This week’s Torah portion is called ‘wayyiggash’ – וַיִּגַּשׁ which means, “and he came near”, and begins with the account of Yehuḏah risking his life, in a sense, by coming near to Yosĕph in order to plead for his brother.

The Hebrew root word that is used for him drawing near to Yosĕph, comes from the root word נָגַשׁ nagash – Strong’s H5066 which means, to draw near, approach, come closer.

The first time we see this root word being used in Scripture, is in the account of when Aḇrahamdrew near’, in order to ‘draw near’ to יהוה to plead or intercede for the righteous to not be destroyed along with the wrong, just before the judgment was about to be unleashed on Seḏom and Amorah, in:

Berěshith/Genesis 18:22-23 “So the men turned away from there and went toward Seḏom, but Aḇraham still stood before יהוה. 23 And Aḇraham drew near and said, “Would You also destroy the righteous with the wrong?

This root word נָגַשׁ nagash – Strong’s H5066 carries a similar meaning to the word קָרַב qaraḇ – Strong’s H7126 which means ‘to come near, approach, appear, bring near, come forward, draw near.


Yehuḏah had already taken up the responsibility of being the spokesman, and took a great risk in drawing near, coming close, to this ruler of Mitsrayim, and he asked for mercy.

There was no way to try to reason away the facts that were before them, as the cup was found in the sack of Binyamin; yet Yehuḏah takes courage in pleading for mercy – similar to the courage that Hadassah (Estěr) had when she went before the sovereign and touched the sceptre, as she began the process of pleading for mercy for her people:

Estěr/Esther 5:2 “And it came to be, when the sovereign saw Sovereigness Estěr standing in the court, that she found favour in his eyes, and the sovereign held out to Estěr the golden sceptre which was in his hand. And Estěr went near and touched the top of the sceptre.

Yehuḏah recognises the high-ranking position that Yosĕph is in and acknowledges this, and uses his words very carefully in showing the proper respect that was due to the authority under which they had now found themselves, as he makes a petition for his voice to be heard.

Yehuḏah had pledged his life for Binyamin, with their father and so, here he did not back down from his words, and in approaching Yosĕph, who he had recognised as being like Pharaoh, and who could either condemn or pardon, he boldly and humbly sought to gain the favour of Yosĕph in bringing about a pardon.

Here, in this account of Yehuḏah pleading for mercy, we are able to see some great insight into the surrendered heart of a true servant that has been humbled. 

In these verses 18-34, we see Yehuḏah using the term ‘my master’ 7 times, and the phrase ‘your servant/s’ 12 times.

I find this very interesting, as we consider how our acknowledgement of who our Master is, by keeping His Appointed Times and guarding His commands.

The term ‘my master’, in the Hebrew, is – אֲדֹנִי aḏoniy and is expressed as the emphatic form of אָדוֹן aḏon – Strong’s H113 which means, master, husband, owner’.

With this clear emphasis being spoken by Yehuḏah toward Yosĕph, in declaring that Yosĕph was their master 7 times, I see a picture of an acknowledgement that teaches us how we are able to truly declare who our Master and Husband is.

When we guard and keep His Appointed Times – that is His 7 Feasts – as well as His Sabbath, the 7th day of the week, then we are able to fully recognise and confess that Messiah is our Master and Husband.

There are many who claim to know Him as Master, yet they show no regard for His Word and fail to keep His Appointed Times – and for those who make such assumptions in error, our Master has the following words to say:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 7:21-23 “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Master, Master,’ shall enter into the reign of the heavens, but he who is doing the desire of My Father in the heavens. 22 “Many shall say to Me in that day, ‘Master, Master, have we not prophesied in Your Name, and cast out demons in Your Name, and done many mighty works in Your Name?’ 23 “And then I shall declare to them, ‘I never knew you, depart from Me, you who work lawlessness!’

The term ‘your servant’ or ‘your servants’ or ‘his servants’, is used collectively 12 times in this account and comes from the root word עֶבֶד eḇeḏ – Strong’s H5650 which means, ‘servant, slave, bondservant, which comes from the root word עָבַד aḇa – Strong’s H5647 which means, to work, serve, become slaves, cultivate, perform, serve, worship.

While the root word עֶבֶד eḇeḏ – Strong’s H5650 is translated 12 times, in this passage from verse 18-34, as ‘servant’, we see that it is used in the Hebrew 13 times and the 13th time we see it being translated as ‘slave’ in verse 33.

This once again strikes me as being significant in the emphasis of Yehuḏah’s words here, as we see that both the number 12 and 13 carry great significance for us.

The number 12 speaks of the fullness of all the tribes of Yisra’ĕl, while 13 speaks of us being joined to, and united as ‘one’ in, Messiah, who is our Head.

We also tale note that “13” is the numerical value for the Hebrew word אֶחָד eḥaḏ – Strong’s H259 which means, ‘one or unified’, and יהושע Himself prayed that we would be one!

The closer we get together through obedient living and fellowship, the more refined we become. A true servant of Messiah walks as He walked and stays in Him, as they walk in THE WAY of our Master and King, serving and worshipping in Spirit and Truth!

What is also interesting to take note of, is that the Hebrew word for ‘way’ is דֶּרֶךְ dereḵ – Strong’s H1870 which means, way, road, distance, journeyis used ‘13’ times in Tehillah/Psalm 119, which we know speaks primarily about the love for the Torah of Elohim!

The Hebrew word דֶּרֶךְ dereḵ – Strong’s H1870 comes from the root verb דָּרַךְ daraḵ – Strong’s H1869 which means, to tread or march and so speaks of our walk, and our every step that we take – and this we are to commit to יהוה, as faithful servants!

Let us therefore take a look at these two words (עֶבֶד eḇeḏ and דֶּרֶךְ dereḵ – Strong’s H1870) as they are written in the ancient pictographic script:

In the ancient pictographic script, the word עֶבֶד eḇeḏ is pictured as: 


 Ayin  - עֶ

The original pictograph for this letter is ayin and represents the idea of seeing and watching’, as well as ‘knowledge as the eye is the window of knowledge

Beyt - בֶ:

The ancient script has this letter as beit, which pictures a tent floor plan’ and means, ‘house’ or ‘tent’. It represents family and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself.

Dalet - ד

The ancient script has this letter as dalet and is pictured as a tent door’. It can also have the meaning of a ‘back and forth movement’ as one goes back and forth through a tent door and so speaks of an access point. It can also carry the meaning of ‘dangle’ or hanging as the tent door would hang from the roof pole of the tent. It speaks a great deal in terms of understanding the door of the tent of appointment as the only means of access.

When we look at this word in the ancient script for a servant, we can see that it speaks of:


This is what our Master calls us to do; and when we consider that יהושע Messiah is The Door, then we further see our need to continually be looking at Him, guarding to do all His commands – and this is how we too keep watch over the House/Body of Messiah!

The first time that the root word דֶּרֶךְ dereḵ – Strong’s H1870 is used, is in:

Berěshith/Genesis 3:24and He drove the man out. And He placed keruḇim at the east of the garden of Ěḏen, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life.

Due to the sin of Aḏam and Ḥawwah, they were driven out of the garden of Ěḏen, and driven from the presence of יהוה, with no access to the way to the tree of life!

Before they were driven out Elohim made for them coats of skin, and in this we are able to see the powerful shadow picture of the protection and covering we have in יהושע Messiah, the Passover Lamb that was slain for us, in order that we can once again be brought near to the presence of Elohim and have access to the tree of life and have the full assurance of an everlasting life with our Master who shall come and receive us to Himself!

In the ancient pictographic symbols of this word, we are given a greater insight in understanding how יהושע Messiah is THE WAY!

This word - דֶּרֶךְ dereḵ – Strong’s H1870 - in the ancient pictographic script, looks like this:



The ancient script has this letter as dalet and is pictured as a ‘tent door’. It can also have the meaning of a back and forth movement as one goes back and forth through a tent door and so speaks of an access point. It can also carry the meaning of ‘dangle’ or hanging as the tent door would hang from the roof pole of the tent. It speaks a great deal in terms of understanding the door of the tent of appointment as the only means of access.


Resh - רֶ

The ancient script has this letter as resh and is pictured as ‘the head of a man’ and has the meaning of the head of a man as well as chief, top, begging or first. ‘Top’, as in ‘the top or head of a body’ and ‘chief’ as in ‘the head of a tribe or people’, as well as the one who rules the people.


Kaph - כֶּ:

The ancient form of this letter is pictured as kaph - which is ‘an open palm of a hand’. The meaning behind this letter is ‘to bend and curve’ from the shape of a palm as well as ‘to tame or subdue’ as one has been bent to another’s will (under their hand), as an open hand symbolises submission.

This also can picture for us a palm or palm branch from the curved palm shape. This also pictures for us that which has been openly revealed – by the ‘open hand’, or the revelation of the hand that has worked a function!

As we consider these three pictures in making up the Hebrew word דֶּרֶךְ dereḵ, in reference to this meaning THE WAY, we can clearly see how it is יהושע Messiah who is THE WAY.

As we come to the DOOR of the Tent of APPOINTMENT, we are able to come and submit under the hand of our Master and Chief, who gives us access into His presence.

Yoḥanan/John 10:19I am the door. Whoever enters through Me, he shall be saved, and shall go in and shall go out and find pasture.

As one understands the design and service of the Tabernacle, then we are able to understand perfectly the clear words of our Master. It was at the door of the Tabernacle that the people would bring their offerings to the Priest, and before they were able to enter, they needed to be washed. 

Looking at this ancient pictographic of the word that renders for us the meaning of THE WAY, we are also able to see the clear work of our Master, who is the Lamb that was slain, and it was His hands that took the nails for us, and in doing so released us from the dogmas which stood against us!

His shed blood covers us from the punishment of death, as long as we remain in Him!

The Houses that applied the blood of the lamb to the doorposts of their homes would not be visited by the Messenger of death, but would be passed over, as the final plague in Mitsrayim swept over the land, killing every first born of those homes that did not have the blood on their doorposts!

Yehuḏah, in recognising that he was at the mercy of Yosĕph, who he did not know was Yosĕph yet, knew that he was taking a huge risk in coming before this high ranking official without being summonsed, which, in effect, could have been punishable by death.

In risking his life for his brother, he shares, with great passion, the clear chronological order of events of their journeys and how they had at all times adhered to Yosĕph’s instructions.

He then focused on Binyamin’s life and the great love that their father had for him, and this being the emphasis of his speech, he tells how he has stood as guarantor for Binyamin’s safety.

In verse 28 Yehuḏah uses the terminology of being ‘torn to pieces’, in describing the heart-breaking words of their father in mourning over Yosĕph, whom he had been led to believe was dead. 

These words had great prophetic reference to the future separation of the 12 tribes that would be split into two Houses.

As we recognise the end times of the two Houses of Yisra’ĕl and Yehuḏah that are returning to the Covenants of promise by the Blood of Messiah, we also see how significant the role of Binyamin is still playing, as we are able to see how powerful the letters of Sha’ul are in calling the lost sheep of Yisra’ĕl back to the Covenants of Promise. Sha’ul was from the tribe of Binyamin, and in many ways, we see how he is the liaison between the two Houses.

The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘torn to pieces’ comes from the root word טָרַף taraph – Strong’s H2963 and means, to tear, rend, pluck, torn to pieces.

The judgement of Elohim is likened to a beast tearing its prey:

Tehillah/Psalm 50:22 “Understand this please, you who forget Eloah, lest I tear you in pieces, with no one to deliver:

Because Yisra’ĕl had ‘forgotten’ Elohim, they were scattered in judgement, yet we have the promise of restoration through the Blood of Messiah who redeems us and heals our wounds:

Hoshěa/Hosea 6:1 “Come, and let us turn back to יהוה. For He has torn but He does heal us, He has stricken but He binds us up.

In verse 23 of Tehillah 50 we see the effect of proper praise bringing about the deliverance of Elohim:

Tehillah/Psalm 50:23 “Whoever offers praise esteems Me; and to him who prepares a way, I show the deliverance of Elohim.

It is clear as we recognise that it is Yehuḏah who is speaking to Yosĕph, as we recognise that Yehuḏah means ‘praised’; and in this account of Yehuḏah being a type or shadow picture of true submission and praise given to Messiah, who heals us who were torn away in judgement due to false traditions and lies.

Verse 23 – You do not see my face again!

Yehuḏah was warned that they could not return to Mitsrayim without Binyamin, and the wording used here certainly speaks prophetically of the clear words of Messiah as recorded in:

Luqas/Luke 13:35 “See, your House is left to you laid waste. And truly I say to you, you shall by no means see Me until the time comes when you say, ‘Blessed is He who is coming in the Name of יהוה!’

