WAYYIQRA (LEVITICUS) 06:8-8:36 – “TZAV” – “COMMAND”

COMMAND – the Hebrew word that is used here is צַוtsav’, from the word צָוָה tsavah – Strong’s H6680 which means, ‘to lay charge, give charge, command, order, decree, i.e., state with force/authority what others must do’.

Mosheh would now give the orders and decrees concerning how Aharon and his sons would offer up the offerings that have been described in great detail. We have seen that the Tabernacle is now built and that the clear instructions regarding each offering have been given and now it goes one step further – tell Aharon and his sons that this is how it is going to be! This is very important for us as we see in the Scriptures that יהוה has taken care of every detail of how we are to draw near to Him and how we are to continually serve and praise Him! It is one thing to understand the design and its service, but it is another to actually do it the right way! So in essence what we see progressing from this point is that now that the Tabernacle is built and the priestly garments are made – it is now the ‘how to live’ with יהוה in His Dwelling. What we are to remember is that we are the Dwelling Place of Elohim and so too do we need to recognise that once the dwelling place is set up and the garments are given (at deliverance and salvation) we cannot just sit back and wait for things to happen – we have to live according to the Righteous Right-Rulings that He has instructed us with through Mosheh and so we are to uphold the ‘Dwelling Place’ through accurate service and function in Messiah or else we may just be found to be doing the opposite and ‘destroying the Dwelling Place’!

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 3:16-17 “Do you not know that you are a Dwelling Place of Elohim and that the Spirit of Elohim dwells in you? 17 If anyone destroys the Dwelling Place of Elohim, Elohim shall destroy him. For the Dwelling Place of Elohim is set-apart, which you are.

This is the Torah of the ….!

As you will notice here in this Torah portion, in giving the clear instructions for each offering, it is made very clear that there is a specific ‘Torah’ given for each:

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 6:9 – “This is the Torah of the ascending offering

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 6:14 – “This is the Torah of the grain offering

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 6:25 – “This is the Torah of the sin offering

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 7:1 – “This is the Torah of the guilt offering

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 7:11 – “This is the Torah of the slaughtering of peace offerings

The Hebrew word תּוֹרָה torah – Strong’s H8451 means, utterance’, ‘teaching’, ‘instruction’ or ‘revelation’ from Elohim’. Other definitions include: ‘information that is imparted to a student; direction; body of prophetic teaching; instruction on Messianic Age; body of priestly direction, and comes from the primitive root verb יָרָה yarah – Strong’s H3384 meaning, to shoot, throw, instruct, direct, teach, which therefore can give us the understanding of ‘Torah’ to mean the following:

TO AIM OR POINT IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION and MOVE IN THAT DIRECTION

The Torah gives us our ‘direction’ and bearings as we sojourn here, looking forward to the sure and promised hope of the return of our King and Teacher of Righteousness!

In other words, it means that you aim or point in the right direction and you move in that direction. You can see that this meaning is way different as to how we understand the ‘burden’ that is typically associated with the word ‘Law’.

It is also interesting and wonderful for me how the word Torah clearly reveals the Messiah, let me show you how. The original language spoken and written by Hebrews is referred to as Ancient Hebrew Script which consisted of an alphabet of pictographic symbols that each rendered its unique meaning, which later developed into the ‘middle script’ or Paleo-Hebrew and then into what is known as ‘Biblical Hebrew’ as we have it available for us today; and though the Hebrew Language went through a number of changes, we are able to discern the original symbols or pictures that were used which actually resembled their meaning.

Each symbol or picture carried a meaning or meanings and when symbols were collectively put together they would spell a word that carried a meaning or clear description. 

The word TORAH is a combination of four symbols: (Remember Hebrew is read right to left):

(Ancient Hebrew) and    תּורה (Biblical Hebrew)

 

taw    = תּ (tav) a picture of ‘crossed sticks’ which means ‘to seal or covenant’ or ‘mark’ or ‘sign

waw      = ו (vav) a “nail” or a “peg” which means ‘to add or secure or hook

resh    = ר (resh) “a head of a man” meaning “a person, the head or the highest” or “first” or “top” or “beginning

hey    = ה (hay) “a man with arms raised” which means “to reveal” or “behold” or “what comes from

When we consider these pictographic symbols and their meanings, we can by the word rendered ‘Torah’ see the wonderful work of Messiah, who secures for us the Covenant in His own Blood that brings the two houses (Yehuḏah and Yisra’ĕl) – two sticks – together!

It could best be rendered in a powerful testimony of the work of Messiah as follows:

Behold the man, Messiah our Head, who by His own Blood renewed the covenant, nailing to the ‘stake’ that which was written against us, and securing the covenant in order that the two sticks can be brought back together in Him, whom we praise

Other definitions based on this word could also render:

What comes from the man nailed to the ‘cross’ or upright pole and Behold the man who secures the covenant and To a cross is nailed the highest, it is revealed in Torah

Wow – how awesome is this!!! Now – does this sound like a heavy law??? Not at all – this description or definition does not make me think of fines or of a judge or of punishment or even of prison! יהושע tells us that His yoke is easy – His yoke is His Torah (instructions and teaching)!

Each and every offering was to done according to the prescribed Torah, as we are able to see the perfect fulfilment of each slaughtering and offering that shadow pictured the wonderful work of our Master and Elohim! Let us now go through each of the offerings and gain a fuller understanding of the Torah for each!

Ascending offering:

The first offering is the ascending offering, and in the Hebrew the word for ‘ascending offering’, which is often also translated as ‘burnt offering’, is עֹלָה olah – Strong’s H5930 and means, ‘whole burnt offering, i.e., an offering of the entire part of a sacrifice that was clean and acceptable for sacrifice’.  This עֹלָה olah offering speaks of that which ‘goes up’ or ‘ascends’ and in the essence of these offerings unto יהוה this carries the meaning of, ‘to cause to ascend up to יהוה as a flame and smoke ascent by burning’. The olah offering represents a giving totally of oneself to יהוה and with the Torah of the ascending offering being clear in that the fire is not to be put out but kept burning then we are able to recognise how we are to continually keep our eyes fixed on and looking to our Master יהושע Messiah, the Prince and Perfecter of our belief, as we offer up our lives as a daily living offering, for this is our reasonable worship!

In the ancient pictographic script the Hebrew word for ‘ascending offering’ - עֹלָה olah – Strong’s H5930 – looks like this:

heylamedayin

Ayin - עֵ:

The original pictograph for this letter is ayin and represents the idea of ‘seeing and watching’, as well as ‘knowledge’. as the eye is the ‘window of knowledge’.

 

Lamed - לַ:

The ancient script has this letter as lamed, and is pictured as a ‘shepherd’s staff’, can give the meaning of ‘to or toward’ and can represent that which pushes or pulls a flock in a direction, and can speak of authority or a yoke that is used to lead and guide, as well as the ability to bring back by Authority.

Hey – הָ:

The ancient script has this letter pictured as hey, which is ‘a man standing with his arms raised out’. The meaning of the letter is behold, look, breath, sigh and reveal or revelation, from the idea of revealing a great sight by pointing it out. It also carries for us the meaning of surrender, as we lift up our hands and submit to יהוה as we lift our hands in praise, declaring His authority under which we humbly submit!

When considering the ascending offering and the clear Torah of this offering that requires the fire to never be put out we are able to recognise the clear lesson portrayed in the pictograph rendering of this word עֹלָה olah, which teaches us how we are to have our eyes continually fixed upon our Shepherd who is to be praised!

In terms of the ascending offering, these letters can render the meaning:

LOOKING TO THE GOOD SHEPHERD WHO IS TO BE PRAISED

With the eye representing knowledge and experience we can also see how this can render our need to continually experience the staff as we lift our hands in surrendered praise, and this ought to be reflected in our lives being a daily living offering that is well pleasing to our Master and Good Shepherd!

 

Keep the Fire burning!

Verse 9, 12 & 13 repeat the clear instruction that the fire on the slaughter place is to be kept burning and not put out!

The Hebrew word used here for ‘slaughter-place’ is מִזְבֵּחַ mizbeaḥ - Strong’s H4196, which comes from the root verb זָבַח zaḇaḥ - Strong’s H2076 meaning, to offer a sacrifice, sacrificed, and with the fire that was to be kept burning on it and the ascending offering to be burned on it, we are able to recognise how we are to be a continual ‘daily living offering’ unto Elohim, never letting the fire of His Word go out!

Tehillah/Psalm 4:5 “Offer slaughterings of righteousness, and trust in יהוה.

Here in this Psalm the verb translated as ‘offer’ is the word זָבַח zaḇaḥ - Strong’s H2076, from which we get the noun that is translated as ‘slaughterings’, which is זֶבַח zeḇaḥ - Strong’s H2076. We ‘offer’ up our lives as a living ‘sacrifice’ with joy and thanksgiving, and we take note that with the זֶבַח zeḇaḥ offering, there is to be a pure expression of appreciation:

Tehillah/Psalm 107:22 “And let them bring slaughterings of thanksgiving, and relate His works with rejoicing.

Tehillah/Psalm 116:17 “I bring You a slaughtering of thanksgiving, and call upon the Name of יהוה.”

