-8 “But reverence with contentment is great gain. 7 For we brought naught into the world, and it is impossible to take any out. 8 When we have food and covering, we shall be satisfied with these.


Yisra’ĕl had the ‘covering’ of the cloud of יהוה as well as the ‘food’ that יהוה supplied through the manna, and they should have been satisfied with these.

Impatience and complaining will keep you from walking in the promises of Elohim, and when you allow yourself to be consumed by a complaining attitude, even the very Word of Elohim – the ‘Hidden Manna’ will become detestable to you!!! Do not allow that which gives you life, become detestable to you because of a bad attitude as a result of some hardships!!!

The displeasure of יהוה burned and consumed those in the ‘outskirts of the camp’! From this judgement of fire being poured out we can safely assume from the account of who was consumed that the majority of the complaining and grumbling must have come from those in the ‘outskirts’ of the camp; and this is so true today as we see that those who complain the most and have the most to say and point out what they would call faults are those who are not wholeheartedly committed to community as they remain on the ‘outskirts’ or fringes, never fully committing or engaging in building true community! It is always those who do the least, doing what they think is ‘just enough’ so as to make themselves feel like they are still a part of the body and think they are doing sufficient to still be identified with Yisra’ĕl, that will be the biggest mouths and grumble about almost everything while their ability to commit and become wholeheartedly involved never happens, and these are the ones who must take heed to the accounts we read about here, as they are in danger of being consumed. We are to ‘draw close’ to Elohim and we do that through diligent submission to His Torah and guard to do all He has commanded us to do; not neglecting our duties and responsibilities toward one another as we seek to build community in Messiah. Those who neglect to fellowship or who neglect to be ‘eating’ His Word daily and neglect to gather on Shabbat and the others Feasts, will find themselves being on the outside, and the result of being on the ‘outside’ is that when you ‘stay away’ from fellowship, you can never truly engage in the unity that the Spirit of Elohim is working in a community and so will always feel ‘left out’ and end up complaining even more instead of simply submitting – and this is a dangerous place to be!

Verse 2 – They cried out to Mosheh and Mosheh prayed to יהוה and the fire died down!

As soon as they realised that they were in trouble, as those living on the outskirts of the camp had been consumed, they realised that they had to turn back to Mosheh. Only when the heat was really turned up, so to speak, and they knew that they were in trouble, did they cry out to Mosheh (turn to the Torah).

They had remembered what to do in such a crises, yet they had not really learned the attitudes behind the right things to do, and this was the major difference between looking to the Torah for answers and actually walking fully in it. They did not even want to approach יהוה directly. They just wanted to know how to escape the present crisis. Today we see the same thing happening as many people will want to only escape a crisis that they may be going through and will only turn to the Torah to find how to get out of trouble after which they will resort back to doing their own thing. We are to not only to look to the Torah for answers in times of trouble but we are to continually walk in the Torah, having great reverence with contentment!

Verse 3 – place of burning

יהוה is a consuming fire and the fire of יהוה can also be a positive thing; however like any fire if you are on the wrong side of it, you will get seriously burned and hurt, even killed. To people who are not serious about יהוה, His fire can be very frightening and scary, but to those who choose Him, His fire passionately consumes us as we give our lives daily as a living sacrifice. Taḇʽĕrah - תַּבְעֵרָה  - Strong’s H8404 meaning, burning from the root word בָּעַר  ba‘ar – Strong’s H1197 meaning, to burn, consume, kindle, destroy. This was one of the three places that Mosheh later mentions as being a place where Yisra’ĕl made יהוה wroth:

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 9:22 “And at Taḇʽĕrah and at Massah and at Qiḇroth Hatta’awah you made יהוה wroth.

Massah - מַסָּה  Strong’s H4532 meaning, temptation, test, try, prove.

Qiḇroth Hatta’awah - קִבְרוֹת הַתַּאֲוָה  - Strong’s H6914 = “graves of lust” from the two words, קֶבֶר qeḇer – Strong’s H6913 meaning, graves, sepulchre and תַּאֲוָה  ta’avah – Strong’s H8378 meaning, a desire, longing, craving, lusting, intense greed.