The words of Yosĕph to his brothers were clear – he would not see them unless they were with his brother, and so too do we recognise that Messiah is coming for a ready Bride who has gathered herself together to meet Her Husband!

Mattithyahu/Matthew 23:38-39 “See! Your house is left to you laid waste, 39 for I say to you, from now on you shall by no means see Me, until you say, ‘Blessed is He who is coming in the Name of יהוה!’

All of Yisra’ĕl must again be together before we can have the fullness of יהוה’s presence again.

Yehuḏah was making his appeal to Yosĕph by using Yosĕph’s own words; and so too do we do the same when we make our petitions with thanksgiving to יהוה, as we speak His Word back to Him.

This showed Yosĕph that Yehuḏah had clearly remembered the words of Yosĕph and his clear instructions, and shows how he had listened. The problem today with so many, is that they are not hearing the truth, as they are simply not listening to the Word of Elohim, but are rather listening to theologies and doctrines of man that have twisted and profaned the Truth.

This is why so many people will so easily remember fables, yet are unable to recite or speak the Word of Elohim.

For example: most people who claim to ‘know’ the Word, may believe the erroneous teachings that were taught in ‘sun-day school’ while not really knowing what the Word says.

One example is seen in how many believe that Dani’ěl was a little boy when he was thrown into the lion’s den, yet they fail to know the Word and recognise that he had to have been at least 80 years of age and was in fact serving under the 3rd king since he was taken to Baḇelon as a teenager of about 17 years old.

Another example is seen in how so many believe that when Messiah was born that there were 3 wise men who came to him and gave gifts, while they fail to see that we are not told that there were 3 wise men, but rather that there were 3 gifts and when we consider how these men had travelled through the rough terrain of Iraq and Jordan, they would not have been so wise if they were only 3 men with such costly gifts!

They were a company of men, meaning that they were many and they did not come to Messiah when he was born but rather, as we are clearly told in Mattithyahu/Matthew 2:11, they came to ‘the house’ where the Child and his mother Miryam were. Looking at this passage we are able to ascertain from the time that Herod had called the Magi and learned exactly what time the star that they saw in the heavens appear, and his decree to kill all infants under 2 years old, that Messiah was not a baby when the Magi came with the ‘3 gifts’, but he was closer to two years old!!!

Why I am mentioning these as examples is to simply highlight how so many have not been ‘listening’ to the truth, but have rather been listening to the twisted doctrines of man; and we can never truly know our Master if we are not ‘hearing’ his Word as it is written!!!

So, continuing on, with our Master’s words in Mattithyahu/Matthew 7 we are able to further understand the necessity of hearing the Truth:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 7:24-27 “Therefore everyone who hears these words of Mine, and does them, shall be like a wise man who built his house on the rock, 25 and the rain came down, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house, and it did not fall, for it was founded on the rock. 26 “And everyone who hears these words of Mine, and does not do them, shall be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand, 27 and the rain came down, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and they beat on that house, and it fell, and great was its fall.

Yehuḏah was, by his account given to Yosĕph, making it clear that he had ‘heard’ the clear instructions and followed them completely – for this is the mark of one who truly praises our Master!!! HEAR – GUARD – DO!!!


Yehuḏah had now shown Yosĕph that he was a changed man, by the fact that he was willing to give up his life and inheritance and become a slave in the place of Binyamin, showing his willingness to obey and not cause his father any further pain.

Yehuḏah showed great love for Binyamin, and while this is a powerful display of affection and courage, to possibly die for Binyamin, we recognise the great love that Elohim has for us:

Romiyim/Romans 5:7-10 “For one shall hardly die for a righteous one, though possibly for a good one someone would even have the courage to die. 8 But Elohim proves His own love for us, in that while we were still sinners, Messiah died for us. 9 Much more then, having now been declared right by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him. 10 For if, being enemies, we were restored to favour with Elohim through the death of His Son, much more, having been restored to favour, we shall be saved by His life.

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 3:15-16 “Everyone hating his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has everlasting life staying in him. 16 By this we have known love, because He laid down His life for us. And we ought to lay down our lives for the brothers.

In verse 32 Yehuḏah tells Yosĕph that he went ‘guaranty’ for Binyamin, and if he did not take him back to their father then he would be a sinner.

The word translated as ‘guaranty’ is עָרַב araḇ - Strong’s H6148 which means, to take on pledge, give in pledge, become surety, guarantor, and we see this word used in:

Tehillah/Psalm 119:122 “Guarantee Your servant’s well-being; let not the proud oppress me.

Here we are able to also see a picture of the sure promise of Messiah, who has become the pledge of our inheritance and has given us His Spirit as pledge!

The Hebrew verb עָרַב araḇ - Strong’s H6148 expresses an action of the part on the one doing the action, and from this verb we get the noun derivative - עֵרָבוֹן eraḇon – Strong’s H6162 which simply means, a pledge’.

We are able to see from this the powerful ‘pledge’ that we have been given in Messiah, through His action of love, in giving of Himself for us, and giving us His Set-Apart Spirit:

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 1:12-14 “for us to be the praise of His esteem – those having first trusted in Messiah, 13 in whom you also, having heard the word of the truth, the Good News of your deliverance, in whom also, having believed, you were sealed with the Set-apart Spirit of promise, 14 who is the pledge of our inheritance, until the redemption of the purchased possession, to the praise of His esteem.

Qorintiyim Bět/2 Corinthians 5:5Now He who has prepared us for this same purpose is Elohim, who has given us the Spirit as a pledge of what is to come.

In the above verses we are able to see from the Greek this guarantee we have been given, as the Greek word translated as ‘pledge’ is ἀρραβών arrabōn – Strong’s G728 which means, an earnest (part payment in advance for security), pledge and this Greek word is of Hebrew origin – from the Hebrew word עֵרָבוֹןeraḇon – Strong’s H6162, as mentioned above!

In many ways we are able to see the shadow picture of how the pledge of our inheritance is revealed in the life of Messiah!

Yehuḏah - יְהוּדָה - Strong’s H3063 means,praised, and Binyamin בִּנְיָמִין - Strong’s H1144 means,son of the right hand. Messiah came forth from the tribe of Yehuḏah and we know that HE is ‘The Son of the right hand’, the last born who is first and is to be praised!

This assurance given here for Binyamin pictures for us the full assurance we have in Messiah!

In verse 33, Yehuḏah pleads with Yosĕph to let him, Yosĕph’s servant, remain instead of Binyamin, as a ‘slave’!

As mentioned, the word used here for ‘servant’ and ‘slave’ is the same Hebrew word - עֶבֶד eḇeḏ – Strong’s H5650 meaning, ‘servant, slave, bondservant.

When we look at the LXX (Septuagint – Greek translation of the Tanak), we see two different Greek words used here.

The Greek word that is used for the first Hebrew word that is translated as ‘servant’ is παῖς pais – Strong’s G3816 which means, boy, child, servant, slave, while the second Greek word which we have for the Hebrew word that is translated as ‘slave’ is οἰκέτης oiketēs – Strong’s G3610 which means, a house servant which comes from the word οἰκέω oikeō – Strong’s G3611 which means, to inhabit, to dwell’, which comes from the word οἶκος oikos – Strong’s G3624 which means, a house, dwelling, descendants, family.


Yehuḏah was basically telling Yosĕph that he would not only be his servant but that he would be his household servant – that is, personally belonging to Yosĕph forever!

The word play, in both the Greek and Hebrew here, help us understand our position in the body of Messiah, and how we by the Blood of Messiah have become a part of the household (οἶκος oikos) of Elohim:

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 2:19 “So then you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the set-apart ones and members of the household of Elohim

We also recognise that we who are in Messiah are now ‘servants’ (οἰκέτης oiketēs) of our Master יהושע Messiah, and we are not able to serve another master!

Luqas/Luke 16:13 “No servant is able to serve two masters, for either he shall hate the one and love the other, or else he shall cling to the one and despise the other. You are not able to serve Elohim and mammon.

Yehuḏah was ‘laying down his life’ in order to serve his new ‘master’ and we recognise the words of Kěpha in:

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 2:18Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear, not only to the good and gentle, but also to the crooked ones.

What is the Hebrew mind-set with the concept of servant and servanthood? Let us take a brief look:

Wayyiqra/Leviticus 25:55 “Because the children of Yisra’ĕl are servants to Me, they are My servants whom I brought out of the land of Mitsrayim. I am יהוה your Elohim.

The Hebrew word used here for ‘servants’ is עֶבֶד eḇeḏ – Strong’s H5650, and in the LXX (Septuagint) we see both Greek words used here - οἰκέτης oiketēs – Strong’s G3610 and παῖς pais – Strong’s G3816


As we surrender our lives completely to the service of our Master, we are able to be part of a functional body that is making herself ready for the return of her Master and Husband, which he no longer calls servants but friends, as we guard His commands and love one another, being ready to lay down our lives for each other:

Yoḥanan/John 15:12-15 “This is My command, that you love one another, as I have loved you. 13 “No one has greater love than this: that one should lay down his life for his friends. 14 “You are My friends if you do whatever I command you. 15 “No longer do I call you servants, for a servant does not know what his master is doing. But I have called you friends, for all teachings which I heard from My Father I have made known to you.


This chapter contains a great shadow picture of the revelation of our Master, who is alive!!!!

Yosĕph, in being unable to contain himself any longer, and unable to hold back his true identity from his brothers, reveals himself and Yisra’ĕl, his father, is filled with great joy.


Verse 1

Yosĕph had now seen the pure intentions of the hearts of his brothers as expressed through Yehuḏah and how they had clearly shown a true repentance for what they had done, and Yosĕph could no longer restrain himself from revealing to them his true identity.

The Hebrew word that is used here for ‘restrain’ is אָפַק aphaq – Strong’s H662 which means, to hold, be strong, controlled, restrainand this is written in the hithpael form which expresses a reflexive action showing us that he could no longer force himself or control himself from hiding his identity.


Yosĕph then commanded that everyone who stood by him to go out of the room, so that he had no Mitsrians with him while he made himself known to his brothers!

This was a clear command given to everyone other than his brothers, and may have even been given in the Mitsrian language, as we see that his brothers remained.

All those who were ‘stationed’ by Yosĕph and were on duty in his house, were commanded to leave!

Here we see a powerful picture of how those who are not of the House of Elohim will be sent out, and only those who are of Messiah will be able and allowed to stand and stay in Him!

The term ‘go out’ is translated from the Hebrew root word יָצָא yatsa – Strong’s H3318 and means, to go or come out, depart, and it is written in the hiphil active tense which expressive a causative action; and we can see that Yosĕph’s response to not being able to conceal his hidden identity from his brothers any longer, caused him to command all but his brothers to leave.

His brothers may have, at this stage, been a little afraid at what was happening, as this ruler of Mitsrayim had commanded all his servants to leave the room, leaving them all alone with this governor who had been accusing them of being spies and thieves.

Yet what was about to unfold was a great reunion and a restoration of family, through forgiveness and reconciliation!

Verse 2-8

Yosĕph wept so loud that the Mitsrites and the rest of his house as well as Pharaoh heard it.

There was no one with Yosĕph when he made himself known to his brothers. יהושע Messiah, as shadow pictured by Yosĕph, also revealed himself to his brothers alone. As יהושע approached Yerushalayim and saw the city, He wept over it and said:

Luqas/Luke 19:41-42 “‘And as He came near, He saw the city and wept over it, 42 saying, “If you only knew even today, the matters for your peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes.

After His resurrection, יהושע Messiah revealed Himself to His taught ones, behind closed doors:

Yoḥanan/John 20:19 When therefore it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and when the doors were shut where the taught ones met, for fear of the Yehuḏim, יהושע came and stood in the midst, and said to them, “Peace to you.

Yosĕph now reveals himself to his brothers and they were speechless!

This may have been the first Hebrew words that they had heard Yosĕph speak, all the time that they had stood before him, in his role as governor of Mitsrayim.

He was no longer speaking through an interpreter but was speaking plainly to them in their Hebrew tongue.

This must have been an intense emotional moment for all, as his brothers must have been taken back to the terrible events of them throwing him into a pit and selling him to strangers; and then they may have been reminded of the dreams he had related to them – and all this had left them speechless and unable to answer him back!


Yosĕph’s brothers were afraid, and may have felt that he was about to take revenge on them for what they had done to him, yet Yosĕph comforts them and tells them to not fear, nor be displeased with their actions and what they had done because what they had intended to do as harm יהוה had worked it for their good!

When the taught ones of Messiah saw Him walking on water and coming near to their boat, they too were afraid and thought it was a ghost, yet he reassured them that it was He and told them to take courage:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 14:26-27 “And when the taught ones saw Him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, “It is a phantom!” And from fear they cried. 27 But immediately יהושע spoke to them, saying, “Take courage, it is I, do not be afraid.