In these two verses, we see again the two root words being used, and so we can begin to understand the following text:

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 13:15 “Through Him then, let us continually offer up a slaughter offering of praise to Elohim, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving thanks to His Name.

It was the responsibility of the priest to ensure that the fire would not burn out and so one of the most critical roles in the duty of the priests was to make sure that the fire was maintained!

Kěpha Aleph/ 1Peter 2:9 “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a people for a possession, that you should proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvellous light

We as a chosen and set-apart royal priesthood have a responsibility. And that is to keep alive and burning the flame of His presence within us at all times! We are to guard the flame, be keepers of the flame and maintain the flame – and this takes diligence and discipline in keeping a watchful eye on what we do in our daily lives!

Our hearts should constantly be in a state of unceasing preparation and readiness for יהוה’s will in our lives! And as we know that Scripture makes it clear that יהוה is a consuming fire – our lives are to be consumed by that fire and what keeps fire burning well – the fat that burns well keeps the fire burning until the next offering would be brought and as we have seen that the fat is יהוה’s; what we then can deduce from this is that we are to continually give Him what is due – and that is our all – for He bought us at a price and we are His!

This was in regard to the Ascending offering – and what we must realise that we, the Living Stones, being built up in Him as His Dwelling Place are to continually keep the fire burning by offering up our lives in obedience and when we miss the mark, we are to deal with it straight away and do the right thing in correcting our missing the mark. In a community of living stones this is how we ensure the transparency among us so that the fire of truth is kept burning and the next person may come and offer up/confess His missing the mark to יהוה and be cleansed through the cleansing fire of His Word. Keeping the fire burning speaks of allowing His Word to be active in our lives every single day in order that any dross that may be lurking in our lives can surface through the heat of the flame of יהוה’s presence.

What is also key to understanding this instruction to keep the fire burning is that while everyone went to sleep it was the duty of the priest who was on duty to keep watch and make sure the fire would not go out, so that the morning offering would be able to be done correctly and on time. When we see the term ‘like a thief in the night’, in speaking of the day of יהוה, we are reminded that we are to watchful and awake and not be found sleeping and the fire gone out!

What is also critical for us to understand is that while the priest who was on duty may have been alone in the dark, he had a huge responsibility and so too do we need to recognise that we may often find ourselves alone and almost feel ‘in the dark’ so to speak and this is where the real test of keeping the fire of faith in יהוה burning comes. How are you during the week, when you are at work or with others who do not follow Torah? Do you still keep the Truth burning bright for all to see that your life is being offered up as a daily living sacrifice, or do you allow the flame to go out and come each Shabbat and seek to have it reignited?

When Mosheh saw the burning bush of the presence of יהוה that never burned up the bush but kept aflame, he took notice and drew near, and he in turn was to take that very same passion and fiery presence of יהוה to an enslaved people, who at first would not hear the Truth, yet Mosheh had to keep the Truth burning very bright for all to see; and it is no different today – we have a mighty responsibility to keep the fire burning and stir up the gift of Elohim which is in us:

Timotiyos Bět/2 Timothy 1:6-7For this reason I remind you to stir up the gift of Elohim which is in you through the laying on of my hands. 7 For Elohim has not given us a spirit of cowardice, but of power and of love and of self-control.

The Greek word used here for ‘stir up’ is ἀναζωπυρέω anazōpureō – Strong’s H329 and means ‘to kindle afresh, stir up, inflame one’s mind’ and comes from the word ἀνά ana – Strong’s H303 which denotes ‘upwards’, and is also a compound of the root of both: ζῷον zoon – Strong’s G2226 meaning ‘alive, living creature’ and πῦρ pur – Strong’s G4442 which means, ‘fire, burning’. Often this verse is translated as ‘fan into flame’ the gift of Elohim and we can see why in the context of our much-needed ability in our daily service as priests to keep alive the burning flame of The Truth of His Word!

A continual burning flame signifies His presence as well as His cleansing:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 4:4-6 “When יהוה has washed away the filth of the daughters of Tsiyon, and rinsed away the blood of Yerushalayim from her midst, by the spirit of judgment and by the spirit of burning, 5 then יהוה shall create above every dwelling place of Mount Tsiyon, and above her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day and the shining of a flaming fire by night, for over all the esteem shall be a covering, 6 and a booth for shade in the daytime from the heat, for a place of refuge, and for a shelter from storm and rain.

 

Verse 10 – put on the linen garment

The word for ‘linen’ in Hebrew means white linen and is thought to be from the word that means, ‘to be separated, apart, or isolated’, and so here we see once again that in order to do service and keep the fire going we can only do this by having put on our set-apart garments of righteousness!

The Hebrew word used here for ‘put on’ is לָבַשׁ laḇash – Strong’s H3847 which means, wear, put on, be clothed, apparel, dress’, and the Hebrew word used here for ‘linen’ is בַּד baḏ – Strong’s H906 which means, white linen and we see this word also being used in Hebrew in reference to separation: בַּד baḏ – Strong’s H905 which means, alone, besides, apart, separation and comes from the primitive root word בָּדַד baḏaḏ – Strong’s H909 which means, to be separated, isolated, lonely. Linen garments clearly represent a set-apart service and work, which teaches us that we too are to be separated from the fleshly matters of the world as we guard to walk in the pure righteousness of the Torah as a daily living offering, giving our whole lives to serving and loving our Master with our all!

Ḥazon/Revelation 19:8 “And to her it was given to be dressed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteousnesses of the set-apart ones.

We tend the slaughter place day and night by ‘putting on’ יהוה’s commandments and judging ourselves by His right standards. Those who are judged fit to wear these garments are those who overcome—whether self, the world’s influences, or the need for security. Let us be a people that tend the slaughter place daily as we offer up our lives as a living sacrifice – if the fire isn’t burning then we cannot be offered up!

Going through the strict motions of the letter of the Torah in a strict legalistic approach only without the heart of pure and undefiled obedience is not a means of keeping a burning fire going!

By us ‘putting on’ these clothes (linen of righteousness) we are in effect we are ‘putting off’ the call and luring of the world as we make it clear that we are a set-apart people busy with tending the slaughter place of יהוה!

By ‘putting on’ the ‘white linen’ of righteousness we are in effect submitting to the clear authority of the Word of Elohim and functioning according to His perfect design for His House, which we are for we are the Dwelling place of Elohim!

Burnt offerings or ascending offerings – that is that which was completely burnt up as a pleasing aroma to יהוה symbolises total commitment to יהוה.

As High priest, יהושע Messiah, came and ‘put on the linen garments’ of righteousness in the flesh in order to become the proper and compete ascending offering for us, His body!

 

Verse 11 – Take off his garments!

Here we are given clear instructions that show how set-apart the garments that are to be used in service are, as the priest was to take off the linen garments and put on his own garments when going outside the camp to remove the ashes!  We see similar wording in Yeḥezqěl:

Yeḥezqěl/Ezekiel 44:19And when they go out to the outer courtyard, to the outer courtyard to the people, they shall take off their garments in which they have attended, and shall leave them in the set-apart rooms, and shall put on other garments. And they shall not set apart the people in their garments.

Here in Yeḥezqěl we see a clear reference to the Tsaḏoq priesthood that serves ion the Millennial Temple and strict instructions are given in regards to the set-apart garments that are to be removed when they go out to the people, and no people may be set-apart by the priests when the priests are in their own garments. This teaches us a vital lesson of how the equipping of the body must be done according to the strict pattern and design and commands of Scripture. Only when the priests are clothed in the prescribed set-apart garments can they be in service and of service to יהוה and the people! This changing of garments makes us understand how important the set-apart linen garments were and a priest could not interact with the people and perform ‘sacrificial duties’ for the people whilst in their own garments!

What we can learn from this is the importance of those who have been called and appointed by the Master to teach and equip the body, must be dressed in complete set-apartness in order to perform their respective roles and duties in the body. There are many false teachers out there today who are claiming to be teachers that are ‘setting people apart’ in righteousness, yet they have no regard for the Torah and commands of Elohim and are not guarding His Sabbaths and Feasts! No matter how many degrees and doctorates of man these teachers may have, if they are not properly dressed and functioning in the clear set-apart garments of righteousness and prescribed in the Torah then they are unable to be equipping people unto maturity! No people are able to be set-apart by the priests who were in their own garments, as this would similar to the sin of Naḏaḇ and Aḇihu who brought ‘strange fire’ and were struck down by Elohim!

The picture of ‘priests in their own garments’ is one of how an assumed priest will try to perform the functions of a priest in his own way or in the falsified design of erroneous traditions and dogmas of man that clearly contradict the Torah standards of Elohim!

יהוה is very particular about the required dress and functions of His priesthood, and to not adhere to this is to reject His authority and commands! We are a royal priesthood, in Messiah who is our Head, and we need to realise how He has clothed us in righteousness and as we see in Ḥazon/Revelation 19:8 that the fine linen is the righteousnesses of the set-apart ones!

What we also take note of here is that even the ashes of the burnt offering are to be collected and removed to a clean place outside of the camp! These ashes are not ‘worthless leftovers’ but actually picture for us what is left over after the fire has done its work!