At these three places we made יהוה wroth, and I believe that there is a lesson here with them being mentioned together;  And that is – when we have a burning desire or are consumed by temptations that burn in our flesh and we lust after that which is not of Elohim, then we make Him wroth! Our walk in Messiah certainly must include a death to ‘lust’. We must put to death lusts of the flesh. It was here at Qiḇroth Hatta’awah where the people lusted after meat and יהוה sent quail and the people gathered and gathered and ate and ate and while they were eating יהוה sent a plague in wrath and they then called this place Qiḇroth Hatta’awah because they buried those who had lusted and died. We must bury our lusts!!!

Verse 4 – mixed multitude lusted

The fire dies down and more problems arise! The mixed multitude lusted greatly. The Hebrew word for the term ‘mixed multitude’ is אֲסַפְסֻף  asaphsuph – Strong’s H628 and means, a collection, rabble and we see from this what is being described as we understand what the English word ‘rabble’ means: disorganised or disorderly crowd of people (mob)’. These were the people who lusted – the disorganised and disorderly! A rabble can refer to a low class of people – people who do not adhere to any rules or maintain any form of standards and here we see that this mixed multitude were a disorderly people who all were seeking their own way, instead of being in the unity and order of יהוה. The influence of those on the outskirts had affected those within the camp and caused a spirit of lusting after the flesh to arise. The disorderly or disorganised in any community can bring in the contamination of gossip and slander as well as the need to ‘eat other food’.

Craving food other than what יהוה has for us is a direct attack and slander against יהוה. The manna which יהוה provided was יהושע, who is the Bread of Life.

It is often those who are unwilling to submit to authority and walk in the true order of the Torah that will tend to always be seeking for alternative teachings (food) and never be satisfied with the nourishment that the Torah brings.

Who is giving us meat to eat? – This was in one sense a complaining that they were not getting what Aharon was getting! Aharon would be getting to eat of the sacrifices that was given to him and his sons, and the disorderly did not like that. This is a very dangerous attitude to have in our hearts – when we are not satisfied about what we have and lust after what another has!

Why does Aharon get treated better than we do? It's not fair!" If we find these words coming out of our mouths, we need to check ourselves. Never mind that Aharon was not allowed to make even one false move!

We must take careful note that it was not that they did not have meat; in fact some tribes had lots of cattle! Instead, what they were looking for was a hand-out; in other words they wanted something that they do not have to work or pay for. They would never think of slaughtering their own flocks and herds; but instead they want someone else to do everything for them – and this sums up the story of so many who are following the ‘system of Christian worship’.

The word for meat is בָּשָׂר  basar – Strong’s H1320 meaning, flesh, meat, men, bodyand is from the primitive root בָּשַׂר basar – Strong’s H1319 which means, to bear tiding, to bring good news, messenger of good news’.

What we can learn from this today is how just as the rabble back then wanted food they could stomach, food that they would enjoy, so too do so many complain and moan over the Truth of the Torah that they are required to ‘eat’ and seek after that which is good news to their stubborn ears!

Timotiyos Bet/2 Timothy 4:3-4 “For there shall be a time when they shall not bear sound teaching, but according to their own desires, they shall heap up for themselves teachers tickling the ear, 4 and they shall indeed turn their ears away from the truth, and be turned aside to myths.

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 30:8-10 “And go, write it before them on a tablet, and inscribe it on a scroll, that it is for a latter day, a witness forever: 9 that this is a rebellious people, lying children, children who refuse to hear the Torah of יהוה, 10 who say to the seers, “Do not see,” and to the prophets, “Do not prophesy to us what is right. Speak to us what is smooth, prophesy deceits.


Verse 5 – We remember the food from Mitsrayim!

They were lusting so much after anything other than what was given to them that they even began to look back and remember the fish, cucumbers, leeks, garlic etc. that they ate in Mitsrayim – without cost they said!

What they forgot to remember was the price of slavery!!! There are some today who have come out of the church system and started to walk the torah road of obedience to the commands of Elohim as they realised the lies that they were enslaved to for many years, yet find that after a while the Torah becomes tasteless to them and they long back for what they used to have, even if it were under a false system of enslavement – and this we must be on guard against. We must not look back and think that it was better back then. While there may have been times of great enjoyment and seemingly good nourishment, we must not lust after that which we have left behind, but be gratefully satisfied with the pure Truth that gives us life.