Yosĕph’s brothers may have thought that they were seeing a ghost, and Yosĕph reassures them that it was he, and while they had driven him away, we see here in verse 4 that he tells them to come near to him and he again reaffirms his identity to them. Calling them closer to him would give them an opportunity to ‘inspect’ him a little more closely and check to see if it was in fact their long lost and assumed to be dead brother!

As I consider these events I am reminded of when T’oma ‘inspected’ Messiah and saw the place where the nails were driven into Messiah’s hands and he touched the side of Messiah where he was pierced:


Yoḥanan/John 20:26-28 “And after eight days His taught ones were again inside, and T’oma with them. יהושע came, the doors having been shut, and He stood in the midst, and said, “Peace to you!” 27 Then He said to T’oma, “Bring your finger here, and see My hands. And bring your hand and put it into My side – and do not be unbelieving, but believing.” 28 And T’oma answered and said to Him, “My Master and my Elohim!

T’oma made a very bold confession as he clearly recognized who Messiah is, and he said ‘My Master and My Elohim’ – T’oma’s eyes had been opened because he physically saw our Master and Elohim, yet blessed are those who have not seen and believe; and these events are given to us to confirm our faith!

Another point worth noting, in all of these accounts, is how the true revelation of the identity of Messiah is given to those to whom He speaks plainly to!

Just as Yosĕph’s brothers had it revealed to them while all ‘outsiders’ to the Covenants were sent away, so too do we recognise how Messiah revealed Himself to His taught ones alone.

He also told them that to those ‘outside’ He spoke in parables but to His taught ones He spoke plainly.

This is a very important lesson for us to understand, as we recognise that they true identity of who Messiah is, is given to those who follow Him and walk in Him by guarding His commands – for then the Word is made plain to us and we are able to recognise the true identity of the One who was pierced for us and while our actions and sin had caused Him to die for us, He has worked it out for our good, as we recognise that our Master and Elohim Himself has taken our punishment in order that we can be made whole in Him!

In one sense, Yosĕph’s brothers were standing and looking at a resurrected life of their lost brother.

When Yosĕph called his brothers to come near to him, we are able to see a shadow picture of how we have been brought near to the Covenants of Promise by the Blood of Messiah – having been brought near to that which we were once far from and without any hope!

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 2:11-13 “Therefore remember that you, once nations in the flesh, who are called ‘the circumcision’ by what is called ‘the circumcision’ made in the flesh by hands, 12 that at that time you were without Messiah, excluded from the citizenship of Yisra’ĕl and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no expectation and without Elohim in the world. 13 But now in Messiah יהושע you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of the Messiah.

Yosĕph announcing his identity must have greatly shocked his brothers who may have expected the worst, yet here in this chapter we see a clear theme of forgiveness, from which we can learn some great lessons of our need to be a forgiving people as Messiah forgave us!

It had been 22 years since Yosĕph had been sold by his brothers and left abandoned to being enslaved by the world, and by the standards of most people today that would almost seem to be something that could not be forgiven.

Yosĕph shows us otherwise – his weeping aloud represented his deep anguish and sorrow he had had for not having seen his family for so long and now he was in the position of delivering them from suffering the results of a famine that had hit the whole world!

The anguish that Yosĕph displayed here with tears is a shadow picture of Messiah, who suffered anguish in gethsemane and sweat blood, before giving Himself up for our deliverance.

In verse 5 when Yosĕph said that Elohim had sent him before his brothers in order to preserve life, he was in many ways declaring the wondrous works of יהוה, and that all that he had been through – from slavery to rulership – was all of Elohim, so that the great deliverance and wonder of elohim could be revealed and proclaimed through the life of Yosĕph!

Yosĕph had revealed himself to his brothers after 2 years of famine had been over the land and there was still another 5 years left, and he reassures them that while there would still be 5 more years of no ploughing or harvesting, they would be preserved and their lives would not be in danger! He had been sent by Elohim in order to preserve a remnant and give them a great escape:

The Hebrew word that is translated as escape comes from the root word פְּלֵיטָה peletah – Strong’s H6413 meaning, escaped, deliverance, survivors.

We see this word used in:

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 4:2 “In that day the Branch of יהוה shall be splendid and esteemed. And the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for the escaped ones of Yisra’ĕl.

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 37:32 “For out of Yerushalayim comes forth a remnant, and those who escape from Mount Tsiyon – the ardour of יהוה of hosts does this.

What we must recognise is that no matter the imminent threats we may face on a daily basis, we have the assurance of escape as we find our refuge in Messiah who has gone before us! As we consider the words of Yosĕph to his brothers as a shadow picture of Messiah in:

Berěshith/Genesis 45:7 “And Elohim sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant in the earth, and to give life to you by a great escape.

While it certainly was not in Ya’aqoḇ’s heart to have any of his family killed, we can also understand from these two groups that in the last days there will also be primarily two groups – one that will be struck with the wrath of Elohim and the other that shall escape being delivered by the Blood of Messiah.


Verse 8

Yosĕph tells his brothers that while they may have reckoned that their actions against their brother was coming back to bite them, and how they had now acknowledged that what they did was wrong – Yosĕph tells them that it was not them who had sent him to Mitsrayim, but rather it was Elohim who had done so – for their good!

This is a great shadow picture of how Messiah tells us that we did not choose Him, but that He chose us – so that we bear much fruit:

Yoḥanan/John 15:16 “You did not choose Me, but I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should remain, so that whatever you ask the Father in My Name He might give you.

Yoḥanan Aleph/1 John 4:9-11 “By this the love of Elohim was manifested in us, that Elohim has sent His only brought-forth Son into the world, in order that we might live through Him. 10 In this is love, not that we loved Elohim, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be an atoning offering for our sins. 11 Beloved ones, if Elohim so loved us, we also ought to love one another.

Verse 9

Hurry and go! Yosĕph then instructed his brothers to waste no time in going to tell their father that he was alive – this was good news and there was no time to waste! This is a clear lesson for us in our need to be urgent in proclaiming the Besorah of Messiah!

We have a responsibility to be ‘in haste’ of living set-apart lives and walking in complete reverence of Messiah! The Hebrew word used here for ‘hurry’ is מָהַר mahar – Strong’s H4116 which means, to hasten, act quickly, prepare, make speed, and what we are to recognise is that while many wicked are in a hurry to shed blood and practice evil, we must be in a hurry, so to speak, to do good. To be in a hurry to do something speaks of the urgency with which one does that which they desire to do without losing any time.

The Greek word that is used here in the LXX (Septuagint – Greek translation of the Tanak) is σπεύδω speudō – Strong’s G4692 which means, to hasten, urge on, hurrying, and we see this Greek word used in:

Kěpha Bět/2 Peter 3:11-12 “Seeing all these are to be destroyed in this way, what kind of people ought you to be in set-apart behaviour and reverence, 12 looking for and hastening the coming of the day of Elohim, through which the heavens shall be destroyed, being set on fire, and the elements melt with intense heat!

Verse 10-11

Yosĕph told his brothers that they would get to live in the land of Goshen and be near to him and be taken care of, having sufficiency during the next 5 years of famine.


Goshen was a pastoral region of ancient Mitsrayim on the eastern delta of the Nile River, where rich black soil had been deposited by the river.

There Yosĕph’s family was isolated from most of the Mitsrians, and had little daily contact with them.

The name/place of גּשֶׁן Goshen – Strong’s H1657 means, drawing near and carries a great significant shadow picture for us today, as we who are coming out of Mitsrayim amidst a severe ‘famine for the Word’ are too having a place of being able to draw near to Elohim as we await His soon return.

All over the world יהוה is providing ‘Goshens’ for His people through many small fellowships or gathering places for His body to keep His Sabbaths and feasts and faithfully draw near to Him in obedience to His clear commands that are being restored to a remnant faithful!

Goshen bordered a city called אוֹן On – Strong’s H204 which was a city in Mitsrayim and was the centre of sun-worship, where Poti-Pherah lived – he was a priest of On and was the father-in-law of Yosĕph.

This is vital for us to understand as we sojourn here in the world and being urgent in proclaiming the Besorah of messiah and living set-apart lives!

We are in close proximity, on a daily basis, to the real influence of sun-worship; and we must guard ourselves continually against the influence of the confusion of man-made theologies and traditions that have twisted the Truth.

We do this by not neglecting the gathering of the set-apart ones and make sure that we guard to keep the Sabbath each week with our fellow believers in Messiah, at the place which יהוה has provided for us (Goshen), and hold fast to the need to be drawing near to Elohim as a body together!

The wicked and worthless will often take advantage of the confused systems of the world that feed the flesh – that is those who are still caught up in ‘Baḇelon so to speak! Baḇelon, in Hebrew, is the word בָּבֶל Baḇel – Strong’s H894, which was the name of the site where יהוה confused the language of all the earth, and it comes from the verb בָּלַל balal – Strong’s H1101 meaning, to mingle, mix, confuse, confound and so בָּבֶל Baḇel can best be understood as meaning, confusion (by mixing).

Confusion certainly does arise when the True and pure Word is mixed with man-made doctrines, dogmas, theologies and traditions that aspire to build for themselves a ‘tower’ of self-identification!

Now, when we hear the term Baḇelon – from Baḇel and On – we are further able to understand the concept of the need for so many to come out of the lies and confusion of sun-worship, which many are being led astray into submitting to under the influence of the sons of Beliya’al who are teaching as teachings the commands of men!

During the plagues that were poured out on Mitsrayim, Goshen was protected and separated as a land for Yisra’ĕl, in order that they would know that יהוה was in the land:

Shemoth/Exodus 8:22 “And in that day I shall separate the land of Goshen, in which My people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there, so that you know that I am יהוה in the midst of the land.

Some of the Yisra’ĕlites who refused to heed the call to be gathered in Goshen and held fast to Pharaoh and his regime would too have their hearts hardened as Pharaoh’s was by יהוה.

So many people today are refusing to let go of ‘Mitsrayim’ (the Church)  - be it for fear, or even simply by believing that the ‘church’ is what they were born into and therefore will not be willing to change; and even though the reality of being born into inherited lies is presented clearly to them through the Truth of His word; or simply just because they will hold fast to people they know well who also refuse to come out and be set-apart!

So many will remain loyal to doctrines and traditions of man, rather than look at the truth of the Word of יהוה without all the added theologies of man, and this will sadly be the downfall of many in the Day of יהוה’s wrath!

In verse 11 Yosĕph gives his brothers the sure promise that he would provide for them, and the Hebrew root word that is translated here as ‘provide’ is כּוּל kul – Strong’s H3557 and means, maintain, provide with sustenance and gives us great insight into the sure promise of the provision of Elohim for His set-apart ones:

Tehillah/Psalm 55:22 “Cast your burden on יהוה, and let Him sustain you; He never allows the righteous to be shaken.


As we recognize how there is a severe ‘famine for the Word’ today, as so many are preferring the ‘food’ of Mitsrayim so to speak, we must be comforted by these words of assurance that it is יהוה Himself that will sustain us, as we cast our burdens upon Him and trust Him with our all!

While Goshen was situated so close to the centre of sun-worship, we see the assurance of knowing that as long as we are ‘drawing near’ to Elohim as we should and keeping His Appointed Times and eating His Word daily, we shall be strengthened to keep our feet from slipping into the ways of the world.

Verse 12 – Look it is me who is speaking to you!

Yosĕph again reassures his brothers that it is him who was peaking to them and he was clearly talking to them in Hebrew and making it clear who he was.

He was telling them to see with their eyes – in others words – open your eyes and hear me!!!

I believe that there is a great play on words here in this verse that shadow pictures for us the revealing of who Messiah was to when he appeared to His taught ones after his resurrection:

Luqas/Luke 24:38-40 “And He said to them, “Why are you troubled? And why do doubts arise in your hearts? 39 “See My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself. Handle Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see I have.” 40 And saying this, He showed them His hands and His feet.

With Yosĕph saying “… look, your eyes and the eyes of my brother Binyamin…” we can see something significant in this verse.

The name בִּנְיָמִין  - Binyamin - Strong’s H1144 meansson of the right hand, and when יהושע revealed Himself to His taught ones, He was, in effect, telling them to see with their eyes that He, who is the son of the right Hand, is in fact Elohim and His Word is sure and True – for His mouth speaks and witnesses of the truth of who He is!

After Messiah ate with His taught ones, He opened their eyes to the scriptures so that they could see what the Scriptures proclaimed about Him, and told them that repentance and forgiveness of sins should be proclaimed in His Name to all nations! (read Luqas/Luke 24)

Verse 13

Yosĕph tells his brothers to go and tell their father of all of Yosĕph’s esteem in Mitsrayim and to bring back his father to him quickly.

This reminds me of the words of Messiah when He prayed to the Father when the hour had come for Him to be esteemed in Yoḥanan/John 17.