The Hebrew word used here for ‘ashes’ is דֶּשֶׁן deshen – Strong’s H1880 which means, fatness, ashes of fat, abundance, and comes from the root verb דָּשֵׁן dashen – Strong’s H1878 which means, to be fat, grow fat, anointed, prosper. The ashes were to be taken to a clean place, which represents for us, in a manner of speaking, a place of selflessness! That is to say that when the refining work of the Word causes us to become mature and not lack anything, we are able to have all pride and stubbornness stripped away and become a clean vessel that submits humbly to complete service to our Master and Elohim, having stripped away all selfishness and pride in every form! With this root word having the meaning of fat o fatness, we also recognise that all the fat belongs to יהוה, which teaches us another vital lesson, as pictured through these clear instructions, that we are to be a daily living offering and give our best, that is give our all, in all cleanness and set-apartness unto our Elohim! We cannot be engaged in uncleanness, as we are to come out and be separate!

The root word used here for ‘clean’ is the Hebrew word טָהוֹר tahor – Strong’s H2889 which means, clean, pure, purity, who is clean, and the word for ‘place’ is the Hebrew word מָקוֹם maqom – Strong’s H4725 which means, standing place, place, home, country, ground.

Metaphorically, we are able to recognise how we are to remain clean and set-apart, after the refining fire of the Word cleanses us and refines us as we offer up our lives as a daily live offering! Being a living sacrifice that has been cleansed and set-apart for good use we are able to see how we can continue to walk in the cleansing of our Master as we stay in Him and abide in His commands, wherever we are!

The adjective טָהוֹר tahor – Strong’s H2889 comes from the root verb טָהֵר taher – Strong’s H2891 and means the following: “to be clean; to cleanse; purify’ made clean”, “properly to be bright; to be pure – that is physically sound, clear, unadulterated, morally innocent”, “to be purged, purify, to declare something or someone clean.

It is His word that makes us clean as we cleanse ourselves daily through the washing of His Word. It is He who makes us clean – really clean – by His Blood! This Word ‘tâhêr’ is also used in Wayyiqra/Leviticus 16:19 where the high priest would sprinkle the blood of the sin offering on the horns of the altar and all around, seven times – 7 as we know signifies perfection and so there is a perfect cleansing, and our perfect reconciliation by the Blood of יהושע!

We, as a set-apart and royal priesthood, now have a responsibility to cleanse ourselves through the cleansing which He has provided.

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 9:11-14But Messiah, having become a High Priest of the coming good matters, through the greater and more perfect Tent not made with hands, that is, not of this creation, 12 entered into the Most Set-apart Place once for all, not with the blood of goats and calves, but with His own blood, having obtained everlasting redemption. 13 For if the blood of bulls and goats and the ashes of a heifer, sprinkling the defiled, sets apart for the cleansing of the flesh, 14 how much more shall the blood of the Messiah, who through the everlasting Spirit offered Himself unblemished to Elohim, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living Elohim?

It is through the one time atoning sacrifice of Messiah that He will ‘tâhêr’ His Bride.

Aharon was told to cleanse the Lěwites and so too do we see that it is our High Priest, יהושע, who cleanses us from dead works to serve the Living Elohim!

The word טָהֵרtaher’ carries great insight for us as we understand that a derivative of this word is טָֽהֳרָה tahorah – Strong’s H2893 which means, cleansing, puryfing.

As we look at the Hebrew word טָֽהֳרָה tahorah we see a wonderful picture in this word alone that speaks of our need to come to Messiah who cleanses us form all sin. Why I say this is because when we look at the ancient symbols of these letters we get a clearer picture of this very message of this Torah of cleansing contained in just one word!

טָֽהֳרָה tahorah – read from right to left are the letters: ט -tet; ה -hay; ר -resh; ה –hay, and when you see this word as written in the ancient pictograph script we see the message clearly – let me show you:

The original pictograph of these letters (from right to left):

heyreshheytet

Tetטָֽ:

The original pictograph for this letter is tet, a ‘container made of wicker or clay’. Containers were a very important item among the nomadic Hebrews. They were used for storing grains and other items. Wicker baskets were used as nets for catching fish. The meanings of this letter are ‘basket, contain, store and clay’.

Heyהֳ:

The original pictograph for this letter is hey, a ‘man standing with his arms raised out’. The Modern Hebrew and original name for this letter is “hey”. The Hebrew letter means “behold”, as when looking at a great sight. This word can also mean “look, breath, sigh and reveal or revelation from the idea of revealing a great sight by pointing it out”. It also carries for us the meaning of “surrender” as we “lift up our hands and submit” to יהוה as we lift our hands in praise, declaring His authority under which we humbly submit!

 

Resh - רָ:

The Ancient picture for this letter is resh, the “head of a man”. This letter has the meanings of head or man as well as “chief, top, beginning or first”.

Now in terms of the cleansing process we see the following message through this pictograph lettering of טָֽהֳרָה tahorah :

heyreshheytet

We, as ‘clay baskets’ come and surrender and ‘raise our hands’ in acknowledgement and confess our sins/lawlessness before our ‘head’ and High Priest, יהושע Messiah,  and put our lives in the hands of Him who ‘lifts us up’ from the miry clay and makes us clean and purifies us from all unrighteousness!

Qorintiyim Bet/2 Corinthians 4:7 “And we have this treasure in earthen vessels, so that the excellence of the power might be of Elohim, and not of us

Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 18:6 “O house of Yisra’ĕl, am I not able to do with you as this potter?” declares יהוה. “Look, as the clay is in the hand of the potter, so are you in My hand, O house of Yisra’ĕl!

Iyo/Job 10:9Remember, please, that You have made me like clay. And would You turn me into dust again?

Grain offering (6:14-18)

The grain offering in the Hebrew is known as מִנְחָה minḥah – Strong’s H4503 and means, ‘a gift, tribute, meal offering, present. This is a picture of something that a bride brings to please her husband! There is no blood in this offering and therefore does not  represent atonement for sin, however it does still represent the one bringing it and is symbolic of the work of our hands, as it is prepared by the one bringing the offering. Once we accept the atoning work of Messiah, we must not stop there, but must rather continue daily in bringing Him our all as we recognise clearly that what we do daily does count. This offering was brought with fine flour, oil and frankincense, and the priests would take from his hand filled with fine flour and oil and all the frankincense a remembrance portion and burn it on the slaughter place as an offering made by fire, a sweet fragrance to יהוה.

In the ancient Hebrew script the word מִנְחָה minḥah is pictured as:

heychetnunmem

The letters are, from right to left, ‘mem, nun, ḥet, hey’:

The ‘memמִ -   mem  is pictured as water;

The ‘nunנְ -     nun     is pictured as a sprouting seed;

The ‘ḥetחָ -     chet    is pictured as a tent wall;

They ‘heyה -  hey     is pictured as a man with his arms raised.

As we look at this word in the understanding of a gift offering or tribute, we can see how this can represent our joy in bringing our lives daily before our Master and Redeemer, as a daily living sacrifice; for here in the ancient script we can see by this word the truth of how we, who are immersed in Messiah, having died to self, and are raised to new life in Him to become a part of His body, His Tabernacle as pictured by the tent wall, in order to offer up the daily praise due to His Name!!!

Verse 17 – no leaven!

Here we see the symbolic picture of us as a priesthood having been given to us the ability to have a most set-apart portion of the offerings made by fire – and that is to partake of the ‘body of Messiah’ when we eat the Pěsaḥ Meal together in remembrance of Him:

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 11:24-26 “and having given thanks, He broke it and said, “Take, eat, this is My body which is broken for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 25 In the same way also the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the renewed covenant in My blood. As often as you drink it, do this in remembrance of Me.” 26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the death of the Master until He comes.

Yoḥanan/John 6:51I am the living bread which came down out of the heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he shall live forever. And indeed, the bread that I shall give is My flesh, which I shall give for the life of the world.

 

Ordination (6:19-23)

The second instruction of the grain offering was used for the ordination and consecration of a High Priest who came into office, on the day he was anointed. It was to be made without yeast, cooked on a griddle, broken and then completely burned. It was not to be eaten. Although the grain offering was usually a voluntary offering, what we see here is the clear instruction of what Aharon and his sons were to bring – 1/10th of an ephah of fine flour, and so here יהוה calls for a specific requirement of those who would serve Him and ‘carry the nation upon their shoulders’ and tells them what their heart ought to be compelling them to bring!

Deeper intimacy with יהוה often brings the clear realisation that some of our so called ‘freedom to choose’ becomes lost, in effect, for we simply obey out of a loving obedient choice to submit and heed His instructions without trying to claim a way out of our required duties by trying to claim freedom to choose! While it is true we have to choose, what we are to realise is that when we choose Him we have in essence already set the tone for every choice from then on to be in accordance with all that which He asks of us! We are a royal priesthood and as we have already mentioned that this requires our all and יהוה leaves no room for half-hearted measures in faithful worship unto Him!

Aharon and his sons were to bring half in the morning and half in the night – this is not saying that we only give half of our potential but what it is saying is that we are to be serving Him with the same passion and obedience no matter where we are – our works should always be that of righteousness; and we therefore should not be different when we are not together in the assembly as when we are – our lives are to be consistent in faithfulness no matter where we are!