Verse 6 – nothing at all to look at but this manna!

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 12:2 tells us that we are to be ‘looking’ to יהושע, and this word ‘looking’ is the Greek word ἀφοράω aphoraō – Strong’s G872 and carries the meaning, to turn our eyes away from everything else and fix them on something’. There should be none other that we should be looking at but יהושע and He is the manna that came down from Heaven, so when some say that there is nothing to look at but this manna, they are simply turning their eyes away from the Truth, searching for that which they can stomach in their stubbornness and rebellion!

Rejecting the manna is a picture of rejecting the Torah, which ultimately will cause death spiritually, emotionally and or physically. We must not reject the Torah and must not lust after that which the world has to offer:

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 2:16 “Because all that is in the world – the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life – is not of the Father but is of the world.

Complaining is contagious!!! – verses 10-15 – Mosheh complains

 Mosheh had just about had it with this grumbling lot and what we see here is that all of the complaining that was going on even affected Mosheh and he voices his complaints very vocally to יהוה. Mosheh did not grumble to someone else, he turned straight to יהוה, and this we can learn from:

Tehillah/Psalm 142:2 “I pour out my complaint before Him; I declare before Him my distress.

All too often we may find ourselves complaining to others and in the process may contaminate their attitudes by our grumbling, instead of pouring out our complaints before יהוה, and boy did Mosheh pour out his complaints!

And while he was certainly fed up with the rebellious and ungrateful lot, he still wanted what was best for them, even if he could no longer be the one to lead them, as he did not want to see the failure of that which he was told to carry out. In other words he got to the point where he may have had doubt about his ability to actually lead this people to their destiny. How many times have you felt as if you are totally out of your league and are in now ways able to handle the tasks at hand, especially when everyone you have been trying to deal with is constantly giving you a hard time? Pour it out to יהוה – get it off your chest and let Him lead you and give you help.

יהוה had Mosheh bring seventy leaders, officials and elders from the tribes of Yisra’ĕl, and then יהוה anointed these men with the same Spirit that was on Mosheh.

You will get what you asked for!

יהוה told them to get ready for He would send them meat to eat – and not just some but loads – loads that they would eat for a whole month until it came out of their nostrils and becomes an abomination to them! And this was a result of rejecting יהוה!!! This sending of the quail was not a blessing but a curse for rebellion and rejection of the Torah! When you turn your nose up at the Truth and reject that יהוה then you may find yourself getting ‘stuffed’ on that which you longed for and asked for to the point of being sickened by it.

Verse 23 – the arm of יהוה is not too short!

While these words to Mosheh regarding the fact that יהוה would do as He has said was in response to Him saying that He would send so much meat for them to eat that they will hate it, we also recognise the clear truth of this very important truth that with יהוה absolutely nothing is impossible!

Luqas/Luke 1:37 “because with Elohim no matter shall be impossible.

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 59:1 “Look, the hand of יהוה has not become too short to save, nor His ear too heavy to hear.

Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 32:17 “Ah, Master יהוה! See, You have made the heavens and the earth by Your great power and outstretched arm. There is no matter too hard for You.

The Hebrew word translated as ‘too short’ is קָצַר qatsar – Strong’s H7114 – ‘to be short, shorten, to reap, harvest’. This is very interesting as we see that this word is also directly linked to that which speaks of reaping or harvest, and so we see here that יהוה is clearly declaring that His Arm and Hand is not too short to come and reap and gather the harvest, declaring that He is in total control of the earth (that is the field) and is the One who sustains and satisfies His people!


Mosheh then went and called 70 of the elders and יהוה put the same spirit upon them that was upon Mosheh and they prophesied, but did not continue.

Two men did however continue to prophesy - Eldaḏ and Mĕyḏaḏ:

Eldaḏ אֶלְדָּד  - Strong’s H419El has loved

Mĕyḏaḏ - מֵידָד  - Strong’s H4312 – ‘love’.

These two remained in the camp and prophesied – it is a great picture we see here in that those whom El has loved and who walk in love will be equipped to prophesy and when we understand that prophesy is for the building up of the body and calls back to obedience we see that once again the picture of how many are called yet few are chosen. Many may start out right, but once again it is only two who will continue (a true remnant). These two can also foreshadow the two witnesses which are spoken of in Ḥazon/Revelation, who also will be rejected by the masses.