The entire chapter of Yoḥanan/John 17 expresses the esteem with which Messiah would be esteemed and how He prayed that His taught ones would know Elohim and the fullness of His esteem, that they may be set apart in truth.

Yoḥanan/John 17:24-26 “Father, I desire that those whom You have given Me, might be with Me where I am, so that they see My esteem which You have given Me, because You loved Me before the foundation of the world. 25 “O righteous Father, indeed the world did not know You, but I knew You, and these knew that You sent Me. 26 “And I have made Your Name known to them, and shall make it known,1 so that the love with which You loved Me might be in them, and I in them.

The picture of Yosĕph calling for his father to come and be with him and to let him know and see the fullness of the esteem that Yosĕph had in Mitsrayim, shadow pictures for us, in a metaphoric sense, the fullness of the esteem of Elohim that we shall all see, in the Father and the Son as One, and there will be no need to differentiate between Father and Son – for the fullness of the esteem of Elohim is seen in the life and person of יהושע Messiah:

Ḥazon/Revelation 21:23 “And the city had no need of the sun, nor of the moon, to shine in it, for the esteem of Elohim lightened it, and the Lamb is its lamp.

Verse 14-15

The greeting with a kiss was a customary way of greeting, yet we see that there is a great emotional experience that occurs here, as Yosĕph lifts up his voice and weeps!

Yosĕph embraces Binyamin and they wept together – something the other brothers did not experience!

Binyamin was Yosĕph’s brother from the same mother and was the ‘innocent’ one out of all of the brothers, as he had not played any part in what the other brothers had done to Yosĕph.

After this Yosĕph kissed and wept over the other brothers and they spoke with him.

There was true reconciliation taking place here, and now all of the previous hatred and jealousy that the 10 brothers had shown toward Yosĕph was gone.

In verse 3 the brothers were dumbfounded by Yosĕph’s telling them who he really was.

Since that time, they had carefully listened in a state of shock, but Yosĕph had shown how healing has taken place in their relations, and now they were sufficiently assured and renewed to be able to talk with him.

We who were once far off from the Covenants of Promise are now, by having been brought near by the Blood of Messiah, able to draw near to Elohim with boldness and without shame.

Verse 16-20

Pharaoh and his household had heard the report of the reconciliation of Yosĕph and his brothers, and it was good in Pharaoh’s eyes, and he instructs Yosĕph to load his brother’s beasts with goods and go and fetch his father to come back to Mitsrayim and dwell in the best of the land.

While Pharaoh had heard of the crying and conversations that Yosĕph and his brothers were having, he certainly had high respect for Yosĕph for all that Yosĕph had done for him and if Yosĕph had already brought him so much benefit then he may have reckoned that another 11 brothers would bring even more to the land, and so in Pharaoh’s eyes this was a win win situation for him and his people, to have Yosĕph and his whole family brought to Mitsrayim.

When Messiah comes to rule and reign and all the House of Yisra’ĕl and Yehuḏah are reunited in Him, the nations will see how good it is for the Covenanted people to be together in unity. Here this pleasing site is a shadow picture of how pleasing it will be when the scattered lost are returned, as if from the dead itself!

Romiyim/Romans 11:15 “For if their casting away is the restoration to favour of the world, what is their acceptance but life from the dead?

Pharaoh assures them not to be concerned about their goods, for they would have it all in Mitsrayim!

While we certainly recognise that we are not to put our trust in the flesh or in the worlds systems, what we can see from this is that under the rulership of Yosĕph we see a picture of how we are not to be concerned about our goods as we sojourn here, for we have a King and Ruler who will take care of our needs while we live in the provision of Elohim, and therefore יהושע makes it clear that we are not to worry!!!


Yosĕph’s family was not coming to Mitsrayim to serve Pharaoh, but were rather being given a land to live in and work. Later, after the death of Yosĕph and Pharaoh, a new Pharaoh was raised up who did not know Yosĕph and then enslaved Yisra’ĕl, yet this is not what they were brought to Mitsrayim for in the first place, and by the instructions given by Yosĕph to come and be cared for there was assurance of complete provision, no matter what they would face – after all Aḇraham was told that his descendants would be in Mitsrayim for 400 years, and despite their enslavement that would come in the future – they were to never serve two masters and, in serving the True Elohim, they would never have to worry at all!

We too recognise that while we are in the world, we serve יהוה, and our provision and ability to ‘draw near’ to Him has been provided for, in Messiah, our Ruler and King and so, as we recognise the value of ‘Goshen’ we are able to understand that while we sojourn here, we can learn collectively from all 42 departure points of the Wilderness Journey that Yisra’ĕl took from Goshen to the Promised Land, always remembering not to worry, for we know whom we serve – no matter the circumstances!

Mattithyahu/Matthew 6:24-25 “No one is able to serve two masters, for either he shall hate the one and love the other, or else he shall cleave to the one and despise the other. You are not able to serve Elohim and mammon. 25 “Because of this I say to you, do not worry about your life, what you shall eat or drink, or about your body, what you shall put on. Is not life more than the food and the body more than the clothing?

Verse 21

Yosĕph gave his brothers wagons and food for the journey, and here we see the great compassion of Yosĕph being displayed, in that while his brothers were willing to let him die, he gave them provisions!

They went with a great supply that would have allowed them to have a feast every day – and that is what we must recognise too – we have been given more than we can contain, as we walk in the richness of the blessing of Elohim over our lives as we eat of His Bread daily – for we shall never lack.

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 10:3 “יהוה does not let the being of the righteous go hungry, but He thrusts away the desire of the wrong.


Verse 22

Yosĕph not only gave them sufficient supply of food and provision for the journey home and back, he also gave his brothers clothes and to Binyamin he gave 5 changes of clothes and 300 pieces of silver.

Yosĕph had given his brothers new garments to wear, which metaphorically speaking, pictures for us a removal of the dirt of their sins and a clothing of them in the newness of righteousness.

By Yosĕph doing this, we are able to see the shadow picture of how Messiah has taken our filthy garments upon Himself and in His own Blood, has cleansed us and clothed us in new garments of righteousness.

In Zeḵaryah we see this shadow picture, in his vision which he saw of Yehoshua, son of Yehotsaḏaq, who was the high priest, having his garments changed and guilt removed:

Zeḵaryah/Zechariah 3:3-4 “And Yehoshua was dressed in filthy garments, and was standing before the messenger. 4 And He answered and spoke to those who stood before Him, saying, “Remove the filthy garments from him.” And to him He said, “See, I have removed your guilt from you, and shall put costly robes on you.


Yosĕph had been enslaved and imprisoned, while being innocent and having been delivered up from prison, was now in the highest position of authority in the land of Mitsrayim.

In many ways he had faced the punishment of his brothers sins and having also had his garments changed, was no able to give his brothers new garments!

We too, stand before Messiah who knew no sin but became sin for us and having died for us and raised from the dead being clothed from on high, He has now imputed to us His righteousness in which we now stand before Him.

Qorintiyim Bět /2 Corinthians 5:21 “For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, so that in Him we might become the righteousness of Elohim.


Yosĕph’s brothers had received ‘new coverings’ and metaphorically, they had been forgiven their sins against their brother, and had received an abundant blessing, as their wrongdoing was no longer reckoned unto them but had rather been pardoned, as Yosĕph clearly expressed how Elohim had caused these events to happen for their good.

Romiyim/Romans 4:7-8 “Blessed are those whose lawlessnesses are forgiven, and whose sins are covered, 8 blessed is the man to whom יהוה shall by no means reckon sin.

We, as a royal priesthood who have been clothed with righteousness, ought to be ever praising the Most-High!

Tehillah/Psalm 132:9 “Let Your priests put on righteousness, and Your lovingly-committed ones shout for joy.

Yeshayahu/Isaiah 61:10 “I greatly rejoice in יהוה, my being exults in my Elohim. For He has put garments of deliverance on me, He has covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decks himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.


Yosĕph had overcome great adversity and trials, to be in the position of being able to save his brothers and now, in a sense, his brothers would be able to overcome the harsh conditions of the famine and be clothed in new garments, as they had shown repentance and a complete change of attitude toward their long lost and assumed for dead brother.

Ḥazon/Revelation 3:5 “He who overcomes shall be dressed in white robes, and I shall by no means blot out his name from the Book of Life, but I shall confess his name before My Father and before His messengers.

This change of garments given to his brothers, can also picture for us the garments that are given to those invited to the wedding feast, as described through the parable that Messiah gave in Mattithyahu/Matthew 22, and the one who was found to not be wearing the wedding garments that were given would stand speechless and be thrown out!

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 6:25 “And it is righteousness for us when we guard to do all this command before יהוה our Elohim, as He has commanded us.

It is imperative that we ensure that we clothe ourselves in the righteousness of Messiah as we guard to do all the Master commands us to do, lest we be found dressed in lawlessness and thrown out!


To Binyamin, he gave 5 times more changes of garments than the others, just as he had given Binyamin 5 times more food when they ate together; and he also gave Binyamin 300 pieces of silver, as he continued to show special favour to his younger brother – certainly a further test to see if his brothers would envy the favour shown to their youngest brother.


By Yosĕph giving such a large amount of silver, we are able to see once again the clear redemptive work we are able to see in him as a shadow picture of Messiah. His brothers had sold him for silver and now he was giving his brother silver – full redemption had been paid, in a manner of speaking, as all brothers had now been reunited by the hand of Yosĕph!

The change of garments given to the 10 brothers signify a change of status as already discussed, while the 5 changes of garments for Binyamin can also picture for us the Torah that we are now given to ‘wear’ and appropriate in our lives, in which we have been given clarity and insight and is revealed to us through the ‘son of the right hand’ – יהושע Messiah.

Verse 23-25

The brothers were sent off, well loaded and equipped, and were clearly instructed to not quarrel along the way!

The Hebrew word that is translated here as ‘quarrel’ comes from the root word רְגַז regaz – Strong’s H7265 which can carry the meaning, ‘to enrage another, quarrel, provoke to anger, and here Yosĕph was making it clear that they need to go forth in peace and not agitate or disturb one another as they go; after all he had known how his brothers had acted in his youth and was instructing them to not irritate one another.

This is a clear instruction that we too need to take heed of today, as we recognise that in putting on the garments of righteousness, we must not engage in provoking others to anger, or getting into fruitless arguments that will only break down and not build up!

The Greek word that is used here in the LXX (Septuagint – Greek translation of Tanak) for ‘quarrel’ is ὀργίζω orgizō – Strong’s G3710 and means, to make angry, enraged, moved with anger, and comes from the word ὀργή orgē – Strong’s G3709 which means, impulse, wrath, anger.

We find this word ὀργίζω orgizō – Strong’s G3710 being used in:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 5:22 “But I say to you that whoever is wroth with his brother without a cause shall be liable to judgment. And whoever says to his brother, ‘Raka!’ shall be liable to the Sanhedrin. But whoever says, ‘You fool!’ shall be liable to fire of Gehenna.

Being ‘wroth’ without cause is something we are to guard against; and what we often find today is how many people often act on ‘impulse’ when confronted with an unfavourable situation and foolishly make misguided decisions based on their emotions, which may result in wrong actions.

While getting angry cannot always be prevented, we can discipline ourselves to not let our anger cause us to do something that we should not;

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 4:26-17 “Be wroth, but do not sin.” Do not let the sun go down on your rage, 27 nor give place to the devil.

Sha’ul writes:

Timotiyos Aleph/1 Timothy 2:8 “So I resolve that the men pray everywhere, lifting up hands that are set-apart, without wrath and disputing.

Ya’aqoḇ clearly tells us:

Ya’aqoḇ/James 1:19-20 “So then, my beloved brothers, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath, 20 for the wrath of man does not work the righteousness of Elohim.

Just as Yosĕph had instructed his brothers to not quarrel along the way, so too must we be careful to exercise control over our lives in order to ensure that we do not let wrath be a hindrance to working the righteousness of Elohim.

I think that one of the hardest things to guard against is getting angry at others, especially when they have wronged you or have deliberately walked in sin, and while we must exercise care over administering the clear instruction of the word in showing a fellow believer the error of their ways, we must be careful to not do so in anger, as this may have a negative effect on bringing proper reconciliation and healing!

What often makes us angry is the improper actions of others that have an effect on us directly, and what we can also learn is that while others may make us angry, we must ensure that we are not the ones making our fellow brothers and sisters angry through our improper conduct!

This means that we would do well to always be putting other before ourselves, for it is often through selfishness and pride that we either get angry at the actions of others or make others angry through our own selfish actions.

Verse 26-28

Yosĕph’s brothers left Mitsrayim and came to their father in Kenaʽan and told him the good news that Yosĕph was alive!!!