Their offering was to be brought in mixed – that means already prepared and ready to be offered:

Tehillah/Psalm 141:2 “Let my prayer be prepared before You as incense, the lifting up of my hands as the evening offering.

Tehillah/Psalm 5:3 “O יהוה, in the morning You hear my voice; I present myself to You in the morning, and I look up.

Meat offering (grain) – symbolises our gratitude and acknowledgement to יהוה that all we have is from Him – our abilities and provision is from Him and is for Him.

Sin Offering (6:25-30)

Please refer to the last Torah portion regarding the sin offering.

What we can add to our understanding through these verses here is that in verse 28 we see that when a sin offering that is cooked in an earthen vessel, it would result in the earthen vessel being broken and if cooked in a bronze pot then it was to be scoured and rinsed in water! Let us consider these for a moment:

Qorintiyim Bět /2 Corinthians 4:7-10 “And we have this treasure in earthen vessels, so that the excellence of the power might be of Elohim, and not of us – 8 being hard pressed on every side, but not crushed; being perplexed, but not in despair; 9 being persecuted, but not forsaken; being thrown down, but not destroyed; 10 always bearing about in the body the dying of the Master יהושע, that the life of יהושע might also be manifested in our body.

Tehillah/Psalm 103:14 “For He knows how we are made; He remembers that we are dust.

יהוה remembers that we are dust! We are earthen vessels and we are to guard the treasure of His Word, despite the pressure and persecutions we may face and our ability to not be crushed or destroyed by these pressures from the world is that we remain steadfast in walking in His Torah as we follow Messiah in every way!

However, when we find that we have ‘missed the mark’ we do have an advocate, a High Priest, who intercedes for us and when we come and confess our sins He is faithful and just to cleanse us from all unrighteousness! This is the picture of our clay vessels being broken and also picture for us ‘losing our life’ as we humbly surrender before Him and seeing how we are preserved:

Luqas/Luke 20:18 “Everyone who falls on that stone shall be broken, but on whomever it falls, he shall be pulverised.

Tehillah/psalm 51:17 “The slaughterings of Elohim are a broken spirit, a heart broken and crushed, O Elohim, These You do not despise.

Dawiḏ understood how to draw close and confess and bring his ‘sin offering’ to יהוה, and yes we may be broken – in fact we will be broken as our sin is confessed before our Maker; and all praise to Him the Potter who picks up our broken pieces and shapes us again to once again hold His treasures – through the Body and Blood of Messiah!

When we are ‘broken’ or smashed before Him because of our sin, He takes up the ‘dust’ of our brokenness and once again ‘reshapes’ us, having our impurities removed!

The bronze pot being scoured and washed is also a picture of how His word ‘cleanses us’ – it is sometimes a little or a lot painful and as the scouring brush of His sharp Word scrapes away the impurities of our sin, we must allow the washing of the Word to cause us to be humble and not be stiff necked in any way. The result of the sin offering should be that the flesh is “broken” and that we do not pick up the pieces of our sin and do it all over again! If the offering (repentance and confession) does not break you then it has not been done well enough, as the sin should be destroyed and washed away!

Sin offerings – remind of His atonement and that we are to put to death the misdeeds of the flesh and throw off all that hinders us and easily entangles us and destroy it completely before Him. Another very interesting point to consider here in the ‘Torah’ of all these offerings is the clear reference here in verse 25 that the sin offering was to be eaten in the place where the ascending offering was slain, and in verse 26 we are clearly told that the priest who is making atonement eats the sin offering in the set-apart place, in the courtyard of the Tent of Appointment!

As I was pondering on this is made a clear picture for me, as we consider the holistic picture of the collection of these offerings, and I can with much confidence see how this instruction given here can confirm for us that the ‘last supper’ that Messiah had with His taught ones was a clear fulfilment of these requirements and not the actual Pěsaḥ/Passover meal itself! Many have debated and argued as to the events that occurred the night that Messiah had His last meal and while some have tried to explain that this was the Pěsaḥ Meal, we must understand that it could not have been as the Pěsaḥ Lamb, that is Messiah had not yet been slain! However, we must take not of the critical importance of this last meal that He had with His taught ones, as it was certainly necessary in order to fulfil the complete requirements of the Torah, as He was the priest who was making atonement, and according to the Torah of the offerings, He was to eat of the sin offering! What is another clear picture for us is that the instruction is given for it to be eaten in the courtyard of the Tent of Appointment! The Pěsaḥ Meal symbolically represents for us the Table of The Master, which is portrayed by the showbread table that is inside the Set-Apart Place and not in the courtyard of the Tent!

When we further understand this Torah portion we are able to see that what Messiah was doing by having a last ‘set-apart’ meal with his taught ones, was that He was not only fulfilling this Torah and thus able to be the priest who is making atonement, but he was also ordaining His royal priesthood, and by instituting the Cup and Bread that we are to eat and drink each year at the Pěsaḥ Meal, we would continually be reminded of His clear and perfect work that sets us apart as a royal priesthood, enabled to serve Him with our all, offering our lives as a daily living sacrifice, having peace with Elohim and by finding our refuge in Him we have no guilt!

It was necessary for Messiah to have this very important meal with His taught ones, as this would make Him legally able to be the One who could make atonement and become and be the Perfect Passover Lamb that would cleanse and ordain us as a priesthood!

CHAPTER 7

Guilt offering (7:1-10)

This offering – guilt – in Hebrew is called אָשָׁם asham – Strong’s H817 which means ‘offence, guilt, be guilty, acknowledge guilt’.

The regulations for the asham offering are also considered as most set-apart. If we walk in dishonour, we will incur the guilty consequence of that sin. יהושע has fulfilled the asham requirements for the past, present and future, however יהוה requires us to be accountable for the sin and the guilt that incurs from our dishonouring thoughts and actions by taking responsibility for them and repenting.

 

Verse 2 – The guilt offering is slain in the place of the ascending offering. What we see here is that guilt requires action and here an offering was required. The guilty party could not take back the animal that was given and so we need to learn that we cannot hide our guilt and try to excuse it away. Owning up to one’s guilt brings the release from guilt that we receive as יהושע’s Blood removes our guilt; however, if we do not come and confess then our guilt remains and if it remains it can fester and bring about more shame and sinfulness through pride and a compromised lifestyle.

When most people ‘feel’ guilty it is most likely because they are and we will do well to go back a couple of chapters – to Chapter 5 and clearly see that to sin means ‘missing the mark’, which we all have been found guilty of and to not deal with it through confession will only breed a deadly cancerous guilt that will eat you up inside while others may not be able to see the discomfort you are going through – and sadly so many put themselves through this each and every day, instead of simply adhering to the obedient application  of taking ownership of one’s guilt and confessing it – yes it will cost you, but you cannot afford not to!

What we also saw from our previous portion is that when we sit and remain silent when we have witnessed a wrongdoing or an oath that has been broken, then we too bear the guilt of that crookedness and although many may use the excuse that it has nothing to do with them, יהוה says that it does – we are held accountable for even those things and words that we are witness to, even if we have simply been an ‘innocent’ bystander! Failure to hold one another accountable makes us guilty in His eyes, and we cannot allow any form of compromise for the sake of so-called peace to be allowed! When you start compromising by not speaking up when others are missing the mark, then in effect you too are moving the target of your obedience away from the True mark of pure and undefiled worship. When you do not speak up then you ‘lower the standard’ and make it harder for others to know the True mark.

For instance, telling someone who was, for whatever reason, not able to ‘keep the Sabbath’ that it is ok is simply moving the clear boundaries of the Torah of יהוה and will be held as guilty as the one who did not keep the Sabbath, and this ‘guilt’ needs to be slaughtered!

We need to realise how all of our actions affects those around us and when we compromise we in turn affect others within the community, especially new believers, and may lead them to be in a position of compromise due to the ‘lesser’ standards of righteousness that we are found guilty of and this needs to be owned up to and confessed!

Tehillah/Psalm 34:22 “יהוה redeems the lives of His servants, and none of those taking refuge in Him are guilty.

When we ‘take refuge’ in Messiah and are broken before Him and are cleansed form all guilt, as we confess and repent from our sin/lawlessness our guilt is washed away as He has removed it from us as He redeems the lives of those who are His servants – those faithfully serving Him in righteousness, keeping their linen garments clean!

 

Verse 3-4 – Bring all the fat

The fat is יהוה’s and what this also pictures for us is that the best belongs to Him and so too do we offer up our best, especially when we have been found guilty – we do not just try to scrape through with the ‘minimum requirements’ but rather give our utmost in doing what we should have been doing in the first place – and that is be obedient!!!

Tehillah/Psalm 51:6 “See, You have desired truth in the inward parts, and in the hidden part You make me know wisdom.

The picture of the ‘inner parts’ being offered up and burned speaks of that which יהוה truly desires from us – and that is truth from deep within as opposed to a superficial outward mask of obedience that quickly fades when no one else is looking!