A young man reports what these two are doing and Yehoshua, son of Nun told Mosheh to forbid them and Mosheh states that it would be great of all the people were prophets and that the Spirit of יהוה would be upon them all!

We see a similar picture happening when the disciples of Messiah came to him and told him to stop others who were casting demons out in His Name:

Luqas/Luke 9:49-50 “And Yoḥanan answering, said, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in Your Name, and we forbade him because he does not follow with us.” 50 But יהושע said to him, “Do not forbid him, for he who is not against us is for us.

Marqos/Mark 9:38-40 “And Yoḥanan said to Him, “Teacher, we saw someone, who does not follow us, casting out demons in Your Name, and we forbade him because he does not follow us.” 39 And יהושע said, “Do not forbid him, for no one who works a miracle in My Name is able to readily speak evil of Me. 40 “For he who is not against us is for us.

Sha’ul too stated that he desired that all prophesy as this is for the building up of the body:

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 14:5 “Now I wish you all spoke with tongues, but rather that you might prophesy, for he who is prophesying is greater than he who is speaking with tongues, unless he interprets, so that the assembly might receive upbuilding.

יהוה then brought quail by a strong wind from the ocean and this meat flooded the desert floor. The people who craved this food began to gather and consume it, and while the meat was still between their teeth יהוה caused a

severe plague to come over them and they died. The place was called:

Qiḇroth Hatta’awah - קברות התּאוה H6914 = “graves of lust”. Our walk in Messiah certainly must include a death to ‘lust’. We must put to death lusts of the flesh. It was here where the people lusted after meat and יהוה sent quail and the people gathered and gathered and ate and ate and while they were eating יהוה sent a plague in wrath and they then called this place Qiḇroth Hatta’awah because they buried those who had lusted and died. We must bury our lusts!!!

We can learn from our ancestors mistakes:

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 10:6 “And these became examples for us, so that we should not lust after evil, as those indeed lusted.

Galatiyim/Galatians 5:16 “And I say: Walk in the Spirit, and you shall not accomplish the lust of the flesh.

Kěpha/Peter tells us that we have the Mighty-Like power of יהוה that has been given to us so that we have all we need for life and reverence, through the knowledge of Him who has called us to esteem and uprightness and we have been given these in order for us to be partakers of the Mighty-like nature, having escaped from the corruption in the world, caused by lust.

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 2:15-17 “Do not love the world nor that which is in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him. 16 Because all that is in the world – the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life – is not of the Father but is of the world. 17 And the world passes away, and the lust of it, but the one doing the desire of Elohim remains forever.

When we truly walk in the desire of Elohim, we must be able to kill any lusts, as lust will only end up killing you if you do not kill it!

From Qiḇroth Hatta’awah they set out for Ḥatsĕroth:

Ḥatsĕroth חצרותH2698 = “settlement”. It was after leaving this stop and going into the Wilderness of Paran that Mosheh sent out the 12 spies from and we know what the result of that was – 10 spies gave a bad report and were happy to just settle where they were and were afraid to go up and fight the giants – this affected the entire camp and what we can learn from this is that we are to be continually moving forward in Messiah, and moving forward together and not settling for mediocre lifestyle but striving for set-apartness. If we settle into any form of below par living and compromise we can and will affect others! We must believe the good report – it is a remnant that will always be willing to stand up and go, let us be a part of that faithful remnant – no matter the giants we face!

Ḥatsĕroth means enclosed settlements, or sheepfolds with a narrow opening that widens inside - shaped like a trumpet, which is the root word. The picture here for us is that at the trumpet's sound, those who died in יהושע Messiah will leave their graves (Qiḇroth), and only our evil desires will be left behind, but also that for us who have died to self and now walk and live in Messiah have left behind all their lust… now we ought to live like it!