They ‘declared’ the good news of their brother being alive, and the Hebrew word that is translated as ‘told’ is נָגַד nagaḏ – Strong’s H5046 meaning, ‘make known, announce, declare, publish and stand out boldly in opposition’.

This was a bold confession and exciting announcement, and we recognise here how we too are be fervent in declaring with great excitement and joy that our Redeemer lives – and for many of us who have recognised that our fathers have inherited lies, we need to be like Yosĕph’s brothers and declare to our fathers the truth of יהושע Messiah, as we boldly strip away the lies of man-made dogmas and traditions that have twisted the identity of our Saviour!

We are to be a bold and loud people who praise and declare the marvellous and wonderful works and acts of יהושע Messiah – are you doing that? For starters, in order to do that you need to know just what His works and His mighty acts are!!!

Yosĕph’s brothers had now witnessed first-hand the works and actions of their brother whom they had rejected and sold and taken for being dead, yet was now the one who was delivering them out of the famine.

In drawing near to their brother, they had now come to know him as he is and were able to go back to their father and give a clear and accurate report of their faithful brother.

If you do not know Him and His word you cannot lift up your voice with boldness and praise and this is the responsibility that we carry, in ensuring that the next generation will do the same!

Sadly, we have inherited lies and so, there has been a large gap in the ability to exceedingly, and boldly, praise יהוה, which we now, as a people of Elohim, must take up the responsibility of, in restoring this awesome and great privilege and responsibility, aměn!

What is worth taking note of here, in this account of Yosĕph’s brothers making known the truth of Yosĕph, is that at first, they are speaking to Ya’aqoḇ, and Ya’aqoḇ does not believe them!

Perhaps his fleshly nature of wrestling over matters of the truth caused him to doubt as he struggled with the possibility of this being a reality.

His unbelief caused his heart to stop, yet as they spoke to him all the words Yosĕph had spoken, Ya’aqoḇ’s spirit revived and then we are told that Yisra’ĕl basically said ‘enough… let’s go!

The Hebrew word translated here for ‘ceased’ is פּוּג pug – Strong’s H6313 which means, to grow numb, stunned, weariness, to be feeble, and so we see here the intense weakness and crushing that Ya’aqoḇ had felt  - this word of truth about his son whom he had thought was dead seemed so impossible that his heart was crushed at the prospect of it being true – he literally was so stunned that he did not believe them!

Today we see the very same thing happening to so many who have been under the veil of inherited lies of man-made traditions – they are so stunned at the truth that their heart gets so crushed and perplexed at the prospect of what they thought to have been the truth was in fact not!

This can often be so overwhelming that most refuse to believe the truth and close their ears to the truth!

Tehillah/Psalm 38:8 “I have become weak and greatly crushed; I howled from the groaning of my heart.

This Psalm of Dawiḏ was believed to have been written while under some intense grievous affliction and we see the same word used here in giving us a picture of a weak heart that is crushed under affliction.

This news for Ya’aqoḇ, at first, was too much to bear, so much so that it crushed him.

Yosĕph’s brothers continued to speak to their father and reiterated the clear words that Yosĕph had spoken to them, and when their father saw the wagons which had been sent, his spirit was revived!

Two sets of wagons – 10 donkeys loaded with the best of Mitsrayim and 10 female donkeys with grain, bread and food!

This may have reminded Ya’aqoḇ about the time he had left Laḇan and was met by the messengers of Elohim in Berěshith/Genesis 32 and he called the place Maḥanayim - מַחֲנַיִם  - Strong’s H4266 which means, two camps, and he divided his family into two groups in order to meet his brother Ěsaw with shalom; and in many ways pictures the prophetic picture of the fullness of Yisra’ĕl’s two camps (House of Yisra’ĕl and House of Yehuḏah) being fully provided for in Messiah (as pictured by Yosĕph).

Ya’aqoḇ would have been reminded of the assurance of the night that he had wrestled with Elohim and his name was changed, for he had striven with Elohim and with men and overcome.

He remembered that he was an overcomer in Elohim and his spirit was revived!

It was Yisra’ĕl who now stood up and commanded his children to take him to Yosĕph!

Yisra’ĕl was ‘revived’ which is the Hebrew word חָיָה ḥayah – Strong’s H2421 which means, to live, came to life, restored to life, revived.

We too have the great news of the Word of Elohim, that in Messiah we have life and by his 3rd day resurrection we have been revived to newness of life, in order that we may be able and equipped to life before Him, and worship Him in Spirit and in Truth:

Hoshěa/Hosea 6:2 “After two days He shall revive us, on the third day He shall raise us up, so that we live before Him.

We are told in:

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 7:2Guard my commands and live, and my Torah as the apple of your eye.

This is very clear – guard the commands and live – or – do not guard them and die!!!

The Hebrew word translated as ‘live’ is the primitive root verb חָיָה ḥayah – Strong’s H2421.

The noun that comes from this root verb, and means, ‘life’ is חַי ḥay – Strong’s H2416 which means, life, alive, living, flowing, fresh, running and is used in:

Deḇarim/Deuteronomy 32:45-47And when Mosheh ended speaking all these words to all Yisra’ĕl, 46 he said to them, “Set your heart on all the words with which I warn you today, so that you command your children to guard to do all the Words of this Torah. 47 “For it is not a worthless Word for you, because it is your life, and by this Word you prolong your days on the soil which you pass over the Yarděn to possess.

In the ancient pictographic symbols of the word for life - חַי ḥay – Strong’s H2416 and means, life, alive, living, flowing, fresh, running, we are given a greater insight in understanding how יהושע Messiah is THE LIFE!

This word - חַי ḥay in the ancient script look like this:


et חַ

The ancient script has this letter as chet which is a tent wall’, and carries a meaning of separation’, as a tent wall separates two halves of the tent; or it can also reflect the outside walls that separate the people inside from that which is outside and so can also symbolise protection and security to those inside, while picturing a cutting off of those who are outside. Hence this letter can mean ‘established, secure’ as well as ‘cut off, separated from’.

As a tent wall we are also able to recognise the picture of stones being built up to make a complete wall.

Yod – י

The ancient script has this letter as yad which is ‘an arm and hand’ and carries the meaning of ‘work, make, throw’, from the primary functions of the arm and hand, and it also represents worship or giving thanks in the extending of hands as a gesture of this. The work of one’s hands is the basic meaning of this letter!

From this ancient pictographic lettering of the word for LIFE, we are clearly able to see how, by the work of Messiah – the outstretched arm and hand of Elohim – we as living stones, are built up, in Him, as the Dwelling Place of the Living Elohim and have been separated to serve and worship Him in Spirit is Truth.

These two pictographs can render for us the clear meaning:


We who were dead in our trespasses, have been made alive in Him who has shown us great compassion and forgiven us our transgressions, so that we can be restored to life, revived and caused to serve, with hands lifted high!

When we consider the word for ‘revived’ - חָיָה ḥayah – Strong’s H2421 which means, to live, came to life, restored to life, revived, in the ancient pictographic script, we are able to identify very clearly with this thought, as it is rendered as follows:


Hey - ה:

The ancient script has this letter as hey and is pictured as a man standing with his arms raised up and out as if pointing to something, and in essence carries the meaning of ‘behold’ as in when looking at something very great. It can also have the meaning to ‘breath’ or ‘sigh’ as when looking at a great sight and having your breath taken away so to speak! It also has the meaning of revelation or to reveal something by pointing it out, as well as ‘praise’ through the lifting up of our hands in complete awe and surrender.

From this pictographic it is clear that we, who have been revived, have been:


We have been ‘revived’ in order to serve and praise and the clear call to come out and be separate must be obeyed, so that the reviving life of Messiah and His Word can richly dwell in us, equipping us to praise Him with set-apart hands!

Timotiyos Aleph/1 Timothy 2:8 “So I resolve that the men pray everywhere, lifting up hands that are set-apart, without wrath and disputing.



Verse 1

Yisra’ĕl, revived and ready, set out with all he had and went to Be’ĕrsheḇa, where Ya’aqoḇ would ‘renew’ the covenant made with Elohim.

It was Aḇraham who called the name of that place בְּאֵר שֶׁבַע Be’ĕrsheḇa – Strong’s H884 which means, well of oath, or well of 7, and comes from two words:

  1. 1)Seven, in Hebrew, is the primitive root word שֶׁבַע sheḇa – Strong’s H7651 and from this word we get the denominative verb שָׁבַע shaḇa – Strong’s H7650 which means, to swear, exchange oaths, take an oath, vow, and:
    1. 2)the Hebrew word for ‘well’ is בְּאֵר be‘er – Strong’s H875 and means, well, pit which comes from the primitive root word בָּאַרba‘ar – Strong’s H874 which means, to make distinction, to make plain, expound on, inscribe and by analogy it means to engrave and figuratively it carries the understanding, to explain, make clear, declare.

It was also at Be’ĕrsheḇa that:

1 - Aḇraham called upon the Name of יהוה, the Everlasting Ělאֵל עוֹלָם Ěl Olam!

Berěshith/Genesis 21:33 “And he planted a tamarisk tree in Be’ĕrsheḇa, and there called on the Name of יהוה, the Everlasting Ěl.


2 – Yitsḥaq built an alter and called upon the Name of יהוה, after יהוה appeared to him.

Berěshith/Genesis 26:23-25 “And from there he went up to Be’ĕrsheḇa24 And יהוהappeared to him the same night and said, “I am the Elohim of your father Aḇraham. Do not fear, for I am with you, and shall bless you and increase your seed for My servant Aḇraham’s sake.” 25 And he built a slaughter-place there, and called on the Name of יהוה, and he pitched his tent there, and the servants of Yitsḥaq dug a well there.

3 – Ya’aqoḇ brought offerings to יהוה and יהוה spoke to him and confirmed the Covenant.

Berěshith/Genesis 46:1-3 “And Yisra’ěl set out with all that he had, and came to Be’ĕrsheḇa, and slaughtered slaughterings to the Elohim of his father Yitsḥaq2 And Elohim spoke to Yisra’ěl in the visions of the night, and said, “Ya‛aqoḇ, Ya‛aqoḇ!” And he said, “Here I am.” 3 And He said, “I am the Ěl, Elohim of your father. Do not be afraid to go down to Mitsrayim, for I shall make you there into a great nation.


Ya’aqoḇslaughtered slaughterings’ to the Elohim of his father Yitsḥaq.

The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘slaughterings’ comes from the root word זֶבַח zeḇaḥ - Strong’s H2077 and Hebrew word that is translated as ‘slaughtered’ is the primitive root verb that זֶבַח zeḇaḥ comes from, which is the word זָבַח zaḇaḥ - Strong’s H2076 meaning, to offer a sacrifice, sacrificed.

We are to offer our bodies as a living offering each and every day, as we walk in the clear commands of Elohim and we see both of these words used by Dawiḏ when he tells us in:

Tehillah/Psalm 4:5 “Offer slaughterings of righteousness, and trust in יהוה.

We ‘offer’ up our lives as a living ‘sacrifice’ with joy and thanksgiving, and so it is too that we see with the זֶבַח zeḇaḥ offering, that it was given as an expression of appreciation:

Tehillah/Psalm 107:22 “And let them bring slaughterings of thanksgiving, and relate His works with rejoicing.

Tehillah/Psalm 116:17 “I bring You a slaughtering of thanksgiving, and call upon the Name of יהוה.”

In the above two verses, we again see the two root words being used, and so we can begin to understand the following text:

Iḇ’rim/Hebrews 13:15 “Through Him then, let us continually offer up a slaughter offering of praise to Elohim, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving thanks to His Name.

The Greek word that is used for ‘slaughter offering’ is θυσία thusia – Strong’s G2378 which means, a sacrifice.

This word θυσία thusia – Strong’s G2378, is seen in:

Romiyim/Romans 12:1 “I call upon you, therefore, brothers, through the compassion of Elohim, to present your bodies a living offering – set-apart, well-pleasing to Elohim – your reasonable worship.

We are to offer ourselves daily – not just once – but daily!

As called out and cleansed chosen ones, we do not just offer ‘some’ of our life, but rather we offer up our whole life/being – that is - all that we are and all that we have to give – always giving the best we have to give – continually!

What Ya’aqoḇ was doing here was certainly offering up a great slaughtering of thanksgiving to Elohim, as he was coming back to the ‘well of oath’ – in other words getting back to the Covenant.

We are doing the same today, as we are coming back to walking in righteousness as we walk in the Torah, giving a continual offering of thanksgiving for the blood of messiah that has brought us near to the Covenants we were once far from!


Verse 2-3

Ya’aqoḇ has a vision in the night, where Elohim speaks to him and reassures him, telling him not to be afraid to go down to Mitsrayim, for it would be from there that he would make him a great nation!

Here, in this account of being called in a vision, and Ya’aqoḇ saying, “here I am!”, I am very quickly reminded of when Yeshayahu saw יהוה sitting on the throne (Yeshayahu/Isaiah 6).