Bringing the fat speaks of doing what is true and right and just in making right that which we have been guilty of and if we do not deal with the guilt, it can often drive a once close relationship into the ground. We might be able to come up with other reasons not to be around them, in order to avoid what they might say or do about our guilt, instead of coming back to them and clearing the air by confessing. If we confess, the weight of the burden will be gone, because we will now have a brother to help us carry it away. But pride keeps the guilt stuck to us. Removing the fat speaks of removing the deepest inner hurts and guilt that can cause rot if not dealt with. Offering up the kidneys speaks of letting go of our emotions that can often hinder us from confessing our guilt. Kidneys are the organs that get rid of the impurities in the blood and so too is the liver involved in this process as it regulates the chemical process and makeup of the blood and by giving these up is a declaration that we too are dealing with the impurities in our lives that are brought about through sin and guilt.

The picture of these offerings primarily is about the work of יהושע, our High Priest, without which we would not be able to draw near to Elohim; and now in view of all this, we too ought to offer up our best every single day, well pleasing to Him in every way!

 

Verse 5 – and the priest shall burn them

The priest would burn these guilt offerings with fire and here we see the powerful work of Messiah being offered up as our guilt offering for sin and therefore we who are ‘in Him’ have now a responsibility to walk in righteousness and guard the Torah. When we come, and confess and offer up our confession of guilt we must not leave the altar with unfinished business:

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 4:1-2 “Therefore, since Messiah suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind, because he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin,2 so that he no longer lives the rest of his time in the flesh for the lusts of men, but according to the desire of Elohim.

Arm yourself with the same mind and BE DONE WITH SIN!

 

Verse 8 – The covering

The priest who brings anyone’s ascending offering – the skin of that offering is the priests! This is a wonderful picture for us in that יהושע, our High Priest, by becoming the ascending offering for us; He has become our covering in that when He redeemed us we were covered or rather clothed in His Righteousness:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 61:10 “I greatly rejoice in יהוה, my being exults in my Elohim. For He has put garments of deliverance on me, He has covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decks himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 10:19-22 “So, brothers, having boldness to enter into the Set-apart Place by the blood of יהושע, 20 by a new and living way which He instituted for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh, 21 and having a High Priest over the House of Elohim, 22 let us draw near with a true heart in completeness of belief, having our hearts sprinkled from a wicked conscience and our bodies washed with clean water.

 

 

 

Verse 10 – for all alike

Every grain offering is for all the sons of Aharon, all alike! All priests are permitted to partake of the grain offerings, whereas the other offerings go to the priest who officiates over the slaughtering of the particular animal that is brought as an offering. Who are these ‘priests’ now? Those who are called and are serving יהוה and His House with their all and every member would do well to remember those who teach them:

Galatiyim/Galatians 6:6 “And let him who is instructed in the Word share in all that is good, with him who is instructing.

 

Peace offering (7:11-21)

The Peace offering speaks of our fellowship. Now that we have been atoned for and share in the Meal offering of Pěsaḥ, remembering our Messiah, we are now able to draw near to Elohim for now we have peace with Him!

Romiyim/Romans 5:1 “Therefore, having been declared right by belief, we have peace with Elohim through our Master יהושע Messiah

 This offering represents our intimacy with Messiah and with one another as a body being knit together by Him!

The word used here for the peace offerings is שְׁלָמִים ‘shelemim’ for the word שֶׁלֶם shelem – Strong’s H8002 which means, ‘a sacrifice for alliance or friendship, peace offering’ and in turn this comes from the word שָׁלֵם shalem – Strong’s H7999 meaning, ‘to be complete or sound, finished, fully repay, make and end, make full restitution’. This is such a wonderful picture as we dig into the meaning of these words for they all declare the great and full restitution that Messiah has done for us that we may be complete and sound in Him!

This offering was brought as a freewill offering in thanksgiving for peace, friendship and fellowship they experienced with יהוה and His faithfulness to fulfil the Covenant to them. It was a volunteer gift to bless יהוה or offered as praise to Him.

Qolasim/Colossians 1:19-23 “Because in Him all the completeness was well pleased to dwell, 20 and through Him to completely restore to favour all unto Himself, whether on earth or in the heavens, having made peace through the blood of His stake. 21 And you, who once were estranged and enemies in the mind by wicked works, but now He has completely restored to favour 22 in the body of His flesh through death, to present you set-apart, and blameless, and unreprovable before Him, 23 if indeed you continue in the belief, founded and steadfast, and are not moved away from the expectation of the Good News which you heard, which was proclaimed to every creature under the heaven, of which I, Sha’ul, became a servant

 

We now are able to continually partake in this voluntary offering of peace as we fellowship together in unity of spirit and allow our hearts to be knit together as one, and as a body we can draw near to Elohim each and every week on His Shabbat, His Feast Days and be further equipped to dwell in peace with one another.

As you may notice here in these verses – יהוה sets a standard, and that is with the peace offerings, unleavened bread must be brought too and this clearly speaks of community as bread is a picture of community:

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 10:17 “Because there is one bread, we, who are many, are one body, for we all partake of the one bread.

What this pictures for us here in regards to the peace or thanksgiving offerings is that we cannot truly offer up a thanksgiving offering if we are not serving His Body, our community!!!

 

Verse 15 – eaten on the same day!

The flesh of the peace offering was to be eaten the same day. Now you have to realise that a peace offering was a voluntary offering and when someone brought a bull which could weigh anything from 300kg and up you must just think how much meat this is and it had to be eaten that same day!

There was no ways that one person could eat that much in one day and so he would have to share and it would not be a quiet affair by no means – many would be called to share in the ‘good news’ of this offering of thanks unto Elohim and so too do we need to realise that we ought to share our good news with others and not wait until weeks later to tell the rest of the community what we are thankful for, and just as many would in essence ‘draw near’ to Elohim through one man’s peace offering, so too must we realise just how important our giving thanks and testimony of His Goodness enables many to draw near to Him with praise and thanksgiving too! When your story needs to be told – tell it – don’t hold it back as you, through your testimony, can cause others to draw close to Elohim and help them find peace!!!

 

Verse 18 – 3rd day not accepted

The slaughtering of the peace offering may, if it was a vow or a voluntary offering, be eaten on the next day.

However, on the 3rd day it was not allowed to be eaten as this would render the offering to be regarded as unaccepted and would be regarded as unclean to him who brought it and anyone who eats of it would be guilty too!

This is perfect picture of the work of Messiah and the Appointed Times of Elohim. 2 days the peace offering would be acceptable to eat! יהושע, our High Priest, through His sacrifice and offering of Himself we have peace with Elohim and we are able to ‘eat’ of the flesh of this peace offering for 2 days only. Let me explain this wonderful picture being described here:

Kěpha/Peter tells us that we should not let one matter be hidden form us:

Kěpha Bět/2 Peter 3:8 “But, beloved ones, let not this one matter be hidden from you: that with יהוה one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

Here is a wonderful clue into the great plan and appointed times of יהוה, for when this one matter is hidden form you then you will not understand His Plans and the fullness of His Word. However, when understanding this then it makes great sense in that the Creation week of 7 days in itself relates to us His plan for 7000 years and the sure promise of an eternal rest in Him! When understanding Creation, we know clearly that ‘LIGHT’ came to be on the very first day and the LIGHT was good! On the 4th day gave the appointment for the ‘lights’ and gave them for His Appointed Times (Feasts) and gave the rule in order to separate the light from the darkness. When we understand that which Kěpha tells us what should not be hidden from us, then we are able to clearly see how, יהושע, The LIGHT of the world, who was in the beginning, came and dwelt among us on the 4th day (4th Millennium) and through His sacrifice separated the light from the darkness and called us out of darkness into His marvellous light! Being our peace offering, we have been ‘clothed in Him’ and we have been permitted to eat of His Flesh for 2 days (5th and 6th Millennium). Anyone who is found to ‘eat’ or try to partake in sharing in His offering on the 3rd day (7Th Millennium) will bear his own crookedness for the peace offering is no longer accepted, as the 2 days are over! It is crucial for us to understand this, for we see the same picture being given at Mount Sinai when Yisra’ĕl was given ‘2 days’ to get ready and on the 3rd Day:

Shemoth/Exodus 19:10-11 “And יהוה said to Mosheh, “Go to the people and set them apart today and tomorrow. And they shall wash their garments, 11 and shall be prepared by the third day. For on the third day יהוה shall come down upon Mount Sinai before the eyes of all the people.

2 Days to wash their garments and be prepared by the 3rd – this was the allocation for the Bride to prepare herself, for on the 3rd Day He came down before the eyes of all. This will once again happen, as we shall see that on the 3rd day (that is the 7th day or 7th millennium) יהושע shall come down and every eye shall see Him and those who did not eat of His flesh during the 2 days permitted will be found guilty and would bear their own crookedness, while those who have partaken in the Peace Offering of Messiah during the 2 days will be cleansed form all guilt and death shall no longer have mastery over them!

 

Verse 20 – no unclean may eat of it

A person cannot draw near with proper thanksgiving if he is selfish or has not dealt with His sin and guilt and walks full of pride. He must come to celebrate what יהוה has done, not because there is food to be had. Nor should anyone celebrate Pěsaḥ/Passover because he enjoys roast lamb or Sukkoth/Tabernacles because he likes to go camping, while neglecting to understand the work and ministry of Messiah. It is a joy to go camping together and to eat the Pěsaḥ Meal together, but when one’s heart is not pure and one’s life does not reflect true dedication and obedience to following in Messiah then to partake of His feasts in such a manner or heart is the picture of the unclean one eating of His offering, which is not permitted and the result is that the unclean one will be cut off from his people!