Miryam and Aharon speak against Mosheh

The main complaint that Miryam and Aharon had against Mosheh was the fact that he had married a Kushite woman. It is not very clear who this Kushite woman was, and it certainly was not forbidden for them to marry a Kushite as they were told to not intermarry with the nations in Kenaʽan. The fact that Miryam is mentioned first here may be that she was the chief instigator of their complaint against Mosheh. When looking at the meaning of their names we can see a clear picture being portrayed:

Miryam means ‘rebellion’ and Aharon is ‘light bringer’ – there was rebellion against the light bringer!

Mosheh, the most humble man on the earth does not answer back – however יהוה does.

In verse 2 many may find it quite amusing that Mosheh would write of himself that he was the most humble man on the earth, and while there may be various views as to who actually wrote this statement, what we do see is a powerful shadow picture of Messiah, The Living Torah:

Pilipiyim/Philippians 2:5-8 “For, let this mind be in you which was also in Messiah יהושע, 6 who, being in the form of Elohim, did not regard equality with Elohim a matter to be grasped, 7 but emptied Himself, taking the form of a servant, and came to be in the likeness of men. 8 And having been found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient unto death, death even of a stake.

What we can also learn from this statement of being humble is how we too must conduct ourselves in a manner showing great humility in all we do:

Pilipiyim/Philippians 2:3 “doing none at all through selfishness or self-conceit, but in humility consider others better than yourselves.

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 5:5-7 “In the same way, you younger ones, be subject to elders. And gird yourselves with humility toward one another, for “Elohim resists the proud, but gives favour to the humble.” 6 Humble yourselves, then, under the mighty hand of Elohim, so that He exalts you in due time, 7 casting all your worry upon Him, for He is concerned about you.

Miḵah/Micah 6:8 “He has declared to you, O man, what is good. And what does יהוה require of you but to do right, and to love kindness, and to walk humbly with your Elohim?

Miryam and Aharon were not only speaking badly only about Mosheh, but about יהוה too, as Mosheh was יהוה’s appointed representative. יהוה is in each of us who believe in His Son – when we think or speak against a family member or fellow man we are accountable to יהוה and will reap the consequences of that evil thought or verbal emission.

It may seem that Miryam received a harsher punishment than Aharon as she was the one who turned leprous, yet what we must not forget is that Aharon was the high priest and therefore was not to become ceremonially unclean for anything, and as high priest represented the people of Yisra’ĕl to Elohim, and must always be available to minister in that manner and so Miryam was struck not because she was a woman or because her sins was more but that יהוה would not deprive the people of the high priest’s ministry.

Mosheh interceded for Miryam and reminded יהוה about what she had done for him when he was a baby in the Nile.

The reference to the picture of spitting in one’s face is a picture of not building up a brother’s house:

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 25:9 “then his brother’s wife shall come to him in the presence of the elders, and remove his sandal from his foot, and shall spit in his face, and answer and say, ‘Thus it is done to the man who does not build up his brother’s house.’”

Miryam had taken Mosheh back to his mother for feeding until he was weaned and able to live in Pharaoh’s courts, so she certainly was being remembered here by Mosheh for building up his house.”

Although she had protected him as a child she was now guilty of not building up her brother now, but was rather breaking him down and while this angered יהוה Mosheh interceded for her.

As a result of her brother’s intervention to יהוה on her behalf, Miryam had a seven-day contamination time outside the camp before her cleansing and return. This was an example for all to see. Even though she repented, she still had to live out the consequences of her sin, being outside the camp for seven days. Miryam died a month later.

What we must realise here is that Yisra’ĕl waited for Miryam to come back into the camp before they departed – and shows how one person’s sin and rebellion can affect the progression of an entire community.

We are told that we are not to forget these events so as to remind us that we are to be a people who build up each other in Messiah and not break down:

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 24:9 “Remember what יהוה your Elohim did to Miryam on the way when you came out of Mitsrayim.

May we always learn to elevate each other as Mosheh exampled to us, even when faced with opposition or adversity, even when it comes from those very close to us.

Romiyim/Romans 15:2 “Let each one of us please his neighbour for his good, to build him up.

Romiyim/Romans 14:9 “So, then, let us pursue the matters of peace and the matters for building up one another.

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 4:29 “Let no corrupt word come out of your mouth, but only such as is good for the use of building up, so as to impart what is pleasant to the hearers.

Tas’loniqim Aleph/1 Thessalonians 5:11 “Therefore encourage one another, and build up one another, as indeed you do.