Amidst a time of wickedness and rebellion, Yeshayahu was humbled at the sight of the majesty of Elohim, and declared that his lips were unclean. And while he had certainly expressed his concern over the rebellion up until that point, in the light of the esteem of Elohim he too recognised his own uncleanness and realised that he was as guilty as the rest!

Having had his lips touched with a coal, and his crookedness removed and the assurance of his sins being covered, he boldly expressed his zeal to go and speak the truth to the nations.

He was told to go and speak to a people who would not hear and a people who would not see!

When he asked until when, he was told until the city lies waste!!!

This is our call today too – for us who have, like Ya’aqoḇ, been revived by the Truth, and have responded to the call to ‘come out’, have the clear responsibility to speak boldly the Besorah of Messiah faithfully until He returns – even when many will not hear nor see!

We are too commanded to not be afraid to go into all the world and proclaim the Good News!


Verse 4

יהוה promises Ya’aqoḇ that He Himself would go down to Mitsrayim and would bring them back up again.

In other words, He would never leave them nor forsake them! And he told Ya’aqoḇ to let Yosĕph put his hand on his eyes – this was a clear instruction that showed him that they one who he had thought to have been dead would be the one who would clearly open his eyes to the Truth!

This also has a two-fold meaning, for we also recognise how in some cultures it was custom to close the eyes of a dead person, and so here was the promise that Ya’aqoḇ would not only see his son, but his son would be the one who would be with him when he died!

While having this assurance of Yosĕph being there when he died, there was also the clear promise of being brought back to the Promised Land; and so, we can see that those who have ‘died in Messiah’ shall be raised up first at the first resurrection and we who are alive shall be caught up with them and taken by Messiah to Yerushalayim!

Metaphorically, by ‘dying in Yosĕph’ (shadow picture of Messiah), Ya’aqoḇ (shadow picture of whole 12 tribes of Yisra’ĕl), has the sure Covenant promise of coming back to the Land of Promise!

Tas’loniqim Aleph/ 1Thessalonians 4:16-18 “Because the Master Himself shall come down from heaven with a shout, with the voice of a chief messenger, and with the trumpet of Elohim, and the dead in Messiah shall rise first. 17 Then we, the living who are left over, shall be caught away together with them in the clouds to meet the Master in the air – and so we shall always be with the Master. 18 So, then, encourage one another with these words.

These words spoken by Elohim to Ya’aqoḇ were certainly comforting and encouraging words that would strengthen him to not be afraid of living in Mitsrayim; and so we too need to be comforted by these words to not be afraid of ‘living in the world’, for as long as we walk in Messiah and guard His commands we have nothing to be afraid for!

Verse 5-6

Ya’aqoḇ rose up from Be’ĕrsheḇa and his sons brought his whole household and their goods to Mitsrayim.

Ya’aqoḇ was now well equipped with the sure Covenants of Promise, and we too can learn that we are only able to faithfully sojourn here as true ambassadors of Messiah if we ‘stay in Him’ and walk in Him, as we guard His Word, having the renewed covenant written upon our hearts in order that we do it!

We who have come to the ‘well of oath’ so to speak and have accepted the work of Messiah, have been immersed in Him and have partaken in the Pěsaḥ Meal (which we eat of once a year), “eating His flesh and drinking His Blood”, now have the clear responsibility to not forsake the Covenant renewed in His Blood! (Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 11:23-28)

Verse 8-25

The listing of the names of the children of Yisra’ĕl that came with Ya’aqoḇ to Mitsrayim:

Sons of Leah (33 beings):

1 – Re’uḇĕn - רְאוּבֵן - Strong’s H7205 – ‘behold a son

  • Ḥanoḵ - חֲנוֹךְ - Strong’s H2585 – ‘dedicated, teach, train
  • Pallu - פַּלּוּא - Strong’s H6396 – ‘distinguished
  • Ḥetsron - חֶצְרוֹן - Strong’s H2696 – ‘surrounded by a wall
  • Karmi - כַּרְמִי - Strong’s H3756 – ‘my vineyard


2 – Shim’on - שִׁמְעוֹן - Strong’s H8095 – ‘heard

  • Yemu’ĕlיְמוּאֵל - Strong’s H3223 Day of El
  • Yamin - יָמִין - Strong’s H3226 – ‘right hand
  • Ohaḏ - אֹהַד - Strong’s H161 – United
  • Yaḵin - יָכִין - Strong’s H3199 – ‘He will establish
  • Tsoḥarצֹחַר - Strong’s H6714Tawny
  • Sha’ul - שָׁאוּל - Strong’s H7586 – ‘desired


3 – Lĕwiלֵוִי – Strong’s H3878 meaning, joined to

  • Gĕrshon - גֵּרְשׁוֹן - Strong’s H1648 – ‘exile
  • Qehath - קְהָת - Strong’s H6955 – ‘assembly
  • Merari - מְרָרִי - Strong’s H4847 – ‘bitter

4 – Yehuḏah - יְהוּדָה - Strong’s H3063 – ‘praised

  • Ěr - עֵר - Strong’s H6147 – ‘awake’ (died in Kenaʽan)
  • Onan - אוֹנָן - Strong’s H209 – ‘strong’ (died in Kenaʽan)
  • Shĕlah - שֵׁלָה - Strong’s H7956 – ‘a petition
  • Perets - פֶּרֶץ - Strong’s H6557 – ‘breach
  1. oḤetsron - חֶצְרוֹן - Strong’s H2696 – ‘surrounded by a wall
  2. oḤamul - חָמוּל - Strong’s H2538 – ‘spared
  • Zeraḥ - זֶרַח - Strong’s H2226 – ‘rising


5 – Yissasḵar - יִשָּׂשכָר - Strong’s H3485 – ‘there is recompense’ (9th born)

  • Tola - תּוֹלָע - Strong’s H8439 – ‘crimson worm
  • Puwwah - פֻּוָּה - Strong’s H6312 – ‘splendid
  • Yoḇ - יוֹב - Strong’s H3102 – ‘persecuted
  • Shimron - שִׁמְרוֹן - Strong’s H8110 – ‘watch-height


6 - Zeḇulun - זְבוּלוּן - Strong’s H2074 – ‘exalted’ (10th born)

  • Sereḏ - סֵרֶד - Strong’s H5624 – ‘fear
  • Ělon - אֵילוֹן - Strong’s H356 – ‘terebinth/mighty
  • Yaḥle’ĕl - יַחְלְאֵל - Strong’s H3177 – ‘El waits

Sons of Zilpah, Lĕ’ah’s concubine (16 beings):

1 - Gaḏ - גָּד - Strong’s H1410 – ‘troop’ (7th born)

  • Tsiphyon - צִפְיוֹן - Strong’s H6827 – ‘lookout
  • Ḥaggi - חַגִּי - Strong’s H2291 – ‘festive
  • Shuni - שׁוּנִי - Strong’s H7764 – ‘fortunate, to rest
  • Etsbon - אֶצְבּוֹן - Strong’s H675 – ‘I will be enlargement, very willing
  • Ěri - עֵרִי - Strong’s H6179 – ‘watchful, alert
  • Aroḏi -  אֲרוֹדִי - Strong’s H722 – ‘I will subdue/I shall roam
  • Arĕli - אַרְאֵלִי - Strong’s H692 – ‘lion of El


2 - Ashĕr - אָשֵׁר - Strong’s H836 – ‘happy one’ (8th born)

  • Yimnah - יִמְנָה - Strong’s H3232 – ‘right hand
  • Yishwah - יִשְׁוָה - Strong’s H3438 – ‘he will resemble
  • Yishwi - יִשְׁוִי - Strong’s H3440 – ‘he resembles me
  • Beriʽah - בְּרִיעָה - Strong’s H1283 – ‘with a friend
  1. oḤeḇer - חֶבֶר  - Strong’s H2268 – ‘comrade
  2. oMalki’ĕl - מַלְכִּיאֵל - Strong’s H4439 – ‘my King is El
  • Daughter of Ashĕr:
  • Seraḥ - שֶׂרַח - Strong’s H8294 – ‘the prince breathed


Sons of Raḥĕl (14 beings):

1 - Yosĕph - יוֹסֵף - Strong’s H3130 – ‘he adds, he increases’ (11th born)

  • Menashsheh – מְנַשֶּׁה - Strong’s H4519 – ‘causing to forget
  • Ephrayim - אֶפְרַיִם - Strong’s H669 – ‘doubly fruitful


2Binyamin בִּנְיָמִין - Strong’s H1144 – ‘son of the right hand’ (12th born)

  • Bela - בֶּלַע - Strong’s H1106 – ‘destruction
  • Beḵer - בֶּכֶר - Strong’s H1071 – ‘young camel
  • Ashbĕl - אַשְׁבֵּל - Strong’s H788 – ‘a man in El, fire of bĕl, I will make a path
  • Gĕra - גֵּרָא - Strong’s H1617 – ‘a grain
  • Naʽaman - נַעֲמָן - Strong’s H5283 – ‘pleasantness
  • Eḥi - אֵחִי - Strong’s H278 – ‘my brother
  • Rosh - ראֹשׁ – Strong’s H7220 – ‘head
  • Muppim - מֻפִּים - Strong’s H4649 – ‘serpent
  • Ḥuppim - חֻפִּים - Strong’s H2650 – ‘protected
  • Ard - אַרְדְּ - Strong’s H714 – ‘I will subdue


Sons of Bilhah, Raḥĕl’s concubine (7 beings):

1 – Dan - דָּן - Strong’s H1835 – ‘judge’  (5th born)

  • Ḥusham - חֻשִׁים - Strong’s H2366– ‘who makes haste


2 – Naphtali - נַפְתָּלִי - Strong’s H5321 – ‘wrestling’ (6th born)

  • Yaḥtse’ĕl - יַחְצְאֵל - Strong’s H3183 – ‘El divides
  • Guni - גּוּנִי - Strong’s H1476 – ‘my defender
  • Yĕtser - יֵצֶר - Strong’s H3337 – ‘forming
  • Shillĕm - שִׁלֵּם - Strong’s H8006 – ‘repaid


Verse 26-27

The number of beings in the above list comes to 70, and what we must take note of here, in this verse, is that the number of beings that went with Ya’aqoḇ to Mitsrayim was: 66 = 70-4!

Yosĕph and his two sons (already in Mitsrayim) + Ya’aqoḇ = 4, therefore the rest are 66!

70 was the number of the nations listed in Berěshith/Genesis 10 born after the flood, and so we are able to clearly recognise how the number of beings with Ya’aqoḇ, as picturing those who are of the Covenant, expresses how the Covenant with Elohim has been made available to all nations through the Blood of Messiah.

Anyone can be grafted into the ‘nation’ of Yisra’ĕl and be a part of the body of Messiah.

The Renewed Covenant made in the Blood of Messiah is for the House of Yehuḏah and the House of Yisra’ĕl – which anyone can be grafted in to!

Verse 28

Ya’aqoḇ sent Yehuḏah ahead of him to point the way to Goshen; and this for me is a great picture of the way we are to draw near to Elohim!

Yehuḏah, as we know, means ‘praised’ and Goshen means, ‘drawing near’ – so it is vital for us, the Covenant called out and set-apart ones of the Most-High, to be a praising people – fro in doing so we are able to collectively draw near our Master, as a body on His Appointed Times!

Tehillah/Psalm 100:4 “Enter into His gates with thanksgiving, and into His courts with praise. Give thanks to Him; bless His Name.

Tehillah/Psalm 145:1-2 “I exalt You, my Elohim, O Sovereign; And bless Your Name forever and ever. 2 All day long I bless You, and praise Your Name forever and ever.

Qolasim/Colossians 3:16-17 “Let the Word of Messiah dwell in you richly, teaching and admonishing one another in all wisdom, singing with pleasure in your hearts to the Master in psalms and songs of praise and spiritual songs. 17 And whatever you do in word or deed, do all in the Name of the Master יהושע, giving thanks to Elohim the Father through Him.


With Yehuḏah being sent before him to Yosĕph we are also able to see a picture of the two Houses – Yehuḏah and Yosĕph (which often is symbolised as being Yisra’ĕl).

Verse 29-30

Father and son reunited! Here is a very emotional and joyful reunion we see how Ya’aqoḇ and Yosĕph embrace each other and weep for a while. Ya’aqoḇ then makes the satisfying statement of how he was now able to die, as he had seen his son – and that he was alive!

22 years he had longed for this day that he thought would never come and here it was!!!

This statement of being able to now die, calls us to look at the words we see in Luqas/Luke 2:25-33, where we see a righteous and dedicated man who had the Set-Apart Spirit upon him, named Shim’on.