That is why there is clear instruction for no foreigner of unclean one to be allowed to eat the Pěsaḥ Meal, and we need to be clear about the consequences of not heeding these instructions!

 

Verse 22-27 – Do not eat fat or blood

The fat and blood are very important elements to יהוה and must not be brought into our bodies. Our bodies are living temples of יהוה and we are responsible for keeping them clean and keeping defilement far from us. This instruction is to bless us and give us a long life. If we bring contamination into our temples in disobedience to יהוה’s word, sickness, disease and even death may result. The choice is ours. Obedience brings the blessings.

 

Read Wayyiqra/Leviticus 17:10-16!!!

 

Verse 29 – The offerings are always brought to יהוה

Even though a person may bring a peace offering to share with others and others may certainly benefit from it by having a satisfying meal; what we must note is that the offering is still brought to יהוה and not to the people who may share in the offering! Even though the intention of the peace offering was to share with others it is still an offering to יהוה and therefore there must not be an expectation of a return from those who share in the offering by the one who brought the offering!!!

Sometimes people will present a thanksgiving offering with an impure motive and wrong heart in that they are seeking to be recognised and held in a higher position by others who are given a portion or share in the offering to partake with him and therefore the giver may through manipulative motives extort others to doing what they require in return and this should not be so! When we freely bring an offering of thanks to יהוה we recognise and acknowledge thanks unto Him and give all praise and esteem unto Him and delight that others may share in our giving of thanks with a pure and clean heart!

 

Verse 30 – bring it yourself

With your own hands, you are to bring the offerings made by fire to יהוה and you cannot pass on your responsibility to others! You bring the fat and wave the offering as a wave offering, after which the priest would burn the fat but the breast was for Aharon and his sons. Each one is responsible for working out their own deliverance with fear and trembling and one cannot expect another to be the one ‘bringing your offering’. When you brought your offering, you would have to know how to slaughter and skin and cut up the animal and remove the fat in the correct way and then present it as a wave offering, before the priest would take it from your hands and burn the fat! This speaks of being skilled in the Word and able to rightly divide the Truth and the wave offering speaks of each individual’s hands being lifted in worship, submission and acknowledgment of who יהוה is and unto whom they bring the offering, as it symbolises complete trust and reliance upon Him.

Although we are given teachers and pastors and apostles and prophets and evangelists that may teach, encourage, guide and lead the way; they are given for the equipping of the set-apart ones that they may learn to do what each one ought to do on their own and not expect others to do their own work for them and be able to rightly handle the Word if Truth! No matter what offering was to be brought, whether it was animal, bird or grain, it was to be brought by the one offering it – the rich could not ‘hire’ another to do it him and the poor alike was not excluded or restricted from the ability in being able to bring his own offering; as we have clearly learnt that these offering speaks of how we are to draw near to יהוה, and while we may certainly intercede for one another; each one of us must come before יהוה as we are and draw close to Him, cleansing our hands and purifying our hearts before Him, humbling ourselves before Him that He may lift us up.

CHAPTER 8

Ordination of Aharon and his sons

After all the regulations for the offerings were given, יהוה had Mosheh bring Aharon and his sons, along with the anointing oil, the bull for the burnt offering, the two rams and a basket containing bread made without yeast.

He also asked him to assemble all the congregation at the door to the Tent of Appointment. There Mosheh washed and dressed Aharon in his High Priest garments and Aharon’s sons in their linen robes. The required bull was offered for the sin of dishonour/chatas, and when the blood had set-apart the slaughter-place and made atonement for it, they took the bull with its hide, flesh and offal and burned it outside the camp.

Mosheh first washed Aharon and his sons and then clothed them – this is a wonderful picture of how יהושע Messiah, The Living Torah, washes us when He sets us apart for service unto Him as a chosen royal priesthood, and how He clothes us with his garments of righteousness! All the instructions had been given, the Dwelling Place was set-apart and now the priesthood was set-apart and ordained fit for service!

 

Overview of Priestly Garments:

high priest 3 

1 - The Breastplate:

חשֶׁן ḥoshen – Strong’s H2833, translates as ‘breastplate, breast-piece, pouch’ and it was made of gold, of blue and purple and scarlet material, and fine woven linen. It held the stones bearing the names of the Yisra’ĕlites safely in place and also carried the urim and tummim.

2 – The Shoulder garment:

אֵפוֹד ephoḏ – Strong’s H646 – ‘outer garment of priest’. This was the ‘outer garment worn by the priests that was white, however the High Priests ephod was more costly - woven of gold, blue, purple, scarlet, and linen threads.

3 – A Robe:

מְעִיל meil – Strong’s H4598 – ‘robe, mantle, cloak, i.e., an exterior garment which covers an inner tunic; and can also be described as a ‘sleeveless coat’’.

4 – An Embroidered long shirt:

וּכְתֹנֶת תַּשְׁבֵּץ – ‘vaathoneth tashbets’ – from two root words - כְּתֹנֶת kethoneth – Strong’s H3801 – ‘a tunic, garment, clothing as a covering more complete than a loincloth, a basic garment reaching the knees’ and תַּשְׁבֵּץ tashbets – Strong’s H8665 – ‘checkered work, special woven fabric, i.e., a decorative fabric special either because of the variegated pattern of the weaving, or the special threads (silver or gold?) that would be interwoven with it’.

5 – A Turban:

מִצְנֶפֶת mitsnepheth – Strong’s H4701 – ‘turban, head-wrap, headband, i.e., an ornamental headdress cap made by wrapping cloth around and around on the head’ and comes from the root word - צָנַף tsanaph – Strong’s H6801 which means ‘to wrap, wind up together, roll you tightly’.

6 – A Girdle:

אַבְנֵט aḇnet – Strong’s H73 – ‘girdle/sash worn around the waist’.

These garments were only for the service and use in the Set-Apart service in the Tabernacle. The priests would not wear these garments out on the street, so to speak, and this carries a great picture for us in that the priests would be dressed according to the commands of Elohim, in order to serve before Him as priests. Now we, as a chosen people, a called out royal priesthood are to be reminded that we too are to have our garments of righteousness continually on as we serve him daily as a set-apart people! We cannot ‘dress’ like the world and think we can be of service to Him! His instructions for our ‘wear’ is clear and accurately defined in the Torah and we must daily cleanse ourselves and clothe ourselves in His righteousness as He has instructed us to.

Verse 8 - Urim and Tummim

אוּרִים Urim – Strong’s H224 means ‘lights, illuminations

תֻּמִּים Tummim – plural of תֹּם tom, and carries the meaning of ‘perfections

While there is no evidence to clearly tell us what the Urim and Tummim consisted of, be it stones or any other substance, what we can see is that the High Priest would use these in order to get right-ruling and so speaks of seeking the perfect truth from יהוה. What is very interesting and worthy of noting is that the first letter of ‘Urim’ is the א ‘aleph’ and the first letter of Tummim is the ת ‘taw’:

Ḥazon/Revelation 1:8 “I am the ‘Aleph’ and the ‘Taw’, beginning and end,” says יהוה “who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 44:6 “Thus said יהוה, Sovereign of Yisra’ĕl, and his Redeemer, יהוה of hosts, ‘I am the First and I am the Last, besides Me there is no Elohim.

What are the urim and tummim? They are the things that illuminate and perfect. We know that יהושע is the Light and He was the Perfect Lamb, and so this represents for us our need to hunger and thirst for righteousness and be perfect before Elohim, for He is perfect and we are called to be the salt and light, which we can only be when we seek out His Right-Ruling and walk according to that which is to be upon our heart – His Torah (notice the positioning of the Urim and Tummim in the breastplate – by the heart!!!)

He writes His Torah on our hearts and so it is our hearts and mouths that we may do it!

The Anointing oil

(Taken from the torah portion in Shemoth 30):

 Anointing was required before any priest was able to serve before יהוה, as the Tent of Appointment, The Ark of The Witness, The Table and all the utensils, The Lampstand and its utensils, The Slaughter Place of Incense, The Slaughter Place of ascending offering, the Bronze Basin and its stand as well as Aharon and his sons were all to be anointed with the set-apart anointing oil!

To be set-apart is the Hebrew word קָדַשׁ qaḏash – Strong’s H6942 and means ‘to be set-apart, consecrated, purified, dedicated’ and It carries the understanding of two concepts: one is to be separated from the world and thoughts thereof, and secondly has the implication of being separated from the world as the giving of total devotion to יהוה, leaving the worldly things behind and completely dedicating oneself to Him.

Let us look at the different ingredients of this Anointing Oil:

myrrh 

1 – Liquid Myrrh - מָר־דְּרוֹר – two words - מֹר mor – Strong’s H4753 and is a white gum, issuing from the trunk and larger branches of a thorny tree resembling the acacia; Its taste is extremely bitter; but its smell, though strong, is agreeable to the senses and carries a very pleasant fragrance. It comes from the root word that means bitter. It was often used as a perfume as well as a medicine for stomach ailments. דְּרוֹר deror – Strong’s H1865 means ‘a flowing, free run, liberty’ and carries the wonderful picture for us of the Torah of Freedom and it is for freedom that Messiah has set us free – anointed for service has set us free from the world’s enslavement!