When he saw יהושע, the child, he lifted Messiah up in his arms and blessed Elohim and said:

Luqas/Luke 2:29-32 “Now let Your servant go in peace, O Master, according to Your word, 30 for my eyes have seen Your deliverance, 31 which You have prepared before the face of all the peoples, 32 a light for the unveiling of the nations, and the esteem of Your people Yisra’ĕl.

Here in Luqas/Luke we are able to compare the words of Shim’on who was now ready to die after having seen the deliverance of יהוה – an elderly man whose name means ‘heard’ that had now not only heard, but had now ‘seen’ Messiah in the flesh, and the comfort he had of seeing the sure promise of Elohim being unveiled before his eyes could give him the comfort of knowing that he could now sleep and be assured of a future with Elohim forever!


Ya’aqoḇ had heard the report and was revived to go and see, and now that he had seen, he could be at rest in his soul and sleep with his fathers, knowing that he would be taken back to the land to be with Elohim forever!

This strikes a very powerful lesson for us in that there are many today who are like the Pharisees that Yeshayahu prophesied about, and who Messiah rebuked – and that is:

Mattithyahu/Matthew 13:13-17 “Because of this I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand. 14 “And in them the prophecy of Yeshayahu is completely filled, which says, ‘Hearing you shall hear and by no means understand, and seeing you shall see and by no means perceive, 15 for the heart of this people has become thickened, and their ears are hard of hearing, and their eyes they have closed, lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, lest they should understand with their heart, and turn back, and I heal them.’ 16 “And blessed are your eyes because they see, and your ears because they hear, 17 for truly I say to you, that many prophets and righteous ones longed to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.


Hearing and seeing! One thing we are to take note of in the messages given to the 7 assemblies in Ḥazon/Revelation is that the one clear appeal that is made is this:

He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the assemblies.” (Ḥazon/Revelation 2:7,11,17,29; 3:6,13,22)

Notice that there is not the necessity to ‘see’, but there is a necessity to ‘hear’. When T’oma did not believe the report of the other taught ones and expressed his need to ‘see’ Messiah we are told the following:

Yoḥanan/John 20:27-29 “Then He said to T’oma, “Bring your finger here, and see My hands. And bring your hand and put it into My side – and do not be unbelieving, but believing.” 28 And T’oma answered and said to Him, “My Master and my Elohim!” 29 יהושע said to him, “T’oma, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and have believed.

Blessed we are when are a hearing people – for we shall not ‘see’ our Master again until He comes, and so just as Ya’aqoḇ was revived when he ‘heard’ and rose up according to the Covenants of Promise, and journeyed to meet Yosĕph, so too must we be revived through the hearing of the Word of Truth and offer our lives up as a daily offering, slaughtering thanksgiving and praise unto Elohim as we live set-apart lives, as we fix our eyes on the sure hope of what is to come!!!

Verse 31-34

Yosĕph then prepared his family to meet Pharaoh, and informed them to tell Pharaoh that they are shepherds, men of livestock, when asked what their occupation is.

They had brought all their livestock and needed good ground to feed their animals.

Shepherds were an abomination to the Mitsrians and while this may have sounded like a risky thing to openly admit to, Yosĕph was telling them to be honest and upright and not be ashamed of who they are.

Marqos/mark 8:38 “For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words in this adulterous and sinning generation, of him the Son of Aḏam also shall be ashamed when He comes in the esteem of His Father with the set-apart messengers.


The reason for shepherds being an abomination to the Mitsrians may have come from the fact that Lower and Middle Mitsrayim had once been held in subjective oppression by the Hyksos, a tribe of nomad shepherds, also known as the shepherd kings.

The Hyksos established themselves in Mitsrayim and had a succession of kings. They fought the Mitsrians, burned some of their principal cities, committed great cruelties, and were not driven out until they and their descendants had occupied the country for hundreds of years. It’s believed they weren’t driven out until just before the time of Yosĕph.

The Mitsrians also detested what they considered the lawless ways of wandering shepherds who had no fixed home, and moved from place to place with each change of the season in search of food, water, and grazing land. Yosĕph skillfully used the Mitsrians distaste for shepherds to provide his family an area where they and their flocks could flourish and Ya’aqoḇ’s people could retain their cultural and spiritual uniqueness.

Goshen was a pastoral region of ancient Mitsrayim on the eastern delta of the Nile River, where rich black soil had been deposited by the river. There Yosĕph’s family was isolated from most of the Mitsrians, and had little daily contact with them.

Here we are able to see the metaphoric picture of how true believers shall be hated by the world – for the world hated the Good Shepherd!

Yoḥanan/John 15:18 “If the world hates you, you know that it hated Me before it hated you.”

Marqos/Mark 13:13 “And you shall be hated by all because of My Name. But he who shall have endured to the end, he shall be saved.

Ya’aqoḇ/James 4:4 “Adulterers and adulteresses! Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity with Elohim? Whoever therefore intends to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of Elohim.



Yosĕph went to Pharaoh to inform him that his family had arrived, and he took 5 of his brothers with.

This is a picture of wisdom and the 5 brothers can represent for us the 5 wise virgins who had oil in their lamps. It may also have been a valid tactic of Yosĕph to only take 5 of his brothers so as to not overwhelm Pharaoh, and he may have also taken those brothers who he knew to be ones who would not look to pick a fight or say something that could disrupt the meeting.

We are not told who he took with, and all we know is that he took 5.

They did exactly what Yosĕph had told them to do when asked by Pharaoh what their occupation was.

We are able to see a vital and clear picture of those whom Messiah has appointed to equip the body, through this Yosĕph having chosen 5 of his brothers to go with him and appear before Pharaoh, as well as understanding how Yosĕph gave all his brothers new garments, with Binyamin getting 5.

In Eph’siyim/Ephesians 4 we read:

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 4:7-15 “But to each one of us favour was given according to the measure of the gift of Messiah. 8 That is why it says, “When He went up on high, He led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men.” 9 But what does “He went up” mean, except that He also first went down into the lower parts of the earth? 10 He who went down is also the One who went up far above all the heavens, to fill all. 11 And He Himself gave some as emissaries, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as shepherds and teachers 12 for the perfecting of the set-apart ones, to the work of service to a building up of the body of the Messiah, 13 until we all come to the unity of the belief and of the knowledge of the Son of Elohim, to a perfect man, to the measure of the stature of the completeness of Messiah, 14 so that we should no longer be children, tossed and borne about by every wind of teaching, by the trickery of men, in cleverness, unto the craftiness of leading astray, 15 but, maintaining the truth in love, we grow up in all respects into Him who is the head, Messiah

The concept of the number 5 stands out very clearly for us in the account of Yosĕph and his brothers being reunited and able to be equipped to stand before Pharaoh and tell them what their occupation is!

Messiah has given us all garments of righteousness, through His precious Blood that has redeemed us, and it is Messiah who has appointed some to equip the entire body, and make her ready to stand prepared!

Herein lies a powerful shadow picture of Yosĕph choosing 5 of his brothers – picturing for us how Messiah appointed 5 ‘appointments’ or offices, that would be sufficient to equip his whole body in Him as the Head.

In a manner of speaking, these 5 ‘offices’ could be likened to that which equips the Bride to be dressed in garments of righteousness, and so each ‘office’ – be it ‘emissaries, prophets, evangelists, shepherds or teachers’,  could be likened to the shadow picture of 5 brothers being picked to represent the whole family of Yosĕph, where each garment that each of the 5 that went with Yosĕph pictures for us one of these ‘offices’ that would be appointed by Messiah.

We also take note that by Binyamin having been given 5 changes of garments, we are able to see that he represents a picture of Messiah, who is the Son of the Right Hand, as being the Head and from whom all the gifts or offices come from – for every good gift comes from above!

Out of all the 70 sons of Ya’aqob, Yosĕph chose 5 among his brothers, and this would be sufficient to be that which would represent all of Ya’aqoḇ’s family! With 70 representing for us a picture of the nations, we are able to also see how in the equipping of the body that Messiah has provided for, that He has chosen 5 offices in which He would appoint some to equip His whole body that is being brought forth together as one, from the entire earth!

Pharaoh then gave the reassurance that the land of Goshen which they had settled in could be theirs to farm in and dwell safely in, and he then asked for capable men that would be able to tend his livestock!

Yosĕph’s brothers made it clear to Pharaoh that they had come to ‘sojourn’ in the land and asked permission to dwell.

While in the scriptures 2009 edition we see the word ‘dwell’ used twice in verse 4, we take note that there are two different Hebrews words used here, which give us great insight on how we are to be sojourning here as we faithfully wait for our King!

The first Hebrew word that is translated as ‘dwell’ in verse 4, when they said that they have come to dwell in the land, is the primitive root verb גּוּר gur – Strong’s H1481 meaning, to sojourn, abide, dwell, reside, the noun derived from this and is often translated as ‘foreigner’ is גֵּר ger – Strong’s H1616 which means, a sojourner, alien, immigrant, stranger’.


The second Hebrew word which has been translated a dwell is the word יָשַׁב yashaḇ – Strong’s H3427 meaning, sit, dwell, remain, abide, inhabit, sitting still, and a derivative of this word which is also used for ‘sojourner’ is תּוֹשָׁב toshaḇ - Strong’s H8453 which means, stranger, foreign resident, sojourner, tenant.

A modern word derived from יָשַׁב yashaḇ, which is translated into English today as ‘school’, is ‘yeshiva’.

This is a very powerful lesson for us here as we understand the root from which the word for ‘sojourner’ comes from – we are ‘foreign residents’, if you will, and as we dwell here, we are to abide in the Most-High and make Him our dwelling as we ‘sit under the teaching of the Torah’ and live accordingly!

And ‘sitting/ dwelling’ in the Hebraic mind-set is an idiom for learning; and it is at the Master’s Feet that we come and sit and drink of His Pure and Clear Living Water and get great clarity and insight and strength to sojourn with joy!

The idea of sitting in the Hebrew mind-set is to learn, and not to simply sit and vegetate but rather sit and pay attention to the instructions of their teacher.


Aḇraham is clearly pictured for us as a great example of a man who meditated on the Word day and night and was so focused on the Master יהוה, making himself readily available for יהוה to make Himself visible to His faithful servant and friend!

This concept of dwelling as sojourners and faithfully walking in submission to the commands of Elohim can also be clearly seen through the ancient pictographic script of these two words that have been translated as ‘dwell’ in verse 4.

The first word - גּוּר gur – Strong’s H1481 is written in the ancient pictographic script as:


Gimel גּ:

גּ – This is the letter ‘gimel’, which in the ancient script in pictured as – gimel –which is ‘a foot’  and carries the meaning to ‘walk, gather, carry’, as clearly referring to the functions of a foot; and it can also give the meaning of a gathering of people, and we know that ‘feet’ in Hebrew speaks of one’s walk and ability to keep the feasts of יהוה.


Vav – וּ:

 וּ – This is the letter ‘waw’ or ‘vav’ and the ancient pictographic form of this letter is waw, a peg or ‘tent peg’, which was used for securing or tying the tent or other items. The possibility of it having a Y-shape is to show that it prevents the rope from slipping off. The root meaning of this letter is ‘to add, secure or hook’.



ר – This is the letter ‘resh’- which in the ancient script is pictured as  - resh - which is the head of a man and carries the meaning of ‘top, beginning, first’ as in being the top of the body or the head of a tribe and the one who rules; and also speaks of possession or inheritance that is decided by the chief.

Looking at this word in terms of understanding our ability to ‘dwell’ as faithful sojourners, we are able to see that our walk has been secured by our Head and Master, יהושע Messiah.

The second word translated as ‘dwell’ in verse 4 - יָשַׁב yashaḇ – Strong’s H3427 - is pictured as:



יָ – This is the letter ‘yad or yod’ which in the ancient script is pictured as - yad  - which is the picture of an arm and hand and carries the meaning of ‘work, make, throw’ from the primary functions of the arm and hand and also represents worship or giving thanks in the extending of hands as a gesture of this.


Shin – שַׁ:

שַׁ – This is the letter ‘shin’ which in the ancient script is pictured as - shin  - which is the picture of ‘two front teeth’ and carries the meaning of ‘sharp or press’ which is what the teeth do and also speaks of the sharpened word that comes forth from the mouth as the teeth ‘chew’ or meditate on the Truth making what comes forth pure and sharp!

Beyt - ב:

ב – This is the letter ‘beyt’, which in the ancient script is pictured as beit, which pictures a tent floor plan and means, ‘house’ or ‘tent’. It represents family and the importance of those who are inside the tent as opposed to the tent structure itself.

Looking at this word in the ancient script helps us understand further how we are to dwell as sojourners – for it is by the ‘outstretched arm and hand of יהוה’ that we are able to sit and listen, meditate on and guard to do His Word, giving thanks to Him, as we are built up in Messiah as the Dwelling Place of Elohim!