Marah, the word from which this מֹר mor is derived, also means ‘trickle/flow’ and we are reminded of the waters at Marah during the Wilderness Journey – it was stop #4 (Shemoth/Exodus 15:23-26) and Marah is a lesson for us in rebellion against the Word of Elohim and trust in His provision. Marah still exists today. There is a village there. The water is still bitter. But, guess what? The bitter water is not harmful. In fact, it has health benefits in that it kills parasites and bad bacteria in the digestive system, while not harming the good bacteria. Could it be that יהוה wanted to cleanse their bodies internally form the effects of Mitsrayim? When the stick was thrown into the water the waters were made sweet and so through the myrrh as an ingredient of this anointing oil we see how יהושע, through His suffering has taken our bitterness and has made sweet His Good Word over us, and also how we need that which often may taste ‘bitter’ to us in order to heal us of the harmful bacteria that we have picked up in the world, and how messiah has made the bitter sweet and is a pleasing aroma of anointing through His Word.

Part of the anointing over our lives is that we are able to walk in complete Truth and not change His Word:

Yeḥezqěl/Ezekiel 3:3 “And He said to me, “Son of man, feed your stomach, and fill your stomach with this scroll that I am giving you.” And I ate it, and it was as sweet as honey in my mouth

He was then instructed to go and speak to the House of Yisra’ĕl who would refuse to listen to Him – The Sweet Truth would be bitter to them, yet He was to speak what He ate!

Ḥazon/Revelation 10:9 “And I went to the messenger and said to him, “Give me the little book.” And he said to me, “Take and eat it, and it shall make your stomach bitter, but it shall be as sweet as honey in your mouth.

After this Yoḥanan was again to prophesy concerning the peoples, nations, tongues and sovereigns, and so we see here that when we receive His knowledge that is often so sweet to the mouth may cause a bitterness in our stomach – which causes us to be desperate in getting the Truth out – and when we speak the truth without compromise, we are indeed a well pleasing fragrance of a set-apart people before יהוה.

 cinnamon cinnamon11

2 – Cinnamon - קִנָּמוֹן qinnamon – H7076 is a fragrant bark used as a spice, and I am sure we all know how nice cinnamon smells (especially on pancakes!) It comes from a root word meaning to erect and we see the picture of how יהושע was erected on a tree and just as the bark of a tree protects the tree from the elements, so we see how יהושע in His suffering has protected us who are in Him and is a very sweet aroma before the Father!

 cane sugarcane

3 – Sweet Smelling Cane – Cane = קָנֶה qaneh – Strong’s H7070 and is from an unused word and means ‘stalk, reed, branch, rod’ also giving the understanding of being upright, erect or standing straight. This word is used in a number of places; here is a couple:

Berěshith/Genesis 41:5And he slept and dreamed a second time and saw seven heads of grain coming up on one stalk, plump and good.

The stalk of grain as seen in Pharaoh’s dream regarding the famine that was about to come!

We also see this word being used to describe the branches of the Lampstand in the Tabernacle:

Shemoth/Exodus 25:32 “and six branches shall come out of its sides: three branches of the lampstand out of one side, and three branches of the lampstand out of the other side

Another use we see this word being used in describing Yisra’ĕl as a reed being smitten by יהוה:

Melaḵim Aleph/1 Kings 14:15And יהוה shall smite Yisra’ĕl, as a reed is shaken in the water, and shall pluck Yisra’ĕl from this good soil which He gave to their fathers, and shall scatter them beyond the River, because they made their Ashĕrim, provoking יהוה,

We can begin to see the work of Messiah in all these accounts as the one who through His suffering destroys all wickedness and establishes us to be built up in Him as we are the branches that are only able to stand by His fragrant anointing of His Blood over us, grafting us in to His Covenants of Promise!

cassia cassia senna 

4 – Cassia - קִדָּה qiddah – Strong’s H6916 and is a fragrant plant used in perfumes and oils and comes from the word קָדַד qaḏaḏ – Strong’s H6915 which means ‘bow down, bend the body, bow the head, stoop down’ and is also related to the word קָדְקֹד qoḏqoḏ – Strong’s H6936 which translates as ‘head, crown of his head, scalp’ and so we see how this can all give us  great shadow picture of Messiah, our Head who stooped down and bowed Himself down for us in order for us to have life – a very fragrant aroma to the Father indeed!

This anointing oil was made of these ingredients as each were ground into a compound and powder form before being made into an oil based anointing ointment. The first part of the anointing process is being crushed and is a picture for us of submission to the Word as we surrender to His Word being able to be blended together through the work of Messiah and filled with His Spirit through His shed Blood that we may be set-apart for vessels unto value;

Timotiyos Bět/2 Timothy 2:20-21But in a large house there are not only vessels of gold and silver, but also of wood and clay, some unto value and some unto no value. 21 If, then, anyone cleanses himself from these matters, he shall be a vessel unto value, having been set apart, of good use to the Master, having been prepared for every good work.

 

By anointing every part of the Tabernacle and all the utensils show us that we all are to have the same anointing oil of Messiah applied to us in order to set us apart. We come to His Word to wash and allow His anointing to set us apart for service as vessels unto value!

Mosheh did exactly as instructed by יהוה, and the instructions regarding the ordination can also be read in Shemoth/Exodus 29. Here we see in this chapter that Mosheh performs the task as commanded!

(Please refer to notes in Shemoth 29)

Verse 23 – ear – thumb – toe

The second ram would be used in setting apart Aharon and his sons with their garments. The slaughter place had been cleansed, and a pleasing offering was received by יהוה, now the priests could be cleansed from head to toe (literally). Blood from the second ram was to be put on Aharon and his son’s tip of the right ear, on the thumb of their right hand and on the big toe of their right foot. This speaks a clear message to us today as we are to be set-apart as a priesthood serving יהוה with our all. The Right ear speaks about our obedience to ‘hear’ His Word and guard it and the right thumb speaks of the work of His Word – doing that which we have been called to and doing the good works that He has prepared in advance – that is to walk in His Torah and Keep His Appointed Times and Sabbaths, setting them apart by doing no servile work on His days, and on the right toe speaks of our walk – our daily walking in righteousness and not being found to have been led astray but stay on the narrow path of life and not following after the world and its lusts and vain traditions but walking as Messiah walked!

The Hebrew word for ‘ear’ is אֹזֶן ozen – Strong’s H238 which means, an ear, hear, attentive, closely, recite, reveal and comes from the root verb אָזַן azan – Strong’s H241 which means, to give, ear, listen, pay attention, perceived by ear, and while this also carries the meaning to listen and listen attentively, it literally means to ‘cup the ear’ – in other words give your complete attention and be obedient to take it all in.

The word that is used for both the ‘thumb’ and ‘big toe’ is the Hebrew word בֹּהֶן bohen – Strong’s H931 which means, thumb, great toe. HEAR – WORK – WALK for יהוה – that is what this application of the blood signifies!

Their garments were sprinkled with blood and would be symbolic for us that we are to constantly be covered by The Blood of Messiah and not taint our garments of righteousness that He has set-apart for us!

The RIGHT ear lobe, thumb and big toe!

Some may ask why it was specifically the ‘right’ ear, thumb and toe that blood was to be applied to, and so I want to share with you a great insight into getter a better understanding of this clear command and action applied by Mosheh to Aharon and his sons.

In Hebrew the root word used here for ‘right’ is יְמָנִי yemani – Strong’s H3233 which means, right, right hand, south, and comes from the root word יָמִין yamin – Strong’s H3225 and means ‘right hand/right side and also south side’ and is used literally of a man’s right hand as opposed to שְׂמאֹל semol – Strong’s H8040 which means ‘left hand’ and well as ‘north’. The reason for this also having the meaning of ‘south, south side’, is because when understand the Tabernacle and its design, we are able to recognise that Messiah, as High Priest and King, who sits on His throne and looks out toward the ‘east gate’, His ‘right arm’ and hand will be facing toward the ‘south’. In fact the Hebrew word for ‘south’ – בֵּימָן Teman – Strong’s H8487 - is derived from the root word יָמִין yamin. Yemen is the modern name for Tĕman and we see a wonderful description of who is coming – for the ‘right hand of Elohim’ is the that which works deliverance and redemption and destroys the enemy – this is יהושע Messiah

The denominative verb for יָמִין yamin – Strong’s H3225 is the word יָמַן yaman – Strong’s H3231 which means, to go to, chooses the right, use the right hand, turn to the right. Why I am highlighting this verb is to show you the clear prophetic shadow picture of our Master as seen through the application of the blood by Mosheh on the right ears, big toes and thumbs of Aharon and his sons, in the ordination of the priesthood!

To get a clearer understanding of this we can look at the ancient pictographic script which renders this word יָמַן yaman– Strong’s H3231 as follows:

nunmemyad

Yod –  יָ:

The ancient script has this letter as yad which is ‘an arm and hand’ and carries the meaning of ‘work, make, throw’, from the primary functions of the arm and hand, and it also represents worship or giving thanks in the extending of hands as a gesture of this. The work of one’s hands is the basic meaning of this letter!