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 2:11-12 “Beloved ones, I appeal to you as sojourners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly lusts which battle against the life, 12 having your behaviour among the nations good so that when they speak against you as evil-doers, let them, by observing your good works, esteem Elohim in a day of visitation.

The Greek word that is used here for ‘sojourners’ is πάροικος paroikos – Strong’s G3941 which means, dwelling near, foreign, alien and the word used for ‘pilgrims’ is παρεπίδημος parepidēmos – Strong’s G3927 meaning, sojourning in a strange place, exiles, reside as aliens.

What we can clearly see here, in the Greek too, is that we are not to get ‘pegged down’ by the world and its ways, but are to live as strangers and foreigners who do not make their ‘permanent dwelling’ here!

We may certainly be strangers and foreigners here in our sojourning, but we are not strangers and foreigners to the house of Elohim, to which we belong and are citizens of the Kingdom of the Most High!

Eph’siyim/Ephesians 2:19 “So then you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the set-apart ones and members of the household of Elohim

Verse 5-6

In Verse 5 Pharaoh made it clear to Yosĕph that his family had come to him and not to Pharaoh and so acknowledged that they were a people who would be under the care of Pharaoh’s most trusted official!

Pharaoh also recognises their skill set, as being shepherds and recognised that he would need to look after these shepherds if he wanted his livestock to be well looked after.

He asked for ‘capable’ men which is the Hebrew word חַיִל ḥayil – Strong’s H2428 which means, strength, efficiency, wealth, army, ability, capability, excellence and comes from the root word חִיל ḥil – Strong’s H2342 which means, to be firm, strong, endure, prosper.

Pharaoh was looking for men who had ‘ability, efficiency and strength’, for he would make them chief herdsmen over his livestock. The qualities that Pharaoh was looking for was identical to the kind of qualities any overseer in the kingdom ought to display, and this word in many ways represents for us how we, as the Bride of Messiah, are to be – and that is ‘capable’ in handling the Word of Truth and living set-apart lives.

This word ḥayil – Strong’s H2428is also used in:

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 31:10 “Who does find a capable wife? For she is worth far more than rubies.

It is also used in and is translated as ‘able’ where Mosheh was told to look for ‘able’ men to be leaders and rule over the Yisra’ĕl:

Shemoth/Exodus 18:21 “But you yourself, seek out from all the people able men, who fear Elohim, men of truth, hating unfair gain. And place these over them to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

To be someone who is capable, speaks of someone who is trustworthy, respectable, hardworking, honest and displays the spirit of excellency! By all accounts these are qualities each and every one of us should display as we serve our Master in all we do.

In the Hebrew ancient pictographic script, the word for ‘able’ - ḥayil – Strong’s H2428 was written as follows:


chet   - this is the Hebrew letter ‘ḥet’, which in the early script is pictured as a ‘tent wall’, and carries a meaning of ‘separation’, as a tent wall separates two halves of the tent, or can also reflect the outside walls that separate the people inside from that which is outside and so can also symbolise protection and security to those inside, while picturing a cutting off of those who are outside. Hence this letter can mean ‘established, secure’ as well as ‘cut off, separated from’. A wall is also built up by stones, which can also picture for us as living stones being built up in Messiah!

yad   - this is letter ‘yad or yod’ which in the ancient script is pictured as ‘an arm and hand’ and carries the meaning of ‘work, make, throw’, from the primary functions of the arm and hand, and it also represents worship or giving thanks in the extending of hands as a gesture of this. The work of one’s hands is the basic meaning of this letter!

lamed     - this is the Hebrew letter ‘lamed’, which is pictured as a ‘shepherd’s staff’, representing ‘authority’ and can give the meaning of ‘to or toward’ and can represent that which pushes or pulls a flock in a direction, and can speak of authority or a yoke that is used to lead and guide, as well as the ability to bring back by Authority, as well as be submitted under the Authority of the Good Shepherd!

When we see these letters in the ancient script being used to describe someone who is considered ‘able’ we can certainly glean from this the following:


Pharaoh was looking for leaders and overseers and Sha’ul lists for us the clear qualities that should be seen in those who desire such a task, in his letters to Timotiyos and Titos.

Anyone who does not display the true capability of being an overseer, yet assumes that position can be very destructive for any flock; which is sadly what we see happening in the world today as many so called leaders that are not capable, have been placed in positions beyond their capabilities which sadly results in many being led astray through falsehood and lies, as many do not have the strength and endurance of leadership as they allow their flocks to walk all over them and do what they want, which only results in a very chaotic mess with no order and respect for authority!

When this happens then the Word loses its authority within the group as each one does what is right in their own eyes – the very thing that Yisra’ĕl was warned not to do before they entered into the Promised Land!

Verse 7-10

Yosĕph brought his father before pharaoh and Ya’aqoḇ blessed Pharaoh!

The Hebrew word that is translated as ‘blessed’ is בָּרַךְ baraḵ – Strong’s H1288 and means, to abundantly blessand literally carries the meaning, to kneel or bow down, to show respect, to bring a gift to another while kneeling out of respect’.


Ya’aqoḇ showed respect for Pharaoh, in whose land he had come to dwell, yet in many ways on a spiritual level we see here how Ya’aqoḇ the greater blesses the lesser, yet Ya’aqoḇ shows the necessary respect that ought to be shown to those in authority!

Kěpha Aleph/1 Peter 2:17 “Respect all, love the brotherhood, fear Elohim, respect the sovereign.


Pharaoh asked Ya’aqoḇ how old he was, and he answered and told Pharaoh that he was 130 years, and the days of his life have been few and evil!

Ya’aqoḇ acknowledges that his life has been a pilgrimage, as the Hebrew word translated as ‘sojournings’ is מָגוּר magur – Strong’s H4033 which means, pilgrimage, sojourning place, where they have sojournedand comes from the word we have already looked at - גּוּר gur – Strong’s H1481 meaning, to sojourn, abide, dwell, reside’.


Settlement in the Land of Promise is still yet to come and until then, we are still on a pilgrimage, recognising that we must not get ‘stuck and settled’ in the things of the world, and in our sojourning, we must let the word of Elohim be our song:

Tehillah/Psalm 119:54 “Your laws have been my songs In the place of my sojournings.


Ya’aqoḇ realised that in the bigger scheme of things his life was just a vapour, and may have thought to have wasted much of his life; and he had certainly had his fill of trouble.

Iyoḇ/Job 14:1 “Man born of woman is of few days and turmoil-filled.

Ya’aqoḇ/James 4:13-15 “Come now, you who say, “Today or tomorrow, let us go to such and such a city, spend a year there, and trade, and make a profit,” 14 when you do not know of tomorrow. For what is your life? For it is a vapour that appears for a little, and then disappears – 15 instead of your saying, “If the Master desires, we shall live and do this or that.


At 130 years old, Ya’aqoḇ had experienced many struggles and battles along the way, and like many who are retried today and are over 60 or 70 years old, recognise that life passes by quicker than you realise and often the reality of what time was wasted becomes more apparent the older one gets.

While Ya’aqoḇ reckoned his life as done, he also makes it clear that he did not come close to living as many years as his fathers.

Aḇraham had lived 175 years and Yitsḥaq 180 years, so he certainly was not close to their years, yet it was believed that most Mitsrians did not live past 50 years old, and seeing Ya’aqoḇ would have been quite a site for Pharaoh who may have wanted to glean from his wisdom, yet Ya’aqoḇ keeps the answers short and to the point.

Compared to Aḇraham and Yitsḥaq, Ya’aqoḇ saw the days of his life full of toil and trouble. Ya’aqoḇ then blessed Pharaoh again before he went, and continued to show the respect that Pharaoh was due as sovereign of Mitsrayim.


Verse 11-13

In verse 11 of Chapter 45 Yosĕph, after having revealed himself, promised his brothers that he would provide for them and now here in Chapter 47 we are told that he settled his father and brothers.

The Hebrew root word that is translated in Chapter 45 as ‘provide’ is now used here in Chapter 47 and is translated as ‘settled’, which is the root word כּוּל kul – Strong’s H3557 and means, maintain, provide with sustenance, and shows the fulfilment of Yosĕph’s word coming to pass, and pictures for us the sure Word of Elohim and every promise is sure in Him:

Qorintiyim Aleph/1 Corinthians 1:20 “For as many promises as are of Elohim, in Him they are Yea, and in Him Aměn, to the esteem of Elohim through us.


Yosĕph had sustained his family during an intense famine, and they did not have to buy food as the Mitsrians did; and we are able to recognise that we have been given freely the Word of life and so we must not neglect to eat our ‘daily bread’ as we are nourished in the sure provision of Messiah, as we meditate upon His Word!


While the famine had exhausted the land, Yosĕph’s family was continually nourished, and while there was no bread in all the land, all in the house of Ya’aqoḇ had bread – enough even for all the children – none in the house lacked at all.

Mishlĕ/Proverbs 10:3 “יהוה does not let the being of the righteous go hungry, but He thrusts away the desire of the wrong.


Verse 14-20

The famine grew so severe that the people of Mitsrayim came to Yosĕph to plead for provision and paid for grain until they had given all of their silver, after which they traded their livestock for grain.

When they had no more livestock to trade, they sold their land and even their own lives in order to become servants of Pharaoh; and so, under the hand of Yosĕph all of Mitsrayim and its people belonged to Pharaoh!

Yosĕph was ruler over all, which is a clear picture of all authority that is placed under the feet of Messiah. With Yosĕph’s brothers being shepherds, they were given all the livestock, which was now Pharaohs, to look after and this made them even more valuable to Pharaoh.


Ultimately the clear picture we see here is that all the earth is יהוה’s and everything in it, we are able to see how through the life, death and resurrection of Messiah, the earth and all that is in it has been placed under the Authority of Messiah and His Authority shall reign from Tsiyon, and when He comes to rule and reign, those nations who do not come up to Yerushalayim to keep the Appointed Feasts of יהוה will not have rain and provision.

What we also recognise from this collection of all the people’s silver, livestock and land in return for grain, teaches us a clear and vital lesson – and that is that we are to give our all for the Bread of Life! Having been redeemed by the blood of Messiah, we belong to Him and need to realise that all that we have belongs to Him, and we ought to live as such!


Verse 21

Yosĕph moved all the people into the cities, while is family remained in Goshen.

This was a means of making sure that the people were constantly reminded that they belonged to Pharaoh, and was also an easier way to administer grain to all.

In a picture of end times we are also able to see how the world systems will force people into the cities in order to survive as they will be held captive to the world’s monetary systems. Despite all of this we have the full assurance that we need not fear, as our provision is from the Almighty.


Verse 22

The ground of the priests of Mitsrayim was not bought, and they had their provisions given to them as per their laws which Pharaoh had made. In the Torah we are also able to see how the Lěwites were also cared for, as being the tribe that was chosen by Elohim that would not have an inheritance but would have provisions in land and food among the tribes.


Verse 23-26

Yosĕph had established a clear system that he had governed well, and all were subject to his ruling and authority. He then set up a tax system which made the Mitsrians give to Pharaoh 1/5th of their harvest – which is 20%.


Verse 27

This portion closes with the clear statement that Yisra’ĕl dwelt in Goshen, having possessions and bearing fruit, and they increased greatly. As we close this portion, may we be reminded that as we ‘draw near’ to Elohim He promises to draw near to us, and we have the sure promise of provision and protection, even in the midst of a sever famine for the Word!


Realising that we are in a time where there is a famine for the Word may we always be zealous for our lawful bread (His Word) and keep the garments of righteousness clean, as we His Bride make ourselves ready, clothed in His Torah, serving him with thanksgiving, remain steadfast in all we do!

It is time for many to clean up their works and draw near to the true living Elohim, for our Redeemer lives!


The Greek word that is used in the LXX (Septuagint – Greek translation of the Tanak) in Berěshith/Genesis 44:18 for ‘came near’ is ἐγγίζω eggizō – Strong’s G1448 which means, to make near, come near, approach, draw near, come close, and we see this word used in:

Ya’aqoḇ/James 4:8 “Draw near to Elohim and He shall draw near to you. Cleanse hands, sinners. And cleanse the hearts, you double-minded!

Ya’aqoḇ/James 5:8 “You too, be patient. Establish your hearts, for the coming of the Master has drawn near.


Ya’aqoḇ was in essence giving us a reminder that we are to cleanse our hearts and minds when drawing near to Elohim; and we learn how important it is for us to not bring in ‘uncleanness’ into fellowship, but rather we are to have hearts and minds that have been cleansed and set-apart unto Elohim.

This, in many ways, is a warning against bringing in disruption, division and rebellion into the gathering of the set-apart ones on יהוה’s Appointed Times, especially as we recognise how the coming of the Master has drawn near!