 

Mem - מַ:

The ancient script has this letter as mem and is pictured as ‘water’, and also carries the meaning of ‘chaos’ (from the storms of the sea) and can also picture that which is mighty or massive as well as the unknown. We are also able to understand this letter as representing the nations, for the nations are often likened to the seas in Scripture. Knowing this letter represents ‘water’, we are also able to see how this can render for us the meaning of ‘washing’ or ‘cleansing’. This letter also can represent any liquid, especially blood!

Nun - ן:

This is the letter ‘nun’ (ן), which in the ancient text is pictured as a nun, which is a ‘spouting seed’, and gives the idea of ‘continuation or an offspring or an heir’, speaking of that which sprouts forth will be the heir of the promise of continuation, and represents one’s life expectancy.

In the AHLB (Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Bible), Jeff Benner explains that when two pictographs are put together, a Parent Root word is formed, and when looking at the parent root of this word for ‘right’ in the ancient Hebrew pictographic alphabet we see the following:

nunmem

With the ‘mem’ (mem) meaning ‘blood, water’ and the ‘nun’ (nun) meaning ‘continuance’, we are able to see the clear meaning, “blood continues”!

We know that life is in the blood, and it is only by the blood of Messiah, the ‘right Hand of Elohim’ that we are able to be saved, cleansed, and ordained as a royal priesthood and have the promise of eternal life, for He is the ‘yod’ (yad) – the ‘right’ Arm and Hand of Elohim!

The Hebrew word that is made up of these two letters - nun mem is מָן  man – Strong’s H4478 literally means, ‘what or what is this’, which is the word used for the bread  or ‘manna’ that YHWH provided Yisra’ĕl with in the Wilderness – The Bread from Heaven! Messiah clearly tells us that He is the bread of Life and He is the Bred that came from heaven, showing us very clearly that it is only by Him coming to redeem us that e are able to see life continue through His Blood – as His ‘blood continues’ the clear promise of Life as provided by the working power of His outstretched arm and hand!

The application of the blood to the right ears thumbs and big toes of Aharon and his sons is a clear shadow picture of the working of our Master and Elohim, יהושע Messiah, who is the ‘right’ hand – that is the ‘working power’ of Elohim, that has come to cleanse and ordain us as a royal priesthood in Him!

Just as Aharon and his sons were cleansed, clothed and anointed for service, so too do we need to recognise that we are to be cleansed, clothed and anointed for service by the Blood of Messiah and the filling of the Spirit of יהוה, as He has called us and chosen us and we are to remember that the Blood of Messiah has us covered from head to toe!

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 1:3-5 “Blessed be the Elohim and Father of our Master יהושע Messiah, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenlies in Messiah, 4 even as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be set-apart and blameless before Him in love, 5 having previously ordained us to adoption as sons through יהושע Messiah to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His desire.

 

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 1:18-21 “knowing that you were redeemed from your futile way of life inherited from your fathers, not with what is corruptible, silver or gold, 19 but with the precious blood of Messiah, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, 20 foreknown, indeed, before the foundation of the world, but manifested in these last times for your sakes, 21 who through Him believe in Elohim who raised Him from the dead and gave Him esteem, so that your belief and expectation are in Elohim.

Tas’loniqim Bet/2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 “But we ought to give thanks to Elohim always for you, brothers, beloved by the Master, because Elohim from the beginning chose you to be saved – in set-apartness of Spirit, and belief in the truth – 14 unto which He called you by our Good News, for the obtaining of the esteem of our Master יהושע Messiah.

 

We are called, chosen, adopted and set-apart in Messiah as a priesthood in Him and we are to ensure that we live like it, always being clothed in Him:

 

Galatiyim/Galatians 3:27 “For as many of you as were immersed into Messiah have put on Messiah.

This verse speaks volumes and is critical for us to understand! As it makes it very clear that our immersion into Messiah, clothes us in Messiah and as we have seen that the priests who serve in the Dwelling Place must be clothed with the prescribed set-apart garments, so too do we need to ensure that we are clothed and have put on Messiah and this is done at our immersion. It is them critical that we keep those garments clean and be fit for service!

Immersion into Messiah allows us to also partake of Him and eat of the Pěsaḥ Meal, without which we are not marked or sealed in Him! Immersion also speaks of a putting to death the old and as we see through the picture of deliverance of Yisra’ĕl when they were delivered from Mitsrayim is that they all passed through the Sea of Reeds (Red Sea) and anyone who did not pass through would have died on the Mitsrayim side!!!

We cannot claim to follow Messiah if we have not been immersed in Him and ‘put Him on’!!! Aharon and His sons were ‘washed’ by Mosheh and speaks of us being daily washed in order to be set-apart by meditating daily on and following in the Torah.

The Hebrew word used in Wayyiqra/Leviticus 8:6 in reference to washing is the root word רָחַץ raḥats – Strong’s H7364 and means ‘to wash, wash off, bathe, wash away’ and speaks of our need to constantly – that is daily being washed in the Word. Why the priests had to wash their hands and feet only was symbolic of the work and walk. We have already been redeemed and washed by the Blood of the Lamb through repentance and immersion in His Name; yet as we walk from day to day in this world our feet pick up dirt and our hands may often engage in worldly affairs that must be dealt with and cleansed as we look intently into the mirror of the Word and allow the Word to wash us clean that we may serve as royal priests of the Most High!

Ephesians 4:22-24 “that you put off – with regard to your former way of life – the old man, being corrupted according to the desires of the deceit, 23 and to be renewed in the spirit of your mind, 24 and that you put on the renewed man which was created according to Elohim, in righteousness and set-apartness of the truth.

Qolasim/Colossians 3:12-14 “Therefore, as chosen ones of Elohim, set-apart and beloved, put on compassion, kindness, humbleness of mind, meekness, patience, 13 bearing with one another, and forgiving each other if anyone has a complaint against another, indeed, as Messiah forgave you so also should you. 14 But above all these put on love, which is a bond of the perfection.

Aharon and his sons were not allowed to go outside the door of the Tent of Appointment for 7 days.

This was a commanded fixed appointed time for the ordination of the priests to be fulfilled. This is the same time period a bride and groom would typically be in the special chamber built in the house of the groom’s father for the consummation of their marriage as we see an example of this as described in Berěshith/Genesis when Ya’aqoḇ was required to fulfil the week of consummation of the marriage with Lĕ’ah:

Berěshith/Genesis 29:27Complete the week of this one, then we give you this one too, for the service which you shall serve with me still another seven years.

This is a picture of the ‘honeymoon’ with יהוה and pictures the prophetic picture of being ‘shut up with Him’ for 7 days at Sukkot – the Wedding Feast! The time of testing for leprosy is 7 days, and so this also pictures a prophetic time of 7 years testing of separation unto יהוה when it will certainly be revealed who belongs to him and who does not. The time for cleansing of defiled Nazirite was also 7 days and here is a picture of Aharon, who was most-set-apart unto יהוה needed to be cleansed from defilement of the golden calf incident!

Being shit up for 7 days would have certainly caused them to get very familiar with one another and with the responsibility of service in the Tent in which they remained set-apart for 7 days.

7 as we know right through Scripture carries the significance of fullness or completion and so we see how through the Blood of Messiah how we have been totally set-apart in immersion and cleansed and clothed in Him and we have a huge responsibility to keep our walk clean and keep the fire burning!!!

Verse 35 – day and night!

We must be on guard day and night, or something will die, and the Torah is about life and we are to represent life not death.

Tehillah/Psalm 1:1-6 “Blessed is the man who shall not walk in the counsel of the wrong, and shall not stand in the path of sinners, and shall not sit in the seat of scoffers, 2 But his delight is in the Torah of יהוה, and he meditates in His Torah day and night. 3 For he shall be as a tree Planted by the rivers of water, that yields its fruit in its season, and whose leaf does not wither, and whatever he does prospers. 4 The wrong are not so, But are like the chaff which the wind blows away. 5 Therefore the wrong shall not rise in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous. 6 For יהוה knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the wrong comes to naught.

As we consider the ‘tzav’ – command – regarding the offerings and how draw near to יהוה, given to Aharon and his sons, may we be diligent in our ‘drawing near’ with clean hand s and a pure heart, ready and clothed in Messiah to serve Him daily, and in closing this commentary on this Torah portion I would like to leave you with the words of one the great songs that has been birthed from our assembly that echoes the true desire and cry of the called out, set-apart and royal priesthood, clothed in Messiah and continually keeping the Light of His Good Word aflame:

With the lyrics below you can sing along by listening to or downloading the song from our site (http://atfotc.com) , from the album “Living Waters”, which you can find under the ‘music menu’ or by clicking on the following link:

http://atfotc.com/index.php/music/34-worship-music/living-waters/186-living-waters

A Bride Prepared (by Marcia Kitshoff):

Your bride is waiting, We’ve dressed ourselves in white

Our lamp is burning, In the window day and night      

So let the oil keep burning, Let the flame never die

Till the Bridegroom returns for us, יהוה, El Shaddai

And on the day You come for us, We’ll sing and dance and praise

For finally we’ll have the chance, To look upon Your face          

Shalom